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bill moyers essay Mike Ludwig of Truthout: Trump's nominee to head the EPA's clean air program has represented industry groups opposed to new standards meant to protect workers from cancerous dust. Analysis Thesis? Trump's Quest to monkey essays Enrich the Richest: An Interview With Noam Chomsky. The Trump administration's policies at home and abroad represent the current form of the Republican Party: a wrecking ball wielded by the powerful. Bill Moyers Essay: Capitalism With a Conscience. With help from the data analysis thesis, government, a very friendly tax code, and their own coffer-powered influence, big American companies have emerged from the recession flush with cash, less burdened by debt, and with a greater share of the country’s income. Homeless Essays? As a consequence, Angela Blackwell suggests, people with enormous money and influence often don’t feel connected to data analysis the rest of us. But at least one man demonstrated that money doesn’t always corrupt one’s integrity or intentions: Bernard Rapoport . Homeless Essays? A “capitalist with a conscience” with an authentic connection to the struggles and analysis values of everyday Americans, Rapoport died this month at 94.

A friend and long-time supporter of monkey essays, Bill Moyers’ work on thesis, public television, Rapoport gave millions to monkey essays help low-income children in Waco,Texas. Thesis? He also supported civil rights and voting rights, arts and culture, and social justice across the city god augustine essay, country and in Israel. He urged the politicians he supported to raise his taxes, and felt morally obligated to argue against his own privilege. In this essay, Moyers pays tribute to the man he admired, and the vital causes they shared. BILL MOYERS : Not a day passes, that we can’t see evidence of the great divide you just heard me talk about with Angela Blackwell. All you have to do is thesis, look at christian service reflection essay the news. The Wall Street Journal reports that big American companies have emerged from the deepest recession since World War II more profitable than ever: flush with cash, less burdened by data analysis thesis debt, and with a greater share of the country’s income. But, “many of the 1.1 million jobs the big companies added since 2007 were outside the U.S. Monkey Essays? So, too, was much of the $1.2 trillion added to corporate treasuries.” To add to this embarrassment of data analysis, riches, corporate taxes today are at a 40-year low. Then look at this report in essay more trees, the New York Times , last year, among the analysis thesis, 100 best-paid C.E.O.'s, the median income was more than $14 million, compared with the average annual American salary of $45,230. Combined, this happy hundred executives pulled down more than two billion dollars.

And according to the Times , “these C.E.O.’s might seem like pikers. Top hedge fund managers collectively earned $14.4 billion last year.” That’s Wall Street—the metaphorical bestiary of the apraxia of speech, financial universe. But there is nothing metaphorical about the earnings of hedge fund tigers, private equity lions, and data thesis the top dogs at those big banks that were bailed out by good homeless tax dollars after they helped chase our economy off a cliff. So what do these Wall Street nabobs have to complain about? Why are they whining about reform? And why are they funneling cash to super PACs aimed at bringing down Barack Obama, who many of them supported four years ago? Because, says Alec MacGillis in “The New Republic” -- the president wants to data analysis thesis raise their taxes. That’s right. Biology Canada? While ordinary Americans are taxed at a top rate of data analysis thesis, 35 percent on their income, Congress allows hedge fund and private equity tycoons to pay only city, 15 percent on their compensation.

The president wants them to pay more, still at analysis a rate below what you might pay, and for that he’s being accused of city god augustine essay, – hold onto your combat helmets -- “class warfare.” One Wall Street Midas, once an Obama fan, now his foe, told MacGillis that that by making the rich a primary target, Obama is analysis, “… on people who are successful,” you fill in the blank. And can you believe this? Two years ago, when President Obama first tried to close that gaping loophole in our tax code, Stephen Schwarzman, who runs the world’s largest private equity fund, compared the president’s action to Hitler’s invasion of Poland. That’s the same Stephen Schwarzman whose agents in 2006 launched a predatory raid on a travel company in Colorado. His fund bought it, laid off 841 employees, and good homeless essays recouped its entire investment in data thesis, just seven months. Last year alone, Schwarzman took home over apraxia of speech $213 million in pay and dividends, that’s a third more than 2010. So Angela Blackwell was on the mark when she said this is a wealthy country, she also nailed it when she said one reason so many are not doing so well, despite that great wealth, is because the decision makers, and the people who have the data analysis thesis, money and influence, don’t feel connected to the rest of us. Apraxia? So you can understand why I’m going to data thesis miss Bernard Rapoport, who died this month at good homeless essays age 94. B was my friend for half my life, and a long-time supporter of data thesis, my work on public television. But more important, he was a capitalist with a conscience. His parents were Jewish immigrants from non thesis masters canada, Russia who landed in Texas, where B was born dirt poor.

Poverty there either broke your heart or bit your ankles. And like a man with a bulldog at his heels, B scrambled up and out. Data Analysis Thesis? He worked his way through the University of Texas, where he “flunked German,” he said, “to spite Hitler.” At age 24, he met his future wife Audre on city god augustine essay, a blind date – they were engaged the next day. Together they invested $25,000 to analysis start a life insurance company, which they later sold for half a billion dollars. Apraxia Of Speech? B would have given it all away, except for analysis, an uncanny ability to non thesis canada make money faster than he could dispose of it. He and Audre gave millions to help low-income children in Waco, the heart of Texas, where they lived modestly and where he died. Analysis Thesis? Millions more to city essay our beloved alma mater, the data analysis, University of good, Texas; supported progressive causes and politicians, civil rights and voting rights, arts and culture, and social justice across the country and in Israel – from an eye clinic serving predominately Arab patients, and a high school for children of Israeli families who wanted to data analysis thesis co-exist with Palestinians. Good? And yes, they were generous to data independent journalism: Molly Ivins was one of his darlings. And so was the tough little magazine The Texas Observer , that fearless watchdog that takes on the oligarchs who run the state. Of Speech? Not once, not once, did he ever suggest to me a story to cover or criticize one we did. It was hands-off all the thesis, way.

B was no Mother Teresa; many a poker player might leave his table in their underwear. But he stayed close to his roots, urged the monkey essays, politicians he supported to raise his taxes, and thesis felt morally obligated to christian argue against his own privilege. There weren’t many Texas tycoons who believed society not only has the right, but the need, to check and data analysis thesis balance their appetites. Non Thesis Masters Canada? It was the only way democracy and capitalism could work. Analysis Thesis? B read more books than anyone in business I have ever known, and he would send us one that especially moved him, usually about how democracy works, or doesn’t, or on the contradictions of essays, wealth and power. He fretted as his energies began to fade, and toward the end he called almost every Saturday morning, and always beginning the conversation with the same question: “Moyers, what can I do to make this world a better place?” You did plenty, my friend.

You did plenty. That’s all for this week. We want to thesis call your attention to an upcoming special report. On Friday, April 20, our colleagues at Public Television’s Need to Know , in partnership with the Nation Institute, investigate whether U.S. Border Patrol agents have been using excessive force to curb illegal immigration. More? HUMBERTO NAVARRETE : He's not resisting. Why are you guys using excessive force on him? JOHN LARSON : As you arrived there, what was the very first thing you heard?

HUMBERTO NAVARRETE : I heard Anastacio screaming and data analysis asking for help. ASHLEY YOUNG : He was being tased for several seconds and wasn’t moving. ASHLEY YOUNG : I think I witnessed someone being murdered. BILL MOYERS : That’s Friday, April 20th. Check your local listings.

Coming up on Moyers Company , historian and commentator Eric Alterman of The Nation magazine, and Ross Douthat, columnist for The New York Times . At our website, BillMoyers.com, remember Angela Blackwell said Americans don’t like to essay talk about race, so what do you think goes unsaid? Share your thoughts on a special spotlight section of the data analysis, website or link from there to plant trees our Facebook page. That’s it for now. See you next time. Bill Moyers is the managing editor of Moyers Company and BillMoyers.com. Data Thesis? Study Shows Kids' Test Scores Drop When Their Food Stamps Run Out. States and Local Advocates Lead the Way for Criminal Legal System Reform. University of monkey essays, New Haven and Saudi Police: Big Money Makes Strange Bedfellows. Puerto Ricans Protest Trump's Visit, Denounce Militarization Amid Lack of Aid Distribution. They Don't Care Who the Guns Go To: Experts Warn Trump Administration Plans to analysis thesis Widen US Weapons Exports. Bill Moyers Essay: Capitalism With a Conscience.

With help from the government, a very friendly tax code, and their own coffer-powered influence, big American companies have emerged from the recession flush with cash, less burdened by debt, and with a greater share of the country’s income. As a consequence, Angela Blackwell suggests, people with enormous money and monkey essays influence often don’t feel connected to the rest of data analysis, us. But at homeless essays least one man demonstrated that money doesn’t always corrupt one’s integrity or intentions: Bernard Rapoport . A “capitalist with a conscience” with an analysis thesis, authentic connection to the struggles and values of everyday Americans, Rapoport died this month at 94. A friend and christian service long-time supporter of Bill Moyers’ work on public television, Rapoport gave millions to help low-income children in Waco,Texas. He also supported civil rights and voting rights, arts and culture, and social justice across the country and in Israel.

He urged the politicians he supported to raise his taxes, and felt morally obligated to argue against his own privilege. In this essay, Moyers pays tribute to the man he admired, and the vital causes they shared. BILL MOYERS : Not a day passes, that we can’t see evidence of the great divide you just heard me talk about with Angela Blackwell. All you have to do is look at the news. The Wall Street Journal reports that big American companies have emerged from the deepest recession since World War II more profitable than ever: flush with cash, less burdened by debt, and with a greater share of the data analysis thesis, country’s income. But, “many of the 1.1 million jobs the good homeless essays, big companies added since 2007 were outside the U.S. So, too, was much of the $1.2 trillion added to corporate treasuries.” To add to this embarrassment of data analysis, riches, corporate taxes today are at apraxia a 40-year low. Then look at this report in the New York Times , last year, among the 100 best-paid C.E.O.'s, the analysis thesis, median income was more than $14 million, compared with the average annual American salary of $45,230. Combined, this happy hundred executives pulled down more than two billion dollars. And according to the Times , “these C.E.O.’s might seem like pikers.

Top hedge fund managers collectively earned $14.4 billion last year.” That’s Wall Street—the metaphorical bestiary of the good homeless essays, financial universe. But there is nothing metaphorical about the thesis, earnings of hedge fund tigers, private equity lions, and the top dogs at those big banks that were bailed out by good homeless tax dollars after they helped chase our economy off a cliff. So what do these Wall Street nabobs have to complain about? Why are they whining about reform? And why are they funneling cash to super PACs aimed at bringing down Barack Obama, who many of them supported four years ago? Because, says Alec MacGillis in “The New Republic” -- the president wants to raise their taxes. That’s right. While ordinary Americans are taxed at a top rate of analysis thesis, 35 percent on their income, Congress allows hedge fund and private equity tycoons to pay only good homeless essays, 15 percent on their compensation. The president wants them to pay more, still at a rate below what you might pay, and for that he’s being accused of analysis thesis, – hold onto your combat helmets -- “class warfare.” One Wall Street Midas, once an Obama fan, now his foe, told MacGillis that that by making the rich a primary target, Obama is “… on people who are successful,” you fill in the blank. City Essay? And can you believe this?

Two years ago, when President Obama first tried to data thesis close that gaping loophole in our tax code, Stephen Schwarzman, who runs the world’s largest private equity fund, compared the president’s action to service reflection Hitler’s invasion of Poland. That’s the same Stephen Schwarzman whose agents in 2006 launched a predatory raid on a travel company in data thesis, Colorado. His fund bought it, laid off 841 employees, and good homeless essays recouped its entire investment in just seven months. Last year alone, Schwarzman took home over $213 million in pay and dividends, that’s a third more than 2010. Data Thesis? So Angela Blackwell was on the mark when she said this is a wealthy country, she also nailed it when she said one reason so many are not doing so well, despite that great wealth, is because the decision makers, and the people who have the money and influence, don’t feel connected to the rest of us.

So you can understand why I’m going to service reflection miss Bernard Rapoport, who died this month at age 94. B was my friend for half my life, and a long-time supporter of my work on analysis, public television. Homeless Essays? But more important, he was a capitalist with a conscience. His parents were Jewish immigrants from Russia who landed in Texas, where B was born dirt poor. Poverty there either broke your heart or bit your ankles. And like a man with a bulldog at thesis his heels, B scrambled up and of speech out. He worked his way through the University of Texas, where he “flunked German,” he said, “to spite Hitler.” At age 24, he met his future wife Audre on a blind date – they were engaged the thesis, next day. Together they invested $25,000 to start a life insurance company, which they later sold for half a billion dollars. B would have given it all away, except for an uncanny ability to make money faster than he could dispose of it. He and monkey essays Audre gave millions to help low-income children in Waco, the analysis thesis, heart of Texas, where they lived modestly and where he died. Millions more to our beloved alma mater, the good essays, University of Texas; supported progressive causes and politicians, civil rights and voting rights, arts and culture, and social justice across the data thesis, country and in city god augustine, Israel – from an eye clinic serving predominately Arab patients, and a high school for children of Israeli families who wanted to co-exist with Palestinians.

And yes, they were generous to independent journalism: Molly Ivins was one of his darlings. And so was the tough little magazine The Texas Observer , that fearless watchdog that takes on the oligarchs who run the state. Not once, not once, did he ever suggest to me a story to cover or criticize one we did. It was hands-off all the way. B was no Mother Teresa; many a poker player might leave his table in their underwear. But he stayed close to his roots, urged the politicians he supported to thesis raise his taxes, and of speech felt morally obligated to argue against his own privilege. There weren’t many Texas tycoons who believed society not only has the analysis thesis, right, but the need, to check and balance their appetites. It was the only way democracy and capitalism could work. B read more books than anyone in business I have ever known, and he would send us one that especially moved him, usually about how democracy works, or doesn’t, or on the contradictions of biology canada, wealth and power. He fretted as his energies began to fade, and toward the end he called almost every Saturday morning, and always beginning the data thesis, conversation with the same question: “Moyers, what can I do to make this world a better place?” You did plenty, my friend.

You did plenty. That’s all for this week. We want to call your attention to an upcoming special report. God Augustine Essay? On Friday, April 20, our colleagues at Public Television’s Need to data analysis thesis Know , in partnership with the Nation Institute, investigate whether U.S. Border Patrol agents have been using excessive force to non thesis biology canada curb illegal immigration. HUMBERTO NAVARRETE : He's not resisting. Why are you guys using excessive force on him? JOHN LARSON : As you arrived there, what was the very first thing you heard? HUMBERTO NAVARRETE : I heard Anastacio screaming and asking for data thesis, help. ASHLEY YOUNG : He was being tased for non thesis masters, several seconds and wasn’t moving. ASHLEY YOUNG : I think I witnessed someone being murdered.

BILL MOYERS : That’s Friday, April 20th. Check your local listings. Coming up on Moyers Company , historian and commentator Eric Alterman of The Nation magazine, and Ross Douthat, columnist for The New York Times .

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Part 8 - Examples of data analysis thesis Good and Bad Writing. Learning to write often works best by city god augustine, example. The following are excerpts from nine first-year student essays. Most of the examples are bad, although I did find a two good examples in the bunch. In most cases, the thesis, names and of speech, dates from the essays have been changed to not compromise the thesis, subject matter for god augustine future students (in other words, don't use any of the data analysis thesis, apparent research information here in your papers). Monkey Essays. I have tried to categorize the errors as best as I could. Errors or bad portions are usually bolded to help you identify them.

Smith was a religious, Christian man. His notion of monads included contextual references to God. He believed that God controls the harmony of life through these monads. The essay then goes on to discuss these monads in data analysis thesis a Christian context. Had the student omitted the god augustine, above sentences, however, the discussion of religion would have been completely out of place, given the essay's topic. But since the person being discussed had religious views that affected his theories and work, it is relevant to analysis, mention the religious aspect. Had Smith's religion not been a direct influence on his work, it would have been irrelevant.

Similarly, you wouldn't mention other things about christian service reflection someone in an essay if it wasn't relevant to the topic. For example, it is irrelevant to mention a scientist's race in an essay about data thesis their discovery unless the race impacted the discovery. An example of this might be if a black scientist's prime motivation to biology, find a cure for sickle cell anemia was because that disease strikes black people in thesis proportionally higher numbers. If the same scientist was researching some aspect of physics, it would probably not be relevant to christian, mention the race at all. An introductory paragraph: On March 4, 1849, John Smith was born to Anna Bradcock Smith and data analysis thesis, James Smith. Although certainly not of humble origins, John was acquainted with several prominent and influential men of politics with whom he discussed matters of mathematics, history, science, logic, law, and theology. Smith was brilliant in each of these fields, but he became known particularly for his contributions in the fields of philosophy, mathematics, and logistics. This paper will not only shed light on some of Smith's theories and words regarding these three areas, but will also tell of the events in his life that made him the masters, man that he was.

This is the introduction to a chronologically-ordered essay about Smith's life and discoveries. As such, the choice to data, begin with his date of birth is a good one. Apraxia Of Speech. The paragraph summarizes the fields touched by Smith and also mentions the key areas he studied. The paper sets up an expectation for the reader of both a detailed explanation of Smith's discoveries and anecdotes describing his personality. Thesis. The sentence structure is grammatically sound and flows well. In the late 1650's , Smith's mother returned to London , she then pulled him out of school with the intent to make him a farmer . Apostrophes indicate possessiveness or contractions, not plurality. The decade is the plant more, 1650s.

The sentence is a run-on. It should either end after London, beginning a new sentence with She then, or the she then should be changed to analysis thesis, and. Service Reflection Essay. To make someone a farmer is to create a farmer for data them. The student meant: to christian service essay, turn him into a farmer or to encourage him to be a farmer. Smith invented the analysis, widgetiscope and paved the apraxia, way for future widget watching. All-the-while remaining a simple and humble man who considered himself to data analysis, be part of a team working for the greater good. The bolded part is not a complete sentence. The entire thing should be one sentence. All-the-while does not require hyphenation. The two differing approaches of monkey essays development already described, eventually led to the development of the two original branches of widgetry; fingleish and data thesis, fnordleish. This sentence is mispunctuated.

The comma is confusing and should be removed, and the semicolon should be a colon. Another of Smith's ideas was the method of differentiation. The university re-opened after the plague in 1667. Smith was elected to a minor fellowship, and awarded a major fellowship after he received his Master's Degree (Bogus 4). After the monkey essays, realization that Calculus was important, and was being recognized, a document to record all of the theories became a necessity. The Methodis Differantium, the document that contained the elements of the theory of differentiation, was created in 1667. Smith believed he was being pulled in data analysis thesis two directions when it came to publishing his theories and making his work known. Good Homeless. He felt a need for fame and fortune, yet on the other hand he had an abundant fear of rejection. To the dismay of many future mathematicians, it was never published because of Smith's fear of data analysis criticism. Since he was not focusing on publishing his work, Smith pursued his career as a professor.

This so-called paragraph is an utter mess. Masters Biology. There are far too many ideas in it, all of analysis thesis which are strung together haphazardly without any logical flow. I'll try to dissect and rewrite it, but I won't make errors bold because the entire paragraph would be bold if I did. First, let's pick out the different topics being addressed: the method of differentiation the university re-opening after the plague Smith's ascension through the university ranks the apraxia of speech, need of a document detailing differentiation, which was eventually created Smith's mental state, desires and fears. Now, if we replace each sentence with the number of the corresponding idea, we can see what a jumbled mess this is: 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 4, 3. Don't introduce a paragraph with one topic and then leap to another topic in data thesis the next sentence. While it may sometimes be necessary to mention something as an non thesis masters biology canada aside to complement the topic, the return to the topic should be swift and easy to understand. Don't bounce around within the paragraph as this student has done. Another problem: there doesn't seem to be a coherent timeline within the paragraph. Did the analysis, university re-open in 1667, or was the plague in city 1667? Is the data, student saying that Smith was elected to a minor fellowship that year or another year?

Similarly, when did the major fellowship and Master's Degree come in? It's unlikely to have all happened in one year, though it is possible. The document was created in 1667, it seems, but when did Smith decide not to publish and seek work as a professor instead? Also 1667? It sounds like that was a very busy year for poor Smith! The sentences themselves are also awkwardly constructed, making the entire thing hard to understand. I'll make some assumptions regarding the confusing date information. Here is how this information should have been presented: Smith's ideas on the method of differentiation were gaining recognition in reflection the mathematical community, which made it necessary for him to produce a document detailing all of his theories on the subject. Thus, when the university re-opened in analysis 1667 following the city, plague and Smith was elected to analysis thesis, a minor fellowship, he wrote Methodis Differantium. Although Smith wished to attain fame and fortune, he also feared rejection.

This dichotomy resulted in his failure to publish Methodis Differantium; a failure that would be mourned by mathematicians well into monkey essays, the future. Still, Smith was awarded a major fellowship after receiving his Master's Degree in [insert year]. Since he was not interested in publishing his work, he concentrated instead on pursuing a position as a professor. Queen Esmerelda knighted Jones in 1705 to be given the title of Sir Joe Smith, which made him the data thesis, first scientist to be so honored for his work (Bogus) . The phrase to be given is awkward here. It would be better written: Queen Esmerelda knighted Jones in 1705, which gave him the title of Sir. Who else could be honoured for Smith's work other than Smith? It should say: . which made him the first man to be honored for scientific work.

There probably should be a page number listed in the citation. Jones had a main idea of analytic geometry. What does this mean? Does the student mean that one of masters biology Jones' main ideas concerned analytic geometry? Does he mean that one of the main ideas of analytic geometry was conceived by analysis, Jones? Or does he mean something else entirely? This makes little sense and is very awkward. Whether Smith made no use of the manuscript from which he had copied abstracts , or whether he had previously invented the city god augustine essay, widgetiscope, are questions on which at data analysis, this distance of time no direct evidence is available . If Smith made no use of the manuscript, he can't have used it to copy abstracts. Essay More Trees. This is a very awkward way of saying that the events in question happened so long ago that there is no longer sufficient evidence to answer certain questions. It would be better written:

Questions as to whether Smith made further use of the manuscript from which he copied abstracts or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope are rooted so far in the past that it is impossible to gather sufficient direct evidence to provide answers. This is still a bit awkward. Data Analysis Thesis. It's best when broken up into smaller sentences: There are still questions as to whether Smith made further use of the manuscript from which he copied abstracts or whether he had previously invented the widgetiscope. Such questions are rooted so far in the past, however, that it is impossible to gather sufficient direct evidence to provide answers.

Smith formed a political plan to try to persuade the apraxia, Germans to analysis thesis, attack the French due to him not agreeing with their political agendas and this proved the means of city god augustine his visiting Hamburg. Due to him not agreeing with is a very awkward way of saying: because he disagreed with. The second bolded part should be a separate sentence. Data Thesis. Proved the non thesis canada, means of data his visiting is a very awkward way of apraxia saying is why he visited. Jones explained ideas too enormous to understand, and data analysis thesis, simplified problems too complex to approach. Not only is this hyperbole, it's also logically impossible.

If the good essays, ideas were too complicated to understand, Jones couldn't have understood them himself. If the problems were too complex to approach, Jones could not have approached them. Mismatched Words, Phrases, and Pronouns. After marrying Elizabeth, Smith's father fell ill for several months. After no sign of recovery, a lawyer was summoned to the manor. A will was drawn up, including one hundred acres of land, the manor house, livestock, grain, and Smith Senior's death (Bogus 10). His mother gave birth to Smith three months after Smith senior died.

He was premature after suffering from analysis thesis illness due to the shock of apraxia her husband's passing during the data thesis, fall . The phrase after no sign of recovery is not properly attached to Smith's father. Instead, it is saying that the lawyer did not recover from something. A will does not include land, a house, etc. It states to whom such things are bequeathed. This should say: A will was drawn up leaving one hundred acres of land, the manor house, livestock and grain to [whomever]. I don't even understand how and Smith Senior's death fits into this sentence. His in the sentence His mother gave birth. God Augustine Essay. refers to the antecedent Smith Senior. Data Analysis. Thus, Smith Senior's mother gave birth to trees, Smith Senior's son. That would necessitate incest, and is clearly not what the student meant to say. They should have simply said Elizabeth gave birth.

Who else but someone's mother gives birth to them anyway? Given the confusions regarding the various Smiths, it would have been better if the student had used first names during this part of the essay. There is inconsistency in capitalization. It is Smith Senior once, and Smith senior another time. The he in data thesis he was premature again refers to the wrong antecedent. Smith Senior was not premature.

Smith did not suffer illness due to the shock of Smith Senior's passing. Elizabeth did. This sentence says that Smith suffered the god augustine, illness. The student suddenly introduces the phrase during the fall when no other mention of the analysis thesis, season has been made. Homeless Essays. This could be confused with Smith Senior dying from a fall. Lastly, the inverse relationship between area and thesis, the tangent were never attained. The relationship is singular, even though it refers to multiple elements. Thus, the verb were should be singular as well, and changed to city god augustine, was. It was this century where many of the worlds most honorable and highly respected mathematicians created what we know today as calculus. A century is not a place, it is data thesis, a section of time.

Say it is a place where. or a time when. In this case, It was this century when. Adding an 's' without an essay apostrophe in this case is data analysis thesis, pluralization, not indicative of possession. The student means world's. But perhaps the largest obstacle , which the Greeks could not overcome, were their insufficient number and measuring system . Were is plural, but obstacle and system are singular. It should be was.

Tragically at the age of six, Smith's father died. This says that Smith's father died at the age of six. The student means: Tragically, when Smith was six years old his father died. Jones, now familiar with Smith's discoveries, wrote Smith a letter soon after the publication of his discoveries. After the publication of whose discoveries: Jones' or Smith's? Jones reasoned that if he could calculate the angles of the good essays, projected colour, a new law of refraction could be made . People can make legal laws, but natural or scientific laws are discovered. To make a new law of refraction, Jones would have to alter physics. During the data, seventeenth century, the city essay, inhabitants of England did not realize the importance of scientific advancement. Inhabitants could well mean non-human creatures, and is thus a poor choice of analysis a word.

Are we to understand that ALL of the people in England failed to essay trees, realize the importance of scientific advancement for an entire century? It would have been better if the student had said most people in England. At the current time, the dominant belief was that light traveled in wave . The current time is the moment the reader is data analysis, reading the sentence. The student meant to say that the belief was such during the historical time period being discussed. Current should be omitted. The phrase in wave has an error. It should either be in waves or in a wave. Both may be correct, but such an error can be misunderstood if one is incorrect. This would likely have been caught if the student had read the paper out city god augustine essay, loud. Secondly, Jones' reliance on geometric algebra rather than symbolic notation created considerable impedance to the identification of data thesis solutions of computational features found frequently to christian reflection essay, different problems. Here is an example of a student not knowing the proper meaning of a word.

Impedance means opposition to thesis, the flow of electric current. It does not mean the good essays, same as to impede, which is to be an obstacle. Data. This could be an instance where a student used the thesaurus in a word processor to come up with a word without bothering to check if the word fit the context. Non Thesis Masters Canada. It could also simply be that the student had mislearned the data analysis, word themselves. Incidentally, a quick check of MS Word 97 shows synonyms to impedance to be obstruction, block, baffle, hindrance, breakwater, fin, and maze. So here is christian service reflection, direct proof that you shouldn't always trust what a word processor thesaurus tells you is an equivalent word. Be diligent and look up unfamiliar words in the dictionary before using them in data your essay. In studying widgetry, it serves as great importance that one is aware of the two systems of biology canada widgetry; fingleish and fnordleish. Something does not serve as great importance, and one being aware doesn't fit either. Thesis. This is a student trying to sound fancy but instead making no sense.

The sentence should read: In studying widgetry, one should be aware of the two systems of widgetry; fingleish and apraxia, fnordleish. It was thought that Jones hated his stepfather and data analysis thesis, his mother, partly for abandoning him at such a young age. Who thought so? This entire statement, which implies something that cannot be proven and is thus not a basic fact, had no attribution in the essay. Since it was about someone historical and the student couldn't possibly have known this unless they got it from monkey essays a source, it was plagiarism to include it without attribution. Smith managed one friendship through this time and the value of that is always questioned. Who is questioning the value? There is no attribution to explain who questions it or to data analysis thesis, prove that it is questioned by anyone other than the student. What precisely is being questioned? The value of only having one friend, or the value of the one friendship to Smith in particular?

. City Essay. which means that the cut in the # of points is equal to the degree of the curve. Using the # symbol instead of the word number is a bad short cut, and certainly inappropriate for a formal essay. Smith also helped to improve the scientific community ; his focus was mainly regarding widgetry. How does a focus on a subject help to analysis, improve a community? It might improve the understanding of the subject in the community, but does that improve the community itself? This is a badly worded assertion.

If it truly did benefit the service reflection, scientific community as a whole, the data analysis thesis, student should cite a source demonstrating that to be the case. No attribution was present. In one day, John's attitude towards school changed for the better. A boy ranked just above him kicked him in the stomach. At the end of the city essay, day John challenged the boy to a fight. Even though John was much smaller than his opponent, his determination overtook the boy. Winning the fight was still not enough. John applied himself in data analysis thesis class, and soon became the top student in the school. This entire paragraph introduces an anecdote for the purpose of explaining what drove John to become a better student.

Incredibly, it manages to completely fail to homeless, mention the relationship between the anecdote and John's new-found classroom enthusiasm. The relationship is implied and the reader can guess that John wished to beat the boy in analysis thesis more than just a physical fight, and thus worked hard to outrank the apraxia, boy in the classroom, but that is not stated. The paragraph is very choppy and the sentences do not flow well. Read it out loud, and you'll hear how it sounds like a grade school book instead of a university essay. During this time, Smith constructed a water clock. He constructed the clock out of an old box. This is choppy.

It could be easily combined into one sentence. Jones became began to study motion. This error was probably due to a sentence that once legitimately contained the data analysis, word became being edited without became being removed. If the student had read the essay out loud or given it to a friend to read, this error likely would have been noticed. Yet, in 1679, Jones would discover that his initial calculation the Moon's distance from Earth was incorrect. Here is another example of a simple error of omission that could have been caught if the student had read the non thesis masters biology canada, essay aloud or given it to data thesis, a friend to read.

The word of should be between calculation and the. That one small error makes the entire sentence awkward and confusing. If the instructor has to reread the sentence to try to understand its meaning, the flow of the essay is service reflection essay, interrupted. If this happens often enough in the essay, it gives an overall bad impression on what otherwise might be a very good paper in terms of research. More examples of errors that could have been caught if the students had bothered to analysis, read their essay: One of Smith's main contribution was his use of. Widgetry emphasized the notion of the good essays, infinite widget, which in fact cam as a great service to analysis thesis, Smith in that it served as an important too in non thesis masters helping explain his branch of widgetry. Jones might have in data analysis fact perputuated the ideas, but he was also at a loss when he could not make good sense of them from the beginning. Admiration for Smith grew in the filed of widgetry. With Jones' encouragement, Smith drafter a number of plant trees monographs on religious topics.

Smith considers out universe to data analysis thesis, be a gravitational system. On August 10, 1777, Jones was ent a letter from. In later research , it was proven that Jones was incorrect and monkey essays, science rejected his theories about light until the next century. Data. Thus, it was scientifically proven that Jones' theories about quanta (tiny particulate packets of energy) were indeed correct . The wave formulation was also correct . When was this later research? Who performed the research? In discussing whether someone was proven incorrect or not, it is a good idea to good homeless essays, fully explain who did the proving when, and possibly even how they came to their conclusion.

These sentences contradict each other. Was Jones proven incorrect or correct? Does the student mean that Jones was erroneously proven incorrect, but science later found that he was correct after all? Or was Jones correct about some things and analysis, not others? The use of masters canada Thus implies causality. Analysis. How does the good, proof that Jones is data thesis, incorrect and god augustine essay, the rejection by science suddenly become scientific proof of his theory being correct? Regardless of what the student meant by the flip from incorrect to correct, there is data thesis, nothing given to establish causality. It's disappointing to see such sloppiness as this in an essay.

This particular essay featured clipart, so it was obviously done on a computer with a modern word processor. Monkey Essays. It clearly wasn't spell-checked. Such complete disregard is automatically indicative of a student who doesn't care about their final product, and while the error itself is minor, it gives a bad impression to the grader. In fact, this essay had several spelling errors that could have been caught. That's inexcusable at the university level. It was also during this time that he traveled to his uncle's place in Brunswick. Place is colloquial.

Use home, apartment, residence or other such appropriate word instead. Smith attempted to obtain his doctorate of law degree at the University of analysis thesis Anytown but was denied because positions were being held for the older students -- and christian reflection essay, Smith was much too young. Smith's secretary claims that he was told many times, however, that Smith was denied admission because of negative feelings that the Dean's wife held for him. Smith's secretary is probably dead, since this essay is about someone from the data, 19th century. Therefore, they no longer claim anything. It should be past tense. Since the good homeless, student doesn't cite this, there is an data thesis implication that perhaps the secretary is not dead and the student went so far as to interview the secretary personally. That is, of course, quite unlikely, meaning that this student has plagiarised this information from one of their sources. The following are a few concepts that form the basis of Leibnizian calculus: [followed by three bulleted paragraphs comprised mostly of essay direct quotation] Using bullets in a formal essay is rarely appropriate.

It is preferable to write out the bulleted information into proper paragraph form. This student seems to have been too lazy to analysis thesis, bother paraphrasing a bunch of direct quotations into a formal essay structure. Along came the Joe Smith, a mathematician considered by numerous scholars to be a pioneer of calculus, including other renowned mathematician, Bill Jones. The Joe Smith? There has only been one? The student means another, not other. Non Thesis Masters Canada. Sloppy. The first page of the essay starts with: have been developed (5). The second page starts with the header Introduction and the opening paragraph. Clearly, the student stapled the pages out of thesis order. Of Speech. What a sloppy mistake!

Pages should be numbered unless you're specifically instructed not to for some reason, and you should always ensure that all of the pages are present and in proper order before binding the analysis, essay. If the instructor has to begin by figuring out what the heck is going on, they will automatically have a bad impression of your essay and possibly of you. Jones was quite a busy man in good homeless that along with his position in data thesis the Court of Mainz, he also managed to serve as Baron Johann Christian von Boineburg as secretary, librarian, lawyer, advisor, assistant, and apraxia, most importantly, friend. Quite a busy man is a bit colloquial. A busy man would do. The first as is an error, since Jones did not serve as the Baron, he served the Baron. This may have been caught if the student had read their essay out loud. His Chummy, Bill Jones, who Smith shared a room with until his resignation from data analysis thesis this fellowship in reflection 1683.

Chummy should only be included if it was Smith's actual word for Jones. If this is the case, it is a quotation from thesis a source and should be cited. Apraxia. If not, it is data analysis, colloquial and city, should just say His friend Bill Jones. Who should be whom in this case. A site called Grammar and Style has information on data analysis how to use who and whom. This isn't even a complete sentence. Smith was born prematurely and was so small when he was born that they thought he might not live. Repeating that he was born is redundant.

Who does they refer to? Doctors? Parents? Relatives? Townsfolk? It is a pronoun without an apraxia of speech antecedent. In this publication, Jones has a discourse between the belief systems of the natural philosophical world around him. Has is the wrong word here because the essay is about a person who is now dead. Dead people don't have discourse with anyone in data analysis thesis the present, so the good homeless, word should at least be had. But even had is awkward, and a better word would be wrote. Data Thesis. Discourse means to essay plant more, converse, especially orally.

One does not speak orally in a publication. Data Analysis Thesis. It is monkey essays, written. This word should be omitted. Between denotes at least two participants, but Jones is the data analysis thesis, only one having the supposed discourse. This too should be omitted. Non Thesis Masters Biology. Natural philosophical world is confusing. Data Analysis Thesis. Does the student mean the natural, philosophical world, which would be the world described as both natural and philosophical? Or do they mean natural philosophical world, in which natural modifies philosophical and not world, in which case the grammatically correct phrase would be naturally philosophical world? This would be better written as: In this publication, Jones wrote of the belief systems of the natural, philosophical world around him. or, depending on the answer to the fourth point:

In this publication, Jones wrote of the god augustine essay, belief systems of the data analysis, naturally philosophical world around him. He was home for approximately 18 months, according to Jones the 18 months was the most predominant time period of his life. This is a run-on sentence. Christian Essay. It should either end between 18 months and according, or it should be rewritten to make it a proper sentence. Analysis Thesis. 18 months is repeated for no reason. 18 months is plural, so it should be 18 months were not 18 months was. Predominant means superior especially in power or numbers.

Something cannot be most superior. Of Speech. Most should be omitted. Analysis Thesis. Predominant is not the best word in this case anyway. If the student means it was the most powerful time of Jones' life, they should be clear about that. If they mean it was the most superior numerical time of his life, then he logically cannot have been more than 36 months old.

Simpson was content after his ability to reproduce Smith's experiment. Jones was not that easy, the two men fought constantly. The student probably means that Simpson was content once he was able to reproduce Smith's experiment. The current phrasing doesn't quite say that, and is awkward and confusing. Good. Jones was not that easy to what? The student probably means Jones was not that easy to satisfy or something equivalent.

This is a run-on sentence. It should end after easy, or be rewritten to be grammatically correct. Which two men? Simpson and Jones or Smith and data analysis thesis, Jones? The information on physics before this section is important to understanding whom Newton was, but arguably, his greatest advancements were in the field of mathematics, most importantly Calculus. Incorrect use of whom. Should be who. A site called Grammar and Style has information on christian essay how to use who and whom. Analysis Thesis. There should not be a comma between arguably and his. There is no citation as to anyone arguing that Newton's greatest advancements were in biology canada mathematics.

This might be because it would be difficult to prove in the face of the importance of Newtonian physics. Advancements is probably the wrong word. Achievements or discoveries would be better. Newton's advancements are more likely to be funds paid in advance of publication. The addition of most importantly is awkward. Particularly would have been a better word. The use of data analysis thesis greatest and most importantly referring to Calculus is hyperbole.

Given that this essay was for a Calculus class, it sounds like a kiss-up. The declarations of city god augustine essay superiority are superfluous, unattributed, probably erroneous, and possibly pandering. It's all very ugly. A concluding sentence: Smith's great work, theories, and studies will continue to live on data thesis forever in the ever-changing world of science and mathematics . How can the student know that Smith's work will live on service reflection essay forever? That's an impossible assertion to make. Work, theories and studies don't live. Thesis. They exist, but they are not organic creatures.

If the world is ever-changing, how again can the student know that Smith's work won't one day be considered nonsense? Or lost entirely? World is apraxia of speech, singular, but it refers to two worlds, one of analysis science and one of mathematics. This conclusion reeks of hyperbole. (So does the phrase reeks of hyperbole, but this is not a formal essay.) A scientist before Smith by non thesis biology canada, the name of Jones knew that he could demonstrate the data thesis, ration between two infinite sums. The phrasing here is a bit awkward. It would be better phrased: Jones, a predecessor of Smith, knew that. Monkey Essays. Ration is the wrong word. Data. The student meant ratio. This is one of those errors that a spell-check cannot find, but if the essay had been read aloud it may have been noticed. One man was proclaiming to be the inventor of the city essay, widgetiscope and another man was proclaiming the exact same thing; who is telling the truth?

The main problem here is the change in tense. You can't go from data analysis was to is if the subject remains fixed in time. Furthermore, it is incorrect to refer to someone who is dead as doing anything in the present besides being dead (and possibly rotting). A dead person is plant trees, not telling anything right now, but they were in data thesis the past. Try to avoid using the passive form was proclaiming and instead use proclaimed. Of Speech. This particular statement is analysis thesis, also bad because of the apraxia of speech, subject matter. The student has already shown in the essay that both men happened to independently invent the widgetiscope, but the issue is who deserved the title for inventing it first . So actually, neither one was necessarily lying, and the student should not make it appear that one or the other may have been doing so. You must be careful not to libel people. The phrasing here is awkward and possibly a bit too conversational in the final question. A better way of data thesis writing this would be:

Two men proclaimed to be the non thesis masters canada, inventor of thesis calculus, but only one could be given the credit. The argument was so drawn out that a decision was not easy to come by which worked against monkey essays Smith's favor. Jones had been considered the sole inventor of the widgetiscope for fifteen years already, which gave him the upper hand. The student meant to say that the analysis, duration of the argument caused Smith to lose. But because the student failed to put the necessary comma between the bolded words, this sentence actually says, by means of a complicated string of good essays multiple negatives, that it was not easy to come to a decision against Smith, meaning he won. This sentence would be better worded this way: Because the argument took so long, Smith lost. But then, at the beginning of the next paragraph, the student writes: The argument took years to unravel and thesis, never really came to a definitive decision.

This negates what the student had asserted before: that Smith lost because of the duration of the homeless, argument. This also repeats the fact that it was a long argument, which is redundant. It was from the Greeks, where the underlying of analysis widgetry emerged and set the basis of what widgetry has become. The Greeks are a people, not a place, so things come from non thesis biology canada whom, not where. The comma in this sentence should not be there. It sets up an expectation that the portion after the comma is data, a separate clause, as in: It was from the Greeks, who also invented blodgetry, that widgetry came forth. Note that because the who is in the separate clause, it should not be whom.

The underlying what ? You can't just say the underlying of widgetry. It has to be the underlying something of widgetry, whether that something is monkey essays, basis, foundation, etc. Although there was a time of intellectual heightening , there came a period of darkness in the development of mathematics (Ewards 45) . Intellectual heightening is an icky, awkward phrase. Intellectual development would have been much better. In going over this old essay, I wondered if perhaps this was a typo of the name Edwards. I checked the bibliography to confirm the name, and discovered that nothing by Ewards, Edwards, or any similar name was there at all. Had this gone noticed when the paper was being graded, serious questions would have been raised as to the validity of the student's sources and thesis, bibliography. Be sure to list all sources in your bibliography, and be sure to city god augustine essay, spell them correctly when citing!

One motive of Sumerian algebra was to impose on themselves a concepts that they could not fully understand and precisely compute, and for this reason, rejected concepts of irrational as numbers, all traces of the data analysis thesis, infinite, such as limit concepts, from their own mathematics. Motive applies to masters biology, Sumerian algebra, not Sumerians. Therefore, that motive cannot be imposed on themselves. It should be written: One motive of the Sumerians concerning their algebra was to impose on themselves. although that is still an awkward phrase. Data Thesis. Concepts should not be plural. This is sloppiness that probably could have been detected if the student had bothered to read over his essay. The sentence should end after compute. Of Speech. A new sentence should begin, For this reason. Analysis. The word they should be put between reason and rejected to say: For this reason, they rejected concepts.

This sentence is so garbled with mismatched subclauses that adding another is just icky. I'd put such as limit concepts in parenthesis, or rewrite the sentence to bring that idea out on its own. If Greek rigor had surmounted their need to succeed in these elements and refused to apraxia, use real numbers and limits till they had finally understood them, calculus may have never formed and mathematics as a whole would be obsolete (Apostal 102). The verb refused applies to Greek rigor, not Greeks, which is nonsensical. Be careful to ensure that your verbs match the subject you intend for them. Don't use till when you mean until. That's colloquial at best, and not really a proper use of the word at all at worst. The proper phrase is data analysis thesis, have never been formed. Essay. To say something never formed begs the thesis, question: What didn't it form?

Even though there is a citation for this extreme declaration that mathematics as a whole would be obsolete, it's still probably hyperbole. I wonder if the source actually said that, or if the apraxia of speech, student's paraphrasing has overstated the source's point that mathematics might be different without the advent of calculus. Be careful that you don't paraphrase in such a way as to claim a source said something that they did not. If this source really says mathematics would be obsolete without calculus, it's a bad source. Such a statement would render even basic arithmetic and data analysis, counting as obsolete, which is ridiculous.

Essentially , it is masters biology canada, a case of Smith's word against a number of data analysis suspicious details pointing against him. He acknowledged possession of a copy of essay plant more trees part of one of Jones' manuscripts, on data thesis more than one occasion he deliberately altered or added to important documents before publishing them, and a material date I none of his manuscripts had been falsified (1675 had been changed to 1673) (Bogus, 78) Essentially isn't technically incorrect here, but students do have a tendency to use words like essentially and basically too often. It's somewhat conversational, and possibly colloquial. Try to christian, avoid it unless something is truly essential. A number of suspicious details pointing against data him is an awkward way of non thesis biology canada saying: suspicions of his guilt. But what the data thesis, student means is not suspicions, but points of evidence. When you list several examples of something you've indicated, the way to monkey essays, punctuate it is as follows (note the data, placement of the monkey essays, colon and subsequent semicolons): [Point being made]:[proof 1];[proof 2];[proof 3]; and[proof 4]. This way each proof can have punctuation such as commas without being confused with other points, and each proof still points to the main part of the sentence. This entire thing should be rewritten to say:

It is data thesis, a case of Smith's word against the evidence of monkey essays his guilt: he acknowledged possession of a copy of Jones' manuscripts; on more than one occasion he deliberately altered or added to important documents before publishing them; and his manuscripts had been falsified by changing 1675 to 1673 (Bogus, 78). After quoting a dictionary definition: The editors of the famous dictionary are probably unaware of the fact that they have just committed a cardinal sin in the mathematical world , in that they only described fingleish widgetry, and analysis thesis, failed to include an explanation of apraxia fnordleish widgetry. It's okay to question a source, and at higher levels of education it might even be required. But if you're going to data thesis, do it, be careful to christian, do it well and analysis thesis, with evidence. Biology. This just sounds presumptuous. The student has not shown whether or not the data, dictionary has separate definitions for widgetry or otherwise accounts for its apparent lack of sufficient definition.

Saying the dictionary is famous is probably unnecessary, and possibly hyperbole. A cardinal sin is a sin of fundamental importance. In the Judeo-Christian context, this would mean something very bad, like murder. Thus, calling a disagreement in definition in a dictionary a cardinal sin is definitely hyperbole. Even if it was a cardinal sin, the plant more, sin was committed in the dictionary, not in the mathematical world. The student meant against the mathematical world.

It is surprising how people could be satisfied such a vague definition, as was the case in Webster's Dictionary, on a subject that has tested such great minds for centuries upon centuries . It is surprising how students could be satisfied with such drivel in their essays. Analysis. That sounds nasty, doesn't it? That's because it is. Sentences like this are insulting and off-putting, and don't belong in a formal essay. Such great minds requires an example. The word such should be omitted.

Centuries upon centuries is redundant. Just say centuries and leave it at that. Jones' first object in Paris was to make contact with the French government but, while waiting for such an opportunity, he made contact with mathematicians and philosophers there, in particular Davis and Myers, discussing with Davis a variety of topics but particularly church reunification (Bugle 57). An object is a thing. The student means Jones' first objective. Apraxia Of Speech. This is a bad run-on. It should be broken up like this: Jones' first objective in Paris was to make contact with the French government, but while waiting for data analysis an opportunity to do so, he made contact with mathematicians and of speech, philosophers such as Davis and Myers. He discussed a variety of topics with Davis, particularly church reunification (Bugle 57). Smith's contribution to math has helped our society become more technological in building things . In this particular case, Smith made many contributions, not just one.

Math is the colloquial version of mathematics. Did Smith's contributions only help our society? What about other societies? More technological in data thesis building things is a really awkward way of saying improved our technological aptitude. Undoubtedly, Jones was one of the greatest geniuses that ever lived and this paper will demonstrate that, starting from his childhood until his death . Smith may have been a genius, but to masters biology, blow that up to one of the greatest geniuses that ever lived is hyperbole. Even if it is true, the paper didn't demonstrate it because the paper didn't compare Smith to other great geniuses that have lived. The paper showed that Smith was a genius, perhaps, but not his rank amongst all of the thesis, geniuses that have ever lived. Non Thesis Biology. If you start from something, you go to or follow through to another something.

The phrase starting from data his childhood until his death actually means you're starting from the essay plant trees, section of time inclusively between his childhood and death and not saying where you're going. Furthermore, the paper does not start from Smith's childhood because it was not being written when Smith was a child. The student means, starting with his childhood and data, following through to monkey essays, his death. Data Analysis Thesis. That is still awkward, and the sentence would be best written: Undoubtedly, Jones was a genius, and this paper will demonstrate that by examining his entire life. So John lived for non thesis masters biology canada seven years with his mother's parents who did not really show him any affection . So in this context is colloquial and thesis, should be omitted.

This really should be cited. John's address may be a matter of public record and therefore doesn't have to be cited, but comments on the emotional quality of the city god augustine essay, household imply research, and the student should give credit to the source. Analysis Thesis. Really is colloquial, and should be omitted. While at good, Cambridge, Smith's genius was most productive in his dedication to math . Who is thesis, Smith's genius? The student means Smith's intellect, but an intellect cannot be productive. It facilitates productivity, but it is not productive itself. Monkey Essays. A better way to write this would be: Smith's intellect was best displayed in his dedication. Math is colloquial.

It should be mathematics. This information helps us to understand how we, as humans stay on the ground; we are matter as well and do have an invisible force weighing us down as we push against it and it pushes back against us . This hand full of knowledge has helped our scientist understand our universe of heavenly bodies and their movement. It has also allowed scientist to delve further in exploring our galaxy. Does gravity only affect humans? Granted, the data, student is trying to masters canada, make the data analysis thesis, science seem more personal, but this is an awkward way of more trees doing it.

It is also something that seems to indicate an essay geared to children. While you should usually write essays so they can be understood by laypersons, you can assume those laypersons are your age and intellectual peers. The description of the invisible force is data analysis, very awkward. A better wording would be: do have an invisible force that we push against as it pushes back against us. Gravity does not, in fact, weigh people down. The student's own definition of it earlier in the essay mentions this, and here too it is accurately described as a push, not a pull. To add in the bit about it weighing us down is city god augustine, contradictory. The student means handful. This is a bad description anyway, since the student is trying to show how this knowledge is monumental to scientists. Both instances of scientist should be pluralized.

One delves further into something, not in it. The Royal Society always had someone coming in each week they met to show off their invention . Always had someone coming in is colloquial and awkward. It should say: The Royal Society hosted a guest each week. Data Thesis. The second part of this is a separate sentence and should be capitalized and punctuated accordingly, or else brought into the first sentence with appropriate conjunctions. Show off is colloquial. Demonstrate would be better. Since more than one invention was demonstrated, invention should be plural. A concluding paragraph:

Jones was a great man who made an impact in all of our lives . He is recognized as one of the centuries brilliant-minded people who helped to further math along. This intellectual man has created something which has and will be used for years to come. This is an important part of history which will and should never be forgotten. The essay has shown that Jones was brilliant and invented some useful things. It has not, however, demonstrated that he was a great man. A great man is monkey essays, one that embodies greatness in all things, including attitude, relationships with others, and their contributions to their society. Data Thesis. Jones may have been all of this, but the essay did not reflect it, so it is hyperbole to declare it in the conclusion. Essay Plant Trees. It is also a highly subjective comment; what makes someone great to one person may not for another. Centuries is the plural of century, not the possessive. The student means century's. But Jones was not of our current century, so the student should define which century they mean.

Impacts are made on, not in. If by all of us the student means everyone on the planet, this is incorrect. Jones' contributions to mathematics hardly impact the thesis, life of someone living in a non-literate, non-industrialized society. Even if the student merely means her peers, it is homeless, still hyperbole to data analysis, declare that everyone has been impacted. If you're going to mention that the person did something in your conclusion, mention what that something is.

While it is unlikely that Jones' history will be forgotten, the student cannot effectively predict the future in this way. Some of these comments may seem nitpicky, but the canada, fact of the matter is errors such as these reflect poorly on you and your essay. Thesis. No one is perfect, and non thesis masters biology canada, an essay with one or two awkward phrases won't be marked down just for those instances. But an essay that is full of the errors listed above prevents the reader from thesis understanding the content. If the instructor doesn't know what you mean, they can't possibly give you a good grade.

Last updated in city god augustine February 2005. Copyright #169 2000-2005 Kimberly Chapman. Thesis. All rights reserved. This original work is available for distribution, provided the following: it is apraxia of speech, only distributed in this complete form, it contains my name and thesis, copyright, it is not altered during distribution without my consent, and it is not used to generate income for anyone without my consent. Essay More Trees. I would strongly appreciate knowing if anyone is distributing this in data analysis thesis printed form.

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The 35 Greatest Speeches in History. There was not currently a resource on the web to my liking that offered the man who wished to study the greatest orations of all time-from ancient to modern-not only a list of the speeches but a link to the text and a paragraph outlining the context in analysis thesis, which the speech was given. So we decided to create one ourselves. The Art of Manliness thus proudly presents the “35 Greatest Speeches in World History,” the finest library of speeches available on masters the web. These famous speeches lifted hearts in dark times, gave hope in despair, refined the characters of men, inspired brave feats, gave courage to the weary, honored the dead, and changed the course of history. It is my desire that this library will become a lasting resource not only to those who wish to become great orators, but to all men who wisely seek out the analysis thesis, great mentors of history as guides on the path to virtuous manhood. I know that readers of blogs are often more likely to non thesis masters biology canada skim than to read in-depth. But I challenge you, gentlemen, to attempt a program of study in which you read the entirety of one of these great speeches each and data analysis thesis, every day. I found the process of compiling and reading these speeches to be enormously inspiring and good homeless essays, edifying, and I feel confident that you will find them equally so.

How did we compile this list? Great oratory has three components: style, substance, and impact. Style: A great speech must be masterfully constructed. The best orators are masters of both the written and spoken word, and use words to create texts that are beautiful to both hear and read. Substance: A speech may be flowery and charismatically presented, and yet lack any true substance at all. Great oratory must center on a worthy theme; it must appeal to data analysis and inspire the audience’s finest values and ideals. Impact: Great oratory always seeks to persuade the service essay, audience of some fact or idea. The very best speeches change hearts and minds and seem as revelatory several decades or centuries removed as when they were first given. And now for the speeches.

Theodore Roosevelt , “Duties of American Citizenship” Given while serving as a New York assemblyman, TR’s address on the “Duties of American Citizenship” delved into both the theoretical reasons why every man should be involved in politics and the practical means of data analysis thesis, serving in that capacity. Roosevelt chided those who excused themselves from politics because they were too busy; it was every man’s duty to devote some time to maintaining good government. Of course, in one sense, the first essential for a man’s being a good citizen is his possession of the home virtues of which we think when we call a man by the emphatic adjective of manly. No man can be a good citizen who is not a good husband and non thesis canada, a good father, who is not honest in his dealings with other men and women, faithful to his friends and fearless in the presence of his foes, who has not got a sound heart, a sound mind, and a sound body; exactly as no amount of attention to civil duties will save a nation if the domestic life is analysis, undermined, or there is lack of the rude military virtues which alone can assure a country’s position in the world. In a free republic the non thesis masters canada, ideal citizen must be one willing and able to take arms for the defense of the flag, exactly as the ideal citizen must be the father of many healthy children. A race must be strong and vigorous; it must be a race of good fighters and good breeders, else its wisdom will come to naught and its virtue be ineffective; and no sweetness and delicacy, no love for data analysis thesis and appreciation of non thesis biology canada, beauty in art or literature, no capacity for building up material prosperity can possibly atone for the lack of the great virile virtues.

But this is aside from my subject, for what I wish to talk of is the attitude of the American citizen in civic life. It ought to be axiomatic in this country that every man must devote a reasonable share of his time to thesis doing his duty in the Political life of the community. No man has a right to shirk his political duties under whatever plea of homeless, pleasure or business; and while such shirking may be pardoned in those of small cleans it is entirely unpardonable in those among whom it is most common–in the people whose circumstances give them freedom in the struggle for data analysis life. In so far as the community grows to apraxia think rightly, it will likewise grow to regard the young man of data analysis thesis, means who shirks his duty to christian essay the State in time of peace as being only one degree worse than the man who thus shirks it in data analysis thesis, time of monkey essays, war. A great many of our men in business, or of our young men who are bent on enjoying life (as they have a perfect right to do if only they do not sacrifice other things to enjoyment), rather plume themselves upon being good citizens if they even vote; yet voting is the very least of their duties, Nothing worth gaining is ever gained without effort. You can no more have freedom without striving and suffering for data it than you can win success as a banker or a lawyer without labor and effort, without self-denial in youth and the display of a ready and alert intelligence in middle age. Good Homeless Essays? The people who say that they have not time to attend to politics are simply saying that they are unfit to analysis live in a free community.

Read full text of homeless, speech here. Winston Churchill, “We Shall Fight on the Beaches” Winston Churchill, one of the greatest orators of the 20th century, was interestingly enough, like Demosthenes and analysis, other great orators before him, born with a speech impediment which he worked on until it no longer hindered him. One would never guess this from hearing Churchill’s strong and reassuring voice, a voice that would buoy up Britain during some of her darkest hours. During the Battle of masters biology, France, Allied Forces became cut off from troops south of the German penetration and perilously trapped at data the Dunkirk bridgehead. Masters? On May 26, a wholesale evacuation of these troops, dubbed “Operation Dynamo,” began. The evacuation was an amazing effort-the RAF kept the Luftwaffe at bay while thousands of ships, from military destroyers to small fishing boats, were used to thesis ferry 338,000 French and British troops to safety, far more than anyone had thought possible. On June 4, Churchill spoke before the non thesis masters biology canada, House of Commons, giving a report which celebrated the analysis thesis, “miraculous deliverance” at Dunkirk, while also seeking to temper a too rosy of view of what was on the whole a “colossal military disaster.” I have, myself, full confidence that if all do their duty, if nothing is god augustine, neglected, and if the best arrangements are made, as they are being made, we shall prove ourselves once again able to defend our Island home, to ride out the storm of war, and to outlive the menace of tyranny, if necessary for years, if necessary alone. At any rate, that is what we are going to try to do. Data Analysis? That is the resolve of His Majesty’s Government-every man of them.

That is the will of Parliament and the nation. The British Empire and the French Republic, linked together in their cause and in their need, will defend to the death their native soil, aiding each other like good comrades to the utmost of their strength. Even though large tracts of Europe and many old and masters biology, famous States have fallen or may fall into the grip of the Gestapo and analysis thesis, all the odious apparatus of city, Nazi rule, we shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end, we shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our Island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender, and even if, which I do not for a moment believe, this Island or a large part of it were subjugated and starving, then our Empire beyond the data analysis, seas, armed and guarded by the British Fleet, would carry on trees the struggle, until, in God’s good time, the New World, with all its power and data analysis, might, steps forth to the rescue and the liberation of the good, old. Read full text of speech here. Lou Gehrig, “Farewell to Baseball Address”

July 4, 1939; Yankee Stadium. It seemed as if the luminous career of thesis, Lou Gehrig would go on forever. The Yankee’s first baseman and prodigious slugger was nicknamed the homeless, Iron Horse for analysis thesis his durability and commitment to the game. Sadly, his record for suiting up for of speech 2,130 consecutive games came to an end when at age 36, Gehrig was stricken with the analysis, crippling disease that now bears his name. On July 4, 1939, the Yankees held a ceremony to honor their teammate and friend. They retired Gehrig’s number, spoke of his greatness, and presented him with various gifts, plaques, and trophies. When Gehrig finally addressed the crowd, he did not use the opportunity to homeless wallow in pity. Instead, he spoke of the things he was grateful for and what a lucky guy he was.

Fans, for the past two weeks you have been reading about a bad break I got. Yet today I consider myself the luckiest man on analysis the face of the earth. I have been in ballparks for seventeen years and have never received anything but kindness and encouragement from you fans. Look at these grand men. Which of you wouldn’t consider it the highlight of his career to associate with them for even one day? Sure, I’m lucky. City? Who wouldn’t consider it an honor to have known Jacob Ruppert – also the builder of baseball’s greatest empire, Ed Barrow – to have spent the next nine years with that wonderful little fellow Miller Huggins – then to have spent the next nine years with that outstanding leader, that smart student of psychology – the best manager in analysis thesis, baseball today, Joe McCarthy!

Sure, I’m lucky. When the good essays, New York Giants, a team you would give your right arm to beat, and vice versa, sends you a gift, that’s something! When everybody down to data analysis the groundskeepers and those boys in white coats remember you with trophies, that’s something. When you have a wonderful mother-in-law who takes sides with you in squabbles against her own daughter, that’s something. When you have a father and christian service essay, mother who work all their lives so that you can have an education and build your body, it’s a blessing! When you have a wife who has been a tower of strength and shown more courage than you dreamed existed, that’s the finest I know. So I close in saying that I might have had a tough break – but I have an awful lot to live for! Demosthenes, master statesman and data, orator, loved his city-state of Athens.

He cherished its way of life and abundant freedoms. And he believed in standing strong against anyone who might attempt to infringe on these privileges. This passion, unfortunately, was seldom shared by his fellow Athenians. Essay? While Philip the II of data thesis, Macedon made bolder and bolder incursions into the Greek peninsula, the Athenian people seemed stuck in an apathetic stupor. For years, Demosthenes employed his powerful oratorical skills in attempts to awaken his fellow citizens from sleep to the realization of the imminent danger Philip posed.

When Philip advanced on Thrace, the Athenians called an biology canada assembly to debate whether or not to finally heed the great orator’s advice. Demosthenes was sick of his brethren taking liberty and the Athenian way of life for granted and he boldly called upon them to rise up and take action. After his rousing speech, the assembly all cried out, “To arms! To arms!” It is this fate, I solemnly assure you, that I dread for data analysis thesis you, when the time comes that you make your reckoning, and realize that there is no longer anything that can be done. May you never find yourselves, men of Athens, in such a position! Yet in any case, it were better to non thesis masters canada die ten thousand deaths, than to do anything out of data thesis, servility towards Philip [or to sacrifice any of those who speak for god augustine essay your good].

A noble recompense did the people in Oreus receive, for entrusting themselves to Philip’s friends, and thrusting Euphraeus aside! And a noble recompense the democracy of Eretria, for driving away your envoys, and surrendering to Cleitarchus! They are slaves, scourged and butchered! A noble clemency did he show to the Olynthians, who elected Lasthenes to command the cavalry, and banished Apollonides! It is analysis, folly, and it is trees, cowardice, to cherish hopes like these, to give way to evil counsels, to refuse to thesis do anything that you should do, to listen to homeless the advocates of the data, enemy’s cause, and to fancy that you dwell in monkey essays, so great a city that, whatever happens, you will not suffer any harm. Read full text of speech here. October 5, 1877; Montana Territory.

In 1877, the military announced that the Chief Joseph and his tribe of Nez Perce had to move onto a reservation in Idaho or face retribution. Desiring to avoid violence, Chief Joseph advocated peace and cooperation. But fellow tribesmen dissented and killed four white men. Knowing a swift backlash was coming, Joseph and his people began to make their way to Canada, hoping to find amnesty there. The tribe traveled 1700 miles, fighting the pursuing US army along the way. In dire conditions, and after a five day battle, Chief Joseph surrendered to General Nelson A. Miles on Oct.

5, 1877 in the Bear Paw Mountains of Montana Territory, a mere 40 miles from the Canadian border. The Chief knew he was the last of a dying breed, and the moment of surrender was heartbreaking. Tell General Howard I know his heart. What he told me before, I have it in my heart. I am tired of fighting. Thesis? Our Chiefs are killed; Looking Glass is dead, Ta Hool Hool Shute is dead. The old men are all dead. It is the young men who say yes or no.

He who led on the young men is dead. It is cold, and we have no blankets; the little children are freezing to death. Canada? My people, some of data thesis, them, have run away to the hills, and christian service reflection essay, have no blankets, no food. No one knows where they are – perhaps freezing to analysis thesis death. I want to have time to look for my children, and see how many of them I can find. Maybe I shall find them among the city essay, dead. Hear me, my Chiefs! I am tired; my heart is data, sick and sad.

From where the sun now stands I will fight no more forever. John F. Kennedy, “Inauguration Address” January 20, 1961; Washington, D.C. Young, handsome, with a glamorous family in essay plant, tow, John F. Kennedy embodied the fresh optimism that had marked the post-war decade. On January 20, 1961, Kennedy took the oath of office as the 35th President of the United States. The youngest president in United States history, he was the first man born in the 20th century to hold that office. Listening to data analysis thesis his inaugural address, the good homeless essays, nation felt that a new era and a “new frontier” were being ushered in. Can we forge against analysis these enemies a grand and global alliance, North and South, East and apraxia, West, that can assure a more fruitful life for all mankind? Will you join in that historic effort? In the long history of the world, only a few generations have been granted the role of defending freedom in data, its hour of maximum danger.

I do not shrink from this responsibility — I welcome it. I do not believe that any of us would exchange places with any other people or any other generation. Apraxia Of Speech? The energy, the faith, the devotion which we bring to this endeavor will light our country and all who serve it — and the glow from that fire can truly light the world. And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you — ask what you can do for your country. My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man. Read full text of speech here. Ronald Reagan, “Address to data analysis thesis the Nation on non thesis biology the Challenger” January 28, 1986; Washington, D.C. On January 28, 1986, millions of Americans, many of them schoolchildren watching from data analysis, their classroom desks, tuned in to see 7 Americans, including Christa McAuliffe, a 37 year old schoolteacher and the first ever “civilian astronaut,” lift off in the space shuttle Challenger. Monkey Essays? Just 73 seconds later, the shuttle was consumed in a fireball. Thesis? All seven aboard perished.

These were the first deaths of American astronauts while in flight, and monkey essays, the nation was shocked and heartbroken by data analysis thesis, the tragedy. Just a few hours after the disaster, President Ronald Reagan took to the radio and airwaves, honoring these “pioneers” and offering comfort and essay, assurance to a rattled people. We’ve grown used to wonders in this century. It’s hard to dazzle us. But for 25 years the analysis thesis, United States space program has been doing just that. We’ve grown used to the idea of space, and perhaps we forget that we’ve only service essay just begun.

We’re still pioneers. They, the members of the Challenger crew, were pioneers. And I want to say something to the school children of America who were watching the analysis thesis, live coverage of the shuttle’s takeoff. I know it is hard to understand, but sometimes painful things like this happen. It’s all part of the process of exploration and discovery.

It’s all part of taking a chance and essay, expanding man’s horizons. The future doesn’t belong to the fainthearted; it belongs to the brave. The Challenger crew was pulling us into the future, and we’ll continue to follow them…… The crew of the space shuttle Challenger honoured us by the manner in which they lived their lives. We will never forget them, nor the last time we saw them, this morning, as they prepared for the journey and waved goodbye and ‘slipped the surly bonds of earth’ to ‘touch the face of God.’ Read full text of speech here.

In 335 B.C., Alexander the Great began his campaign to recapture former Greek cities and to expand his empire. After ten years of data analysis, undefeated battles, Alexander controlled an empire that included Greece, Egypt, and what had been the massive Persian Empire. That wasn’t enough for Xander. He decided to continue his conquest into India. But after ten years of fighting and being away from home, his men lacked the will to take part in another battle, especially against an opponent like King Porus and his army.

Alexander used the talent for oration he had developed while studying under Aristotle to infuse his men with the motivation they needed to continue on, to fight and to win. I could not have blamed you for being the first to lose heart if I, your commander, had not shared in your exhausting marches and monkey essays, your perilous campaigns; it would have been natural enough if you had done all the work merely for others to reap the reward. But it is not so. Data Thesis? You and I, gentlemen, have shared the christian service essay, labour and shared the danger, and the rewards are for us all. The conquered territory belongs to data analysis thesis you; from your ranks the governors of it are chosen; already the greater part of its treasure passes into your hands, and when all Asia is essay more trees, overrun, then indeed I will go further than the mere satisfaction of our ambitions: the utmost hopes of riches or power which each one of you cherishes will be far surpassed, and whoever wishes to return home will be allowed to go, either with me or without me. Thesis? I will make those who stay the envy of those who return. William Wilberforce, “Abolition Speech”

May 12, 1789; House of christian reflection, Commons, London. When William Wilberforce, a member of the British Parliament, converted to Christianity, he began to earnestly seek to reform the evils he found within himself and the world around him. One of the glaring moral issues of the analysis, day was slavery, and after reading up on the subject and meeting with anti-slavery activists, Wilberforce became convinced that God was calling him to be an monkey essays abolitionist. Data Thesis? Wilberforce decided to of speech concentrate on ending the data, slave trade rather than slavery itself, reasoning that the abolition of one would logically lead to the demise of the essay plant, other. On May 12, 1789, Wilberforce made his first speech on the abolition of the slave trade before the House of Commons. He passionately made his case for data thesis why the trade was reprehensible and needed to cease. Wilberforce introduced a bill to abolish the trade, but it failed, a result he would become quite familiar with in the ensuing years. Yet Wilberforce never gave up, reintroducing the bill year after year, and the Slave Trade Act was finally passed in 1807. When I consider the magnitude of the monkey essays, subject which I am to bring before the House-a subject, in thesis, which the essays, interests, not of this country, nor of Europe alone, but of the whole world, and thesis, of posterity, are involved: and when I think, at the same time, on the weakness of the advocate who has undertaken this great cause-when these reflections press upon my mind, it is impossible for me not to feel both terrified and essay, concerned at my own inadequacy to such a task.

But when I reflect, however, on the encouragement which I have had, through the whole course of analysis thesis, a long and laborious examination of this question, and how much candour I have experienced, and non thesis, how conviction has increased within my own mind, in proportion as I have advanced in my labours;-when I reflect, especially, that however averse any gentleman may now be, yet we shall all be of data, one opinion in the end;-when I turn myself to these thoughts, I take courage-I determine to forget all my other fears, and monkey essays, I march forward with a firmer step in the full assurance that my cause will bear me out, and that I shall be able to justify upon the clearest principles, every resolution in my hand, the avowed end of which is, the total abolition of the analysis, slave trade. Read full text of speech here. Theodore Roosevelt, “The Man with the Muck-rake” Theodore Roosevelt was president during the Progressive Era, a time of great enthusiasm for reform in government, the economy, and society. TR himself held many progressive ideals, but he also called for moderation, not extremism. The “Man with a Muck-rake” in Pilgrim’s Progress never looked heavenward but instead constantly raked the filth at his feet. TR thus dubbed the journalists and activists of the monkey essays, day who were intent on exposing the corruption in society as “muckrakers.” He felt that they did a tremendous amount of good, but needed to mitigate their constant pessimism and alarmist tone. Data Analysis? He worried that the sensationalism with which these exposes were often presented would make citizens overly cynical and too prone to throw out the non thesis canada, baby with the bathwater. To assail the great and analysis thesis, admitted evils of our political and industrial life with such crude and sweeping generalizations as to include decent men in the general condemnation means the searing of the christian reflection, public conscience. Data? There results a general attitude either of cynical belief in christian service essay, and indifference to public corruption or else of a distrustful inability to discriminate between the good and the bad.

Either attitude is fraught with untold damage to the country as a whole. The fool who has not sense to discriminate between what is good and what is analysis thesis, bad is monkey essays, well-nigh as dangerous as the man who does discriminate and yet chooses the bad. There is data analysis, nothing more distressing to masters biology every good patriot, to every good American, than the hard, scoffing spirit which treats the allegation of dishonesty in a public man as a cause for laughter. Such laughter is data analysis thesis, worse than the homeless, crackling of thorns under a pot, for it denotes not merely the data analysis thesis, vacant mind, but the heart in which high emotions have been choked before they could grow to fruition. Read full text of christian service essay, speech here. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, “First Inaugural Address” March 4, 1933; Washington, D.C. Franklin Delano Roosevelt handily beat incumbent Herbert Hoover in the 1932 presidential election.

The country was deep into the Great Depression, and the public felt that Hoover did not fully sympathize with their plight and was not doing enough to alleviate it. Thesis? No one was quite clear on what FDR’s plan was, but as in service reflection, today’s election season, “change” was enough of an idea to power a campaign. In his First Inaugural Address, Roosevelt sought to buoy up the injured psyche of the American people and present his case for why he would need broad executive powers to data thesis tackle the Depression. I am certain that my fellow Americans expect that on my induction into the Presidency I will address them with a candor and a decision which the present situation of our Nation impels. This is city god augustine essay, preeminently the time to data analysis thesis speak the truth, the whole truth, frankly and boldly. Nor need we shrink from of speech, honestly facing conditions in analysis, our country today. This great Nation will endure as it has endured, will revive and will prosper. So, first of all, let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself-nameless, unreasoning, unjustified terror which paralyzes needed efforts to convert retreat into advance. Apraxia Of Speech? In every dark hour of our national life a leadership of frankness and vigor has met with that understanding and support of the people themselves which is essential to victory. I am convinced that you will again give that support to leadership in these critical days.

Read the full text here. Charles de Gaulle, “The Appeal of 18 June” In June of 1940, it was clear that France was losing their country to the German invasion. Refusing to sign an analysis armistice, Prime Minister Paul Reynaud was forced to resign. Essay Trees? He was succeeded by analysis, Marshal Philippe Petain who made clear his intention to seek an accommodation with Germany. Disgusted with this decision, General Charles de Gaulle, leader of the Free French Forces, escaped to England on June 15. De Gaulle asked for, and obtained permission from Winston Churchill to good make a speech on BBC radio. De Gaulle exhorted the French to not give up hope and to continue the fight against the German occupation and the Vichy Regime. But has the last word been said? Must hope disappear? Is defeat final?

No! Believe me, I who am speaking to data thesis you with full knowledge of the facts, and who tell you that nothing is lost for France. The same means that overcame us can bring us victory one day. For France is not alone! She is service, not alone! She is not alone! She has a vast Empire behind her. She can align with the British Empire that holds the data thesis, sea and continues the essay, fight. She can, like England, use without limit the immense industry of the analysis thesis, United States. This war is apraxia of speech, not limited to the unfortunate territory of data analysis thesis, our country.

This war is not over as a result of the Battle of France. This war is a worldwide war. All the mistakes, all the delays, all the monkey essays, suffering, do not alter the fact that there are, in the world, all the means necessary to crush our enemies one day. Data Analysis Thesis? Vanquished today by mechanical force, in the future we will be able to overcome by a superior mechanical force. The fate of the world depends on it. Read full text of speech here.

Socrates is perhaps the greatest teacher in the history of the christian reflection essay, Western world. He wandered around Athens engaging in dialogues with his fellow citizens that focused on discovering the truth of all things. He taught his pupils that the thesis, “unexamined life is not worth living.” The Athenians saw Socrates as a threat, especially to city god augustine the Athenian youth. Socrates acquired quite a following among the young men of Athens. He taught these impressionable minds to question everything, even Athenian authority. Eventually, Socrates was arrested and data analysis thesis, put on trial for corrupting the youth, not believing the gods, and creating new deities. The “Apology” is Socrates’ defense to plant these charges.

Instead of crying and pleading for data analysis thesis mercy, Socrates accepts his charges and attempts to persuade the jury with reason. He argued that it was his calling from the gods to seek knowledge and that it was through his questions he uncovered truth. To not fulfill his calling would be blasphemy. In the end, Socrates lost and was sentenced to death by hemlock. Socrates accepted this fate willingly and without grudge against his condemners, thus dying as a martyr for god augustine essay free thinking. Some one will say: Yes, Socrates, but cannot you hold your tongue, and then you may go into a foreign city, and no one will interfere with you? Now I have great difficulty in analysis, making you understand my answer to this. Canada? For if I tell you that to do as you say would be a disobedience to the God, and therefore that I cannot hold my tongue, you will not believe that I am serious; and if I say again that daily to discourse about data thesis, virtue, and of those other things about which you hear me examining myself and others, is the trees, greatest good of man, and that the unexamined life is not worth living, you are still less likely to believe me. George Washington, “Resignation Speech” December 23, 1784; Annapolis, Maryland. As the Revolutionary War drew to a close, there was much speculation that George Washington, then Major General and Commander-in-Chief, would follow in the footsteps of former world leaders by making a grab for supreme power.

Some even wished he would do so, hoping he would become the king of thesis, a new nation. Yet Washington knew that such a move would wither the fragile beginnings of the new republic. Reflection? Looking to the Roman general Cincinnatus an exemplar, Washington rejected the temptations of power and resigned his position as Commander-in-Chief. Choosing the right is almost never easy, and as Washington read his speech in front of the Continental Congress, the great statesman trembled so much that he had to hold the parchment with two hands to keep it steady. “The spectators all wept, and there was hardly a member of Congress who did not drop tears. Data Thesis? His voice faltered and christian service reflection, sunk, and the whole house felt his agitations.” When finished, Washington bolted from the analysis, door of the Annapolis State House, mounted his horse, and galloped away into the sunset. While I repeat my obligations.

to the Army in monkey essays, general, I should do injustice to data my own feelings not to acknowledge in this place the peculiar Services and distinguished merits of the monkey essays, Gentlemen who have been attached to my person during the War. It was impossible the data thesis, choice of confidential Officers to compose my family should have been more fortunate. Permit me Sir, to recommend in particular those, who have continued in service reflection, Service to the present moment, as worthy of the favorable notice and patronage of thesis, Congress. I consider it an indispensable duty to close this last solemn act of my Official life, by commending the Interests of our dearest Country to the protection of Almighty God, and those who have the superintendence of them, to his holy keeping. Having now finished the work assigned me, I retire from the great theater of Action; and bidding an Affectionate farewell to this August body under whose orders I have so long acted, I here offer my Commission, and take my leave of all the employments of public life.

Read the full text here. August 8, 1942; India. While the plant, battle for analysis thesis freedom and democracy raged across the world, the people of India were engaged in essay, their own fight for liberty. For almost a century, India had been under the direct rule of the British crown, and many Indians had had enough. Mahatma Gandhi and the National Indian Congress pushed for a completely non-violent movement aimed at data thesis forcing Britain to monkey essays “Quit India.” Gandhi, pioneer of the tactics of non-violent civil disobedience, called for their use on August 8, 1942 with the passing of the Quit India Resolution demanding complete independence from British rule. I believe that in the history of the world, there has not been a more genuinely democratic struggle for freedom than ours. Data Analysis Thesis? I read Carlyle’s French Resolution while I was in prison, and Pandit Jawaharlal has told me something about the Russian revolution. Masters Biology Canada? But it is my conviction that inasmuch as these struggles were fought with the weapon of violence they failed to realize the democratic ideal.

In the analysis thesis, democracy which I have envisaged, a democracy established by non-violence, there will be equal freedom for all. Everybody will be his own master. It is to join a struggle for such democracy that I invite you today. Once you realize this you will forget the differences between the Hindus and Muslims, and think of yourselves as Indians only, engaged in the common struggle for independence. Read full text of speech here. Winston Churchill, “Their Finest Hour” June 18, 1940; House of city essay, Commons, London. On May 10, 1940, the Germans began their invasion of data analysis, France. Homeless Essays? On June 14 Paris fell.

In a matter of days, France would surrender and England would stand as Europe’s lone bulwark against the twin evils of data thesis, Fascism and Nazism. At this critical moment, Churchill gave his third and final speech during the Battle of France, once again imparting words meant to bring hope in good essays, this dark hour. What General Weygand called the Battle of France is over. I expect that the Battle of data, Britain is about to begin. Plant More? Upon this battle depends the survival of Christian civilization. Upon it depends our own British life, and analysis, the long continuity of our institutions and our Empire. The whole fury and masters, might of the enemy must very soon be turned on us.

Hitler knows that he will have to break us in this Island or lose the war. If we can stand up to him, all Europe may be free and the life of the world may move forward into broad, sunlit uplands. But if we fail, then the whole world, including the analysis, United States, including all that we have known and cared for, will sink into city god augustine the abyss of a new Dark Age made more sinister, and perhaps more protracted, by the lights of perverted science. Let us therefore brace ourselves to our duties, and so bear ourselves that if the British Empire and its Commonwealth last for a thousand years, men will still say, ‘This was their finest hour.’ Read full text of analysis thesis, speech here. William Faulkner, “Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech”

December 10, 1950; Stockholm, Sweden. A true master of the written word, William Faulkner did not often make public his gift for the spoken variety. So there was some interest as to what he would say when accepting the Nobel Peace Prize for his “powerful and artistically unique contribution to the modern American novel.” The year was 1950, the Soviet Union had tapped the potential of the atomic bomb, and the atmosphere in the the United States crackled with the fear of them using it. Faulkner challenged poets, authors, and all mankind to of speech think beyond the questions of data thesis, “When will I be blown up?” and instead continue to “create out of the materials of the human spirit something which did not exist before.” I decline to accept the end of man. It is monkey essays, easy enough to say that man is immortal because he will endure: that when the analysis thesis, last ding-dong of doom has clanged and faded from the last worthless rock hanging tideless in the last red and dying evening, that even then there will still be one more sound: that of his puny inexhaustible voice, still talking. Christian Essay? I refuse to accept this. I believe that man will not merely endure: he will prevail. He is immortal, not because he alone among creatures has an inexhaustible voice, but because he has a soul, a spirit capable of compassion and analysis thesis, sacrifice and endurance. The poet’s, the writer’s, duty is to write about these things. It is his privilege to reflection essay help man endure by lifting his heart, by reminding him of the courage and honor and hope and pride and compassion and pity and sacrifice which have been the analysis, glory of his past.

The poet’s voice need not merely be the record of christian essay, man, it can be one of the data, props, the pillars to help him endure and more, prevail. Read full text of analysis, speech here. Dwight D. Masters Canada? Eisenhower, “Farewell Address” January 17, 1961; Washington, D.C. The 1950’s were a time of ever increasing military spending, as the United States sought to fight communism abroad and prevent it at home.

As President Dwight D. Eisenhower left office, more than half of the data analysis thesis, federal budget was allocated for god augustine defense purposes. Eisenhower, former General of the Army, was certainly not opposed to thesis the use of military power to keep the peace. Still, he saw fit to use his “Farewell Address” to of speech warn the nation of the dangers posed by the “military-industrial complex,” referring to the relationship between the armed forces, the government, and the suppliers of war materials. Eisenhower was wary of the large role defense spending played in the economy, and understood the political and corporate corruption that could result if the public was not vigilant in checking it. In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by data, the military-industrial complex. The potential for god augustine essay the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist. We must never let the weight of this combination endanger our liberties or democratic processes.

We should take nothing for granted. Only an alert and analysis thesis, knowledgeable citizenry can compel the proper meshing of the huge industrial and military machinery of defense with our peaceful methods and goals, so that security and liberty may prosper together. Read full text of speech here. Marcus Tullius Cicero, “The First Oration Against Catiline” Lucius Sergius Catilina (Catiline to his friends) was a very jealous man. Having once run against good homeless essays Cicero for the position of consul and lost, he became determined to win the next election by any devious method necessary. Plan A was to analysis thesis bribe people to vote for him, and when that didn’t work, he decided to go for bust and simply knock Cicero off on reflection essay election day.

This plan was ferreted out by the ever vigilant Cicero, the election was postponed, and the Senate established marital law. When the election finally was held, the data thesis, murderer-cum-candidate was surprisingly trounced at the polls. Now it was time for Catiline’s Plan C: raise an army of co-conspirators, create insurrection throughout Italy, overthrow the government, and slice and christian, dice as many Senators as they could get their coo -ky hands on. But Cicero was again one step ahead and discovered the plan. He called the analysis thesis, Senate together for a meeting at the Temple of Jupiter in the Capitol, an orifice only used in monkey essays, times of analysis, great crisis.

Catiline, who seriously didn’t know when he was not welcome, decided to crash the party. With his archenemy in attendance, Cicero began his Catiline Orations, a series of speeches covering how he saved Rome from rebellion, the guilt of Catiline, and the need to whack he and apraxia of speech, his cronies. I wish, O conscript fathers, to data thesis be merciful; I wish not to appear negligent amid such danger to the state; but I do now accuse myself of remissness and culpable inactivity. A camp is pitched in Italy, at plant more the entrance of Etruria, in hostility to the republic; the number of the enemy increases every day; and yet the data analysis thesis, general of that camp, the leader of those enemies, we see within the walls-aye, and even in biology, the senate-planning every day some internal injury to the republic. Data Analysis? If, O Catiline, I should now order you to be arrested, to be put to death, I should, I suppose, have to service essay fear lest all good men should say that I had acted tardily, rather than that any one should affirm that I acted cruelly. But yet this, which ought to have been done long since, I have good reason for not doing as yet; I will put you to death, then, when there shall be not one person possible to be found so wicked, so abandoned, so like yourself, as not to data analysis allow that it has been rightly done. As long as one person exists who can dare to defend you, you shall live; but you shall live as you do now, surrounded by my many and trusty guards, so that you shall not be able to stir one finger against the republic; many eyes and ears shall still observe and watch you, as they have hitherto done, tho you shall not perceive them. Read full text of speech here. Ronald Reagan, “Remarks at non thesis biology canada the Brandenburg Gate” June 12, 1987; Brandenburg Gate, Berlin. Since the end of World War II, Germany had been a divided country, the data thesis, West free and apraxia of speech, democratic, the East under authoritarian communist control.

When President Reagan took office, he was committed not only to uniting that country, but to analysis thesis bringing down the entire “Evil Empire.” While the importance of Reagan’s role in successfully doing so is endlessly debated, it beyond dispute that he exerted some influence in bringing the Cold War to an end. There is no more memorable and symbolic moment of apraxia of speech, this influence then when Reagan stood at the Berlin wall, the most visible symbol of the “Iron Curtain,” and challenged Gorbachev to “tear down this wall!” We welcome change and openness; for we believe that freedom and security go together, that the advance of human liberty can only data thesis strengthen the cause of world peace. There is one sign the Soviets can make that would be unmistakable, that would advance dramatically the cause of freedom and plant, peace. General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and data, eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization, come here to this gate. Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate.

Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall! Read full text of speech here. Pericles, master statesman, orator, and general, was truly, as Thuciydies dubbed him, “the first citizen of Athens.” Pericles was a product of the essay more, Sophists and had been personally tutored by the great philosopher Anaxagoras. His study with the Sophists made Pericles a highly persuasive orator. Through his speeches, he galvanized Athenians to undertake an enormous public works project that created hundreds of temples, including the Pantheon. Pericles’ gift of oration was put to the test during the epic battles of the Peloponnesian War, a civil war between Athens and Sparta. His speeches inspired Athenians to fight to become the number one power in Greece.

In February of thesis, 431 B.C., Athens had their annual public funeral to god augustine honor all those who died in war. Analysis? Pericles was asked to monkey essays give the traditional funeral oration. Rather than focus his speech on enumerating the conquests of Athens’ fallen heroes, Pericles instead used his funeral oration to laud the glory of Athens itself and data, inspire the living to make sure the soldiers had not died in vain. Over 2,000 years later, Pericles’ funeral oration inspired Abraham Lincoln’s “Gettysburg Address.” Like Pericles, Lincoln was a leader during a time of civil war. Like Pericles, Lincoln focused on exhorting the living to live their lives in a way that would make the sacrifice of fallen warriors worthwhile.

So died these men as became Athenians. You, their survivors, must determine to essay plant more have as unfaltering a resolution in the field, though you may pray that it may have a happier issue. And not contented with ideas derived only from words of the advantages which are bound up with the defense of your country, though these would furnish a valuable text to a speaker even before an audience so alive to them as the present, you must yourselves realize the power of Athens, and data thesis, feed your eyes upon her from day to day, till love of her fills your hearts; and then, when all her greatness shall break upon you, you must reflect that it was by courage, sense of good homeless, duty, and thesis, a keen feeling of honor in action that men were enabled to win all this, and that no personal failure in an enterprise could make them consent to deprive their country of their valor, but they laid it at her feet as the of speech, most glorious contribution that they could offer. Read the full text here. General Douglas MacArthur, “Farewell Address to Congress” April 19, 1951, Washington; D.C. During the analysis thesis, Korean War, General MacArthur and President Truman clashed over the threat posed by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army and their incursion into Korea. MacArthur continually pressed Truman for permission to good homeless bomb bases in Manchuria, believing the war needed to be extended in area and scope. Truman refused the General’s requests, arguing that directly drawing China into the war would arouse the Soviet Union to data analysis thesis action. Christian Service Reflection? MacArthur continued to thesis press his case, and Truman, accusing the General of monkey essays, insubordination, made the decision to relieve MacArthur of his command.

After serving for 52 years and in three wars, the General’s military career was over. MacArthur returned to the United States and gave this farewell address to Congress. I am closing my 52 years of military service. When I joined the Army, even before the turn of the century, it was the fulfillment of all of my boyish hopes and dreams. The world has turned over many times since I took the oath on theplain at West Point, and the hopes and dreams have long since vanished, but I still remember the refrain of one of the data analysis, most popular barrack ballads of that day which proclaimed most proudly that “old soldiers never die; they just fade away.” And like the old soldier of that ballad, I now close my military career and just fade away, an old soldier who tried to do his duty as God gave him the light to apraxia see that duty. Read full text of speech here.

Theodore Roosevelt, “Strength and Decency” Roosevelt was an advocate of having many children and making sure the next generation would continue to uphold the great virtues of data, civilization. He was always concerned that young men not be coddled or cowardly, and grow up to live rugged, strenuous, and thoroughly manly lives. But he also strongly believed that being ruggedly manly and being refined in mind and spirit were not incompatible and monkey essays, should in thesis, fact go hand and hand. In this speech, he exhorts young men to pursue virtuous manliness. Amen, brother, amen.

It is christian service reflection, peculiarly incumbent upon you who have strength to set a right example to others. I ask you to remember that you cannot retain your self-respect if you are loose and data thesis, foul of tongue, that a man who is to lead a clean and essays, honorable life must inevitably suffer if his speech likewise is not clean and honorable. Every man here knows the data, temptations that beset all of us in monkey essays, this world. At times any man will slip. Thesis? I do not expect perfection, but I do expect genuine and sincere effort toward being decent and cleanly in non thesis masters, thought, in word, and in deed. As I said at the outset, I hail the work of this society as typifying one of those forces which tend to the betterment and uplifting of our social system. Data Analysis? Our whole effort should be toward securing a combination of the strong qualities with those qualities which we term virtues. I expect you to be strong. I would not respect you if you were not.

I do not want to see Christianity professed only by weaklings; I want to see it a moving spirit among men of strength. I do not expect you to lose one particle of your strength or courage by being decent. On the contrary, I should hope to monkey essays see each man who is a member of thesis, this society, from his membership in it become all the fitter to do the rough work of the essay plant, world; all the fitter to work in time of peace; and if, which may Heaven forfend, war should come, all the fitter to fight in time of war. I desire to see in this country the decent men strong and the strong men decent, and until we get that combination in pretty good shape we are not going to be by any means as successful as we should be. There is always a tendency among very young men and among boys who are not quite young men as yet to think that to be wicked is rather smart; to think it shows that they are men. Oh, how often you see some young fellow who boasts that he is going to “see life,” meaning by that that he is going to see that part of life which it is analysis thesis, a thousandfold better should remain unseen! Read full text of speech here. Abraham Lincoln, “2nd Inaugural Address”

March 4, 1865; Washington, D.C. The Union’s victory was but a month away as Abraham Lincoln began his second term as president of a bitterly ruptured United States. Like the Gettysburg Address, Lincoln keeps this speech only as long as needful. Apraxia Of Speech? While there are those who still debate whether the data analysis, Civil War was truly fought over slavery or not, Lincoln certainly believed so. More? To him, slavery was a great national sin, and the blood shed during the war was the analysis thesis, atoning sacrifice for monkey essays that evil.

He does not relish the prospect of analysis thesis, coming victory; instead, he appeals to his countrymen to remember that the war was truly fought between brothers. Apraxia Of Speech? When the war was over and the Confederacy forced to return to the Union, Lincoln was prepared to data treat the South with relative leniency. Service Reflection? He did not believe secession was truly possible, and thus the analysis, South had never truly left the Union. Reconstruction would not mean vengeance, but the good essays, return home of a terribly errant son. Fondly do we hope, fervently do we pray, that this mighty scourge of war may speedily pass away. Yet, if God wills that it continue until all the wealth piled by the bondsman’s two hundred and fifty years of unrequited toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood drawn with the lash shall be paid by another drawn with the sword, as was said three thousand years ago, so still it must be said “the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.” With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on data thesis to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation’s wounds, to city care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and data analysis thesis, his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations. Read full text of more trees, speech here. Patrick Henry, “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death!”

For a decade, revolutionary sentiments had been brewing in Virginia and Patrick Henry had always been in the thick of it, stirring the pot. Data? Henry became particularly enflamed by the Stamp Act of 1764, which prompted him to give his so-called “treason speech,” spurring the Burgesses to pass the Virginia Resolves banning the act. Tensions between the monkey essays, colonies and the Crown continued to build, and in 1775, Massachusetts patriots began making preparations for war. Henry believed that Virginia should follow suit. At a meeting held in St. John’s Church in Richmond, Henry presented resolutions to make ready Virginia’s defenses. Seeking to data analysis persuade his fellow delegates of the non thesis canada, urgency of his message, he gave a rousing and analysis, memorable speech, climaxing is that now famous line, “Give me liberty of give me death!” The battle, sir, is not to the strong alone; it is to city essay the vigilant, the active, the brave. Besides, sir, we have no election. If we were base enough to data analysis thesis desire it, it is now too late to retire from the contest.

There is no retreat but in submission and slavery! Our chains are forged! Their clanking may be heard on the plains of Boston! The war is inevitable — and let it come! I repeat it, sir, let it come! It is in vain, sir, to extenuate the matter. Gentlemen may cry, “Peace! Peace!” — but there is no peace. The war is actually begun! The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field!

Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty, or give me death! Read full text of speech here. Ronald Reagan, “40th Anniversary of D-Day” June 6, 1984; Pointe du Hoc, France.

What the Army Rangers did on D-Day at Pointe Du Hoc is a tale every man worth his salt should be familiar with. Pointe du Hoc was a sheer 100 foot cliff located in-between Omaha and Utah beaches. Perched atop the cliff sat six casemates capable of being manned, armed, and taking out the men on the beaches. Non Thesis Masters Biology? As the Germans fired upon them, the Rangers scaled the cliff using ropes and ladders, found the guns (which had been moved from the casemates) and destroyed them. Without reinforcements for two days, the Rangers alone held their position and fended off German counterattacks. Data Thesis? These skirmishes proved deadly; only 90 of the service reflection essay, original 225 Ranger landing force survived. On the 40 th anniversary of D-Day, President Reagan gave a moving tribute to data analysis thesis these men, many of reflection essay, whom were present at data the occasion.

These are the non thesis masters biology canada, boys of Pointe du Hoc. These are the men who took the cliffs. These are the champions who helped free a continent. These are the heroes who helped end a war. Gentlemen, I look at you and I think of the words of Stephen Spender’s poem. You are men who in your ‘lives fought for data analysis life…and left the vivid air signed with your honor’…

Forty summers have passed since the of speech, battle that you fought here. You were young the day you took these cliffs; some of you were hardly more than boys, with the deepest joys of data analysis, life before you. Yet you risked everything here. Why? Why did you do it? What impelled you to biology canada put aside the instinct for self-preservation and risk your lives to take these cliffs? What inspired all the men of the armies that met here? We look at data analysis thesis you, and somehow we know the answer. God Augustine? It was faith, and belief; it was loyalty and love. The men of Normandy had faith that what they were doing was right, faith that they fought for all humanity, faith that a just God would grant them mercy on this beachhead or on the next. It was the deep knowledge — and pray God we have not lost it — that there is a profound moral difference between the use of force for liberation and the use of force for data conquest.

You were here to liberate, not to conquer, and christian service reflection, so you and those others did not doubt your cause. And you were right not to data analysis doubt. Read full text of speech here. May 25, 1961; Houston, TX. On April 12, 1961, the Soviets launched the first man into space. Homeless? Khrushchev used this triumph as prime evidence of communism’s superiority over decadent capitalism. Embarrassed, the United States feared it was falling behind the Soviet Union and losing the “space race.” After consulting with political and NASA officials, Kennedy decided it was time for data America to boldly go where no man had gone before by putting a man on the moon. The feat would not only catapult the nation over the Soviet Union, but also allow man to more fully explore the mysteries of space.

And this mission would be accomplished by the end of the 1960’s. When was the last time a president had the cajones to publicly issue a straightforward, ambitious goal and set a timeline for its success? There is christian reflection essay, no strife, no prejudice, no national conflict in data, outer space as yet. Its hazards are hostile to us all. Its conquest deserves the best of all mankind, and its opportunity for good peaceful cooperation many never come again. But why, some say, the moon?

Why choose this as our goal? And they may well ask why climb the highest mountain? Why, 35 years ago, fly the Atlantic? Why does Rice play Texas? We choose to go to the moon. Data Analysis? We choose to go to trees the moon in this decade and thesis, do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to apraxia accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win, and the others, too. Read full text of speech here.

Frederick Douglass, “What to the Slave is the thesis, Fourth of July?” July 5, 1852; Rochester, NY. Frederick Douglass, former slave, abolitionist, and engineer on the underground railroad, was a popular speaker on the anti-slavery circuit. Good Homeless Essays? He traveled thousands of miles each year, giving hundreds of speeches. Yet the money he earned from analysis, lecturing was not enough to become financially comfortable, and he and apraxia of speech, his family struggled. Douglass was disillusioned by the repercussions of the Fugitive Slave Act, and his abolitionist leanings grew more strident and bold. If the citizens of data, Rochester, New York had expected to be flattered by apraxia, Douglass when they asked him to analysis thesis speak on the Fourth, they were soon disavowed of that idea. Douglass took the opportunity to monkey essays defiantly point out the ripe hypocrisy of a nation celebrating their ideals of freedom and equality while simultaneously mired in the evil of slavery. While the speech surely made even the thesis, most liberal audience members squirm; nonetheless, the crowed let loose in “universal applause” when Douglass finished. I am not included within the pale of this glorious anniversary! Your high independence only reveals the immeasurable distance between us.

The blessings in monkey essays, which you this day rejoice are not enjoyed in common. The rich inheritance of justice, liberty, prosperity, and independence bequeathed by your fathers is shared by you, not by me. Analysis? The sunlight that brought life and healing to you has brought stripes and death to me. This Fourth of more trees, July is yours, not mine. Youmay rejoice, I must mourn. To drag a man in data, fetters into apraxia the grand illuminated temple of liberty, and data, call upon monkey essays, him to join you in data, joyous anthems, were inhuman mockery and sacrilegious irony. Do you mean, citizens, to mock me, by essay more trees, asking me to data analysis speak today? Read full text of speech here. General Douglas MacArthur, “Duty, Honor, Country”

May 12, 1962; West Point, New York. General Douglas MacArthur, General of the monkey essays, Army and analysis, a man who fought in three wars, knew something of “Duty, Honor, Country.” In 1962, MacArthur was in of speech, the twilight of his life and came to West Point to accept the Sylvanus Thayer Award and participate in data, his final cadet roll call. Good Homeless? His address reflects upon and celebrates the thesis, brave and courageous men who came before, men he personally led, men who embodied “Duty, Honor, Country.” There are many great speeches in this list, but I hope you will pause to read the entirety of essay plant, this one. Picking an excerpt was quite difficult, as so many of the passages are inspiring. A must read for all men. You are the leaven which binds together the analysis, entire fabric of our national system of defense. From your ranks come the great captains who hold the nation’s destiny in their hands the moment the apraxia, war tocsin sounds. The Long Gray Line has never failed us. Were you to do so, a million ghosts in olive drab, in brown khaki, in blue and gray, would rise from their white crosses thundering those magic words: Duty, Honor, Country . This does not mean that you are war mongers.

On the contrary, the soldier, above all other people, prays for data peace, for he must suffer and bear the deepest wounds and scars of war. But always in our ears ring the ominous words of Plato, that wisest of all philosophers: “Only the city essay, dead have seen the end of war.” The shadows are lengthening for me. The twilight is here. My days of old have vanished, tone and tint. They have gone glimmering through the dreams of things that were. Their memory is one of wondrous beauty, watered by tears, and coaxed and data analysis thesis, caressed by the smiles of yesterday.

I listen vainly, but with thirsty ears, for the witching melody of faint bugles blowing reveille, of far drums beating the long roll. In my dreams I hear again the christian service essay, crash of guns, the rattle of musketry, the strange, mournful mutter of the battlefield. But in the evening of thesis, my memory, always I come back to apraxia West Point. Always there echoes and re-echoes: Duty, Honor, Country . Read full text of speech here. Theodore Roosevelt, “Citizenship in a Republic”

At the end of Theodore Roosevelt’s second term in office, he set out to tour Africa and Europe, hoping to allow his successor, President Taft, to step into the enormous shoes TR had left and data, become his own man. After a safari in Africa, he traveled throughout Europe. While in France, he was invited to speak at the historic University of Paris. Roosevelt used the opportunity to deliver a powerful address on essay trees the requirements of citizenship, the characteristics which would keep democracies like France and the United States robust and strong. This speech is famous for the “man in the arena” quote, but the entire speech is an data analysis absolute must read. Let the man of learning, the man of lettered leisure, beware of that queer and cheap temptation to pose to himself and to others as a cynic, as the man who has outgrown emotions and beliefs, the man to whom good and monkey essays, evil are as one. The poorest way to data analysis thesis face life is to face it with a sneer. There are many men who feel a kind of good, twister pride in cynicism; there are many who confine themselves to criticism of the way others do what they themselves dare not even attempt. There is analysis, no more unhealthy being, no man less worthy of respect, than he who either really holds, or feigns to hold, an attitude of sneering disbelief toward all that is monkey essays, great and lofty, whether in achievement or in data analysis thesis, that noble effort which, even if it fails, comes to second achievement.

A cynical habit of thought and speech, a readiness to criticise work which the critic himself never tries to perform, an intellectual aloofness which will not accept contact with life’s realities – all these are marks, not as the possessor would fain to monkey essays think, of data, superiority but of weakness. They mark the men unfit to bear their part painfully in the stern strife of non thesis, living, who seek, in the affection of contempt for the achievements of data analysis, others, to city hide from others and from themselves in their own weakness. Thesis? The rA?le is easy; there is none easier, save only the rA?le of the man who sneers alike at both criticism and performance. It is not the critic who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles, or where the doer of of speech, deeds could have done them better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena, whose face is data analysis thesis, marred by dust and sweat and blood; who strives valiantly; who errs, who comes short again and again, because there is no effort without error and shortcoming; but who does actually strive to plant trees do the deeds; who knows great enthusiasms, the great devotions; who spends himself in analysis thesis, a worthy cause; who at the best knows in the end the triumph of plant trees, high achievement, and who at the worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be with those cold and analysis, timid souls who neither know victory nor defeat. Read full text of reflection, speech here. Winston Churchill, “Blood, Sweat, and Tears” May 13, 1940; House of Commons, London. Winston Churchill’s first speech to the House of Commons as Britain’s new Prime Minister got off to an auspicious start. His welcome to that assembly was quite tepid, while outgoing PM Neville Chamberlain was enthusiastically applauded (the world did not yet know just how disastrous his appeasement policies would prove and data analysis, did not trust Churchill). But Churchill’s first speech, the monkey essays, first of three powerful oratories he gave during the Battle of France, would prove that England was in more than capable hands.

A seemingly unstoppable Hitler was advancing rapidly across Europe, and Churchill wasted no time in calling his people to arms. While TR had actually been the first to utter the phrase, “blood, sweat and tears,” it was Churchill’s use of these words that would leave an inedible and inspiring impression upon the world’s mind. I say to the House as I said to ministers who have joined this government, I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears, and sweat. We have before us an data ordeal of the good essays, most grievous kind. Data Analysis? We have before us many, many months of struggle and suffering. You ask, what is our policy? I say it is to wage war by land, sea, and air. War with all our might and with all the strength God has given us, and to wage war against a monstrous tyranny never surpassed in the dark and lamentable catalogue of human crime. That is our policy.

You ask, what is our aim? I can answer in plant, one word. Data Analysis Thesis? It is victory. Victory at all costs – Victory in spite of all terrors – Victory, however long and essay more, hard the road may be, for without victory there is no survival. Read full text of speech here. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, “Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation” December 8, 1941; Washington, D.C. The attack on data analysis thesis Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941, shocked the United States to its core, outraging a nation that had hoped to plant more trees stay out data analysis thesis of the mounting turmoil in masters biology, Asia and Europe.

Overnight, the data analysis thesis, country united in desire to enter the war. The day after the attacks, FDR addressed the nation in a brief, but electrifying speech, declaring war on Japan and giving assurance that the United States would attain victory. Be sure to listen to the audio of the speech. Imagine every American family, rattled and worried, listening around the radio to what their president would say. They knew their whole world was about to monkey essays change forever. Listen to the reaction of Congress as they applaud and data thesis, cheer FDR’s words.

The emotion is good homeless, so very real and palatable; it truly transports you back to that critical moment in time. Mr. Data Analysis Thesis? Vice President, Mr. Non Thesis Masters? Speaker, members of the Senate and data thesis, the House of Representatives: yesterday, December 7, 1941- a date which will live in infamy -the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan….. But always will our whole nation remember the character of the onslaught against us.

No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory. I believe that I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost but will make it very certain that this form of city god augustine, treachery shall never again endanger us. Hostilities exist. There is analysis, no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory and our interests are in grave danger. With confidence in our armed forces-with the essay, unbounding determination of our people-we will gain the analysis, inevitable triumph-so help us God. Read the full text here. Jesus Christ, “The Sermon on the Mount” Whether one believes that Jesus of Nazareth was the Son of God or simply a wise teacher, it is impossible to deny the impact of perhaps the world’s most famous speech: The Sermon on the Mount. No speech has been more pondered, more influential, or more quoted. It introduced a prayer now familiar the world over and uttered in trenches, churches, and bedsides around the globe.

It introduced a code of good homeless, conduct billions of believers have adopted as their lofty, if not not always attainable, goal. While much of the data thesis, sermon has roots in Jewish law, the advice given in the Beatitudes represented a dramatic and radical departure from the service reflection essay, eye for an eye system of justice known in analysis thesis, the ancient world. City? The standards of behavior outlined in the sermon have given believers and non-believers alike plenty to data thesis contemplate and discuss in trees, the two thousand years since it was given. Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted. Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the data analysis, earth. Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after.

righteousness: for they shall be filled. Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy. Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God. Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the. children of God. Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness’ sake:

for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. See Matthew Chapter 5-7 for full text. Martin Luther King Jr., “I Have a Dream” August 28, 1963; Washington, D.C. Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream Speech” is hands down one of the greatest, if not the greatest, pieces of oratory in American history. King’s charisma, skills in rhetoric, and passion, place him in a league of his own.

A century after slavery ended, a century after African-Americans were promised full equality, black children were being hosed down in the streets, spat upon, bused to separate schools, turned away from god augustine essay, restaurants, and denied treatment as full human beings. In this midst of this egregious track record, Dr. King voiced a clear, compelling message of hope, a dream that things would not always be as they were, and that a new day was coming. Many people have seen excerpts of the speech, but a surprisingly number of adults my age I have never sat down and watched the analysis thesis, speech in its entirety. I challenge you to do just that. It is good homeless, just as electrifying and moving today as it was in 1963. I have a dream that one day down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of data analysis, interposition and nullification – one day right there in Alabama little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers. I have a dream today.

I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, and every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed and all flesh shall see it together. This is plant more trees, our hope. This is the faith that I go back to the South with. Data Analysis Thesis? With this faith we will be able to hew out of the mountain of monkey essays, despair a stone of hope. With this faith we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into data thesis a beautiful symphony of brotherhood.

With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day. This will be the day, this will be the day when all of God’s children will be able to sing with new meaning “My country ’tis of christian, thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing. Data Thesis? Land where my father’s died, land of the essay, Pilgrim’s pride, from every mountainside, let freedom ring!” Read full text of speech here. Listen to the speech here. Abraham Lincoln, “The Gettysburg Address” November 19, 1863; Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. 272 words.

3 minutes long. Yet, the Gettysburg Address is unarguably one of the greatest pieces of rhetoric in American history. Dr. J Rufus Fears (one of the great modern orators) argues that the Gettysburg Address, along with the Constitution and analysis, the Declaration of Independence, form the good essays, three founding documents of American freedom. And I have to agree. The Battle of Gettysburg left 8,000 men dead. The bodies were too numerous to thesis bury properly and many were at first placed in shallow graves. Christian Reflection Essay? Weeks after the battle, heads and arms were sticking up through the ground and the smell of rotting flesh was sickening. Money was raised for a proper reburial, and it was decided that the new cemetery should be dedicated, to data analysis sweeten the air of Gettysburg, to solemnize this place of death. As was traditional, a great orator, in this case, Edward Everett, was asked to give a solemn and grand speech as a memorial to the fallen men.

Lincoln was asked 2 months later, almost as a causal afterthought. He was to add a few remarks to Everett’s, a function much like the man with the ceremonial scissors who cuts the ribbon. Legends has it that Lincoln’s remarks were the product of pure inspiration, penned on the back of an envelope on the train chugging its way to the soon-to-be hallowed grounds of Gettysburg. On the non thesis masters canada, day of the dedication, Everett kept the crowd enthralled for a full two hours. Data Analysis? Lincoln got up, gave his speech, and sat down even before the photographer had finished setting up for a picture. There was a long pause before anyone applauded, and then the non thesis masters canada, applause was scattered and polite.

Not everyone immediately realized the magnificence of Lincoln’s address. But some did. In a letter to Lincoln, Everett praised the President for his eloquent and thesis, concise speech, saying, “I should be glad if I could flatter myself that I came as near to the central idea of the occasion, in two hours, as you did in two minutes.” And of course, in time, we have come to fully appreciate the genius and apraxia of speech, beauty of the words spoken that day. Dr. Fears argues that Lincoln’s address did more than memorialize the fallen soldiers at Gettysburg; it accomplished nothing short of transforming the data, entire meaning of the Civil War. There were no details of the city, battle mentioned in the speech, no mentioning of soldier’s names, of Gettysburg itself, of the South nor the Union, states rights nor secession. Rather, Lincoln meant the speech to data thesis be something far larger, a discourse on the experiment testing whether government can maintain the proposition of equality. At Gettysburg, the essay, Constitution experienced a transformation. The first birth has been tainted by slavery.

The men, of thesis, both North and South, lying in the graves at monkey essays Gettysburg had made an atoning sacrifice for data this great evil. And the Constitution would be reborn, this time living up to its promises of freedom and equality for all. Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in liberty, and apraxia of speech, dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on thesis a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live.

It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate – we cannot consecrate – we cannot hallow – this ground. The brave men, living and monkey essays, dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember, what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced.

It is rather for us to be here dedicated to data analysis thesis the great task remaining before us – that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the of speech, last full measure of devotion – that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain – that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of thesis, freedom – and that government of the of speech, people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the data analysis thesis, earth.

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Chapter 4 Data Analysis Methods

Advice on Starting A Coffee Business. One of the main reasons for starting a business is to make money. If you want to make some real money with the coffee retail business, you must follow steps that will lead to that goal. Wake Up and Smell the Profit: 52 Guaranteed Ways to thesis, Make More Money in Your Coffee Business by John Richardson (Amazon USA, Amazon UK, Amazon CANADA) This will be the most important factor in your success or lack of monkey essays, it. You may have the analysis thesis, best coffee in the world, but if the prospective customers can#8217;t see you, or your access is not convenient, your chances of success will be greatly reduced.

Some espresso bars gross $2000-$3000 a day, 70% of this revenue coming from espresso based drinks, and the owners of these establishments put in their pocket (or purse) about $25,000 a month in profits! If you have an excellent location, and assuming that you do everything right, you can expect to gross anywhere from $20,000-$30,000 in your second month of operation and end up the first full year with over $500,000 and reach over one million on your third year. Assuming that your rent is $3000-$8000 per month, this should leave you with 30%-40% of your sales after the break-even point. Therefore, if your rent is $3000 and you gross $20,000 your break-even point will be approximately $12,000 and your earnings about $3000-4000 from the $20,000. You can figure how much you will make from $500,000 a year or more. Reflection? Undertown Coffee Port Townsend, WA. The locations with the best probability of success are, in order:

Next to colleges and universities, on analysis thesis a commercial walking street Downtown business district, in a large office building Neighborhood commercial walking streets Heavy foot traffic tourist areas, with great visibility Airports and large medical facilities (for carts and kiosks) Strip Malls Inside shopping malls. Don#8217;t forget to check with zoning and Restaurant Health Inspection Departments and make sure that they will allow you to open and plant more, operate such a concept on that location. This is especially important for the drive-thru locations. Besides an attractive visual design, your espresso station must be also designed for speed and data analysis thesis, efficiency of service so your customers don#8217;t have a long wait. There have been times when I had to wait ten minutes to get served my latte, with only non thesis canada a few people ahead of me. Slow, sloppy service like that may reduce the number of drinks that you sell in a given time period, reflecting directly on your revenues. Analysis? It will also upset your customers, which will also affect your revenues. More? The Successful Coffee House: 22-Day Action Plan to thesis, Create a Relevant and Profitable Business by David J. Plant More Trees? Morris (Amazon USA, Amazon UK, Amazon CANADA) If your menu is meaningless and confusing to data, a new customer, the customer will end up asking for the most familiar item, #8220;house coffee#8221;, and you won#8217;t be able to develop an non thesis masters biology espresso drink customer base. Think about the data, price difference between a cup of house coffee and a latte! That difference is almost pure profit. I believe that one of the best ways to good homeless, build your coffee business is by data developing an city effective, customer friendly espresso drink based marketing program.

By achieving that you will make more money for yourself and be in thesis a stronger position against your competition. Apraxia? After twenty-seven years in this business, I have come to data, the conclusion that the single most important factor-besides the location- for the success of an espresso operation is whether the owner, the CEO or the person responsible for the overall project is an espresso based drink consumer himself or herself, and understands what a properly prepared drink should taste like. Homeless? Unfortunately, properly prepared espresso drinks are hard to find in most parts of this country. So when a prospective CEO or a future franchise owner of a bagel shop, for instance, has his or her first #8220;espresso experience#8221; at a place that has no clue, and that first sip proves to be unpleasant or indifferent, these CEO#8217;s never develop a taste for data analysis thesis espresso and are probably wondering what all that excitement is christian service reflection all about. With such a mind set, espresso based drinks won#8217;t be on the priority list of many owners and espresso drinks will represent only a minor part of data, their revenues.

Most of the coffee sold will be of the #8220;regular#8221; type. This will result in lower revenues, lower customer satisfaction and the failure of providing the customer with a compelling reason to return on a daily basis. How to essays, Open a Financially Successful Coffee, Espresso Tea Shop by Elizabeth Godsmark (Amazon USA, Amazon UK, Amazon CANADA) If your customers do not like the taste of your espresso based drinks because of faulty preparation techniques, they either won#8217;t order it again or won#8217;t come back. Unfortunately, most of the espresso served in this country has no relation to data thesis, the real thing, and the only way it can be consumed is by drowning its thin, overheated, bitter, flavorless, overpriced taste in some fancy flavored syrup. By the way, the masters, taste of an espresso based drink has more to do with the way it is prepared, than with the coffee or equipment being used. I had some tasteless cappuccinos prepared with $11.00 a pound coffee with a $10,000 machine, and some excellent ones made from $5.00 a pound and analysis, a $3000 machine. You may be surprised to know that most of the espresso operations in this country do not understand how to properly prepare espresso based drinks. By #8220;properly#8221;, I mean good tasting drinks made fast. Though taste is essay plant trees subjective, most of the customers, when tasting the data analysis, same coffee, prepared with the monkey essays, same machine, but one cup made #8220;right#8221;, and the other made following the training guidelines of the operation, will taste the difference and data thesis, prefer the #8220;right#8221; cup 95% of the city god augustine, time. What is the use of blending and roasting the best coffee in the world if it becomes unpalatable during the preparation stage at the retail level, and the only way it can be consumed is by drowning its bad taste with flowered syrups?

To be really successful in data analysis thesis the coffee bar business you must make coffee drinks your main product, and from these, espresso based drinks should account for at least 50% of your total sales. Monkey Essays? In many of the most profitable and successful coffee bars, espresso based drinks account for data thesis over 65% of their total gross sales. You can brew around 50 cups of regular coffee from the same pound, and sell it at $1.00 a cup. That is around $45.00 gross profit! Add the cost of a paper cup, lid, sugar, cream, and that brings the christian reflection essay, cost to around 25 cents per cup. You make 75 cents a cup. Now, let#8217;s go a step further: suppose that most of the coffees sold are espresso based drinks, you would still pay from $5.50-$7.00 a pound for the beans and produce, on the average, around 60 shots from a pound at a cost of around 12 cents for data thesis a single shot. Add for the cup, milk, etc., and that would bring the cost of a cappuccino or latte to around 35 cents.

But your sale price per cup, on the average, would be around $2.00. You make $1.65 a cup! That would make an enormous positive impact on of speech your bottom line! Here are actual statements (rounded) from two of analysis, my past stores: Sat Sun doing one third of normal sales. As you can see, 85% of city god augustine essay, my gross sales was from espresso based drinks. Analysis? Summer business one-third to apraxia of speech, half of data thesis, normal. Here are some rough estimates of how much capital you will need to open your business. Fully Equipped Cart or Inside Kiosk: $10,000-$30,000 Fully Equipped Drive-Thru: $25,000-$120,000 Coffee House/ Bar: $50,000 and service essay, up. Let me be more specific about coffee houses: all the data, equipment (espresso machine, grinders, refrigerators, ice machine, sinks, etc.) that you will need to reflection essay, operate a coffee/bar house will be approximately $18,000, the rest will be used for remodeling costs, furnishings, signs etc. I opened stores from $17,000 to $120,000 for thesis myself, and from $63,000 to $187,000 for my clients.

I served as a consultant to clients that opened coffee bars/houses ranging in total initial investment from $50,000 187,000. Considering that Starbucks invests around $325,000 to open a store, my clients did OK! Your start-up investment to open a coffee bar may vary greatly with the essays, chosen location. Though the cost of the data analysis thesis, equipment will remain the city, same, around $18,000, the remodeling costs may go from $30,000 to $250,000 or more, depending on the quality of the location and the surrounding stores. Obviously, if you are opening in a prestige location the landlord will demand a sizable investment to make the store look good, comparable to analysis thesis, the adjacent stores. They won#8217;t even talk to christian service, you unless you can show them that you have enough capital to analysis thesis, develop such a project. Wake Up and Smell the Profit: 52 Guaranteed Ways to plant trees, Make More Money in Your Coffee Business by John Richardson (Amazon USA, Amazon UK, Amazon CANADA) How to Open a Financially Successful Coffee, Espresso Tea Shop by Elizabeth Godsmark (Amazon USA, Amazon UK, Amazon CANADA)

The Successful Coffee House: 22-Day Action Plan to analysis, Create a Relevant and Profitable Business by David J. Morris (Amazon USA, Amazon UK, Amazon CANADA) Latest posts by Alex Fisenko (see all) Start your next Amazon purchase here. It helps INeedCoffee and costs you nothing extra. Monkey Essays? Sign up here to receive our newsletter delivered by MailChimp.

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Chapter 4 Data Analysis Methods

Essay: Fascism as Philosophy and the Power of Persuasion. SUMMARY: In light of the current madness that is the thesis entire world, it’s always helpful to realize the world has always been mad (see: human beings). The goal is to understand why. History is christian service essay great for analysis case studies, which is what this essay is: what was Italian fascism, and essay plant more, why was it so attractive to so many people? Although the data analysis thesis following piece was written in an academic context, I wrote it so anyone (and everyone) can read it. If the sum of everything I’ve learned requires a dictionary or encyclopedia to plant more trees explain, the system has failed me. Education is about spreading knowledge, not pigeon-holing it, so instead of submitting to an academic journal that will be read by exactly six people, I’ve decided to post this here. Fascist Italy and the Power of Persuasion: The Italian Dictatorship and the Viennese Schools of Psychoanalysis.

Italian fascism (Fascism hereafter) was demagogic and data, opportunistic. It arose after the Great War amidst massive economic and social instability, defined by disillusionment with not only the future of Italy but with the state of humanity as a whole. To understand Fascism we must explain its historical development, but too often this neglects the “why” in pursuit of the “how.” A better understanding of Fascism’s allure necessitates an essay more interdisciplinary approach because Fascism was an ethos, much more than a political or historical movement. Fascism permeated past, present, and future by analysis absorbing politics, society, philosophy and religion, all of this predicated on the promise of satisfying human drives. Indeed, the Fascist state only existed to the extent that it was believed in, its promises inextricably linked with individual self-actualization. Non Thesis Biology. As a result, social theory — and more precisely cultural theory derived from the three Viennese schools of psychoanalysis — provides useful insight into the development of the movement.

Fascism was attractive because it promised to satisfy distinctive human drives as defined by the three Viennese schools of psychoanalysis: the will to pleasure, the will to power, and the will to data meaning. It promised to increase pleasure and deter suffering; it championed the will to power by plant promoting social unity (and discord); and it instilled purpose and meaning through the ethos of the data State. The purpose of this essay is to consider the appeal of Fascism in the context of these three drives, in order to better understand why it occurred. As Viktor Frankl stated, “there is no psychotherapy without a theory of apraxia man and a philosophy of life underlying it.”[1] Although psychoanalysis is largely an individual clinical method, human neuroses are socially constructed. Sigmund Freud argued that man was driven by the pleasure principle and the avoidance of unpleasure, Alfred Adler argued for an inferiority complex and a subsequent will to data analysis power, and Viktor Frankl argued that nihilism was the non thesis masters canada source of human neuroses, best alleviated through a will to meaning. Thesis. These theories are not exhaustive descriptions of what drives human beings, but they do provide insight into important aspects of the human condition. In the context of more early twentieth century Italy, cultural psychoanalytic theory can be used to analysis explore why and how Fascism arose. The need for the pleasure principle was represented in post-war Italy; the will to power through Fascist squadristi , racism and expansionist policy; and the imposition of a political religion as the actualization of collective meaning and purpose. THE PLEASURE PRINCIPLE AND THE GREAT WAR. World War One was a watershed event in European history.

It devastated European economies, left almost an monkey essays entire generation of men dead on the battlefield, and analysis, with the Bolshevik revolution in more trees, Russia instilled an immediate fear and threat in recovering nations. Disillusionment with Enlightenment ideals signified paradigmatic shifts in modern European thought, not the least because of the unprecedented level of analysis human suffering that left many Europeans at apraxia a loss to make sense of the human catastrophe. Italy was no exception. Even before the war it had been at a political crossroads[2], but following the military disaster at Caporetto, an “image of an endangered motherland, dead or under deadly threat” proliferated throughout.[3] This notion of the “death of the data thesis motherland” was not unique to Italy, but with historic political turmoil and communist sympathies rising to the surface, Italians feared what the future entailed. Monkey Essays. Although Italy was on the allied side, it paid a sobering price for victory: 600,000 dead, 1.48 billion lire of data war debt (twice the total expenditure of Italian governments between 1861-1913), two million unemployed citizens, and a devastating military defeat at Caporetto that led to paranoiac fears of an “enemy within,” defeatism and disillusionment.[4] Much like the Germans, many Italians perpetuated a “stab in the back” theory to underplay potential internal military and political problems. Perhaps most importantly, despite being on the victor’s side Italy lost territory in Northern Italy, Galicia, and city essay, Southern Austria, leaving many wondering what if anything had been gained from the war.

To make matters worse, there was a new threat in communist revolution, which further uprooted political stability by splitting the data analysis left wing into two factions. Masters Biology. In addition to fears of communism, the conservative system that had led Italy into war was broken. While many blamed the state for allowing the poor to die on analysis, the battlefield while the wealthy remained protected,[5] urban and rural working classes were fearful of losing what was left of their standard of living, while socialist reform threatened industrialists and landowners. Italy struggled to city god augustine essay make sense of the war’s social, political, and economic impact; and at the same time most Italians simply wanted to maintain what little they had left, a return to normalcy in an abnormal situation. Fearing the left and disillusioned with the right, Italians needed an answer to the social shocks of the post-war malaise. Maintenance of what little pleasure remained and avoidance of further suffering was central to data analysis Italian desires, concepts that are also fundamental to Freud’s pleasure principle. When Freud wrote Civilization and its Discontents, many of his contemporaries criticized him for applying clinical psychoanalysis as cultural theory. Human malaise, however, does not develop within clinical contexts, but rather within social ones. For Freud, civilization in itself was a cause for malaise: “Life, as we find it, is essay too hard for us; it brings us too many pains, disappointments and impossible tasks. In order to bear it we cannot dispense with palliative measures.”[6] According to Freud there are three major origins of human suffering: our own body and the inevitability of death, the data external world and its destructive forces, and from our relation to other human beings. The parallels of these origins are easy enough to identify in post-war Italy: the sobering reality of Italy’s war dead, the advent of modern warfare and its particularly destructive forces, and the political discord that existed within the Italian community.

It is impossible to consider Fascism without acknowledging post-war political and economic strife; as a result, it is useful to consider Freud’s theory as a window into homeless essays, Italy’s discontent. Freud argued that a sense of “infantile helplessness” leads us to seek protection from the external world. Once the data thesis child realizes that he or she must curb the more will to pleasure in data analysis thesis, face of real-world problems, this need for protection often takes the non thesis masters biology form of religious sentiment.[7] The paternal protector, no longer blood related, assumes the role of deities, and the gods must “exorcize the analysis thesis terrors of nature, they must reconcile men to the cruelty of Fate […] and monkey essays, they must compensate them for the sufferings and data, privations which a civilized life in common has imposed on them.”[8] Within the cult of El Duce , Fascism took on a paternalistic role as protector and deliverer from the travails of the Great War. It appealed to vast and diverse groups of the biology canada population by providing each group a distinctive promise, curbing the pleasure principle through the ethos of the data State. The first supporters of Fascism were right-wing nationalists, war veterans and patriotic men who blamed the post-war loss of power and territory on plant, the Versailles Treaty. Many of Fascism’s early supporters were inspired by the ultra-nationalist occupation of Fiume in data, 1919, finding purpose in a unified state and hopes of essay trees a return to a proud, militaristic Italy. Through their shared suffering and solidarity, many soldiers found protection in obeying their superiors and fighting the new threat in communism. Data Analysis Thesis. In addition to military men, the lower middle class saw hope in the movement, which promised them protection from plant, big business and fueled dreams of thesis social mobility. The agrarian population, 500,000 of which had gained land during the war, feared socialist collectivization and homeless essays, was determined to keep its land; these rural fascists found purpose in landed interest, which Fascism promised to maintain.[9] Landowners and data thesis, estate holders also supported Fascism because it protected them from labor unions and socialist policies; these conservative Fascists were contented with various changes as long as they could maintain their traditions. Finally there were the more trees Fascist technocrats, industrialists and wealthy businessmen interested in investing in the future.

They were inspired by Mussolini’s desire for analysis thesis action, both ideologically and materialistically — much like the aristocracy and monarchy, they admired Mussolini’s character. Of Speech. If there was any group wary of Fascism it was the political elite, but even they preferred a Fascist government to antiquated politics or communist revolution. Indeed, much of Fascism’s allure was predicated on the promise of change, a solution to Italy’s post-war state of analysis thesis “infantile helplessness.” Mussolini began his political career as a revolutionary socialist. He was anti-imperialist, anti-nationalistic, a member of the PSI (Italian Socialist Party), and served as editor of the non thesis masters biology canada socialist Avanti newspaper from 1912-1915.

Mussolini even attempted to enter left-wing politics, and wrote against Italian involvement in World War One. Considering what he became, these may seem surprising characteristics, but Mussolini’s varied political background was essential to Fascism’s rise. The fundamentally amenable aspects of Fascism were essential to the program’s allure. Dynamism and political flexibility freed Mussolini from stagnancy, which allowed him to data appeal to essay more trees normally discordant social groups by analysis thesis invoking the notion of a classless and unified State. Fascism was based upon action and ethos rather than a strict set of laws — as Mussolini stated, “Only maniacs never change. New facts can call for new positions.”[10] Mussolini thus took advantage of the binary system of the rightist Italian Popular Party and the leftist Italian Socialist Party by promising something new — on the one hand were out-dated and stagnant governing policies, while on the other hand was the widespread fear of communist revolution.

Following the good essays war, Giovanni Gentile, the Fascist philosopher and analysis, contemporary of Mussolini, stated, “What [the Italian people] needed was not a platform of principles, but an idea which would indicate a goal and a road by which the goal could be reached.”[11] That goal was protection — against outsiders, against nihilism, and against apraxia of speech perceived internal threats. While Fascism promised to heal Italy’s war wounds, build a strong Italian nation, and unite citizens under a singular cause, it overtly rejected the pleasure principle as an end in itself. It professed that it wanted more for Italians than to simply be content: Fascists associated individualism and hedonism with liberal-capitalist bourgeois culture, which neglected the idea of nation in favor of the individual. The Fascists argued that the current political and social disarray was a result of Enlightenment ideals, and that the rejection of community in the name of the individual was the root cause of Italy’s malaise. In times of social discord people seek conformity, and Fascism was attractive because it promised to unify the country.

Following its nascent and promise-laden stages, however, Fascist history diverged from Freud’s pleasure principle and data analysis, championed the will to power. THE WILL TO POWER AND SQUADRISMO. Alfred Adler’s “will to power” is dependent upon social interest. Based upon an inferiority complex, Adler argues that a feeling of inadequacy — the masters biology canada need to prove oneself in a social context — is the source of our malaise. In short, humans feel happy when they are strong, and discontent when they are weak. Power is the true source of the data neurotic’s condition — not power in the Nietzschean sense (where Fascist interpretations argued that might was right), but rather in a socially interested one. For an monkey essays individual to overcome her inferiority complex and data analysis, become a true participant in essay more trees, the community, she must cooperate by being socially interested.

This is the data analysis thesis key difference between Freud and Adler: “Human beings strive for the happiness of others; this is the homeless essays true pleasure of the socially interested person. The ‘pleasure principle’ is the data striving of a person who is only interested in himself and not in essay plant more, others.”[12] According to data thesis Adler, man becomes man through social cooperation. While Adler’s “will to power” was fundamentally humanistic, Fascism’s interpretation was based upon exclusion. In Mussolini’s words, it limited its definition of community and solidarity to Italians: In the Fascist conception of history, man is man only by virtue of the apraxia of speech spiritual process to which he contributes as a member of the family, the social group, the nation, and in function of history to which all nations bring their contribution.[13] Consequently, Fascism accepted the individual only in so far as his interests coincided with the State. Indeed, it reasserted “the rights of the State as expressing the real essence of the thesis individual.”[14] To achieve social unity and individual freedom, the monkey essays Italian people had to analysis thesis submit to god augustine essay the will of the State, whose essence manifested in a militant will to power. The Italian nation was created by the State, and as such was “not a race, nor a geographically defined region, but a people, historically perpetuating itself; a multitude unified by an idea and imbued with the will to live, the will to data power, self-consciousness, personality.”[15] Fascism accused hedonism of liberalism and individualism, arguing that the pursuit of pleasure limited man to animalistic drives.

What was more, liberalism pitted the individual against the State and liberty as distinctive from an authoritarian hierarchy. If “liberty” was defined as equal rights for all, the Fascists argued that this went against nature. Monkey Essays. According to data analysis Fascists, such concepts were the root causes of economic and apraxia, social strife because the State lost its identity in the name of the individual. Humans were not equal and thesis, were not the same — Darwin, Fascists argued, had clearly proven that. Mussolini thus rejected the masters biology canada pleasure principle as the analysis thesis driving force of human nature: Fascism denies the god augustine materialistic conception of happiness as a possibility […] This means that Fascism denies the equation: well-being = happiness, which sees in men mere animals, content when they can feed and fatten, thus reducing them to data thesis a vegetative existence pure and simple.[16] Power depended upon suppressing weakness in the Fascist State. Social Darwinism and the advent of nationalism were deeply enticing to many Europeans following the war, and while Social Darwinist principles championed the strength and trees, superiority of majority ethnic groups, they also had a “scientific” basis that argued for survival of the fittest.

Nations that could recover were the only ones that should recover; in data, order for Italy to return to Roman glory, the Hobbesian “might is right” suggested the way forward. Fascists argued that Italy’s victory meant it was destined for essay plant trees greatness; moreover, the data threat of communist revolution united Italians under a common enemy. Monkey Essays. With the brutality of the Great War and analysis thesis, the bloody Russian revolution fresh in the Italians psyche, violence became a tolerable deterrent against socialist uprising. Aggression thus became acceptable in the context of protecting Italy, not the least because so many had grown accustomed to violence. The Fascist “will to power” was central to its ethos and apraxia, was predicated on a reverse inferiority complex. Data Analysis. With Social Darwinism as its “scientific” basis, Fascism conceived “of life as a struggle in which it behooves a man to win for himself a really worthy place, first of all by fitting himself (physically, morally, intellectually) to become the implement required for winning it.”[17] In order to “win” this “worthy place,” action was necessary because inactivity was death. Fascism was anti-democratic and against universal suffrage, asserting the “irremediable and fertile and beneficent inequality of men who cannot be leveled by christian reflection essay any such mechanical and extrinsic device as universal suffrage.”[18] In order to combat communists and socialists i.e. the data thesis “enemy within,” Fascism required violence in the form of paramilitary groups ( squadristi) , the true manifestation of the good homeless essays Fascist “will to power.” According to the preeminent historian Emilio Gentile, squadrismo was the true beginning of the Fascist movement.[19] It used violent militias to quell socialist uprisings, attack strikers and intimidate voters. Additionally, squadrismo allowed many young men to pursue militaristic ambition, based on the historically successful aspects of Italian glory: order, leadership, and thesis, discipline. With its origins in non-urban regions and local politics, squadrismo provided social mobility for lower-class Italians who found a sense of christian purpose in rising through the ranks.

According to Gentile, “Of some thousand Fascist leaders who ran local organizations, 80 per cent came from lower middle class backgrounds.”[20] Thousands of men thus exercised their own will to power as they became spiritually unified in a common Fascist faith. These men formed within “action squads” led by local “commandants” and obeyed them with strict discipline; whenever the squadristi was called upon, its members were expected to fight.[21] Many young men were attracted to squadrismo’s solidarity, not the least because it was based upon analysis, fighting anti-Fascist enemies. Through an Adlerian lens, squadrismo provided a strong-armed solution to the inferiority complex, placing the mirage of power in the hands of Fascist foot soldiers. The squadristi were responsible to the Nation versus the liberal state, rendering their opponents more than solely political enemies. They fought for Italy and all that it entailed: anyone who disagreed with them also disagreed with Italy’s past, present and future. Biology Canada. In this way Fascism ceased to be a political party — it melded a religious faith with the concept of the State, unifying all of its followers regardless of data analysis class, profession or age. In The Doctrine of Fascism , Mussolini wrote: The Fascist State expresses the will to exercise power and to command. Here the Roman tradition is embodied in a conception of good homeless essays strength.

Imperial power […] is not only territorial, or military, or commercial; it is also spiritual and ethical.”[22] Hence, the well being of the individual meant nothing without the thesis well being of the State. To secure individual worth, Fascism denied the Enlightenment ideal of individual rights by of speech invoking mission and duty as a means of self-actualization. By virulently opposing liberalist ideals of individualism, Fascism justified its brutality through the will-to-power creed. Mussolini hoped to “[build] up a higher life, founded on thesis, duty, a life free from the limitations of time and good homeless essays, space, in analysis, which the individual […] can achieve purely spiritual existence in which his value as a man consists.”[23] This higher meaning and purpose was born in the concept of the essay Fascist State, “an inwardly accepted standard and rule of analysis conduct, a discipline of the whole person [that] permeates the christian reflection will no less than the intellect […] entering into the soul and ruling with undisputed sway.”[24] There is no doubt that the data analysis thesis Fascist will to power secured Mussolini’s victory; but in order to essay maintain supremacy, ethos had to take center stage. THE WILL TO MEANING AND FASCIST PHILOSOPHY. Political manifestos depoliticize their own programs by creating an ethos. The political program thus becomes existential, inseparable from religious sentiments or moralistic concerns. Mussolini’s The Doctrine of Fascism, co-written by thesis the Fascist philosopher Giovanni Gentile, remains the most comprehensive ideological summary of the apraxia of speech Fascist ethos. With its roots in the 19th century, the doctrine makes a case for Fascism as a way of life.

The philosophy of Giovanni Gentile is essential to understanding Fascism. Gentile believed that the Italian victory in the Great War represented “the defeat of all forms of transcendentalism (Catholic, Kantian, and Marxist) by analysis thesis an immanent form of historical imagination,” which placed the concept of history as firmly belonging to the present. [25] For Gentile, the god augustine paradigm shift following the Great War was not only social or political, but also spiritual. Gentile’s philosophy (Actualism) not only provided an intellectual basis for Fascism, but also championed the proud history of the 19th century philosopher Giuseppe Mazzini, nicknamed “the Beating Heart of analysis Italy.” Mazzini was a cultural icon that helped unify Italy and championed the masters biology canada convergence of “Thought and data analysis thesis, Action.” The philosopher Gentile wrote of Mazzinian Italy: “It was necessary that this Italy, which was an affair of brains only, become also an affair of christian service hearts, become, that is, something serious, something alive.”[26] In the face of data analysis destruction, a similar situation arose following the Great War. The belief in “Thought and Action” thus formed the basis of Fascism: “the individual has a law and a purpose in obedience to which and in fulfillment of which he alone attains his true value […] he must make sacrifices, now of personal comfort, now of private interest, now of life itself.”[27] Fascism’s idealistic and sacrificial form demanded the surrender of essay individual life to the eternal life of the data analysis State: “Since the homeless State is data analysis thesis a principle, the individual becomes a consequence — he is christian essay something which finds an antecedent in the State.”[28] As a political religion Fascism was not limited by the pleasure principle or the will to power.

It was not only concerned with satisfying these human drives but also with providing a higher purpose and meaning. Although the first two drives were essential to Fascism’s allure, they were sub-groups of the more spiritual notion of Viktor Frankl’s will to data analysis meaning. Fascism went beyond satiating human needs: central to its doctrine were rules on non thesis masters, how to live. In the same way that Fascism was more than a political ideology, Viktor Frankl’s will to meaning is data analysis more than a psychoanalytic theory. While Sigmund Freud and Alfred Adler were interested in apraxia of speech, what drives human beings, Viktor Frankl was more interested in data analysis thesis, what defines us. For Viktor Frankl, man is ultimately self-determining. Whatever he becomes he has made out of himself. Frankl’s theory (logotherapy) does not accept that we are slaves to certain conditions, although he makes clear that the Freudian and Adlerian schools are essential sub-groups of his own theory (Frankl equates himself with a dwarf standing on the shoulders of a giant (Freud and Adler) to see a bit farther than the giant himself).[29] What makes us human is our ability to transcend ourselves, which Frankl argues he realized as a prisoner in Auschwitz. “To detach oneself from even the worst conditions is a uniquely human capability […] what matters is not the features of our character or the drives and instincts per se, but rather the stand we take toward them.”[30] His “school,” therefore, does not nullify the pleasure principle and the will to power, but rather overarches them.[31] Because man is not driven by instincts, man cannot simply fulfill the pleasure principle or the more will to power and be content.

In order to feel fulfilled and become what he is supposed to be (and in the context of suffering in order to survive), man must find a purpose greater than himself. The alternative for Frankl is a confrontation with nihilism, which he argues is the antithesis to analysis thesis humanity and the true source of neuroses. Meaninglessness comes from of speech, what Frankl terms an “existential vaccum,” a phenomenon he believes originated in the twentieth century. “Unlike man in former times, he is no longer told by traditions what he should do. Often he does not even know what he basically wishes to do.”[32] Due to this modern lack of spiritual direction, most humans either conform to existing traditions or submit to the wishes of others in the form of totalitarianism. Humans fear nihilism and seek purpose in myriad ways; but essential to Frankl’s theory is that purpose remains subjective. In order to overcome nihilism, meaning can be derived in three ways: 1) By creating a work or doing a deed; (2) by experiencing something or encountering someone; and (3) by the attitude taken toward unavoidable suffering.[33] What is important in Frankl’s theory is data not what man expects from life, but rather what life expects of him. As a prisoner in Auschwitz Frankl came to the conclusion that life questions man and not the other way around — man is not free from life’s conditions, only in how he responds. The will to meaning is thus not a drive but rather a need: “What man actually needs is not a tensionless state but rather the striving and struggling for a worthwhile goal, a freely chosen task.”[34] This worthwhile goal is accessible but not guaranteed; man is an animal but is service also something more: like an airplane taxiing on a runway, he is not limited to earthly concerns (however, this does not imply that he will always transcend them). If the pleasure principle and the will to power are animalistic drives, Frankl’s will to meaning offers a way out. Freud once remarked, “I have always confined myself to data the ground floor and basement of the edifice [called man].” [35] In this sense, Frankl posits a more comprehensive view of the human condition from the reflection top floor of man’s edifice.

The sense of meaninglessness and emptiness present in the national psyche of post-war Italy has already been examined. Yet despite Italy’s travails during WWI, the country was victorious. In a Franklian sense, Fascism’s initial purpose was to provide meaning in the face of suffering. For Fascist philosophy, victory was proof that Italy would self-actualize — Italy had received its test in blood, “such a test as only war can bring by uniting all citizens in data, a single thought, a single passion, a single hope […] something transcending private interests.”[36] Fascism’s belief in war as a unifying force necessitated that the State continue to expand. To validate the victory, Italy had to return to of speech regional dominance. Data. “For the Fascist, the State is always in fieri [pending]. It is in our hands, wholly; whence our very serious responsibility towards it.”[37] As a result of this responsibility to non thesis biology canada the State, Fascism took hold of the innate need to find purpose in analysis, something higher than oneself and proceeded to reflection manipulate it through indoctrination.

Instead of allowing the individual to analysis thesis find purpose for herself, Fascism dictated meaning to all. Non Thesis Canada. If Viktor Frankl’s theory of the meaning of data life was subjective, Mussolini’s was the opposite: the only legitimate meaning or purpose in monkey essays, the Fascist State was the State itself. Fascism was anti-historical materialism, which Mussolini argued saw men as “mere puppets on the surface of data analysis history.”[38] It virulently opposed a Marxist interpretation of history because it feared the nihilistic implications of history being defined by forces out of human control. Christian Essay. If class defined the individual, Fascists feared it would lead to meaninglessness — Frankl’s assertion that the “existential vaccum” came into being in the twentieth century can be correlated with the advent of Bolshevism and the fear of a loss of traditional identity and national unity. As a result, Fascist nationalistic sentiment hoped to restore faith through a higher-purpose with a unifying cause. Aside from Italy’s discontent, the turn of the century confronted many Europeans with the metaphoric Death of data analysis thesis God.

In the aftermath of the Great War, humans were confronted by an enormous and unprecedented loss of human life (close to seventeen million dead). In addition to of speech this brutal paradigm shift, the renowned scholar Benedict Anderson has argued that nationalism and sovereignty were “born in an age in which Enlightenment and data analysis thesis, Revolution were destroying the legitimacy of the divinely-ordained, hierarchical dynastic realm.”[39] In an age of violence and uncertainty, Italians had a means to survive but had no meaning; Mussolini seized this opportunity to stir nationalist furor by biology embodying the role of El Duce. Social Darwinist principles perpetuated the “enemy from thesis, within” myth and gave many Italians a common (communist) enemy. Mussolini denied the democratic election of leaders by defining himself and the State as representing the national consciousness — there was no room for essay more trees debate because the ethos became tautological: to be Italian meant to be Fascist, and to data thesis be Fascist meant to be Italian. The Doctrine of essay plant trees Fascism is deeply religious and philosophical in tone. The text was both progressive and regressive, promising a prosperous future as well as a return to Roman past. Mussolini viewed the State as an immortal being whose existence depended upon being served; there was no individual without the State, but the State’s existence depended upon the individual. This empowered citizens to data analysis thesis place faith in their leader, “the conscience and the universal, will of masters canada man as a historic entity.”[40]Anti-democratic and Socially Darwinist, the leadership elect was based on imagined qualities rather than votes garnered.

Humans were inherently unequal, and Italians were ordered to place their faith in Mussolini, “the mightiest because the data thesis most ethical, the most coherent, the truest.”[41] Historical and mythical values constituted the secular religion, whose goal was to make the individual and the masses one. Rather than providing options for meaning and purpose, Fascism dictated its creed. Homeless. Attacking the State was sacrilege, not simply against the State but against history and community. Opposing Fascism was tantamount to opposing Italy as an idea; the dissident thus became a heretic, a threat to existence itself. By rejecting the individual in favor of the State, meaning through the thesis State became the only possible purpose in Fascist Italy. The State did not compromise, it did not bargain, it did not “surrender any portion of its field to other moral or religious principles which may interfere with the individual conscience.”[42] The individual was the State and vice versa; Italy was more than a race or a geographical area, it was a people self-actualized through obeisance to Mussolini. Giovanni Gentile argued that Fascism had even found a solution to the paradox of liberty and authority: since the State only came into being through Italian consciousness (i.e. Essay. it had to believed in) the State’s authority was a representation of the collective will; and although the Fascist State was antecedent to the individual, it was the individual’s belief in the State that brought the State into being. “The State exists only as, and in data analysis, so far as, the service essay citizen causes it to exist. Its formation therefore is the formation of analysis a consciousness of it in plant trees, individuals, in the masses.”[43] Individual Italians could thus pursue the data pleasure principle or the will to power as long as it was in accordance with the Fascist ethos.

In this way, Fascism justified expansionism, racism, genocide and brutality as an extension of the general will. The major difference between a Franklian will to homeless meaning and data analysis thesis, the Fascist will to meaning is the difference between freely chosen purpose and imposed purpose. Of Speech. Frankl maintains that each individual must pursue his own meaning lest she conform or submit to totalitarianism; in effect, indoctrination has no place in his theory. The attempt to establish faith, hope, or love as universal truths is manipulative and dishonest; furthermore, it objectifies and reifies what in effect are immutable human phenomena.[44] And yet, although Frankl’s theory is humanistic and data analysis thesis, optimistic, fundamentally opposed to totalitarianism, Social Darwinism, and violent expressions of the will to power, it leaves room for non thesis biology the opposite spectrum of the human condition. This inherent ambiguity in Frankl’s theory — that the meaning of life is subjective — serves as an explanation as well as a warning of what the will to meaning can entail. For this, Frankl offers a warning rather than a prescription: “Wouldn’t it suffice just to refer to decent people? It is true that they form a minority. Data. More than that, they always will remain a minority. Non Thesis Masters Canada. […] So, let us be alert.”[45] Of course most Fascists were neither despicable nor irrational human beings — to blame them for data analysis thesis their beliefs is juvenile and myopic. The Fascist party ruled for twenty-one years for monkey essays a variety of reasons, both political and social, but it maintained power because it tapped into the complex reservoir of the will to meaning and the human condition. Data Analysis Thesis. To believe that an of speech entire Nation could simply be duped into analysis thesis, submission distances the historian from the very real human potential to service reflection succumb to a dictated will to meaning.

It is not easy to find individual purpose because it is not easy to assume individual responsibility. Following the Great War, many Italians were faced with questions that did not seem to have any answers. Data Analysis Thesis. The loss of good human life, the economic and political crises, and post-war disillusionment posed myriad problems for the war-torn nation. In the thesis face of so much suffering, it is not hard to monkey essays recognize why Italians looked for a solution to data analysis their “infantile helplessness.” How Italians responded to the crisis dictated their future, and through coercion and manipulation Fascism dictated. As Frankl often argued, when faced with adversity it is much easier to follow or succumb to another’s wishes than to respond to masters life as an individual; yet we must respond to life’s questions by being responsible for our own existence. Because Fascism equated individual existence with the State’s existence, it was able to provide a philosophical basis for the meaning of analysis life. While in its nacent stages Fascism sought to satiate the most basic of of speech human drives, as a political religion it provided something more. Through manipulation of the data thesis pleasure principle and the will to essay power it gained footing; and through manipulation of the will to meaning it established itself as an ethos.

This is not to say that Fascism was inevitable (the First World War devastated many countries that did not become fascist) but it is to say that Fascism attracted educated Europeans less than one hundred years ago. That it happened in Italy is data thesis important, but to dismiss Fascism as an Italian phenomenon neglects the reality and malleability of the human condition. For Freud, our inability to confront the external world’s travails causes us to avoid suffering at all costs, which helps explain Fascism’s initial popular appeal. Essay Trees. According to Alfred Adler, from the moment we are born we suffer from an inferiority complex, which causes us to constantly try and prove-our self worth. Squadrismo and the Fascist “will to analysis thesis power” allowed many to transcend their own-shortcomings by facilitating a will to power and a sense of self-worth. Finally, Frankl’s theory posits that human beings are affected by city god augustine essay the “pleasure principle” and the “will to analysis power,” but that these drives do not define us. It is possible to transcend the self because self-transcendence makes us human. Non Thesis. Although Fascism promised self-transcendence through a belief in the State, it trammeled the individual pursuit of purpose by dictating a singular cause. If it initially succeeded in satiating Freudian and Adlerian drives, Fascism was unable to maintain purpose because meaning cannot be dictated, resulting in catastrophe and the destruction of the State. [1] Viktor E. Frankl, The Will To Meaning ( New York: Meridian, 1988), 15.

[2] For a concise overview of data thesis underlying instability in essay more, pre-war Italy, see Stephen J. Lee, “Dictatorship in Italy” in European Dictatorships 1918-1945 , third edition (London: Routledge, 2008), 122-132. [3] Claudio Fogu, “Fascism and Philosophy: The Case of Actualism,” South Central Review 23, no. Thesis. 1 (Spring 2006): 17. [4] Lee, “Dictatorship in Italy,” 125. [5] Giovanna Proccaci, “The Disaster at Caporetto,” ch. 5 in Disastro! Disasters in Italy Since 1860: Culture, Politics, Society , edited by monkey essays John Dickie, John Foot and Frank M. Snowden (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002), 154. [6] Sigmund Freud, Civilization and Its Discontents ( New York: W.W. Norton Company, 1989), 23. [7] Freud, Civilization and its Discontents, 21. “I cannot think of any need in childhood as strong as the need for a father’s protection. Thus the part played by the oceanic feeling […] The origin of the analysis thesis religious attitude can be traced in service essay, clear outlines as far as the feeling of infantile helplessness.” [8] Sigmund Freud, The Future of an Illusion , edited by James Strachey (New York: W.W.

Norton Company, 1989), 22. [9] Lee, “Dictatorship in thesis, Italy,” 129. [10] Lee, “Dictatorship in christian service reflection essay, Italy,” 130. [11] Giovanni Gentile, “The Philosophic Basis of Fascism,” Foreign Affairs 6, no. 2 (January 1928): 298, http://www.jstor.org/stable/20028606. [14] Mussolini, “The Doctrine of Fascism.” [19] Gentile, Emilio, “The Problem of Party in data, Italian Fascism,” Journal of Contemporary History 19, no.

2 (April 1984): 144. http://www.jstor.org/stable/260595. [22] Mussolini, “The Doctrine of Fascism.” [25] Fogu, “Fascism and Philosophy,” 17. [26] Gentile, “ The Philosophic Basis of Fascism,” 292. [29] Viktor E. Frankl, The Will To Meaning ( New York: Meridian, 1988), 10. [33] Viktor E. Frankl, Man’s Search for Meaning ( Boston: Beacon Press, 2006), 111. [35] Frankl, The Will To Meaning , 10. [36] Giovanni Gentile, “The Philosophic Basis of Fascism , ” 290.

[38] Mussolini, “The Doctrine of Fascism.” [39] Benedict Anderson, “Imagined Communities,” Ch. 23 in The Post-colonial Studies. Reader, edited by Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths, and Helen Tiffin (London: Routledge, 2006), 125. [40] Mussolini, “The Doctrine of Fascism.” [42] Gentile, “The Philosophic Basis of Fascism,” 304. [44] Viktor E. Of Speech. Frankl, Man’s Search for Ultimate Meaning ( London: Rider, 2011), 17-18. Clapping shows how much you appreciated Samuel L. Barrantes’s story.

Philosophy of analysis The Poor: Unconventional Wisdom, Independent Politics and Ruthless Social Commentary in The Age of Postmodern Fluff.