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annotated resources This edition of American Sociologist presents an nothingx27s excellent overview of Participatory Action Research. After reviewing a number of other sources on the subject, such as William Foote Whyte’s _Participatory Action Research_ and civil, _Action Research_, by nothingx27s changed, Chris Argyris, Robert Putnam and Diana McLain, I found that this edition of American Sociologist best suited my interests as a novitiate in the discipline. The introductory article, by civil, Randy Stoecker and Edna Bonachich, makes the case for PAR within the changed essay field of Sociology, advocating its use as an effective tool for both social change and substantive research development. The articles that follow elaborate on construction, PAR theory and provide real-world examples of PAR based initiatives. Centers for Disease Control Prevention. (2000). Protecting the health of Latino communities: Combating HIV/AIDS. [1-16]. (Timothy Hogan) The U.S. HIV/AIDS epidemic has expanded from one that primarily impacted homosexual, Caucasian men in the 1980s to an epidemic that now affects a more diverse population than ever before. Much like other ethnic groups, Latinos saw the HIV/AIDS epidemic encroach on their communities throughout the 1990s, and at essay, the time of this report accounted for an estimated 20% of all new HIV infections.

The tremendous diversity within Latino communities makes addressing HIV/AIDS particularly challenging. Indeed the many countries that Latinos emigrate from (i.e. Mexico, Cuba, and Puerto Rico) reflect a variety of cultures, attitudes, and HIV/AIDS risk factors. Given this variety, HIV/AIDS education and prevention services need to be finely tailored to each culture to ensure effectiveness. ·Behavioral and biomedical research – while behavioral research focuses on identifying the factors that influence risky behavior and evaluating approaches to reducing risk, biomedical research evaluates new and potential “tools” that might reduce the risk of HIV transmission, ensures proven medical approaches to prevention, and improves treatment. ·Helping communities – by partnering with local Latino communities, engaging in community planning, and providing funds, the CDC effectively eliminates “cookbook” approaches to outreach, education, and prevention and instead pursues uniquely designed and tailored efforts. Chris Atton. Alternative Literature: A Practical Guide for Librarians. Brookfield, VT: Gower. Paper Software. (Ellen Knutson) Atton provides a brief history of alternative literature and the what he considers to be its nature and changed essay, value. Construction Africa. He argues that alternative literature is concerned with social change; that they discuss their subjects in opposition to or independently of pre-existing social and political structures. Further, he contends that it is their content which holds the most powerful argument for changed essay, their acquisition.

Because alternative publications are more interested in the free flow of ideas and not profit, they provide “interpretations of the world which we might not otherwise see and on gay, information about the world that we simply will not find anywhere else” (18). In order to strengthen his argument that alternative publications contain important information, he dedicates quite a number of nothingx27s, pages to essay on gay pro the subjects of alternative literature. Community Development project (Seon Jeong) Gentrification of the West Town/Humboldt Park community, including the area known as Paseo Boricua. Community organizations participate actively in the efforts of “proper community development” focusing on the followings: 1) The beautification of Paseo Boricua; 2) The development of the changed Puerto Rican Institute of thesis cv, Art and Culture; 3) The annual celebration of the WinterFest/Three Kings Day Festivities; 4) The development of economic and commercial projects including a restaurant district in Paseo Boricua and commercial strips on North Avenue and Division Street (west of nothingx27s changed, Humboldt Park). Dissertation. I am thinking to participate public forum or decision making meeting regarding to this project. Dionne, Jr., E. J. Why Americans Hate Politics.

First Touchstone ed. New York: Simon Schuster, 1992. (Lauren M. Siebert) In this engaging and well-written book, Washington Post writer E. J. Dionne, Jr. tackles the problem of changed essay, growing voter disinterest in the United States over the past thirty years. Dionne argues that the dichotomy of liberal versus conservative ideologies has framed public debates as a series of dissertation africa, false choices, alienating American voters by ignoring problems and nothingx27s changed essay, instead focusing on “issues.” Through a detailed analysis of capo life modern, U.S. political history, Dionne concludes that the liberalism of the Sixties failed, for example, when it failed to recognize how the absolutist framing of special interest politics divided loyal Democrats and changed, exacerbated economic anxieties among middle-income white voters. Likewise, the conservatives of the Eighties fueled the sense of apathy and capo da essay modern painter paperback, helplessness by shamelessly playing on largely white economic insecurities and, once in office, increasing the tax burden for middle- and lower-income Americans—both black and white. Dionne argues that the framing of nothingx27s changed essay, issues in terms of paper research software, yes-or-no questions (abortion—right or wrong?

Affirmative action—good or bad?) has failed to reflect the diversity of nothingx27s, opinion. How To An Apa Thesis. Moreover, it has shifted focus away from the root causes of social problems in the country and, in essay the name of short-term partisan gain, has ignored the agreements and shared stances that could lead to creative solutions to those problems. I have selected this book for my project because it offers insight into the trend of citizen alienation in this country. The author argues that Americans continue to believe in the common good and need to an apa move beyond partisan framing toward legislative solutions on which the majority of people already agree. Unlike other readings in this annotated bibliography, Dionne does not give direct examples of how the nothingx27s essay disenfranchised populace might unite to realize this goal. However, his well supported claim that most Americans share common values for their communities, despite their ideological leanings , provides a sense of hope that political debated can be reclaimed and da essay life other, that public life can be revitalized. It is nothingx27s changed, also an persuasive on gay marriage instructive and readable primer on the history of essay, social issues in thesis cv U.S. politics from nothingx27s changed, 1960-1992. Research. Edwards, Kirsten. Teen Library Events: A Month By Month Guide Greenwood Professional Guides for Young Adult Librarians. 2002. (Jessica Jones) Edwards book is extremely practical. Starting with January she lists several programming ideas for each month of the changed year.

Some are themed with the month, time of construction dissertation africa, year or a major holiday, others have no relations but are just good programming ideas. Changed. Each month Edwards features one or two major events, such as beginning the new year, by starting a book club in construction January along with several other smaller events, such as a Printz award display, making books, or book marks, getting to know you bingo and lots more. Nothingx27s Essay. What makes her book so useful is that she not only descries potential activities, but then lists explicit directions, with illustrations and often includes sample poster or handouts that can be customized for individual librarians. I plan on using these ideas as a starting point with the Teen Mac group. I can show them the book and talk about several of the dissertation ideas. They can. then choose a few of the ideas to use and nothingx27s essay, I will do the work the civil make the projects happen. I think this maybe one of the nothingx27s changed essay most valuable tools that I found at the library. I also plan to civil war thesis introduce the nothingx27s essay other librarians to paper research software the book so they may use it in the future to plan more teen events.

Its also brand new so it will be even more up to date than Jones' book. Hard Choice: An Introduction to changed essay National Issue Forums put out by construction dissertation africa, Kettering Foundation (Kelly Griffin) This fourty page pamphlet introduces the nothingx27s changed reasoning behind National Issue Forums and deliberative discussion and highligghts the benifits of community choice work. The Harwood Group (1993) Meaningful Chaos: how people form relationships with public concerns. Kettering Foundation (Seon Jeong) The report identified each of the nine factors that play a pivotal role in engaging the public on public concerns. Modern Other Paperback. Those factors are emerged in changed the conversations with citizens. I noticed the gap between what we professionals see and what citizens do through this reading such as we easily assumed that the public have to deal with their webs of concerns in paper research a one-by-one while the reality is that the people think of public concerns in webs of multiple, interconnected concerns. Changed. Followings are those factors that I will apply to analyze the success of building La Casita de Don Pedro. 1) Connections: People tend to enlarge, rather than narrow, their views of public concerns, making connections among ideas and topics that society tends to fragment. Capo Da Essay Modern Other Paperback. 2) Personal context: People relate to concerns that ‘fit’ with their personal context- not only their own self-interest, but that which is meaningful or imaginable to them in their lives. 3) Coherence: People want public discourse to tell the ‘whole story’ on public concerns- with explanation, memory, and a sense of overview.

They are seeking a deeper sense of understanding and meaning. 4) Room for a ambivalence: People resist polarization on nothingx27s changed essay, public concerns, seeking instead room for ambivalence- a gray area in the public debate in which to thesis cv question, discuss, test ideas, and gain confidence about their views. 5) Emotion: The presence of emotion in public life is essential if people are to nothingx27s form and essay on gay pro, sustain relationships with public concerns. 6) Authenticity: Information and individuals must ‘ring true’ to people – reflecting to people a basic sense of reality and the general belief that they are being squared with. 7) Sense of Possibilities: People are seeking a sense of possibility – that action might occur on a public concern, and changed, that they might play a personal role in it.

8)Catalysts: Everyday Americans, not just experts and elites, are key catalysts in helping people form relationships with public concerns. 9)Mediating Institutions: Mediating institutions are key places where people come together to talk and act on public concerns. The Harwood Group. Citizens and Politics: A View from Main Street America. Bethesda, MD: Kettering Foundation, 1991. Thesis Cv. (Lauren M. Siebert) This resource combines the changed essay findings of two completed and software, one unfinished study on changed, American attitudes toward politics, voting and civic involvement.

It finds that people do not feel apathetic about politics so much as they feel impotent to make their voices heard in the political arena. Following nicely on Dionne, the report notes that issues surrounding voter apathy have been “misframed” and that citizens expend resources on thesis cv, smaller and narrower issues of voter registration, term limits and campaign finance reform without examining the systemic problems of how Americans “do politics.” The study suggests a six-point agenda for solving the root problems of our political ills, including connecting national issues to peoples immediate lives, providing space for public discussion and promoting constructive citizen/legislator communication. Among the findings that are of particular interest to my project of holding community forums at the Douglass Branch library, is the fact that Americans are not radically separated from changed essay, all forms of civic involvement, as some have suggested. In fact, many people are involved in some way, either through their children, their churches or their neighborhood associations, with their communities. In these forums, citizens feel that they can affect change, have a stake in the issue and will be heard by other participants. Thesis Cv. This suggests that a community forum that follows local concerns may have a role to play in the promotion of literacy and essay, of the library among adults in the area of the Douglass Branch.

It is necessary to note that the studies synthesized in this report were done through ten focus groups in various cities across the construction dissertation country. While this methodology is good for collecting illusive input that might be too nuanced for a large-scale survey, the report lacked specific data on nothingx27s changed essay, selection processes and criteria for participants and information on attrition within each focus group. Though the authors of the study include a section on methodology as an appendix to the work, this information should be disclosed and discussed within the context of the study and not slotted in as an endnote. Dissertation. Independent Publishing Resource Center. (Ellen Knutson) The Independent Publishing Resource Center (IPRC) was founded in changed 1998 in Portland, Oregon. It “facilitates creative expression and thesis paper, identity by providing individual access to the resources and tools for the creation of independently published media and art.” They offer workshops including: Bookbinding (Basic, Historic Alternative Book Structures); Publishing Software (Image Scanning, Photoshop, Quark); Internet and Macintosh Computer Basics; Comic, Zine, Chapbook and Web publishing; Distribution and Promotion for changed essay, Independent Press; and war thesis, Letterpress Printing, Printmaking Basics, and Graphic Design Concepts. The workshop are offered not only in nothingx27s essay house, but also in conjunction with organizations. The IPRC also maintains a library of civil, self-published and independently produced materials including comics, chap books, novels, catalogs, zines, artists' books and more. Nothingx27s. Their catalog is available. online at: and as of thesis cv, September 28, 2002 contains over 4,100 records. Many of these records include a detailed description of the changed essay material making it extraordinarily useful for people wanting to find out more about zines and how to maintain them in irish civil war thesis a library. Jones, Patrick.

Connecting Young Adults and Libraries: a How to Do it Manual Neal Schuman Publishers, 2nd edition, 1998. (Jessica Jones) Patrick Jones' big pink book is one of the best YA resources available and for many years it was the only book in the library literature that was devoted to changed essay YA issues and featured a large section on YA programming that went beyond the book group. Construction Dissertation Africa. The 1998, 2nd edition features using the internet with YA's, contemporary marketing ideas to increase YA use of the library and new programming ideas. Nothingx27s Essay. The book also features and extensive bibliography of literature about YAs libraries and more. It is an excellent place to start a research project. Another appendix also lists hundreds of publishers of YA materials, which could be really helpful for a new YA librarian. adults. A table of contents, including many links is also available online at on Jones' website. Julie Herrada, special column editor, with contributions by Billie Aul, Andy “Sunfrog” Smith, Michael Bainski, and thesis cv, Tom Trusky. “Zines in Libraries: A Culture Preserved.” Serials Review, Summer 1995: 79-88. (Ellen Knutson) Julie Herrada is the curator (assistant curator at the time of this article) of the Labadie Collection of social protest literature at the University of Michigan. She begins by giving a brief history of zines and then argues why librarian should collect zines and other underground literature.

In short, she says that it is the responsibility of librarians to understand how people challenge the transform “the walls of censorship and control of information by mainstream mass media” well enough to disseminate this information. (81). Nothingx27s. ones--have alternative procedures for construction, thing such as paperback books, and vertical files. These procedures, suggests Aul, can be adapted to accommodate zines. sound-byte slogans…” (84). La Casita de Don Pedro (Seon Jeong) This is the website describing the process of building this garden. Through the information provided, I found out several networks, main bodies who involved in this project.

However, those parties need to nothingx27s be identified in life modern painter detail especially how do they get to know each other and essay, what were each of the goals. 1)Students at Dr. Pedro Albizu Campos Alternative High School. 2)Puerto Rican community organizations: PRCC and DSBDA. 3)Archi-treasures, a nonprofit organization founded in 1996 with the mission of raising community involvement in the urban landscape.

4)Project for Public Space: a nonprofit organization founded in 1975 with the mission of helping people of all ages create the civil war thesis kinds of places that build communities. Mathews, David. For Communities to Work. 2001. (Lauren M. Siebert) This manuscript summarizes the work of David Mathews, a scholar whose writings are at changed, the heart of the National Issue Forums. Mathews argues that a group of people, whether united by a locality or a government, does not automatically constitute a “public.” People must learn to become part of a public just as communities must learn how to affect solutions to shared problems. He writes that some communities are more successful at tackling local problems because they approach those problems differently than other communities. The standard tactic of solving either local or national issues involves a few people formulating a “solution” and thesis cv, then “educating” the people as to nothingx27s essay why this path is the best, before the populace has even discussed or defined the problem. Combining this habit with pressure for how to write an apa, immediate and measurable results promotes cart-before-the-horse initiatives and short-sited decisions. This formula can devolve quickly into partisan debates on which solution is “right,” and essay, sacrificing long-term gains in favor of fast results steadily erodes the community’s sense of modern other painter paperback, civic power. Mathews stresses the nothingx27s importance of agency and ownership as a meter for civic activity and argues that people become passive about political problems when those problems are large or when they cannot see a personal stake in the solutions. He states that these large issues must be dealt with in spite of their enormity. Instead of thesis cv, narrowing focus to one aspect of a problem, citizens can handle these large problems by nothingx27s changed essay, framing discussion in thesis cv ways that encourage agency.

By connection big issues with everyday lives, people gain a sense of ownership and power within the decision-making process. If they are then provided with a space in which to discuss and deliberate, to learn about the changed essay problem and share experiences (instead of forcing ideologies), then they can assess and make judgments on complicated issues. Mathews notes that often more useful than changing citizens’ stances is changing citizens’ ideas their neighbors’ opinions. He concludes by encouraging existing institutions such as schools and libraries to provide space for public deliberation on local and thesis cv, national problems and to foster relationships between community members and public officials. National Issues Forum, home page. Accessed September 20, 2002. Nothingx27s Changed Essay. Available (Chad Fennell)

The National Issues Forum presents a unique and persuasive on gay marriage pro, well established framework for us to utilize as we develop our project (in conjunction with local adult learners). Our group maintains two expert contacts associated with the National Issues Forum: Taylor Wilmington and Ellen Knutson. Both have already begun to instruct us on core concepts associated with the forums. Changed. Ellen has presented us with some practical, hands-on application information as well. Politics for People: Finding a Responsible Public Voice by Dave Matthews (Kelly Griffin) This text is a great overview about the problems that plague civic life today and solutions on how to improve community and irish civil war thesis, individual participation in politics. In the essay first chapter, Matthews analyzes the reasons there seems to be a disconnection between citizens and government and how this phenomena seems to be becoming more critical. For instance, Matthews discusses how the rise of the professional politican has turned many citizens off. Furthermore, and I believe more critical, Matthews asserts how it seems lobbyist seem to be the ones represented by politicans lately, not citizens. He also touches on the media, smear campaigning and a general feeling of construction, disconnect as the reasons why people feel pushed out of politics and civic life. Resnicow, K., Baranowski, T, Ahluwalia, J., Braithwaite, R. (1999). Changed Essay. Cultural sensitivity in public health: Defined and research software, demystified.

Ethnicity Disease, 9, 10-21. (Timothy Hogan) The need for cultural sensitivity in public health and nothingx27s essay, health prevention programs is driven by two factors: The dynamic demographics of U.S. Persuasive. society, and the need to incorporate race/ethnic specific determinants of behavior into essay targeted health promotion programs. Through their work with African American and Hispanic/Latino populations, Resnicow and his colleagues delineated a multi-dimensional definition of cultural sensitivity that they hope will be valuable to both a wide range of paper, researchers and changed, practitioners alike. They define cultural sensitivity as “the extent to which ethnic/cultural characteristics, experiences, norms, values, behavioral patterns, and beliefs of a target population as well as relevant historical, environmental, and social forces are incorporated in the design, delivery, and evaluation of targeted health promotion materials and programs.” It is capo life other paperback, conceptualized by. two primary dimensions: ·Deep Structure - Involves how socio-demographic and racial/ethnic populations differ in nothingx27s essay general (i.e. core cultural values) as well as how ethnic, cultural, social, environmental, and historical factors may influence specific health behaviors. This includes investigating perceptions relating to how religion, family, society, economics, and construction, the U.S. Nothingx27s. government might influence the target population and their behaviors. For example, core cultural values that should be considered when developing materials or programs for persuasive marriage, Hispanics/Latinos include familismo, respeto, and simpatia.

Schlomann, Deborah, Project READ, an affiliate of Literacy Volunteers of America, Parkland College, Champaign, Illinois (Chad Fennell) Deborah, and by extension the nothingx27s changed Project READ program, offer real depth and experience to our project. Software. Project Read already performs literacy training at the Douglass Library, lending us an existing local literacy network with which to changed work. As a result, we may focus our initial efforts more upon program design and development and less upon advertising and recruiting. Moreover, our connection with Deborah markedly increases the potential to include adult learners in the earliest phases of our project, greatly improving the research overall potential for project success. Deborah’s experience with adult learners within our very target population makes her, by far, the most valuable information resource for adult literacy available.

I expect that our initial meeting will generate further citations specific to our literacy agenda. Siegel, K., Raveis, V. (1997). Perceptions of access to HIV-related information, care, and services among infected minority men. Qualitative Health Research, 7(1), 9-32. (Timothy Hogan) During the 1990s, the United States AIDS epidemic began to affect a more diverse range of populations, underwent a kind of nothingx27s changed essay, “demographic shift,” and subsequently became an epidemic of color. Of the various ethnic minority groups into which the epidemic shifted, AIDS/HIV has had the most devastating impact in African American and write an apa, Latino communities. The qualitative study described in this article aimed to generate new insights into the adaptive challenges confronting HIV-infected gay/bisexual minority men. Using structured questionnaires and unstructured, focused interviews as data collection tools, homosexual African American and Puerto Rican men in the New York metropolitan area (93 total participants recruited through a variant of purposeful sampling) were asked to reflect on their daily experiences as HIV positive individuals. Nothingx27s Changed Essay. patients from differing racial, cultural, and socioeconomic groups. More specifically, the minority men felt that mainstream HIV/AIDS organizations are, for the most part, largely disinterested in pursuing the needs of non-white and non-middle-class clients or members. It is unfortunate that the services offered by race/ethnic based HIV/AIDS organizations were also assigned less than flattering evaluations, being called “insubstantial,” and “political.” Mobilization from within these racial/ethnic minority communities (i.e. self-help) was seen as the best alternative for battling the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

Teen Mac Group at the Douglass Branch Library (Jessica Jones) Since I am going to be working with the teen group at the Douglas Branch Library, mostly doing research for software, ideas about additional programming for the group, I started my research by picking up several books from the nothingx27s changed essay LIS library, looking at a friends website that she made for LIS 304 and at some other websites I had heard about on the yalsa-bk listserv. Writing by Teenagers was first started by an apa thesis, GSLIS alumni Julia Kingsbury, now YA librarian with Fresno Public Libraries. This is an incredible page detailing dozens of novels, poem and nothingx27s, story collections and web published works that are all written by teenagers. All of the books on the page feature authors who were published in their teen years, or who wrote the stories as teen and civil, published them a few years later. From classic YA author S. E. Hinton to the up and coming Amelia Atwater Rhodes (who is on her fourth book at 18!) Julia's pages is essay, a comprehensive listing of teen writers. This website rocks! The group was started by Ralph Nader in da essay modern paperback April of 2001 to advance justice by strengthening citizen participation in power. Also, it provides tools to build democracy.

How wonderful! Since I am a democracy enthusiast and my project is nothingx27s, about strengthening citizen participation, I fould the site to be very helpful. ideals into altered policy for democracy, justice and sustainability. Another nice project is the capo da essay life painter Incubation Program which provides start-up organizations office space, resouces and guidence as they struggle to get started. Last Modified: Friday, December 06, 2002 09:06:52 PM.

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Qualities Of Good Job Essays and Research Papers. ?A Good Job There is a widespread concern over the characteristics of a good job . Different . Changed. people hold different views according to their own backgrounds. Some people assert that many good jobs will disappear as a result of more and more unemployment. Some people believe that a good job can provide workers with benefits like high salary and welfare. From my perspective, a good job can provide us with a sense of satisfaction, as well as job security and bring much welfare for us. In the paper.

Employment , Flextime , Job satisfaction 874 Words | 3 Pages. ?Introduction Job quality is a multi-faceted and worker-centered concept that consists of the set of job . Construction Dissertation Africa. characteristics fostering the wellbeing of changed essay, workers (Pocock and Skinner, 2012; Green, 2005). In recent years, the concern about job quality has increased significantly in worldwide. Although it is controversial that whether the irish civil, job quality has been improved or not, there is no doubt that the creation of good jobs could result in beneficial outcomes. Therefore, it is meaningful to get a comprehensive. Employment , Employment rate , Friendship 1930 Words | 8 Pages. using their personal qualities , positive experiences, and excellent communication skills. A teacher is an individual who plays the most vital . role in the development of any being. The future of nothingx27s changed essay, any students depends on the qualities and dedication of a teacher.

It is the teacher who creates an how to write an apa thesis paper, interest in students to develop and progress and achieve what ever aims they set for themselves. A good teacher encourages the students to take risk and nothingx27s essay always has a positive attitude. Good teachers understand. Certified teacher , Education , Lesson plan 953 Words | 4 Pages. Qualities of a Good Teacher - with Reference to da essay modern other painter paperback, Quality. Qualities of a good teacher – with special reference to Quality Circle “The greatest danger for most of us is not . Essay. that our aim is too high and we miss it, but that it is thesis cv, too low and we reach it.”----Michelangel BY Prof.

Amrita Chourasia and changed essay Prof Kumkum Singha Abstract:- First, there is no hard and dissertation africa fast list that tells us who is a good teacher or who is not a good teacher. However, there are traits that excellent teachers have in nothingx27s common. These are not the usual qualities such as being. Better , Education , Learning 1907 Words | 6 Pages. leaders or taught to be good leaders? To give the qualities of a good leader you must understand what leadership . is. “Leadership is the ability to influence people toward the attainment of goals”. (Lamberton, Minor, 2008, para 1.) What does this mean? This means that by being a good influence toward a person(s) then they will be able to achieve their goal. Being a good leader is a combination of qualities possessed and learned. There are so many qualities of a good leader but there are six. Fiedler contingency model , Leadership , Management 1576 Words | 4 Pages.

Qualities of a good teacher Teaching is a difficult occupation. Teachers play an important part in training children, . teenagers… So, a good teacher must have some special qualities . They are: knowledge, creation, confidence, empathy, sense of humor and persuasive essay pro passion. Imagine you are dreaming being a teacher, you must accept that there are no doubt that knowledge is the first quality of a good teacher. A good teacher need to nothingx27s, enlarge his/her general knowledge on culture, society, biology. Comedy , Education , Humour 988 Words | 3 Pages. future of any student depends on the qualities and dedication of a teacher. It is the teacher who creates an interest in students to develop . and an apa progress and achieve what ever aims they set for themselves. The most important qualities of a teacher are as follows: 1. Changed Essay. A good teacher tries continuously.

Teachers respect students who try hard even if they do not succeed; similarly students should respect teachers who try their best for irish civil war thesis, quality teaching. 2. Good teachers are always ready to take risks. Certified teacher , Education , Learning styles 1660 Words | 5 Pages. What Are the Qualities of a Good Entrepreneur? What are the changed, qualities of a good entrepreneur? It is known that, in the context of the creation for profit-enterprises, . entrepreneur is often synonymous with founders. An entrepreneur will face many obstacles, challenges and essay difficulties in business operation. Nothingx27s. To be successful, a good entrepreneur will need have some extraordinary abilities. So what is an entrepreneur? The entrepreneur, with his dream and will to found a private kingdom, to conquer adversity, to construction africa, achieve success for its own sake. Berkshire Hathaway , Bill Gates , Entrepreneur 1744 Words | 5 Pages.

Job Analysis Quality Control Engineer. RESOURCES MANAGEMENT FINAL REPORT “ JOB ANALYSIS – QUALITY CONTROL ENGINEER” Professor: Chin-Yi Shu Student: Grecia Diaz . Nothingx27s. Cuadra Student’s Number: 01116733 Human Resources Management Final Report JOB ANALYSIS – QUALITY CONTROL ENGINEER Job Presentation I. Job Title: Quality Control Engineer II. Job : A quality control engineer for any construction company. III. Overview of the Job : * The job of a quality control engineer is involves many.

Human resource management , ISO 9000 , Management 878 Words | 4 Pages. room and research software took off my gray and blue sweat shirt. Changed. Out of no where I felt a hand cuff my mouth. While the other hand was on my right thigh. What was going . Paper. on?!

I started to scream when I heard his voice. Now listen Abbey, you are going to be a good girl and be still. Nothingx27s Essay. I felt his hand move from my thigh to my breast. What was he doing?! By this time I was sobbing and wondered if he was going to kill me. He was rubbing my breast for a minute then slid his hand to capo life modern painter paperback, my genitals. He rubbed and I.

Eye color , Family , Father 1871 Words | 6 Pages. that you are worthy of being followed. Good leaders are made, not born. If you have the desire and willpower, you can become an effective . leader. Good leaders develop through a never ending process of self-study, education, training, and essay experience (Jago, 1982). To inspire your workers into higher levels of teamwork, there are certain things you must be, know, and, do. Research. These do not come naturally, but are acquired through continual work and study.

Good leaders are continually working and studying. Fiedler contingency model , Leadership , Management 1246 Words | 4 Pages. Experiential Learning and nothingx27s Good Job. have completed Phase I of the training and HRD process; what is phase one called? A.A needs assessment. B.A descriptive training summary. C.A . Construction. baseline training score.

D.HRD summary of training needs Answer Key: A Feedback: Correct! Good job ! Question 2 of 10 10.0/ 10.0 Points The purpose of train-the-trainer programs is to? A.Provide the best employees possible for new technologies as they emerge. B.Ensure that training meets the needs assessment criteria. C.Provide the. Computer program , Evaluation , Experiential learning 617 Words | 5 Pages. Good Leadership Qualities in an Organisation. meaning of leadership can be explained as the relationship through which one person can influence people around him to do the nothingx27s changed, work in time efficiently as . stated by Mullins (1996, p.246). Good leadership quality includes task carrying out capabilities, motivation, and good interpersonal relation with his subordinates, good communication and many more. I have worked for the past two years in India and this has given me a lot of opportunities to work under different types of leaders. Recession had hit.

Fiedler contingency model , Leadership , Management 1199 Words | 3 Pages. Qualities and Characteristic of a Good Manager. self-motivate. Self-motivation, the ability to get yourself going, and take charge of thesis cv, whats next for you, is a vital personal characteristic for a manager. . You have to nothingx27s essay, keep yourself going — and motivate those who work with you. Construction. Integrity: People trust a good manager because they know he or she has personal integrity. Workers need to nothingx27s, know that you will fight for irish, them, do what you say, and follow the rules. Dependability/Reliability: As a person, you should be dependable and nothingx27s changed reliable. Your superiors. Communication , Customer , Knowledge 863 Words | 4 Pages. Qualities Should a Good Manager Have. these qualities , you might make a good manager.

However, you need just more than these two qualities to be a . good manager. There are a number of factors that play into life modern paperback, whether or not you would make a good manager. The good news is that you don’t have to rely solely on changed essay, natural, inborn traits. It is possible to dissertation, develop the qualities good managers possess. Nothingx27s Essay. You can complete a management program to learn some of the necessary characteristics, and you can also develop many desirable qualities on your. Communication , Customer , If You Have to Ask 1172 Words | 4 Pages. Qualities of a Good Media Program. Qualities of essay marriage pro, a good media programme The Media is changed essay, used to communicate to large numbers of people. How To Write Thesis. It is a useful method for nothingx27s, . raising an da essay life modern painter, issue, encouraging debate and for making an issue more salient. Nothingx27s Essay. The information is presented through various media and paper the public can generally choose to nothingx27s changed essay, read, listen, view or disregard the material offered.

The only way to ensure the war thesis, media cover your project is nothingx27s changed, through paid advertising, but this is expensive and an apa thesis paper there is still no guarantee that your target group. Computer , Computer program , Computer programming 827 Words | 3 Pages. wondered what makes a good teacher? What separates a mediocre teacher from a terrific teacher? Teachers play an important role in the education . of nothingx27s, our society. Important skills and thesis cv aspects to have are knowledge of the learning materials, respect for the children, good communication, and an understanding of the needs of the children. These are the qualities a good teacher to should have. Knowledge One of the most important qualities for a teacher to have is knowledge. A good teacher should understand. Communication , Education , History of education 1692 Words | 5 Pages.

The Corner and Good Job Opportunities. career. The kind in which good job opportunities exist. Even after a person has landed a . job , however, a healthy amount of self-interest is changed essay, needed. People who hide in corners or with hesitation to let others know about their skills doesn't get promotions or raises. Its important to take credit for a job well-done, whether it involves . 2005 albums , Academic degree , Boss 362 Words | 3 Pages. Qualities of a Good Soccer Player. full understanding of the defensive and offensive functions of their position on the field of play. The main qualities that . Persuasive On Gay Marriage. good soccer players have are to have good knowledge of the game, skill, and mental and physical ability.

Having good knowledge of the game means that the player haves good vision, awareness and nothingx27s reaction when playing on construction, the field. Nothingx27s. A soccer player should have good vision because before a player receives the ball, they should look around to know there options so the player. Ball game , Game , Learning 808 Words | 3 Pages. ? Qualities of dissertation, a Good Writer While writers come from all walks of life, they share certain qualities that help . them produce satisfying work. Changed. If you have some of these characteristics, you could try a career in creative writing. Alternatively, you could look for creative writers with these qualities to irish war thesis, assist with your organization's publications. Creative writers might publish poetry, short stories and novels, but they also work for many kinds of clients to earn their living. Creative writers craft. Creative writing , Literature , Paper 806 Words | 3 Pages. Nabras Abdulrahman. Composition #2.

02/27/2012. 0349. The Qualities of Good Teachers Have you ever seen or talked with . stars? There are people that give the light to all people similar to stars in the sky. Teachers are the changed, stars of people’s lives because they shine their paths. This light helps them achieve their goals and make these goals become true. The teacher is the greatest profession because other professions depend on civil, it. Nothingx27s Essay. Doctors cannot be doctors if there are no teachers who teach. Education , Physician , Profession 869 Words | 3 Pages.

you see as the da essay modern other painter, continuing value of nothingx27s, quality management programs. Civil War Thesis. How are they relevant to businesses today? How might they assist firms to cope . with the transition to a sustainable economy, for example, or deal with other challenges facing business today? INTRODUCTION Quality is a very important factor in the current market. Nothingx27s Changed. Consumers’ predilections are rapidly increasing; hence, quality needs great attention. In this day to day economy customers seek goods and services that have value for their. Management , Production and persuasive manufacturing , Quality assurance 2069 Words | 7 Pages. Qualities of a good teacher Teachers play a central role in the . education of students. For promotion of learning teachers have to display a sense of nothingx27s, responsibility and construction dissertation must be in possession of nothingx27s, qualities of leadership that are essential for motivation of students. It falls upon the teachers to create a friendly environment in the institution free of coercion. They must teach through cooperation, facilitation, love and caring attitude and not.

Education , Learning , Lesson plan 988 Words | 3 Pages. Qualities of good academic writing. Submit by thesis cv Email Qualities of good academic writing Academic writing is in nothingx27s essay a class all its own. How To Thesis. Some students may struggle to . write well at first, but here are a few guidelines to help you to produce better academic texts. Read on! ' Good ' academic writing includes the following essential elements: ? use of formal language ? objective style ? precise and concise language ? accuracy (particularly in grammar, punctuation and nothingx27s syntax) ? correct referencing style, and ? flow and cohesion. Formal grammar , Formal system , Grammar 889 Words | 5 Pages.

It is life modern paperback, necessary for a report to contain following details to be called a good report: | 1. Information collected in the report must . be relevant and focused to derive desired results. Pictorial and nothingx27s essay graphical presentation of construction dissertation, data and related information help to understand the details easily. There is a possibility that the changed, collected data in irish war thesis the report needs to be represented at many places in different formats to fulfill the nothingx27s changed, report goals. The ultimate goal is to determine all the issue and make. API writer , Creative writing , Need to know 1775 Words | 6 Pages. What Makes for thesis cv, Good Quality Care in essay Residential Settings? Title: What makes for good quality care in residential settings? What actually is residential care and who we care for? . Residential care is for people who can not continue living in their own home, even with support from home care services.

You can stay in residential care for a short time known as respite care, over a longer period or permanently. Thesis Cv. There is a wide range of reasons for needing this type of support, for example, if a person has significant physical disabilities, learning disabilities. Care of residents , Geriatrics , Home care 1477 Words | 4 Pages. Lord of the nothingx27s essay, Flies: Qualities of a Good Leader. What qualities does it take to make a good leader? People have always pondered this question especially when electing leaders. . They may say that a good leader should be charismatic, intelligent and an apa paper perhaps good -natured. Changed Essay. Their idea of good leadership qualities usually comes from paper software, books and movies. In Lord of the Flies there were many various leadership qualities exhibited by the boys, but how can one decide on nothingx27s changed essay, a leader out of so many boys that would make the society work? Only a leader with the civil war thesis, best.

Charismatic authority , Fiedler contingency model , Leadership 836 Words | 3 Pages. What Are Some Important Qualities of nothingx27s changed essay, a Good Supervisor (Boss)? relationship between the boss and staff is not good . They seldom talk to one another. Most of the staff say that their bosses are bad tempered . and their boss always scold them without reasons. Thus, they are unwilling to communicate with their boss.

How can the situation be improved? The boss should improve themselves and to have a good quality . In this essay, I am going to state three qualities that are important for persuasive essay on gay, being a good boss. A good boss should have good -mannered. When the staff have done something. Better , Boss , Boss 429 838 Words | 3 Pages. You are repeating ''leader so often that your essay don't sound good . Just read it aloud and you'll understand what I mean. Nothingx27s. A positive . attitude is another essential quality a leader must have in order to do well in office. Research. A leader must see things in a positive light or else everything will not go as planned. Changed Essay. For example, if a huge crisis was going on persuasive essay, and a leader had a mind of a pessimist, he would scare his people into thinking the changed, situation is way worse than what it really is.

On the persuasive on gay marriage, other. Fiedler contingency model , Leadership , Management 908 Words | 3 Pages. Job design determines the way work is organized and performed. Job design typically refers to changed, the way that a set of tasks, or an . entire position, is organized. The aim of job design is to improve job satisfaction, to war thesis, improve quality and to essay, reduce employee problems (e.g., grievances, absenteeism, turnover etc). Good design incorporates the relationship with organizational goals and values and capo da essay life painter should be well understood in nothingx27s changed order to align and how to an apa thesis prioritize the job’s responsibilities. Changed Essay. The design should: . Employment , Management , Organizational studies and human resource management 812 Words | 3 Pages. quality management history, gurus, TQM theories, process improvement, and organizational 'excellence' The history of quality . management, from mere 'inspection' to Total Quality Management, and its modern 'branded interpretations such as 'Six Sigma', has led to the development of essential processes, ideas, theories and tools that are central to africa, organizational development, change management, and the performance improvements that are generally desired for individuals, teams and organizations. These. Management , Process management , Quality 1263 Words | 5 Pages.

Julius Caesar - Qualities of a Good Leader. Selecting a good leader for a country is like dominoes. Essay. The leader needs to be somebody that won't make the occasional mistake that would, in . dominoes, hit one of the persuasive pro, others and changed make them all fall down. If the leader does their job correctly, the country will be strong. A good leader must be able to make his own decisions because if he cannot, he will be considered a weak leader. A country's leader must be able to how to write an apa thesis paper, communicate with the people as well because if he gets the people of the country to. Augustus , Cicero , Julius Caesar 954 Words | 3 Pages. Kaizen: Basic Concepts and key practices Kaizen is a Japanese philosophy based on gradual but ongoing and never-ending day-to-day improvement approach in all . aspects of an organization, not only productivity. Changed Essay. Literally Kaizen translates to English as “ good change”, the true meaning of the essay marriage pro, word is continuous improvement implemented through positive step-by-step changes. For proper functioning Kaizen requires active participation from everybody at changed essay, all levels in an organization: from the top management. Better , Decision making , Kaizen 898 Words | 3 Pages.

Schools and construction dissertation africa Jobs “My Mom says that I have to get a chance to enroll in essay a university after I graduate!” This was my answer when my classmates . asked me in high school. I was a normal student at thesis cv, that time, so I did not know if it would be better to work or continue studyingin a post-secondary education. Nothingx27s Changed. I really thank my Mom who showed me the thesis cv, best way for my life at this time.My situation is similar to the high school students now. While the nothingx27s changed, quality of the U.S. high schools are rated as the good samples. College , Graduation , High school 867 Words | 3 Pages. Developmental Psychology and Good Quality Activities. 1.1 It is important to remember that these six areas of learning do not work in isolation but are in fact interlinked. Capo Life Modern Paperback. Good . quality activities will cover more than one area of development. For example, allowing children to access the outdoors will not only support their physical development, but encourage their communication and exploration of their environment.

Where a child experiences a delay in one area, it is likely to limit their learning and development in the other five. Changed Essay. a child with cerebral. Cognition , Developmental psychology , Educational psychology 477 Words | 3 Pages. ?Mr. How To An Apa Thesis Paper. Clement ESOL 0360 Nov/20/2014 Qualities of My Ideal Job The ideal job is a career path where you do work . Nothingx27s. which you love and which completely satisfies you. It is the profession that one is good at, interested in, and most importantly, happy doing, and thesis cv getting rewarded with a source of nothingx27s essay, income for paper research software, it. To understand what work would be ideal job , I really do have to nothingx27s changed essay, understand myself first, then my work interest, and work motivations. My type of work I wish to pursue, right now I might probably. 2008 singles , Debut singles , Employment 851 Words | 3 Pages. Good Personalities Are Necessary for a Quality Life. Austin focuses on construction dissertation, depicting the sprit, charm and nothingx27s personalities of women and illustrates a theory that women should also contains good virtues . in order to succeed in their lives in Pride and Prejudice.

Analyzing the civil, characteristics in Pride and Prejudice by Combing with Golden Mean of Aristotle and the cardinal virtues of changed, CS Lewis, we are able to on gay marriage, exactly understand good virtues Austin mentions. Elizabeth Bennet, the second of five daughters in Bennet’s family, is nothingx27s essay, characterized as a successful. Elizabeth Bennet , Fitzwilliam Darcy , Jane Austen 1132 Words | 3 Pages. Job rotation advantages and disadvantages Advantages 1. Helps Managers Explore the Hidden Talent: Job Rotation is designed . to how to, expose employees to a wider range of essay, operations in order to assist managers in exploring their hidden talent. In the process, they are moved through a variety of how to an apa paper, assignments so that they can gain awareness about the actual working style of the organization and understand the problems that crop up at every stage.

Through this process, managers identify what a particular. At-will employment , Employment , Learning 869 Words | 3 Pages. Job Title | Description | Skills Required (list at least five skills, three of which are specific skills in changed the field of criminal justice). | . Why are the skills listed needed to succeed in the position? | Forensic Science Technicians | * Walk through and determine what and how evidence should be collected. * Take photographs * Make sketches of the crime scene * Keep notes of paper, observations amp; findings * Collect physical evidence such as weapons, fingerprints, DNA, bodily fluids *. Crime , Critical thinking , Federal Bureau of Investigation 950 Words | 3 Pages. How to be a good employee In today's society, it is very challenging to find good employees. Good hires are not . happening by accident or luck anymore. Yet, employers also recognize that valuable employees are quickly becoming rare commodity.

There is a lot of nothingx27s changed, confusion these days whether a person is competent or not. Most times, employers don't know what kind of essay marriage, workers they have hired until it is essay, too late. Hiring the paper research, wrong people may lead to a serious disaster. Some skills are universal to every. 2005 albums , Employment , Etiquette 861 Words | 3 Pages. Quality of Work Life Quality of nothingx27s changed essay, work life (QWL) is viewed as an thesis cv, alternative to the control approach of managing people. . The QWL approach considers people as an nothingx27s changed, 'asset' to the organization rather than as ‘costs'. Irish War Thesis. It believes that people perform better when they are allowed to participate in managing their work and essay make decisions. This approach motivates people by satisfying not only persuasive essay on gay marriage, their economic needs but also their social and psychological ones.

To satisfy the new generation workforce, organizations. Employment , Job , Management 1749 Words | 5 Pages. ? JOB DESIGN AND TECHNIQUES OF JOB DESIGN JOB A job can be defined as the nothingx27s changed essay, set of civil, tasks and . Nothingx27s Essay. responsibilities of a worker. These tasks and africa responsibilities, along with performance expectations, work conditions (time and nothingx27s essay place of work), general skills, and possibly methods to be used, are normally contained in a written job description. There is no set formula for designing jobs that will best fit a production system. War Thesis. Also, a job is also reffered to an activity, often regular, and often performed. At-will employment , Employment , Job 1747 Words | 8 Pages. What Are Some Important Qualities of a Good School Teacher? 19. What are some important qualities of changed, a good school teacher? Use specific details and examples to explain why these . qualities are important.

There are some qualities that should be inherent of a good school teacher. Irish War Thesis. Three most important of changed, them are: punctuality, assiduity and commitment to education. The first one, punctuality, does not refer only to the action of being on time with the activities, but also reveals the importance and respect that the teacher attributes to their students. Certified teacher , Education , History of education 1437 Words | 4 Pages. Why Quality Education Is Necessary. We all want quality things in life. Whether it’s for basic things like food or supplementary materials like entertainment.

So why not . quality education. Especially for dissertation, preschool children for the reason that they learn and nothingx27s changed essay develop the thesis cv, most during this stage. There are many ways quality education in early childhood can be provided. Teachers are the key person particularly trained and nothingx27s essay qualified teachers. Construction Dissertation Africa. They have more knowledge on the development stages of a child and are able to plan a curriculum. Child , Childhood , Early childhood education 976 Words | 3 Pages. 5 Qualities of an Effective Manager. 5 Qualities of a Good Manager 2/14/2006 When I think of pioneers in management history that set the bar for . good managers Dr.

W. Edwards Deming is the first person that comes to mind. It is difficult to nothingx27s, limit his 14 points of how to write paper, quality management down to 5, but for the assignment's sake I will choose 5 of nothingx27s changed, my favorite. Irish Civil. Maybe I am biased towards his management obligations because he is an Iowa native, but Deming's quality teachings used in Japan after 1950, while the country was rebuilding after. Control chart , Management , PDCA 798 Words | 3 Pages. According to the research done by UN Human Development Index, 2005, Australia is the changed essay, third most livable country in write an apa thesis paper the year 2005 based on the citizen's . quality of nothingx27s changed, life rather than bringing into account Australia's economic figures (, 18/11/2006). Quality of write an apa thesis paper, life is both objective and subjective. Each of these two axes comprises several domains which, together, define the total construct. Nothingx27s Changed. Objective domains are measured through culturally relevant indices of capo painter, objective well-being. City , Ecology , Rural 966 Words | 3 Pages. Qualities of a Good Manager Managing an organization is not an easy job . There are so many intricacies . Changed Essay. associated with operating an dissertation, organization in nothingx27s changed essay a healthy manner. The person managing the organization, that is the manager, must have certain qualities . The manager should be competent enough in order to handle complexities arising during various functions of the organization.

However, it is very difficult to identify a measure of manager being good or bad. “Sometimes it can be hard to quantify. Decision making , Leadership , Management 460 Words | 2 Pages. LaShonda LaShonda is a 32 year old African American female who was put on construction, a 5150 hold last night after overdosing on pills. LaShonda was diagnosed with . Nothingx27s Essay. depression six months ago after being let go from her job . LaShonda told her group therapist this morning that she was forced to leave her job because she was black. She feels hopeless she will ever be able to work again because of her racial identity. Capo Life Other Painter. She states because she cannot change the changed, color of her skin, she wants to research software, die. Mr. APA style , Citation , Literature 832 Words | 3 Pages. Job Analysis and Job Specification. one of job for this project (the job must be difference with the nothingx27s changed, presentation assignment), after that: 1. Arrange . job description, job analysis and how to thesis paper job specification 2. Specify the source to get the nothingx27s changed essay, prospective candidate 3. Specify the selection tools for the candidate (like test, etc) 4. Arranges 5 questions for each types of question (situational interview, behavioral interview, job related interview and civil stress interview) I. Job Description, , job analysis and job specification . Dental assistant , Dental auxiliary , Dental implant 2126 Words | 7 Pages. ?Application case 6-1 Job Analysis: Assistant Store Managers at Today’s Fashion Discussion Questions: 1. Critically evaluate the . job analysis that Mary conducted for the position of assistant store manager.

Has she appropriate methods? What are the strengths and nothingx27s changed weaknesses of thesis cv, her efforts? 2. What kinds of changed, factors about Today’s Fashion and its operations should Mary have examined more seriously in order to improve her job analysis? 3. Construction Africa. Carefully read the job description and job specification that Mary. Interview , Management , Store manager 1325 Words | 3 Pages. ?Think Different Jobs as iCEO Chapter 25 in nothingx27s changed the book Steve Jobs , by how to an apa paper Walter Isaacson Before covering questions that provided . Nothingx27s Changed. regarding to article I’d like to express my personal admiration to Apple and Steve Jobs as a founder and CEO. Steve Jobs succeed to change the world by making his vision to become true. He also had made an painter, inspiration for millions of people by changing their perception that everything is possible.

I very happy that in this course and also in MBA program we have an opportunity. Advertising , Apple Inc. , Brand 1201 Words | 5 Pages. Introduction What is job design? Job design means to changed, decide the contents of a job . It fixes the duties and . Capo Da Essay Painter. responsibilities of the job , the methods of doing the job and the relationships between the job holder (manager) and nothingx27s changed his superiors, subordinates and colleagues. According to business job design is a work arrangement (or rearrangement) aimed at reducing or overcoming job dissatisfaction and employee alienation arising from repetitive and paper mechanistic tasks. Nothingx27s Essay. Through job design, organizations. Design , Design management , Employment 1672 Words | 5 Pages. Quality control paper Quality control is paper, a critical concept in every industry and profession. The survival of your . job and of your company depends on your ability to nothingx27s changed essay, produce a quality product or service. For most people, quality is associated with the thesis cv, idea of a product or service that’s well done, looks good , and does its job well.

Quality product is one that lasts, holds up well under use, and doesn’t require constant repair. Nothingx27s. A quality product or service should meet a high standard in many areas. Cervical cancer , Management , Pap test 1392 Words | 4 Pages. GOOD LEADERSHIP Good leadership is a crucial characteristic in organizations of all kinds. Qualities such as . kindness, sincerity, honesty, and credit-sharing encourage productivity among colleagues and subordinates and stimulate and flow of ideas that will accomplish the organization's goals. Civil. It is often said that a good leader takes people, not where they want to go, but where they ought to be. This is true in the business world because it is a leader's responsibility to nothingx27s changed, direct others.

Fiedler contingency model , Leadership , Management 804 Words | 3 Pages. QUALITY OF WORK LIFE ABSTRACT This study quantifies the effect of quality of essay on gay, work life on employees. It aims to gain an . insight into current working life policies and practices, as well as work life balance issues of employees.Several notable factors that influence quality of changed, work life are adequate and fair compentation; safe and healthy working conditions; opportunity to essay on gay marriage pro, use and changed essay develop human capabilities; opportunity for career growth etc. Quality of work life provides for the balanced relationships. At-will employment , Employment , Human resources 973 Words | 4 Pages. down tasks associated with each component in the system has led to the concept of job design. Job design came about with rapid . technological advancements at the turn of the 20th century when mass production and assembly line operations emerged. As jobs continue to become more sophisticated and specialized, the need for an educated and motivated workforce has become indispensable. Job Design The main purpose of job design (or re-design) is to increase both employee motivation and productivity (Rush.

At-will employment , Employment , Job enrichment 960 Words | 4 Pages. Quality Guru in Total Quality Management. reputation for innovative high- quality products and essay on gay its economic power. There, from 1950 onward, he taught top management how to nothingx27s, improve design . (and thus service), product quality , testing, and sales (the last through global markets) through various methods, including the application of statistical methods. W Edwards Deming placed great importance and responsibility on management, at the individual and company level, believing management to be responsible for 94% of quality problems. He is regarded as. Control chart , PDCA , Quality 1829 Words | 6 Pages.

Organizational Structure Because our restaurant manager requires a new restaurant supervisor instead of a person leaving the job , I conduct . a job analysis to thesis cv, assist selection. JOB ANALYSIS QUESTIONNAIRE | JOB TITLE : Restaurant Supervisor DEPARTMENT : Hotel restaurant ANALYST'S NAME : Claire ANALYSIS DATE : 5th April | Purpose | What is the purpose of this position? | Responsible for assisting the restaurant manager in managing three. Customer , Customer service , Employment 1314 Words | 5 Pages. the US. Moreover, the low wages won’t hurt the quality of the products since the quality of the services are just as high as in . the US. However, the case states that this is not the main driver of location decisions. -The ability of the Chinese subcontractors to respond quickly to requests from Apple to scale production up and down. -Efficiency: the changed, outsourcing company in China will already have years of experience.

This means they can do the job better and faster, and therefor increase the thesis paper, efficiency. Apple Inc. , Costs , Economics 729 Words | 2 Pages. Job Satisfaction Essay In the following essay I will discuss how I motivate myself and others to be productive. Further I will also describe . how I keep myself satisfied in my job . In my current work environment I am a construction Project Coordinator, which a step below a Project Manager. My present duties are mainly administrative in nature, and nothingx27s changed essay require the coordination of activities under the supervision of a Project Manager. The construction industry is thesis cv, booming in British Columbia.

Construction , Employment , Laborer 900 Words | 3 Pages.

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Tablet Computer Market Analysis (Economics) EC180 Economics Assignment Tablet Computers Market Table of Contents Table of Contents2 Brief Introduction3 1. Factors affecting Demand4 2. Price and Income Elasticity6 3. Price Discrimination8 4. Fixed and Variable costs9 5. Scale Economies10 7. Market Structure12 8. Barriers to Entry13 Summary and Conclusion14 References14 Brief Introduction In this report, the market of essay, ‘Tablet Computers’ will be analysed. Persuasive Essay Marriage! ‘A tablet computer is a complete mobile computer, larger than a mobile phone or personal digital assistant, integrated into a flat touch screen and primarily operated by touching the screen’ Editors PC magazine (2010). These products are gaining increased popularity in today’s world. Apple, Microsoft and Lenova are already in this market, with Apple’s popular product, the ‘I pad’ leading the market share. This relatively new market `will be thoroughly investigated using various microeconomic theories and changed findings. 1. Factors affecting Demand In economics, demand is defined by how to write paper the desire to own anything, the ability to pay for it, and the willingness to nothingx27s changed essay, pay (Sullivan Sheffrin,2003a) The diagram below shows the demand curve.

Factors affecting demand would cause a shift in the demand curve. An increase in demand will cause an outward shift to the demand curve (D1 D2), thus increasing the da essay other painter, market equilibrium price. A decrease in demand on the other hand will cause an inward shift of the changed essay, demand curve ( D1 D3), decreasing the market equilibrium price. The diagram proves the ‘Law of Demand’ which states that quantity demanded for construction dissertation a good decreases as the prices increases. The following are the factors that affect the demand of a good or service. * Price * Income * Substitutes: Price of substitutes * Trend * Number of consumers in the market/ population. Tablet computers are a relatively pricey and a luxurious good, therefore only consumers with a relatively high income will be able to afford them. Price of substitutes: The price of substitutes of this product would also be a factor affecting the demand for the product. A substitute good offers the same services to the consumer as good A, if the price of a substitute good would increase, the demand for the original good would increase as consumers want to nothingx27s changed, pay the least they can for the same product. Therefore an increase in the price of for e. g. Laptops would cause an increase in the demand for Tablet computers.

2. Price and Income Elasticity Price elasticity of demand measures the relationship between a change in quantity demanded and a change in capo modern paperback, the Price. It shows the percentage change in quantity demanded caused by a percentage change in price. Nothingx27s Changed! This can show the extent of movement along the demand curve. PED = % Change in quantity demanded % Change in price There are a number of factors which can influence the price elasticity of a good: Availability of substitutes- One major factor of influencing the price elasticity of research, a good would be the availability of essay, its substitutes. The greater the availability, the greater the elasticity. The availability of substitutes like Laptops and Desktops in this market is construction, quite high, therefore tablet computers have a high price elasticity. Necessity or Luxury- Luxury products tend to have a greater elasticity as consumers don’t actually ‘need’ them. Necassity products on the other hand like ‘tobbacco’ or ‘petrol’ for certain consumers can have a very low elasticity as consumers will be willing to pay a higher price. Tablet computers are a luxurious good, therefore they have a greater price elasticity than for example petrol which could be regarded as a ‘neccassity’ good in today’s world for certain consumers. Proportion of income required by essay the item – The higher the proportion of income required by the product, the higher the elasticity will tend to be.

This is because consumers will be more careful and hesitant to purchase a good which would acquire the majority of their disposable income. The price of paper software, tablet computers can range from around ? 300 to changed essay, ? 650. Income elasticity of research software, demand measures the relationship between a change in changed essay, quantity demanded and a change in income. It is how to thesis paper, measured by the following formulae: YED = % Change in quantity demanded % Change in consumer’s income Normal goods’ have a positive income elasticity of demand, this means that an increase in income will lead to an increase the quantity demanded as well. ‘Inferior goods’ on the other hand have a negative income elasticity of demand. Changed Essay! An increase in income will lead to a fall in the quantity demanded for the product/service. Africa! Tablet computers are a normal good therefore it will have a positive income elasticity of demand. They can also be considered a luxorious good therefore the demand responds by rising more than proportionate to a change in nothingx27s changed essay, income. The income elasticity of life other painter, demand ill be more than +1 so demand for tablet computers would be elastic relative to income. 3. Price Discrimination As cited by Krugman (2003b, p142) ‘Price discrimination exists when sales of identical goods or services are transacted at different prices from the same provider. ’ Firms often use price discrimination as a method of nothingx27s changed essay, maximizing profits. Paper! However there are two main conditions for discriminatory pricing to work 1) Differences in the Price elasticity of Demand between markets: There must be a different price elasticity of essay, demand from each group of consumers. Firms can then charge a higher price to the group with a price inelastic demand and a relatively lower price on the other hand to the group with a more price elastic demand.

2) Barriers to prevent consumers to switch suppliers: There must be certain barriers to prevent consumers from switching from one supplier to another if the other supplier is offering the same good at a lower price. One common price discrimination method the firm could use for the sale of tablet computers would be the ‘third degree (multi-market) Price discrimination. This method involves charging different prices for the same product in da essay life other painter paperback, different segments of the market, it is linked directly to consumers’ willingness and ability to pay for a good or service. The market can be separated by nothingx27s changed essay geography, so a higher price can be charged to overseas markets if demand is more price inelastic than in home. In today’s knowledge world, many firms use the internet to price discriminate.

Many websites can gather enough information about software consumers and their buying habits to give sellers an opportunity for nothingx27s essay discriminatory pricing. One example of this would be Dell, ‘which charges different prices for paper research the same product on its web pages, often depending on changed essay whether the thesis cv, buyer is a state or local government, or a small business. ’ In this case the same method can be applied to the sale of the tablet computers. Essay! 4. Fixed and Variable costs Fixed costs are costs to thesis cv, a business that are constant, they do not vary with the quantity of product/service produced. Variable costs are costs to a business that actually do vary with the nothingx27s, quantity of product/service product. Fixed + Variable costs = Total costs Fixed costs: * Land purchased for production of goods, for construction e. . an industrial factory * Salaries of nothingx27s changed essay, staff paid on dissertation africa monthly rates, independent of how many hours the nothingx27s changed essay, employees work. * Advertising: Marketing Campaign for launch of product. * Electrical equipment like lighting or air conditioning which may be kept running even in periods of low activity. Research! Variable costs: * Cost of Raw materials * Salaries of staff paid on an hourly basis, hours can be varied therefore it is changed essay, a variable cost. * Electrical equipment, as the company grows, the more the plant will be run therefore more electricity will get used which makes this a variable cost. Dissertation! 5. Scale Economies. Economies of scale in economics, refers to the cost advantages that an nothingx27s changed, enterprise obtains due to expansion. Construction Dissertation! A firm can experience reduced averaged costs in the long run by nothingx27s changed increasing output or ‘expansion’. There are 5 types of internal economies of scale.

1. Technical: Only large firms can afford to invest into software expensive quality machinery. This makes them more cost effective by making use of nothingx27s changed essay, large scale capital technology which brings down cost per unit. New entrants generally don’t have that much capital to start off with, therefore suffer with high production costs and lower efficiency. . Purchasing: This is when firms buy large quantity of raw materials and thesis cv get them in a lower cost per unit. Essay! Large firms in this market like Apple can buy their raw materials in bulk and how to write get discounts from suppliers, thus achieving low production costs. 3. Financial: Larger firms are usually believed to nothingx27s changed essay, be more trust worthy by paper the financial markets. Changed! They are able to negotiate cheaper finance deals and therefore get better deals at banks.

Banks prefer to do business with larger experienced firms as they usually take a bigger loan therefore banks get a bigger interest. Smaller banks on the other hand can face higher rates of interest on loans. 4. Marketing: Large firms can afford the most effective and construction africa expensive types of Marketing whereas new entrant firms could find it difficult to raise enough capital to compete with promotional and marketing methods. Nothingx27s Essay! At times, incumbent firms can deliberately invest heavily on advertising making it difficult for the new entrants to survive in the market. This is known as ‘market power theory of advertising’ (Moffatt,2008) . 5. Managerial: Large businesses can have specialist managers in every area. This can lead to much more efficiency therefore lower costs. The market for Tablet computers has an oligopolistic market structure, where a few large firms dominate the market (this is explained in further detail in section 7 of this report). Therefore large firms like Apple, IBM and Microsoft will enjoy the dissertation africa, benefits of changed, Economies of scale to a high extent making it difficult for new entrants to survive in the market. Thesis Cv! 6. Minimum efficient scale and nothingx27s changed essay Diseconomies of Scale The minimum efficient scale achieves production of a good at the lower possible point on it’s LRAC curve. Long run average costs are minimized at this point, and it is not possible for the firm to produce the good at any lower cost.

The efficiency is maximized at write thesis paper, this point. The MES can be used to determine the most likely market structure of the market. For example, if the changed essay, MES is small compared to the overall size of the market, then will then be a large number of firms in the market. The market will be more contestable and firms would behave in more of a perfectly competitive manner. (Carlton and Perloff, 2005) Diseconomies of scale occur when a business grows so large that the costs per unit increase. This often only irish civil, happens in extremely large scale production. A business can experience difficulty in communication as it expands. There are more workers and more managers. Communication has to be passed down many levels of hierarchy; therefore messages can be distorted leading to workers being unsure of essay, what they have to do. Multi-national firms have production in thesis cv, different countries which also makes communication more difficult within the business. To avoid this problem very large businesses often de-merge and break themselves into smaller units.

Workers down the order can feel demotivated playing a small role in a very large firm. They can feel unimportant which eventually leads to more sick days off and therefore decreasing efficiency of labour. In the case for the tablet computer market, there are already very large incumbent firms like Apple and Microsoft who have grown and diversified themselves into different markets. These firms are so large that it is likely that they have diseconomies of scale. New entrants can therefore see this as an opportunity. The diagram below illustrates Economies and Diseconomies of essay, scale. It is however important to understand that not all firms will experience diseconomies of scale. Thesis Cv! Therefore it is possible the nothingx27s changed, LRAC (Long Run Average Costs) curve is just downward sloping. 7. Market Structure Market structure are the competitive characteristics of the market. They are used to determine the potential for profits and market efficiency. There are four main types of market structures: perfect competition, monopoly,oligopoly, and monopolistic competition. ’ The market structure of a firm is determined by various factors.

A summary of the four basic types of markets in and their key characteristics is shown below using this table. Charectristics| Perfect Competition| Oligopoly| Monopoly| Monopolistic Competition| Number of thesis cv, firms| Many| Few| One| Many| Type of product| Homogenous| Differentiated | Limited| Differentiated| Barriers to changed essay, entry| None| High| High | None| Economic Efficiency| High | Low | Low | Low| After analysing the irish war thesis, tablet computer market and its characteristics, the market structure of tablet computers seems to be oligopolistic. An oligopoly is a market structure in nothingx27s, which a market is dominated by research software a small number of sellers. The tablet computer market currently seems to changed, be dominated by large firms like Apple, Lenova/IBM, HP who own a large percentage of the market share. As mentioned earlier in this report, the barriers to entry in this market are fairly high which is one of the characteristics of an oligopolistic market. At the irish war thesis, moment, 8. Barriers to Entry Barriers to entry are obstacles that make it difficult for new entrants to enter the nothingx27s changed, market. Construction Africa! The higher the barriers to entry, the lower the threat of competition.

The main barriers for the tablet computers market would be the following: 1. Economies of Scale: As mentioned previously in Section 5 of this report, economies of scale could also be a barrier to nothingx27s changed essay, entry in this market. Large incumbent firms like Apple and Microsoft have significant cost advantages which allow them to produce their tablet computers at lower costs than small or new entrant firms. Therefore new entrants would have lower profit margins making it difficult to survive in the market. 2. Construction! Customer Loyalty: Another advantage the incumbent firms would have in nothingx27s essay, this market would be having customer loyalty. Large firms like Apple and Microsoft already have existing customers in the market who are loyal to dissertation, their brand. Especially with the presence of Apple which definitely has high customer loyalty.

This would make it extremely difficult for nothingx27s changed essay a new firm to enter the market as many of the essay, consumers would still rather stick a trust and more experience brand. Nothingx27s Changed! 3. Sunk Costs: One major barrier to entry would be the existence of civil, ‘Sunk Costs’ in this market. Changed Essay! Sunk costs are the costs to a business which cannot be regained when exiting a market. A new entrant to the tablet computers market would have to invest heavily in Advertising and Promotion methods. In case the firm doesn’t succeed and decided to exit the market, the cost of this investment cannot be retrieved. The sunk costs involved in this market could be high due to large incumbent firms like Microsoft and Apple’s existence. 4. Advertising – Apart from advertising being a sunk cost, it can also play another role in make it difficult for new entrants. This was explained in Section 5 of this report ( Market power theory of advertising ) 5. Patents Summary and Conclusion. The market for tablet computers is an oligopolistic market. Large firms like Apple, HP an IBM seem to be owning the majority of the market share which could it make it very difficult for new firms to enter and survive in the market. The market is also relatively elastic which could limit profits.

In addition the existence of high barriers to capo da essay life modern other painter, entry and economies of scale benefits enjoyed by nothingx27s changed essay incumbent firms will not help new entrants. Price discrimination is possible for this product, however only to a certain extent. References Carlton D. and Perloff M, “Modern Industrial Organization” Fourth Edition, 2005 Editors PC Magazine. Definition of: tablet computer”. PC Magazine. Accessed April 17, 2010. How To Thesis Paper! Krugman, Paul R. ; Maurice Obstfeld (2003). “Chapter 6: Economies of Scale, Imperfect Competition and International Trade”. International Economics – Theory and Policy (6th ed. ). Essay! p. Civil! 142. Nothingx27s! Sullivan, Arthur; Steven M. Sheffrin (2003a).

Economics: Principles in action. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458: Pearson Prentice Hall. pp. 79. Sullivan, arthur; Steven M. Sheffrin (2003b). Economics: Principles in action. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458: Pearson Prentice Hall. pp. 157. Haven’t found what you want?

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100 Easy Illustration Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Illustration essays explain something and provide concrete, interesting examples and descriptions so that the reader understands that subject better. Below are some topic ideas sorted by changed essay category.

Detail how a football coach can turn a program around. Show how to do a baton handoff in a track race. Illustrate how to correctly throw a curve ball. Explain how to swim a particular stroke in research software competitive swimming, or how to dive or turn. Explain how competitive cheerleading and tumbling is different from cheer. Describe how equestrian competitions work. What are football practices like? Explain what it takes for players to get ready for a game. You could do this for any competitive sport.

Explain how sports are important for a college? For a college town's economy? Illustrate teamwork on a sports team. Essay! Explain how to play ultimate frisbee. Illustrate how to capo da essay painter play disc golf. Illustrate how intramural sports work and why they are beneficial to college students. Explain how rugby is played and how it is changed essay, different from other sports. Describe what is involved in getting ready to play an ice hockey game. Describe the competition for da essay life modern paperback, a starter within a sports team.

Explain how athletic coaches decide whether a player needs to be taken out of a game because of nothingx27s changed, injury. Illustrate the way lacrosse teams work to practice and play. Tell why a sports team (your choice of team) is underrated. Describe a college club sports team and compare it to intramurals or college athletics. Illustrate what it takes to successfully balance college athletics and schoolwork.

Why is a school mascot important to africa students? How can college students develop good study habits? Illustrate how a college band prepares for a half-time show? Explain the duties of nothingx27s, a Resident Assistant in dissertation africa a dorm. Explain how to get out of the “friendship zone” with a member of the opposite sex. Illustrate the steps of choosing a college to attend. Illustrate the best or worst ways to ask someone out on a date. Explain the essay, ways that students pay for college. How does one develop a good resume for college applications? Explain a prank that happened in the past at your school and the results of it. Illustrate what your college does to help retain freshman students?

Explain the how to thesis, traditions your college has at football games. Illustrate how to keep a budget as a college student. Explain how to develop and keep a good music practice schedule. Explain the characteristics, advantages, and nothingx27s essay, disadvantages of dorm life. Describe life in a particular dorm on campus. Illustrate how to use the printers on campus. Research Software! Explain the importance and achievements of a particular college president. Interview a professor and describe their academic, research, and personal life.

Tell about a campus Christian organization like Fellowship of Christian Athletes, Campus Crusade, Navigators, or other church group. Explain the recent controversy at some universities in essay America which are requiring religious groups to accept leaders who do not follow their beliefs. Illustrate the rituals of Homecoming at your campus. Describe the significance of your campus motto, emblem, or song. Explain the history and write an apa thesis paper, significance of essay, statues on civil, campus. Tell the history of an older building on nothingx27s, campus and explain its name. Describe an after-school tutoring program for children that involves college students.

Interview an international student and explain their challenges in attending college outside of their home country. Describe how to clean up your room and keep it that way. How do you motivate your roommate to construction dissertation organize their stuff? Describe the eating choices of a student on your campus. Explain the uniqueness of a particular sorority or fraternity. Explain how to get enough exercise in changed essay college. Illustrate how to get along with your roommate. Explain how to deal with annoying people in how to write paper your dorm. How do you help a friend who is making bad choices in college? Explain how to get ready for class in 15 minutes. Explain how to be a Texan, a Californian, or a New Yorker (to out-of-state or international students).

Illustrate the changed, history of your football or basketball stadium. Describe how your college has changed over how to an apa thesis paper, the course of its history. Illustrate the history and background of one of the statues, street pole markers, or other landmark on your college campus. Illustrate the importance of finding a place you can study on your campus. Illustrate the importance of not procrastinating on your studying.

Illustrate how to keep up good communication with your family while in college. Explain a particular major or honors program at your school that most students don’t know much about. Illustrate the difference between good studying techniques and poor ones. Changed! Observe and vividly describe a coffeehouse or other gathering place for students. Describe the work of a barista at Starbucks. Thesis Cv! Explain the phrase, “The customer is always right.” Illustrate the benefits of being a part of 4-H in high school and nothingx27s changed essay, explain how the club prepares you for a career. Tell how ROTC or Air Force ROTC works to prepare you for college and careers.

Explain the construction africa, steps of how to become a dentist, orthodontist, physical therapist, speech therapist, or doctor. Explain a typical day in the life of an essay EMT, a nurse in civil war thesis the ER, a surgeon, an nothingx27s ultrasound technician, or another medical specialist. Describe how a fashion designer creates a line of clothing. Explain the job of a buyer for a large department store. Illustrate the paper research, steps to essay becoming a pilot or working in the airline industry.

Show what a fashion designer or interior decorator does. Shadow or interview a research scientist. Illustrate what they do in research. Illustrate what a teacher does to prepare for life modern painter, teaching every day. Illustrate the research and preparation work done by a lawyer or judge. Explain what an accountant does, or illustrate the life of a tax accountant during tax season.

Explain how a funeral home works. Illustrate what it is like to work at a fast food restaurant. Explain how a grocery store works on a daily cycle to stock, store, and sell products. Illustrate the background situation of a restaurant from a waiter or waitresses' point of view. Illustrate the work of a non-profit organization. Detail a day in the life of a construction worker, plumber, electrician, or maid. Changed! Illustrate the challenges of dealing with difficult fellow employees.

Illustrate the problems of having a bad boss. Explain how to sell a product to a customer. Thesis Cv! Illustrate the best techniques for getting people to give money or time to a cause. Explain a religious ceremony or practice to people who are not familiar with it. Interview a homeless person or someone who works with the nothingx27s essay, homeless and paper, explain what life is like for them every day. Illustrate the history and essay, significance of an important building in your hometown. Why do people smoke? Describe the life of paper research, a smoker. Illustrate how to show an changed essay animal (pick which kind) in a 4-H competition.

Illustrate how friendships are important. Explain how a woman can use self-defense to irish civil protect herself. Changed! Explain the characteristics of a particular form of music, such as Rap, Indie, Punk, Blue Grass, or Electronica. Dissertation Africa! Natural disasters change towns and cities affected by them. Describe how a town was changed by an earthquake, tornado, flood, hurricane, or other natural disaster. Explain the revitalization efforts of a downtown area near you. Describe a landmark or historical place in your hometown or near your college. Tell the history and why this is important for people to know and remember. Visit a museum in person or online and nothingx27s changed essay, illustrate the thesis cv, experience in detail. Pick a famous news story from the past and explain what happened and why.

Explain the steps of an investigation into a murder case. Describe how an autopsy is done. Changed! Your essay will be better if you have great examples. Here are places to get ideas: Personal Observation : Go and observe places related to your topic. Take notes about irish civil war thesis, what you see, hear, smell, touch, and taste.

Make your description vivid. Interviews: You can also interview people about your topic to get examples and stories to use. It helps if you prepare questions beforehand and either take notes or record the interview to help you remember. Recall Personal Experiences: Don't forget that your own experiences and memories can be a source of nothingx27s changed, ideas too. To jog your memory, look for pictures of dissertation africa, that event and spend some time thinking about the experience. Write down everything you remember, including sensory expressions. Try to use vivid adjectives and adverbs as you write your experiences down. Media: Look online at TedTalks or YouTube for nothingx27s, video talks on your topic. You might also look for articles online related to your subject.

Don't forget to think about movies or books you might know that can give you good ideas. 100 Exploratory Essay Topic Ideas. by Virginia Kearney 0. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by pro Virginia Kearney 42. by Virginia Kearney 8. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 108. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37.

Such as amazing thing. Very helpful! Emily Rosinski 3 months ago. This is amazing for these topics on illustration essays. Casey Johnson 3 years ago from Sanger, Texas. Excellent Hub. It is very well organized, informative, in-depth, and interesting. Keep up the good work!

Voted up. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is nothingx27s changed, a registered Service Mark of thesis cv, HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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Easy Words to nothingx27s changed Use as Sentence Starters to Write Better Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for dissertation, over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Word or phrase used at the start of a sentence to show the relationship between ideas. Can you quickly and easily improve your writing? Yes.

For over 20 years, I've been teaching the tips I share below to my students and every time they apply these tips, their writing gets dramatically better. Why? Three reasons: These tips and transition words help you resist the old habit of simple subject-verb sentence structure and develop richer and more nuanced ideas. By adding transitions to your sentences, you link your ideas more effectively. Changed! These words make your writing sound more professional and less like spoken language.

How To Use Sentence Starter Lists. The most important tip for africa, improving your writing quickly is to nothingx27s follow one rule: Start every sentence in a paragraph with a different word. How? Here is my step-by-step guide: Use the transition list as you write: Think about how the sentences in your paragraph are related to one another. How To Write An Apa! If you are comparing and contrasting two ideas, then use the Showing Contrast transition words (see list below).

Are you writing about steps in a process? Then use the Adding to nothingx27s an Idea transition words below. When writing about something that happened, use the Sequence/Time transitions I've provided. Using the transition list while you are revising : Sometimes, it is easier not to worry about these words until your final draft stage, especially if you are a beginning writer. How do you do this? Use the following tips: Go through your first draft and circle the first word in paper software every sentence. If you use the same word to start a sentence twice in nothingx27s changed essay a paragraph, then you need to persuasive marriage choose another transition word and re-word the sentence. How to choose transition words?

Think about how each sentence fits with the one before it. Does this sentence add information? Then use moreover, furthermore, or another word that adds to the idea. If this sentence contrasts with the previous sentence, you might use however or on the other hand. If it is changed essay, a time sequence, use next, then, or consider using first, second, etc. Don’t use the same transition too often. Irish Civil War Thesis! Also, don't forget the comma after the transition word and don't forget to put the subject of the sentence after the essay, comma. What makes using transitions improve your writing is that it forces you to construction africa explain the nothingx27s changed, connections between your ideas. Ask yourself:

What does the sentence before this one say? How does this sentence relate to that one? Scan the list for a transition that seems to fit best. You can also use these questions for help: Does this sentence add information? Then use: moreover, furthermore, additionally, or another addition transition. Does the sentence contrast or contradict? Use: however, on the other hand, in contrast, or another contrasting transition. Are you writing something that happens in order? Use: next, then, or consider using time order like first, second,etc. Does this sentence add evidence?

Use: for example, consequently, for this reason, or another consequence transition. Does the sentence emphasize an idea? Use: obviously, especially, as a rule, particularly or another emphasizing transition . 1. Use a variety of transition words, not the same one. 2. Put a comma after the transition word. 3. Put the an apa thesis, subject of the sentence after the comma. 2. Use a Variety of Words When Citing Examples. 3. Use Different Words to nothingx27s changed Order Events and Sequence Time.

4. Use Interesting Words When Summarizing. Short paragraph without transition words: Cell phones have changed our family communication for the worse. Parents complain their teenagers spending too much time on their phone. Teenagers are annoyed that they can't get the attention of thesis cv, their parents who are always working or shopping on changed essay, their phones. We need to make some changes. Generally speaking, cell phones have changed our family communication for the worse. Obviously, parents complain about their teenagers spending too much time on their phones.

Moreover, teenagers are annoyed that they can't get the attention of da essay, their parents who are always working or shopping on their phones. Unquestionably, we need to make some changes. Just following my tips to add transition words to nothingx27s essay your essay can often make your essay much better and will probably improve your grade. War Thesis! Inevitably, as soon as I tell my classes about this technique their writing improves dramatically. Better yet, the more you use transition words in revision, the more you begin to essay add that technique to your writing during the first draft. Why does that help? It begins training you to think about how your ideas relate to one another and helps you to write essays that are deeper, more connected and logical. If you've found this technique helpful, or if you have another sentence starting technique, please add your comments below to help out paper research software other writers. How many times to you revise an essay? Sentence Starters for Reader Response Essays and Journals. by Virginia Kearney 6.

9 Simple Steps to Improve Your Writing. by kbdressman 2. Flash Fiction: Genre Facts, Writing Tips, and Stories. by Linda Crampton 72. Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for College Students. by Virginia Kearney 5.

100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. How to nothingx27s changed Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. Virginia Kearney 8 hours ago from an apa thesis paper, United States. Hi Harni--I have lots of changed essay, help for writing essays of all sorts. Africa! Just follow the links to changed essay the side of this article, or look at the links to different kinds of essays on my profile page. This helped me sooo much Thank You. I was just wondering how to start an essay like the introduction. Virginia Kearney 22 hours ago from United States.

Hi Ryan, You can use any of the words here in front of the I or you can use a phrase from the end of the essay on gay marriage, sentence. Nothingx27s! Here is an example: I am going to the store because I need to buy groceries. Because I need groceries, I'm going to the store. Frankly, I need groceries, so I'm going to the store. Hi, I was just wondering easy ways to thesis cv replace I at the beginning of a sentence. Sometimes, I struggle with this, and nothingx27s changed essay, the replacements I find sound unnatural. This is a great article though. Virginia Kearney 8 days ago from United States.

Hi Sepphora, you want to thesis cv start by underlining all the first words in your sentences. When you find you are using the same word to start a sentence (especially in the same paragraph) you should use one of these ideas instead. my problem is the changed essay, different word to use or replace . This helps me so much. Virginia Kearney 2 weeks ago from United States. Hi Mimi--To avoid the passive sentence, you want to put the actor first.

In your example, one way to fix this is to ask who considered Mimi? Then instead of was given consideration you would use the irish war thesis, more direct considered. Example: The orchestra director considered Mimi for the position of first chair but thought she would be too nervous. How do you write non-passive sentences? For example, Mimi was given consideration. thank you very much, it really helped me :) Already bookmarked it. This article helped me for my entire 2 years masters.

Thanks a lot for changed essay, writing such informative post. Also, do write update us with more of this awesome posts. Thank u very much ,the info really created an impact in how to an apa paper my essay writing. Thanks it really helps me while writing. I'm very thankful for this article. It really helps my essay. Great advice well laid out. Awesome Article, no words for changed essay, your well-crafted words. Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Hi, Thomas--I'm glad you asked. I have over capo life modern painter paperback, 100 articles to changed essay help people improve their writing, including ideas for proofreading your own essay and questions you can use to dissertation africa have other people evaluate your essay to help you improve your writing.

I also have an essay article on effective sentences and grammar help for using punctuation marks. You can find these articles by looking at essay on gay my profile page or following the links on changed essay, the side with my name. Thesis Cv! In working with non-native writers, I find the most important editing technique is to have several people look at nothingx27s changed essay your essay carefully and to thesis cv read the essay out loud as you proofread. My final best tip is to focus on nothingx27s essay, one or two rules a time as you go through the paper. Then you can make sure that you have corrected for essay marriage pro, that error carefully. Hopefully, your instructor can help guide you to know which rules are most important for you to focus on first.

I'm afraid I don't know of any websites where you can submit your work to get help. Hey, great article! Do you have any suggestions for non-native english speakers that are working on an english essay? Especially regarding proof reading? Are there any platforms where one can get help from others? Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Hi Mahmoud! I have over 100 articles on nothingx27s changed, writing that are published here on Letterpile.

You can find help with grammar and also on how to structure sentences and essays. On Gay Marriage! Look at nothingx27s essay my profile or follow the links to the side that have my name. Thanks. That was great and software, useful. Since I'm not a native i encounter with more problem than you mentioned what i am gonna do? Absolutely amazing tips! Nice article Virginia, I have gained from it a lot especially the transition words. Essay! being a newbie at content writing this article helps. Hi Virginia Kearney, Thank you so much for the quick response. Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from United States.

Hi, Himabindu- So, is generally used as a coordinating conjunction (others are and, but, or, and yet) and therefore would generally not be used correctly to start a sentence, but rather as a way to join two sentences. Example: The bookstore didn't have what we wanted, so we went elsewhere. However, in your example, you are using so as an interjection in a conversational style sentence. Capo Da Essay Life Paperback! You could vary this by saying: Actually, I don't. In reality, I don't. Furthermore, I really don't. The truth is that I really don't. In the second example, you are using as in an introductory phrase, which is another way to vary your sentences besides just using a sentence starter transition word. When you are trying to changed essay decide how to write a sentence differently, you need to decide what that sentence is doing.

Is it adding to what you've already said? Then use words like Additionally or Furthermore. Is it contradicting or changing the direction? Use However, In contrast or On the other hand. In your two examples, you are talking about the cause, so the best choices are Because, Since: Since this book is not useful to me, I really don't want it on my shelf. Because this book wasn't useful to me, I don't want it on my shelf. You can also vary the meaning a bit with sentences like this: In general, this book wasn't really useful to civil war thesis me, so I don't want it on my shelf. hi.. this post is very useful.

If I have to use transition words that means, 'so' or 'as' or 'that's why' what I have to nothingx27s changed essay use? For example, I say So, I don't want to use this in my book or As this book is not useful to me, I don't want to see this on an apa paper, my shelf. If I have to say the same sentences in essay a different way, how can I say? Fatima Roque 5 months ago. Thank you so much, this will help me in my IELTS preparation especially in writing and speaking as well. :) Ronald Cole 5 months ago.

This information has helped me a great deal. I have never been one to write much using transition words has always been a weakest. Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from United States. Hi Hannah Baker, I'm so glad to hear that you are writing a book. My teenage daughter is also a writer and I think it is how to write paper, really wonderful that anyone can now write something and post it online for others to read. I might have become a fiction writer if that had been available to me as a teen. Thank you for spending the time to know that I've helped you. I teach college students but I have found many younger people are also looking at my articles and essay, I'm thinking about modern other painter, creating some information just for them.

I'd love to hear what younger people want to know about how to changed essay write better. Hannah Baker 5 months ago. My name is not really Hannah Baker though, just a cover up. I'm a teen I and love writting. I'm recently stuck on how to write an apa paper, a book that I'm writting, called The Chosen One, and nothingx27s, I was getting for frustrated because I kept using the same words or phrases. I ended up finding this website and how to write an apa paper, it really helped me, so thank you very much. Virginia Kearney 5 months ago from United States. Hi Jodah! I'm often trying to force myself to use some new transition words in essay my writing as well. Along with the words I put in this article, you can also use different kinds of phrases at the start of paper, a sentence. I especially like gerund phrases like Walking down the street, Thinking about my children, or Writing in a new way.

John Hansen 5 months ago from Queensland Australia. This is very helpful Virginia. Nothingx27s Changed Essay! I never start sentences in a paragraph with the same word, and do use transition words, but I probably only persuasive on gay marriage, use the nothingx27s, same favourites over and over irish civil, (about 10) as you mentioned in your comment to essay Bianca. Solved my biggest problem as I always tend to use same transitions again and again in a paragraph. Thanks, I appreciate your effort. this really helped thanks. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Bianca--I generally find the adding and contrasting words are the thesis, most useful for nothingx27s changed, me. Persuasive On Gay Marriage! In fact, I think that when you start to changed essay use this technique that most people pick 6-10 favorite words and use them most of the time. Bianca di'Angelo 6 months ago. Thank you for this.

I'm writing an thesis paper essay on how advertising affects youth but I keep needing to nothingx27s essay pause every few words to try and find just the right one. Another or additionally. overall or in conclusion. I think the most helpful ones for me were the words to add ideas. This is how to paper, a lifeline for nothingx27s, me.thank you. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from other painter paperback, United States. Michaela--Whether this will work as a subject for changed essay, your paper depends on paper, your assignment. You could do legends about elves and find evidence on that. Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States. Hi, Liv-I have two articles that could help you. One is about writing a thesis sentence and the other is about writing topic sentences in paragraphs. Changed Essay! Often, these sentence starters can be used to capo write better topic sentences because they can help you link your ideas and show how one topic sentence either adds or contrasts to the ideas before.

I don't understand how to start the topic sentence of the nothingx27s changed essay, paragraph, so I suggest that this page should include starting words for topic sentences in paragraphs. Jorge Oliveira 7 months ago. Thank you so much for showing me how to use transitions with accuracy! Kendall Kincaid 8 months ago. Thank you for the help! Kayla Miller 8 months ago. Thank you soo much for construction africa, the Article! That will come in handy in writing assignments. Russell Morrison 8 months ago. Reading this has given me some new words to nothingx27s essay start my paragraphs with. Construction Dissertation Africa! Thank you!

This helped me improve my writing.Thanks :) wrong your all wrong im a book writer 9 months ago. your all wrong im a book writer. Thanks soo much I have be having the worst time with passing my essay for a state board exam and nothingx27s changed essay, I am going to use your effective strategies to make some improvements. Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from United States. Hi Daniel--Transition words like these sentence starters are used as the first word in how to write an apa a sentence. Often, they have a comma after them, just as I show in this sentence. Here is a sample using some really simple sentences: Global warming is increasing. Scientists say ice caps are melting quickly.

The CO2 levels around the changed, world are much higher than just fifty years ago. We need to do something now. With transition words: Unfortunately, global warming is increasing at a rapid rate. In fact, scientists say ice caps are melting quickly. Additionally, the CO2 levels around the world are much higher than just fifty years ago. With this in mind, we need to do something now. I have a question. I don't understand how to use transitions still and my paper is due after Winter Break. Please help?

Virginia Kearney 9 months ago from United States. Hi Dustin! I'm happy that my work has helped you. Please check out my other articles on different types of essays for more help. Thx this helped me out for my essay you will be the only site I will use . Awesome article, I printed it out to essay on gay marriage use as a reference. Venkatachari M 11 months ago from Hyderabad, India.

Very useful article for changed, improving one's style of writing. Thanks for sharing this wonderful knowledge. This is civil, a good website for kids. Thanks u helped me with my assignment. Emily 12 months ago from Oregon. I love the charts; they really lay things out concisely. Thanks for the helpful information. I'm glad to add another specific tool to my writing toolbox! Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from nothingx27s essay, United States. Sirin, It is optional to put a comma after a short transition or introductory element. Construction Dissertation Africa! For example, I can put a comma in this sentence after example but the meaning is clear if I don't, so it is all right to leave the comma out.

However, you are not wrong to add the comma and it often makes the nothingx27s changed, sentence clearer. Here are some examples and da essay life painter paperback, you can decide whether the comma is essay, helpful or not: Nevertheless, I believe she is correct in her assumption. On the other hand, what they think is also correct. Hello,you said that it is important to put a comma after each transition word,but i found in life other a book i have read that, of essay, Macdwell about British history,he uses no commat after each transition he put.I want to know please :is this permmited in writing or no.And,in the same time, we can't say he is wrong since he is an auther and persuasive pro, he publishes books.thank you in advance. Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from United States. Hi, Ahmed! To go to a new idea, you could use a contrasting transition, such as on the other hand, or however. Changed! It might be possible to capo da essay life other painter use the sequence transition words first, next, etc. if you are doing something that happens in time or in nothingx27s changed essay space. If you are adding a new idea to write an apa thesis paper support the main point, then you can do additionally, moreover or in fact.

Interesting, but which words used to changed start new topic / idea . thank you so much for paper research software, doing this it helped me a lot and I'm sure I'll be visiting this page in nothingx27s changed the future. Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from United States. Congratulations on research, starting to nothingx27s learn English, Maria! I have almost 100 articles to help you and there are other writers on HubPages who have articles especially for ELS learners. Good luck!

Learning English takes work but I know you can do it! I'm beginners .I wanna to learn English as second language . Ithink these words help me a lot. Omg this helps/helped me so much with writing my essays.So happy I found this website and thank you for creating it. Virginia Kearney 14 months ago from United States. So glad this helps you Jackie. Research Software! Check out my other articles for even more help and ideas! Every year, I get more ideas from nothingx27s changed essay, my students to incorporate into my site. Teaching is always about learning as well as giving out information. Brilliant, I have hit a plateau tonight writing an assignment for thesis cv, uni, and now this has given me a whole heap of ideas.

John Hansen 15 months ago from nothingx27s changed, Queensland Australia. Very professional article, Virginia. Your wise advice and paper, list of words is changed essay, very helpful. Thanks for capo da essay modern painter paperback, this post it really helped me. Virginia Kearney 16 months ago from United States. Tina--thanks so much for your comment! I'm always so happy when someone tells me that what I've worked so hard to put together has helped them learn to write better. Now that all of us communicate so much through the Internet, I think learning to write clearly is even more important than ever. Tina Kozma 16 months ago. This website is the only website I use when writing essays. In fact, I have this website on changed, my desktop so I can easily access it.

Thank you so much for persuasive on gay, putting this information together! Asher Socrates 19 months ago from Los Angeles, CA. This is a very informative and nothingx27s changed essay, helpful write up with straight to the point instructions. I will be book marking this to help me break away from my many bad habits when it come to writing. Thank you very much! This really helped thanx.

Virginia Kearney 20 months ago from thesis, United States. So glad that you think these will help your friend JG. I have a lot of second language readers. Essay! I've taught students from construction africa, many different countries and, in fact, that is how I've come up with some of my material. I would see something that my students were having trouble doing and then tried to nothingx27s figure out africa a way to help them write better in that area. jgshorebird 20 months ago from Southeastern U.S. Great information. Not that I am any good, but I have a friend who is nothingx27s, having trouble in how to an apa paper college (she is nothingx27s essay, Spanish -- having a difficult time) and your hubs are a gold mine. Thanks. Thank you so much.

This will help me with my AP class. (: Virginia Kearney 21 months ago from dissertation africa, United States. Thanks so much! All of my articles were written first as notes for lectures for my students. They are the ones who taught me what students want to changed essay know. How To Write An Apa! My whole goal is to nothingx27s essay make writing easier and more accessible.

I'm especially glad when it helps English learners from other countries. Kamaraju Pulugurtha 21 months ago from Khammam, India. I like this Post, mainly it doesn't sound look like a Page out of a Grammar Text, creating a feeling of construction dissertation africa, horror. I find it hospitable, offering bits and bits of advice. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from nothingx27s, United States. The idea for this list was one I was given by an older professor when I was in thesis cv graduate school. It was definitely some of the best advice I had ever gotten about writing. I love the fact that the idea is so simple but it really makes a huge difference in the sound of a person's writing. I've added a lot of words to the list over essay, the years and added the thesis cv, rules of how to use these in sentences. This post is very helpful and practical! I have often struggled with starting sentences the same way and I think this will make me a much better writer.

This is great information. I cannot count how many times I have been stuck using the same starter over an over and wishing I could add more variety to my writing. Extremely helpful ideas and lists of words. Gary Malmberg 2 years ago from Concon, Chile. Love this.

I'm saving it for the future. Two thumbs yup. Cheryl Simonds 2 years ago from nothingx27s essay, Connecticut. Great hub! The reference lists are going to be a favorite of mine from now on.

Very helpful hubs, I will certainly use transitions words in all my further revisions. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from write, United States. Just Rodney--You are right about the differences in language. What I teach at my University is standard American English. Since I was born and essay, raised in California, I speak and write in construction africa the standard dialect of the essay, U.S. movie and T.V. culture, which has become standard English in America through that medium.

One of the reasons that English has become such a universal language is that it is very adaptable and paper, tends to allow people to add words from other languages, as well as add different ways of expressing thoughts. I now live in changed the Southern United States and love some of the different expressions here. Rodney Fagan 3 years ago from Johannesberg South Africa, The Gold Mine City. Well written Hub, although English is spoken and written in a vast number of Countries; there are various grammatic, spelling and thesis cv, other subtle usages that come into play! RTalloni 3 years ago from the nothingx27s changed essay, short journey. As always, great stuff from you. On Gay! I enjoy your hubs and like learning from them. Nothingx27s Changed Essay! The comments here reflect the usefulness of your work to a wide range of readers.

Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Thanks Lynette! I'm so glad you are working for irish civil, your GED. It is not easy to finish everything but it will certainly be worth it. Lynette Scott 3 years ago. I have just been given your list in my GED class. Quickly browsing the article, I am sure it will help my sentence structure. Here is one suggestion I would like to add for you. Use Remember, instead of Don't forget, As in nothingx27s changed essay from your article Remember, the comma after the transition word, and construction dissertation africa, remember to put the subject of the sentence after the changed essay, comma.

Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Hi Jade--Your example shows another way of starting sentences effectively, and that is by construction africa, using a descriptive phrase. From reading your comment, I'm guessing that English is not your first language because the way you have phrased your sentences is not quite correct for a native speaker. However your point is excellent. Instead of putting the changed, subject first in a sentence all the time (which English speakers generally do when talking because that makes the meaning of the sentence clearer), you can put a descriptive phrase or even part of the software, predicate of the changed, sentence at war thesis the beginning.

I will reword your sentence a bit to nothingx27s essay make it more correct in how to write an apa standard English: One bright, sunny summer day, the son shone brilliantly through the clear class window. Here are some other examples (notice how these short sentences jump out!): Flashing an angry eye at me, the horse ran quickly past and jumped over nothingx27s, a fence. Darting about the flower, the irish civil, bee finally settled down to gather some pollen. It's really good, but on the other hand you should add more sentence starter like: One bright sunny summer day the sun shone on the glass clear window. Changed Essay! Also do you think that was good? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Glad to africa know this helped you Daily--I find that my students start writing better immediately when they use this list.

Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from changed, United States. So glad to know this helps you devsmilez. I always teach this to painter paperback my classes as a quick and easy way to improve your essays. Nothingx27s! I see dramatic improvement when students use these. Joey Keefe 4 years ago from Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Interesting article. Using transition words like the ones you listed can be a great way to start a sentence. However, I've noticed in write thesis my own writing I can fall into the habit of using transition words as a crutch. Changed Essay! So while I definitely agree that transition words are useful and effective, they can spoil an otherwise good piece of writing if used too flippantly. AngPow 4 years ago from persuasive essay, North Cali. Wow. Thank you for nothingx27s, the list of transition words, VirginiaLynne.

This hub will help a lot for thesis cv, the multiple essays and papers that I have to write this semester. Thank you for sharing. I have to write an essay on changed essay, sports and my first paragraph has to include the author, title, publisher, etc, as well as a summary of the main points and ideas. I cannot figure out how I should start this essay. Please help! Virginia Kearney 4 years ago from United States.

Good point Tex. What emphasize in thesis cv my class is that you need to pay attention to nothingx27s changed essay how your ideas connect with one another. Usually you are adding, contrasting or comparing. Transition words help you make that distinction clear. In spoken language we often use tone, voice and gestures to make those connections, but in written language we need to use transition words and how to, punctuation. texshelters 4 years ago from changed, Mesa, Arizona. Certainly, paying attention to transitions is important. However, when a writer uses a transitional phrase or word just because they should and not because it fits, the research software, writing can come out even worse. Virginia Kearney 4 years ago from United States. Good question aya. Changed Essay! Here are some ideas: On Saturday and thesis cv, Sunday; add another transition word like, Sometimes on the weekend; change the on to another transition word like During the weekend; switch your sentence around so that on the weekend comes at the end, such as We love to go sailing on nothingx27s changed, the weekend instead of On the weekend, we love to go sailing; and try a variation like Weekends.

Hope that helps! Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. How To Write Thesis Paper! Other product and nothingx27s, company names shown may be trademarks of thesis cv, their respective owners. HubPages ® is nothingx27s essay, a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. Persuasive Marriage! HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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Guide to the Carl Menger Papers, 1857-1985. Carl Menger was an nothingx27s changed economic theorist and write an apa, professor. Chiefly notebooks, notes, teaching materials, correspondence, biographical and nothingx27s essay, personal material, and printed material (7500 items, 10 lin. ft; dated 1857-1985), relating to marriage, Menger's academic career, 1867-1920. The bulk of the collection consists of Menger's notes and revisions on economic and theoretical topics, and on nothingx27s changed essay, his first major work, Grundsatze der Volkswirthschaftslehre.. Includes extensive material about money, the modern painter gold standard, and capital theory. Other topics include economic principles, jurisprudence, credit, property, philosophy, the changed nature of science, methodology, interest, research on political economy, and the classification of knowledge. Family papers relate to Anton and Max Menger.

Letters to Menger are primarily from colleagues of the Austrian school of economists, especially Eugen von Bohm-Bawerk, Johannes Conrad, Eugen von Philippovich, Emil Sax, and Friedrich Wieser, concerning professional matters. Other correspondents include Friedrich A. Paper Research? von Hayek, Ludwig von Mises, Oskar Morganstern, Richard Schuller, Joseph Alois Schumpeter, and nothingx27s, Knut Wicksell. The addition (02-220) (150 items, 0.40 linear ft.; dated 1855-1921 and n.d.) comprises letters, notes, postcards, and calling cards from Menger's brothers Anton and Max Menger as well as from distinguished Austrian, German, and other writers, artists, philosophers, jurists, historians, and politicians. Africa? Correspondents include Arthur Schnitzler, Henryk Sienkiewicz, Theodor Gomperz, Friedrich Jodl, Karl Kraus, and Otto Weininger. Materials in this accession are unprocessed. The Carl Menger Papers span the years 1857 to 1985. Although the collection includes material from Menger's early professional life as well as some items from his brothers, Anton and Max, and his son, Karl, it is primarily composed of manuscripts and correspondence, 1867-1920, relating to his mature academic career. The contents are extremely dense and complex; they are also essential to an understanding of the mind of Carl Menger.

Not only do the papers reflect Menger's mind, but they also document his own methods of essay, work. He was a copious note-taker and paper software, read voraciously. He kept bound notebooks with reflections and excerpts from his current reading, especially in the early years when he was constructing the Grundsatze. Nothingx27s? Later he made notes and revisions on loose sheets, having some of them copied into a clear hand, and on those sheets, too, he made revisions. Menger also wrote directly in the printed text. For example, his papers include two copies of the Grundsatze (a third similar copy is in the Hitotsubashi University Library with the rest of research software, Menger's library) with blank pages interleaved with pages of text. Changed Essay? In each of dissertation africa, these successively Menger made extensive notes and changes. Although it is frequently impossible to date his manuscripts precisely, one can get a sense of the development of his thought from this sort of changed essay, progression with the help in some cases of paper, holographic evidence. The collection has been organized into series which reflect both Menger's style of essay, work and irish civil war thesis, his major areas of nothingx27s, research.

The series include: research notebooks; manuscripts and notes on economic principles, money, and methodology; teaching materials; correspondence; biographical and personal materials; related family materials; miscellany; and printed matter. Menger's work on political economy and on the nature of his subject and its appropriate research method typify changes in irish civil war thesis, the intellectual frontier in fin-de-siecle Vienna, and Europe as a whole. Some of Menger's most explicit thoughts on these subjects are evident in his lecture notes. Although he taught for over thirty years, the collection contains only a small amount of material from this aspect of changed, his career. What one discerns from the lecture notes, however, is a personal sense of the teacher, and thesis cv, his high degree of moral commitment to his work. Menger clearly thought it important to articulate his thoughts on the distinction between political economy and changed, jurisprudence--since that was the paper research software faculty in which he taught--and the method and nothingx27s changed, aims of the discipline. The bulk of the collection consists of Menger's notes and revisions on economic and theoretical topics. The series on general economic principles contains material relating to his first major work, the Grundsatze der Volkswirthschaftslehre, which he published in 1871. Despite the lack of a full-length coherent manuscript for this book, his background work can be discerned from a set of extensive notebooks he kept. These contain extracts of works Menger read, as well as his reactions and reflections. The range of works shows familiarity with classical authors, particularly Aristotle and Plato, through to his own contemporaries.

He showed special interest in writers on law, political economy, and theories of knowledge, such as Grotius, Malthus, J. S. Research Software? Mill, Ricardo, J. B. Say, Roscher, Descartes, Francis Bacon, Locke, Kant, Fichte, Hegel, and Savigny. Many of the notebooks date from the late 1860s and thus, in the absence of more explicit information from Menger about his development, serve the function of intellectual diaries. Nothingx27s? Early versions of the actual manuscript of the Grundsatze exist in fragmentary form, mostly heavily revised. A table of contents, dated 1870, provides a useful comparison for later revisions and schemas. The collection contains extensive materials on the subjects of money, the capo da essay other painter paperback gold standard, and capital theory. The work on essay, money, which is some of the best ordered in the collection, Menger produced as an dissertation africa article for the second edition of the Handwrterbuch der Staatswissenschaften in 1990, with substantial revisions for nothingx27s, the third edition in 1909. Yet even after the latter edition, Menger continued to make changes and notations. His work on monetary reform grew out of an appointment to an Austrian state commission on currency and the use of a single or double bullion standard.

Newsclippings of the reports have been maintained in the printed matter series. Although not direct concerns in the Grundsatze, capital and interest received much attention from Menger, particularly in how to write paper, his refutation of his colleague Eugen Bohm-Bawerk's work of 1885, Geschichte und Kritik der Kapitalzinstheorien. Holographic evidence suggests that after dealing with this subject extensively in nothingx27s essay, the late 1880s, Menger did not return to it again until the second decade of the twentieth century, when he was no longer teaching. At that point he resumed his considerations of capital and interest but looked additionally at credit and property. The series in the collection which seems most opaque and less easily classified by subject deals with Menger's speculations and theories about the capo life painter goals and methods of research, specifically for political economy, and the classification of knowledge.

The appearance of the Untersuchungen uber die Methode der Socialwissenschaften, und der Politischen Oekonomie insbesondere in 1883 provoked sharp criticism from Gustav Schmoller, representing the younger German Historical School. Their dispute came to be known as the Methodenstreit. In the following year, Menger replied to nothingx27s changed, Schmoller with his Irrtimer des Historismus in der Deutschen Nationalokonomie. After this, Menger published no further major works, although he continued to produce articles and book reviews for many years. His notes and manuscripts indicate that his research came to an end only with his death. Menger's professional contacts with respected colleagues such as Emil Sax, Eugen Philippovich, and Bohm-Bawerk demonstrate that although he refused to publish further, he did not work in isolation. The incoming correspondence shows a lively exchange of information about university teaching and politics, news of the profession, and current research. Letters also refer frequently to works of others in the profession.

Few drafts of Menger's own letters exist in the collection. A large proportion of these seem to be addressed to Bohm-Bawerk. A majority of collections are stored off site and must be requested at least 2 full business days in advance for retrieval. Contact Rubenstein Library staff before visiting. Read More Collection is open for research. Researchers must register and agree to copyright and thesis cv, privacy laws before using this collection. All or portions of this collection may be housed off-site in Duke University's Library Service Center.

The library may require up to 48 hours to retrieve these materials for research use. Please contact Research Services staff before visiting the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book Manuscript Library to use this collection. The copyright interests in the papers of Carl Menger are reserved to his heirs under the provisions of U.S. copyright law (Title 17, U.S.C.). [Identification of item], Carl Menger Papers, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book Manuscript Library, Duke University. Contain excerpts from works on political economy, definitions of economic terms, philosophy, and the nature of science. Many entries are Menger's notes from readings, but approximately one-third are his own musings and reactions. Not all notebooks are dated, but they fall into changed essay, two periods, one in the late 1860s, the second in the 1910s. Arranged chronologically. Copious revisions of the Grundsatze (unpublished during Menger's lifetime), arranged according to topic in roughly the same order as presented in the first edition of the capo life modern other paperback Grundsatze; some notes from Karl Menger along with sections he chose to include in changed essay, the posthumous second edition of the Grundsatze.

Other topics covered extensively in this series are capital and interest, particularly in persuasive, relation to Bohm-Bawerk's theories, and ownership and property. Contains revisions to Menger's article on money in the second and third editions of the Handworterbuch der Staatswissenschaften. Changed Essay? This section is arranged roughly in persuasive marriage pro, the order of the second edition article. Where possible folders have been labeled to indicate where the material would belong in nothingx27s changed, either or both editions. Some of these manuscripts were used by africa Menger's son Karl in the second edition of the Grundsatze. Changed Essay? There are also several folders on monetary reform, especially from Mengers's service on an Austrian government commission to reform the essay on gay currency and evaluate its relation to bullion standards. Includes lecture notes from several semesters and one folder of essay, student papers on the term capital. Arranged chronologically. Notes and revisions for the Untersuchungen, material on da essay, the ensuing Methodenstreit, G. Changed Essay? Schmoller, and Menger's subsequent refutation, Irrtimer; notes for the article on the Klassifikation der Wissenschaften and material refuting Wundt; many general notes and partial manuscripts, apparently for a book on methodology and irish war thesis, the aims of research which would have included material on the inductive vs. Changed Essay? deductive method and the importance of theory in research.

Arranged topically. Contains letters to Carl Menger, predominantly from economist colleagues, especially E. Bohm-Bawerk, J. Conrad, E. Philippovich, E. Sax, and F. Wieser, concerning professional matters. Menger's drafts are in the minority; most seem to be to E. Bohm-Bawerk. Capo Da Essay Life Other? Several letters concern early professional matters, Menger's association with Rudolf, the crown prince of Austria, and his appointment at the University of Vienna. The series also includes letters to essay, Karl Menger from economists such as F. Hayek. L. Mises, O. Morgenstern, R. Schuller, J. Schumpeter, K. Wicksell, and R. Persuasive? Zuckerkandl.

They date primarily from the nothingx27s essay 1920s and 1930s, with a few dating from the 1960s to research software, the mid-1980s. Matters covered include Karl Menger's publication of the second edition of nothingx27s changed essay, his father's Grundsatze and his later work on the Austrian School. Contains a biographical sketch by F. Hayek which appeared in dissertation, volume one of the Collected Works of nothingx27s, Carl Menger (Series of Reprints of on gay marriage, Scarce Tracts in Economic and nothingx27s, Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, 1934) and various lists for a curriculum vitae of Menger. A valuable but short (48 leaves) diary which Menger kept from l875 to 1893/4 lists major events since his birth in 1840, but deals primarily with Menger's health, his appointments as a journalist, employment in the press section of the Austrian prime minister's office, his association with Crown Prince Rudolf, university politics, and civil, academic research. A folder contains notices of celebrations for Menger's seventieth and changed essay, seventy-fifth birthdays, and obituaries. There is one undated postcard/photograph of Menger and a friend fishing. Contains Railways and Financial Institutions, possibly associated with one of the Mengers; a tribute to Anton Menger by K. Granduberg; various articles by Anton Menger; a diary, 1861-70, and obituaries of Max Menger; an article by Karl Menger. Includes notes; bibliographical references on topics other than economics or methodology; and partial catalog of Carl Menger's library arranged alphabetically. Includes books and articles by Menger, many with his annotations; some proofs of items in press; reviews of Menger's works; articles sent to him by other authors; clippings on thesis cv, the Austrian university students' uprisings; and news clippings concerning articles by nothingx27s Menger and others. Carl Menger was born in 1840 in Neu Sandec, Galicia, of well-to-do titled parents.

His life followed a path typical for someone in a family of similar social and intellectual standing. Irish? His work as journalist, tutor to the crown prince, and professor marked his role as part of a flowering European intellectual elite. After attending Gymnasium, he matriculated at the universities of Vienna and Prague, leaving school in 1863 for a position on the staff of the Lemberger Zeitung. He continued to changed, hold a number of other reporting and editorial posts over the course of the next dozen years, ending with the Wiener Zeitung. Paper Research Software? The list of Menger's contributions to the press in later years attests to the ties he retained in this area. In the meantime, Menger received his doctorate in jurisprudence from the nothingx27s changed University of Cracow and began his work on political economy. Persuasive Marriage Pro? By 1871 he had begun the process of publication and simultaneously applied for full instatement on the law faculty at the University of Vienna. In his diary, Menger noted it was not without some difficulty that he achieved this goal in July of changed, 1872. For the next several years he taught finance and political economy to an increasing number of students, both in seminars and lectures, while also contributing to paper, the Wiener Zeitung. In the fall of essay, 1876, Menger was approached with a request to become tutor in political economy and statistics to the Crown Prince of Austria.

The ensuing association lasted until the thesis cv death of the prince in 1889 and brought the talented young economist in contact with politically and socially influential people throughout Europe and essay, England. He made two tours with Crown Prince Rudolf, one throughout Europe, and a second to capo da essay other painter paperback, the British Isles. Menger's contact with the prince lessened after their travels and after the prince had successfully completed his examinations, but from Menger's diary entries it is clear he continued to benefit from this royal association, particularly in the area of university appointments. With the exception of the short hiatus of a few semesters with the crown prince, Menger taught until 1903, when he retired early in order to devote himself entirely to research. He spent the majority of his professional academic career in Vienna, a city acknowledged as one of the premier cultural centers on the continent. His writings, like his background, are a window upon the mind and concerns of the late-nineteenth-century intellectual.

Far from having a focused and narrow concern with a particular aspect of economics, Menger sought to define the discipline and science of (non-mathematical) economics and to essay, place it within the broader context of intellectual inquiry. Although the last several decades of Menger's life may be quickly described as involved in teaching and research, comprehending the quality and quantity of his life's work presents a great challenge to contemporary researchers. Click to find related materials at Duke University Libraries. The papers of Carl Menger (1840-1921), economic theorist and professor, were donated to Duke University in 1987 by marriage pro his granddaughter, Eve L. Menger. Encoded by Alvin Pollock. The original order of essay, this collection is completely lost. Karl Menger had possession of the persuasive essay pro papers immediately after his father's death in 1921.

He used much of the material now in the series on economic principles and some of the material from the series on money for the publication of nothingx27s essay, a second edition of his father's best-known work, the Grundsatze der Volkswirthschaftslehre. A number of years later Friedrich v. Hayek ordered a number of the folders containing notes and paper, manuscripts. His numbers are visible on the outside upper left corner of a number of the essay hard-cover folders. From time to time he also made notes about the content of a particular folder, but none of irish, these notes is extensive. In the 1970s, Albert Zlabinger was permitted access to nothingx27s, some of the papers, primarily the material on money.

His careful work and notations allow for the reconstruction of the development of Menger's article on money for the Handwrterbuch der Staatswissenschaften, and its subsequent revisions. Carl Menger did not date all, or even most, of his work, and persuasive essay marriage, because he made frequent emendations to his own notes and text, dating is hazardous at best. Nothingx27s? For this reason, all loose manuscript material has been arranged topically. Paper Research Software? Almost all material belonging to a particular folder, however, has been kept together. Original folders have been retained. The only materials which lent themselves to nothingx27s changed essay, something approximating original order are the bound notebooks which Menger himself numbered. Correspondence has been arranged chronologically. The majority of the paper in this collection has an extremely high acid content, although it is not overly brittle.

Many sheets are crumpled badly, especially at the edges, but little text has been lost. All newspaper clippings have been photocopied on acid-free paper.