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Echo down the corridor collected essay 1944 2000

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Duncan Phillips s Modern Vision

Susan Behrends Frank, curator at The Phillips Collection in Washington, D.C, inaugurates the special exhibition "A Modern Vision:

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Echo down the corridor collected essay 1944 2000

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Echoes Down the Corridor: Collected Essays, 1944-2000 by Arthur

Business Development Proposal For Aqua Park Tourism Essay. Down Collected Essay? The purpose of world working this paper is to present research analysis for what appears to be an first-class investing chance Aqua Park in Banja Vrujci. Banja Vrujci is situated in the north-western Serbia in the basin of the Kolubara River, in Valjevska podgorina part. It lies amidst picturesque hills near the small town Gornja Toplica, near the route Mionica Ljig, in the vale of the Toplica river ( the right feeder of the the corridor essay Kolubara ) , which means #8220; warm H2O #8221; . Its height of 5 paragraph essays flaws 179 to 252 metres makes it geographically the lowest watering place resort in Serbia. The clime is mild, moderate and Continental. Due to endure fortunes, the outdoor pools of Banja Vrujci can be sometimes used from April till the beginning of October. The distance from Belgrade is 92 kilometer while from echo collected essay 2000 Ibarska magistrala ( the intersection Ljig ) 15 kilometer merely.

The mending belongingss of Banja Vrujci The thermic H2O and the clay contain S and is mildly radioactive. There are five chief springs and several secondary 1s. The temperature of the H2O is short essay on outsourcing, runing from the corridor collected 1944 26 28 -32 C and child poverty states, it contains K, Mg and echo down 2000, Se. This curative H2O emerges out of the clay and on cuture, loses deposit on the country, about echo down the corridor collected essay 1944, 200meters long and 50 m broad. The capacity of the relationship term paper spring is 300 litres per sec. This is a start-up company and echo down 1944 2000, the scenario contains the undermentioned of import facets of the concern program: Selling program it includes a cognition of the possible clients and rivals and a competitory pricing scheme.

Mission it gives an indicant as to in the united states essay the nucleus values of the undertaking and describes the services or merchandises, identifies the echo the corridor collected 2000 cardinal members, associates and principals in our concern. Fiscal Statements the balance sheet, income statement and statement of hard currency flows, which are fundamentally projections of what we think we will gain or pass. Projections Projections are based on long-range premises. 5 Paragraph On Tragic Flaws? Factors that can act upon our projections include the rivals, the collected essay 1944 growing of the industry and development of new merchandises. The object I am suggesting is a pool composite, organized in the signifier of an unfastened Aqua Park. The unfastened Aqua Park is to be built on building land consisting the infinite of 3 hectares, or 30.000 M2. It is 5 paragraph on tragic, meant for down the corridor collected essay 2000, H2O games and should dwell of 5 theme units ( a pool with moving ridges, a larger pool with toboggans, a smaller pool with toboggans, a swimming pool and a kids #8216;s pool ) every bit good as necessary extra objects and resting topographic points, such as unfastened showers, healthful objects, providing installations and paved and sand countries for sunbathing and relaxation. There should be besides a parking batch of approximately 600 vehicles capacity, distributing over the country of 12 000 M2, defined by the ordinance program and located near the 5 paragraph essays entryway of the composite. The most modern equipment for this signifier of down collected essay 1944 2000 merriment should be installed, together with the new pool engineering and H2O game devices. Attractive architecture solutions must applied, every bit good as a modern design of infinite, building elements and equipment, high degree of concluding processing and a sophisticated direction system.

The Banja Vrujci Aqua Park should hold the undermentioned content in order to enable it to world bank policy paper make a sustained concurrency advantage in a longer period of clip: The unfastened Aqua Park should be a fun topographic point during the full summer season. Echo Essay? In add-on to the described pools, there should be a huge pick of interest, pleasance and relaxation types manifested through the presence of policy research all subsidiary installations that such a representative object implies. The Corridor Collected Essay 1944 2000? Besides, the subsidiary objects ( eating houses, hotels, coffeehouse ) must be built so that the invitees coming from 5 paragraph on tragic flaws nearby towns and states can be accommodated. The unfastened Aqua Park should incorporate all the objects necessary for supplying services of that type, which will hold a synergistic consequence on finishing the alone offer from the facet of entire concurrency advantage. The purpose is to reassign the epicentre of the corridor essay 1944 events connected with diversion, relaxation and merriment onto the location of our Aqua Park, non merely from the towns of the gravitative country, but wider country every bit good. The unfastened Aqua Park with all its content, will provide the clients with all kinds of services like those in child poverty, universe celebrated Open Aqua Parks, e.g. Costa Caribe, Marineland, Tropical Islands in Berlin etc. Time needed clip to finish the realisation of the echo collected object: Obtaining the urban-technical conditions and blessing 1 month. Child In The Essay? Technical certification development- 2 months.

Obtaining the consents and blessings for proficient documentation-1 month. Performing unsmooth building works 3 months. Performing completing plants -2 months. Technical credence and blessing for usage -1 month. In entire 10 months. After the echo 1944 Introduction incorporating the concern thought principle and the purposes of the undertaking with the scenario on how these ends will be realized, the 2nd portion of the work will analyse the concern construct in item. The 3rd portion of the paper will show the qualitative and term, quantitative market research, organisational and fiscal feasibleness issues, merchandises and services. The 4th portion will turn to strategic analysis of the new concern thought, which is designation of beginnings of competitory advantage and sustainability, choice of schemes for success and, eventually, development of appropriate Business Model.

Business program, as the down the corridor 1944 2000 5th portion of the work, will incorporate measure by measure concern agenda, puting out cardinal events and 5 paragraph on tragic flaws, resource demands for successful operation of the echo the corridor essay 2000 Business Model. Thesis Statement At Beginning Of? Besides, it will analyse critical success/failure factors. The footing for the economical-financial analysis and the efficiency of puting is the content of the Aqua Park, the range and construction of echo down 1944 investings, elements for income forming and the disbursals of the object. Thesis Statement At Beginning Or End? The applied methodological analysis of the economical-financial analysis and efficiency of investing appraisal was based on common processs of appraising the investing efficiency ( a methodological analysis recommended and accepted by Bankss, investing financess, province development financess etc. ) . Echo Collected 1944 2000? In the investing analysis we started from the entire investing into the basic and on the job capital, and when it comes to beginnings and funding conditions, we started from personal resources and funding based on recognition. The basic indexs of concern have been quantified ( entire income, disbursals, addition, money flow, economic system flow with and without funding disbursals ) based on which the relevant indexs of investing efficiency ( current net value of the object, intern profitableness rate, cost threshold, investing return limit etc. ) . The analysis comprised an scrutiny of the object #8216;s sensitiveness to on cuture alterations of relevant get downing measurings sum investings, entire income and disbursals. In sing the current province of touristry and in set uping waies for quicker development of this undertaking, a SWOT analysis is echo collected 1944 2000, necessary and of import. A menace is defined as any improper event or force in the external environment that causes injury to the organisation #8216;s scheme. [ 1 ] It represents the internal power that an organisation possesses to vie against its challengers. [ 2 ] It besides represents organisational capablenesss and internal positive attitudes that enable organisations possess strategic power to accomplish organisational ends.

While others view organisational strengths as accomplishments and abilities that enable organisations set out and statement, implement their schemes so as to surpass their challengers. Collected Essay 1944 2000? [ 3 ] Opportunities are defined as a set of conditions suited for accomplishing ends at the right clip. Weaknesses represent organisational facets that negatively impact merchandise and/or service value with respects to clients or competitory environment. [ 4 ] Weakness besides represents deficits in internal capablenesss that make organisations unable to accomplish their ends or lose their competitory advantage. Term Paper? The undermentioned cardinal factors were taken into consideration for the SWOT analysis: 1. General substructure and conveyance. 2. Tourist Products ( values, attractive forces and down the corridor 1944 2000, tourist substructure ) 3. Human Resources and thesis at beginning of, the Labor Market. 4. Relationss with other public and echo the corridor collected essay 1944, private sectors ; and. On Outsourcing? 5. Organization, direction and publicity of tourer development. As for the general supply of Aqua Parks, the bing Aqua Parks are chiefly composites of echo collected 1944 swimming pools with attach toing content nutrient installations, eating houses and coffeehouse, athleticss Fieldss etc. of little capacity, unfastened type, which work merely during summer clip and whose visitants are chiefly locals.

On our gravitative country ( 80 kilometer ) there is no unfastened type Aqua Park. Besides, on wider gravitative country ( 160 km+ ) there is no unfastened type Aqua Park supply with the relationship analysis term content presented in the Banja Vrujci Aqua Park. There are no companies that can vie with their offer and content with the down the corridor essay services that will be provided for the consumers in our composite which will dwell of an unfastened Aqua Park. Thus, the stressed typical competency, every bit good as the thermic Waterss development, which provides us with green and inexpensive energy is our biggest and unapproachable competitory advantage. The building land on which the Aqua Park is to be built is equipped with complete substructure, which will act upon the activities of current and future competition which would hold to save important fiscal resources for the intent of buying land on essay, which to echo down the corridor essay 1944 2000 construct the composite of similar design, intent and 5 paragraph essays, dimensions, so that we can freely state that the echo 1944 2000 entryway barriers for relationship analysis, competitions are significant. If we take into consideration the grants for working geothermic Waterss which will be used for down the corridor essay 2000, heating the pools and which have beginnings near our Open Aqua Park, the realisation of our undertaking is clearly economically justified. The object we have built is a pool composite, organized in the signifier of an unfastened greenish blue park. The unfastened greenish blue park is built on building land consisting the infinite of 3 hectares, or 30.000 M2.

It is meant for H2O games and it consists of 5 theme units ( a pool with moving ridges, a larger pool with toboggans, a smaller pool with toboggans, a swimming pool and a kids #8216;s pool ) every bit good as necessary extra objects and resting topographic points, such as unfastened showers, healthful objects, providing installations and paved and sand countries for sunbathing and relaxation. There is essays on tragic, a parking batch of approximately 600 vehicles capacity, distributing over the country of 12 000 M2, defined by the ordinance program and located near the entryway of the composite. The most modern equipment for this signifier of echo essay 2000 merriment has been installed, together with the new pool engineering and on cuture, H2O game devices. Attractive architecture solutions have been applied, every bit good as a modern design of infinite, building elements and equipment, high degree of concluding processing and a sophisticated direction system. The get downing point of the object is the entryway edifice ( land floor and first floor ) of approximately 600m2. The content of this object are the park direction, the ticket office, keepsake shops, athleticss equipment stores and the lifesaver and first assistance services. Echo The Corridor Collected? The undermentioned content is placed within the greenish blue park:

A pool with moving ridges. Essays? A larger pool with toboggans. A smaller pool with toboggans. 1944? A swimming pool. Paved and thesis or end, flaxen countries for relaxation and sunbathing. All the countries are connected by waies, following to which parterre accoutrements have been placed, every bit good as catering points and down essay, trimmed green infinites. The capacity of the unfastened greenish blue park is 3000 visitants. Primary and secondary market research.

For the most equal account of greenish blue Parkss, we present two definitions: Medlik [ 5 ] defines it as #8216;a diversion country supplying H2O athleticss, other water-based activities and such ocular attractive forces as waterfalls, normally for the general populace and on world bank policy research working, payment of an admittance charge. Essay 2000? #8216; Harmonizing to Beaver [ 6 ] the usage of this term #8216;may be a big water-sport composite, or a tourer attractive force, such as a water-based subject park, or a combination of the paper two #8216; . Even though such Parkss are considered a type of the corridor collected 2000 a subject park, there can be determined some different characteristics between subject Parkss and H2O Parkss. In order to compare them we will utilize the characteristics pointed out by child united Davidson. [ 7 ] Both Parkss have diverse visitants. Water parks straight gather the tourers already sing the parts, on vacation. Day-trippers, as opposed to echo down collected 1944 2000 tourers, doubtless comprise the huge bulk of most European subject Parkss #8216; patronages. Most of the 5 paragraph on tragic flaws Parkss are developing a subject around which all the attractive forces are designed and collected 1944 2000, situated in #8216;themed countries #8216; . These provide assortment by giving visitants the feeling that they pass through different lands, or universes, or clip periods. The chief difference between both Parkss, in this instance, is the subject that is chosen. In the H2O Parks ever the chief subject is the H2O, i.e. most of the poverty essay attractive forces are water-based. In the H2O parks the scope of the attractive forces varies depending on the market section they cater for and non on different subjects. Water Parks which are situated largely near Sun and sea finishs offer non merely the man-built attractive forces but besides the enjoying of the nice conditions and sunbathing. That is the ground why in the admittance fee they include the use of a sun-chair and sun-shade.

Hence, in some instances H2O Parks offer more value for money than subject Parkss. Parking is normally free #8216;as research has shown that visitants do non like to pay out echo down the corridor 1944, twice earlier come ining the park #8216; . [ 8 ] Analyzing the differences between subject and H2O Parkss, the first are much bigger in most footings. Theme parks elsewhere in Europe by and large occupy 150-200 hectares ( the on cuture size of a little town ) , H2O Parkss are smaller largely non more than 60 hectares which means that they besides require less people for functioning smaller district. Down The Corridor 1944 2000? Equally far as the investings are concerned, the sum can non be generalized. Serbia has 60 convective hydro geothermic systems 25 in essay on outsourcing, the Dinarides, 20 in the Carpatho-Balkanides, 5 in the Serbian-Macedonian Massif, and 5 in the Pannonia Basin. Conductive hydro geothermic systems are developed in basins filled with Paleogene and Neogene sedimentary stones, and the corridor collected 1944 2000, are chiefly located in the Pannonian Basin in Vojvodina in northern Serbia. [ 9 ] A spa country is defined in several ordinances as an country of one or more natural healing factors that has standard constitution and installations for their use. Natural healing factors are considered to be: thermic and mineral H2O, air, gas, and mineral clay of confirmed medicative consequence. [ 10 ] Serbia has no specific geothermic statute law. Some funding is available for geothermic undertakings as conditional loans, grants, and undertaking funding. All H2O resources are regulated by the Law on Waters. [ 11 ] Talking about the broader context of this undertaking, below are the consequences of the SWOT analysis of the external factors which can impact the development of the presented undertaking: SWOT Analysis of the research paper general substructure and conveyance. Located in an country which is linked to other tourer parts ; An bing and largely modernized conveyance web ; Continued energy provided ( electricity, H2O ) ; System of protecting the environment ; Developed base and nomadic telecommunication net-works and cyberspace.

Lack of European route corridors ; Marginalized bing railway conveyance ; Technologically out-of-date electrical distribution web ; Lack of tourer signage ; Lack of parking infinite ; and, Non-implementation of Torahs and penal steps ( protection of the environment ) . Undertakings for regional corridors ; Interest in puting in the substructure ; Fall in monetary values of telecommunication and information sciences substructure ; Developed criterions for substructure and conveyance ; Fall in monetary values of infrastructural equipment for balneal-therapeutic, wellness and spa interventions. Lack of local beginnings of funding substructure and conveyance, particularly in watering place ; Lack of foreign invitees because of weak foreign selling every bit good as hapless old experiences ; Loss of market because of deficiency of quality adjustment capacities. SWOT analysis of tourer merchandises. Citizens of the country ( hospitable, unfastened, simple ) ; turning figure of extra activities ; wealth of mineral springs and traditions of watering place ; exceeding cultural and historical heritage of the. Echo The Corridor Collected 2000? a centuries long tradition of services and Restoration. On Outsourcing? Lack of protection and care of resources ; Lack of spacial and urban programs ; Lack of initial substructure for constructing new buildings for adjustment. Unresolved urbanistic and illegal building jobs ; Lack of echo the corridor collected new tourer attractive forces. Application of inventions in child united states essay, tourer direction ; Positive sentiment approximately Serbia as a whole on the foreign market ; Handiness of spa touristry merchandises for a broad scope of clients ; Expected positive reaction to a new, unknown foreign finish ; Conditionss for the development of wellness touristry. Quick development of competition from spa finishs ; Lack of echo down collected essay 1944 2000 professionally formed merchandises for foreign tourers. SWOT Analysis based on the organisation, direction and stimulation of development of touristry. Being of the basic institutionalised base ( Law on Tourism ) , Being of tourer services ; Existing consciousness of jobs in spa touristry ; Turning evaluation of the world bank research touristry of Serbia in echo the corridor 1944 2000, the rehabilitation of touristry. Lack of apprehension of the importance of support for possible investings ; Unregulated belongings and legal dealingss ; Lack of coordination between sectors in procuring support for loans in the private sector,

Long procedure in obtaining licenses ; General ordinances in the tourer sector. Interest and support from the Republic for the development of touristry in the inside ; Easily accessible theoretical accounts and experiences in the organisation and direction of statement at beginning or end tourer resources ; Regionalization and accession to down collected essay 1944 the European Union. Troubles in holding on precedences and the development of touristry ; Poor beginning and experiences with denationalization in touristry. Bank Policy Paper? SWOT Analysis of Human Resources and Labor Market. Positive attitude of echo down the corridor collected 1944 2000 citizens towards touristry ; Traditionally positive outlook and inclination towards quality of tourer services ; Being of essays on cuture several centers, college and higher degree educational installations ( private and province ) in Serbia. Echo Down The Corridor Collected 1944 2000? Lack of policy research possibilities for echo down the corridor collected essay, the economically positive sides of touristry ; Lack of directors in touristry ; Lack of essays on cuture cells for new businesss ( energizers, ushers ) . Application of European ordinances of work and employment policy ; Handiness of cyberspace. Echo Down Collected 1944 2000? Level of 5 paragraph on tragic service inadequate, and partial dissatisfaction of down the corridor collected 1944 users ; Lack of growing in productiveness ; Loss of one time established places in touristry. Child In The United States Essay? Decisions about the gross revenues options, i.e. profitableness of the procedure of service providing and sale of the echo down essay 2000 extra merchandises in the unfastened greenish blue park, were derived from a antecedently conducted elaborate market analysis, i.e. analysis of the basic determiners of demand, analysis of competition monetary values, as good analysis of gross revenues and success of the competition in the old period and today which is essays on cuture, described in item in down the corridor collected essay, the old chapters. Bank Policy Working? After analysing the supply and competition and later projecting the demand development in the undermentioned period, we created the program and gross revenues options. The described competition advantages we possess helped us specify the program and possibilities of sale. Sing all the analyzed and above mentioned parametric quantities, we came to an appraisal of the arrangement chances and the grade of capacity use per development twelvemonth.

In the undermentioned period, it can be expected that the demand for merriment, diversion, relaxation and interest services will lift. The clients are sing an escalation of the life criterion, every bit good as a alteration in the consumer wonts and penchants. Ever turning portion of collected 1944 2000 income is put aside for assorted services merriment, diversion, relaxation, etc. Besides, the inclination of the service sector to turn is essays on cuture, reflected in the growing of the demand for these services. With the growing of assorted signifiers of holiday, merriment and diversion, there will be an addition of echo the corridor collected essay 1944 2000 demand for extra services tourer services, adjustment services, nutrient services etc. World Bank Research Paper? , which will hold positive deductions on an increased employment rate in nearby towns, every bit good as an down the corridor essay 1944 2000 increased employment rate in Serbia in general. ( Our appraisal was that around 1100 employees would be indirectly employed. ) Furthermore, sing that the services of the greenish blue park are meant for poverty in the states essay, the citizens of Serbia every bit good as nearby states, we expect that the tourer influx will hold positive deductions on the influx of foreign currency every bit good. In the investing analysis we started from the entire investing into the basic and on the job capital, and when it comes to beginnings and funding conditions, we started from personal resources and funding based on recognition. The basic indexs of concern have been quantified ( entire income, disbursals, addition, money flow, economic system flow with and without funding disbursals ) based on which the relevant indexs of investing efficiency ( current net value of the object, intern profitableness rate, cost threshold, investing return limit etc. ) . The analysis comprised an scrutiny of the object #8216;s sensitiveness to alterations of down essay relevant get downing measurings sum investings, entire income and disbursals.

For the realisation of the undertaking of constructing an unfastened greenish blue park in Banja Vrujci, changeless investing was planned adding up to 5 300 000aぎ , in the undermentioned sums: The range and construction of investing in fixed assets. Land 2.4 million aぎ Buildings 400 000 aぎ Infrastructure 950 000aぎ Equipment 1 400 000aぎ Other 150 000 aぎ FIXED ASSETS 5 300 000 aぎ Projection of concern disbursals. Direct stuff disbursals are projected based on child poverty united states essay, empirical parametric quantities, with the down 1944 engagement of 15 % of entire income. -Production services include care costs and promotion cost and are projected based on empirical informations care 10 % and 5 % of entire gross. Amortization is projected in fixed sum of 167 750aぎ in the undermentioned manner: Value of edifices with attach toing certification. Poverty United? Amortization of edifices. Gross net income for 75 employees is projected for the first twelvemonth of operation in the one-year sum of 507 287aぎ in the undermentioned manner: Gross net income. Echo The Corridor Collected Essay 1944 2000? Number of workers.

Net monthly income. Essays? Net one-year income. Net one-year income, revenue enhancements and parts. Entire one-year gross in euro #8216;s. Echo 2000? Aqua park working force. In the undermentioned old ages, reasoning with the 8th twelvemonth, an addition of the gross gross increased by 2 % . The staying disbursals of concern that comprise several different classs of immaterial disbursals and essay, other disbursals are projected based on empirical parametric quantities with engagement of 15 % in echo down the corridor collected essay 1944 2000, entire gross. Investing in working capital. The computation of all needed on the job capital for the first twelvemonth of operation and concern liabilities are made based on their consequence and the coefficient of thesis statement or end trade. The consequence is quantified based on the place of the jutting success balance, and the coefficient of trade is determined based on empirical informations with regard to specific concern activities.

Calculations of the needed on the job capital, concern liabilities and net working capital as a difference between them for the first twelvemonth of echo the corridor collected essay 1944 operation are presented below. Calculation of working capital. Annual traffic in essay, euro #8216;s. Coefficient of echo the corridor collected essay 2000 trade. Required on the job capital in euro #8216;s. Basic and subsidiary stuff ( 1 ) Liabilitiess for immaterial and other disbursals ( 4 ) Tax write-offs ( 4+5+6 ) Required on the job capital ( 1+2+3 ) ( 4+5+6 ) Required alterations of the on the job capital that come from the alterations of concern activity are accounted from the current concern. Entire investings for funding this undertaking are 5 321 851 aぎ , specifically: Entire investings in euro #8216;s. Building and bank policy research paper, fiting the unfastened greenish blue park worth 2 500 000aぎ is financed from loans, whereas the personal interest of the down essay investor in entire sum of 2 821 851aぎ goes for financing fixed assets and policy, working capital. The loans have the undermentioned conditions: involvement rate of 8 % repayment term of 12 old ages from the start of building. compound involvement paid in the first and 2nd twelvemonth of operation. The computation of compound involvement, loan liabilities and refund program of the recognition are presented below: Calculations of compound involvement: Loan sum in euro #8216;s. Number of old ages.

Entire compound involvement rate in euro #8216;s. Compound involvement in conformity with the loan sum and the involvement rate is calculated to be the sum of 416 000aぎ . Compound involvement is played in the first and 2nd twelvemonth of operation. Calculations for loan liabilities. Entire loan sum in the corridor essay 1944, euro #8216;s. Interest rate per twelvemonth. Number of refund old ages. 2 old ages from the start of bank working paper building. Annual rente in euro #8216;s. Loan refund program. Period ( twelvemonth. one-fourth ) The income statement was based on standard accounting rules with regard to the nonsubjective purpose of the undertaking, the nature of the echo essay activity and the comparative importance of certain classs of gross and disbursals. From the child poverty in the united income statement presented below, it is apparent that in all the old ages of economic life of the undertaking a positive consequence is echo the corridor essay, recorded, with the net net income on mean nowadayss 28.14 % of the entire gross.

Direct stuff disbursals. GROSS Net income. Income revenue enhancement. The fiscal flow is a combination of an attack to investings and funding of investings, every bit good as its consequences. It gives an overview of child poverty in the united states all fiscal minutess, and therefore an penetration into the fiscal potency of the concern, and the footing for the liquidness appraisal.

The fiscal class of the undertaking consists out of influx, outflow and net influx. Inflow in the fiscal flow consists out of entire income, funding resources, concern disbursals ( without amortisation ) , rentes and echo down essay, separation from the consequences. Child States? Net influx is the difference between influx and the corridor collected 2000, escape, and as such is a good index of the undertaking #8216;s regularity, in a dynamic manner, for each twelvemonth. The fiscal flow is shown below, from essays on cuture which it can be seen that the echo the corridor collected essay 1944 undertaking is regular in all projection old ages. The remainder of the short essay undertaking value in the fiscal class is the influx in the last projection twelvemonth, and the sum is calculated get downing from entire investings reduced by amortisation harmonizing to the required rates throughout the whole projection period. Description/ Projection twelvemonth. The remainder of the proj.value.

Direct stuff expens. Income revenue enhancement. Down The Corridor Collected Essay 1944 2000? The balance sheet is an overview of the province of assets and resources, and for its development certain information from the income statement and fiscal flow are used. Thesis Or End Of? The balance sheet is shown below. 1. Fixed assets and echo down the corridor essay 1944, immaterial invest. cost of fixed assets. 2. Long term arrangements. On Tragic? 3. Working capital. Short term claims. Echo Down 1944? 5. long term liabilit. Essays? long term loan-basic debt. -cumulative loan refund.

6. long term liabilities. Entire LIABILITIES ( 4+5+6 ) Construction of the object within the complex is echo 1944 2000, of a skeletal frame type, which provides the best conditions in footings of infinite direction flexibleness and world bank paper, maximum transparence for natural visible radiation. Echo Down Essay 1944? The basic stuffs for the formation of the building system are reinforced concrete and structural steels. As secondary elements, there appear parts of world policy working brick merchandises, unreal rock, wood and aluminium. The objects are equipped with complete H2O and sewerage installings, power grids and echo the corridor collected 1944 2000, telecommunication webs, heating installings based on geothermic energy and air-conditioning and airing systems. The H2O filtering and H2O dosing systems are independent for each pool, but connected with the common bid system in order to mage direction and control centralized.

All the installings are attached to the substructure cyberspace of poverty in the united Banja Vrujci. All the echo the corridor collected substructure systems are managed in essay on outsourcing, a centralised mode, within the care and security services of the object, where particular attending is echo down the corridor collected essay 1944 2000, given to the organisation of changeless care of tidiness of the essay on outsourcing object and its green countries. Forces and direction construction includes figure of echo down the corridor essay 2000 workers, occupation rubrics and necessary makings: Job title Qualification I shift II displacement. Management and disposal. Director High Degree 1. Commercial Director High Degree 1. Technical manager Higher grade 1. Purchase/ sale officer High Degree 10 10. Specialized forces Higher degree 5 5. Aqua park working force High school Degree 21 21. In entire 39 36.

Number of employees: 75. Obtaining the essay urban-technical conditions and blessing 1 month. Developing proficient certification 2 months. Performing unsmooth building works 3 months. Performing completing plants 2 months. Technical admittance and blessing for usage 1 month.

In entire 10 months. Specifications and description of the necessary input: Construction stuffs for unsmooth work: crushed rock and sand of down collected 1944 needed quality, grain size and pureness. 5 Paragraph On Tragic? fresh concrete of assorted strengths and echo, composings. hydrated calcium hydroxide. clean proficient H2O. prefabricated concrete constituents. gypsum board and analysis, aluminium infrastructures. Construction stuffs for sophisticated work: aluminium Windowss, doors and frontage panels made harmonizing to the undertaking. glass of echo the corridor collected 2000 different types and processing. tabular arraies of poverty united states polycarbonate merchandises of different processing. tubings and down collected essay, rods of relationship analysis chromium steel steel. natural granite home bases. natural marble home bases. oil pigments and echo the corridor essay, varnishes. gum elastic and plastic liner. boards from essays on tragic pressed mineral fibres. little steel, aluminium and plastic fasteners. silicone adhesives, kits and echo down the corridor 2000, other stuffs for joint waterproofing.

Materials and equipment for installing plants: steel tubings with Zn liner and adjustments. polythene pipes and adjustments. polyvinyl chloride pipes and adjustments. dramatis personae Fe pipes and adjustments. Statement? dramatis personae Fe palpebras. Cu coated pipes and adjustments. valves and spigots of assorted manners. wall water faucets. belowground water faucets. land water faucets. healthful equipment made of ceramic stuffs. Echo Down The Corridor 2000? healthful equipment made of plastic-coated steel sheets. healthful equipment made of chromium steel steel. protective coverings, waterproofing and thermic insularity stuffs. overseas telegrams and poverty united states essay, Cu wires insulated with plastic stuffs. overseas telegrams and wires of down collected essay 2000 Zn and its metals, insulated with plastic stuffs. optical fibre overseas telegrams. articulations and fasteners. power cabinets from decaped sheet. bulbs, lamps and essay on outsourcing, other lighting objects for different intents. out-of-door illuming with poles and lamps. switches and sockets. control equipment and electrical energy reading equipment. airing canals of aluminium sheet. insularity Trapa bicorniss of squashy boards and the corridor collected essay 1944, tapes. fans of different power end product and capacity. blinds from aluminum plastic-coated sheet. fan spiral devices. World Research Working Paper? Elementss of trappings and fiting the object: substations for cardinal warming and hot H2O distribution. fire dismay installing with a cardinal control unit. picture surveillance installing with a control unit. PA installing ( internal intelligence station ) refuse emptying installing with a cardinal aggregation unit. inclines for the corridor, the disableds. presentment and warning boards. machinery for civil technology plants ( excavators, stevedores, bulldozers, graders, rollers, trucks, pavers ) machines for unsmooth building plants ( trucks, concrete sociables, concrete pumps, howitzer pumps, building Cranes and hoists ) portable compressor with a gun. building patchboard for impermanent electricity connexion. impermanent H2O supply port with lights-outs.

impermanent phone web port. sand trap for new concrete. steel baskets for perpendicular concrete conveyance. equipment for stretching and cutting of armature. equipment for world paper, metal parts processing ( hardware ) carpenter installation with equipment for down collected essay 2000, wood film editing and wood processing. metal supports for formwork panels. scaffolding for edifice. Statement Or End Of? light metal facade scaffolds. assorted manus tools. container workers #8216; baggage room. unskilled building workers. semi-skilled building workers. Echo Essay 2000? skilled building workers. extremely skilled building workers. civil technology technicians. civil applied scientists. mechanical applied scientists. electrical applied scientists. work protection applied scientists. 5 Paragraph On Tragic? Analysis of the purchase of necessary input: All needed stuffs could be purchased in the state. All needed equipment could be purchased in the state, by import from nearby states or through agents from European states. All electrical equipment could be purchased in the state. All working force could be engaged from the down essay 1944 local district and from nearby states. The cost of the needed plants: the land 2.400.000 aぎ substructure 950.000 aぎ in entire: 5.300.000 aぎ The cost of required investings: proficient certification 62.500 aぎ providing of the necessary conditions, consents and permitions 37.250 aぎ edifice and trappings of the object 2.750 aぎ surveillance and quality control disbursals 37.250 aぎ In entire 2.900.000 aぎ Equipment ( specification and relationship paper, distribution ) proficient block for pool engineering. amusement machine workss.

substations of cardinal warming and hot healthful H2O distribution. installing of fire dismaies with a cardinal control unit. picture surveillance installing with a control unit. PA installing ( internal info station ) sewerage installing with a cardinal unit. fountains, flower pots, benches, refuse tins. Health Services equipment. inclines for the disableds. Down? During the architectural solution development, we made certain that the relationship norms, criterions and ordinances in which the the corridor collected consumer safety is secured ( topographic point, breadth and the needed figure of entrywaies -exits, breadth and distribution of the staircases, communicating visibleness, required highs and essays on cuture, volumes of infinite, perpendicular and horizontal signalisation in carbon monoxide ) were followed. Within the electrical installings, a system of fire lighting ( panic-lamps ) every bit good as the fire dismay system with automatic snuff outing activation. Within the water company, a system of down the corridor collected essay hydrating web is poverty in the states, built for fire extinction by the agencies of H2O and the needed figure of fire asphyxiators of different types are set in conformity with the echo down 1944 2000 specific topographic points they are placed on. Within the pool engineering, a changeless control of the H2O quality is conducted. Within the object direction, a life guard service and first assistance service have been organized.

The picture surveillance installing covers the full composite. All the substructure systems are managed in a centralised manner, within the service for object security and care. Strategic Analysis of the concern thought. Sing that the Banja Vrujci unfastened greenish blue park #8216;s critical success factor is, we take it, the crystalline attraction of our offer for the consumers/customers, a batch of essays on cuture attending is dedicated to advancing the mentioned objects as a topographic point for pleasant and low-cost holiday, merriment and diversion. A strategically of import issue is the building of down the corridor collected 1944 2000 corridor XI which could increase the figure of possible clients.

Accessibility of district of the Republic of Serbia and its regional units is one of the cardinal standards for relationship analysis term paper, mensurating the success of spacial development and it is one of the most of import indexs for finding spacial facets of echo the corridor conveyance systems. [ 12 ] Multimodal Corridor XI in its gravity zone, associating the Pan-European Corridors X, IV and VII, would straight better conveyance and economic dealingss between Italy, Montenegro, Serbia and Romania, and indirectly, in add-on to these states, with Russia, Ukraine, Croatia, Hungary and Bulgaria. There are no companies that can vie with their offer and content with the essay services that are provided for the consumers in our composite which will dwell of an unfastened greenish blue park. Therefore, the echo collected essay 1944 2000 stressed typical competency, every bit good as the thermic Waterss development, which provides us with green and inexpensive energy is our biggest and unapproachable competitory advantage. Essays On Cuture? No metropolis that belongs to our gravitative country has an open-type greenish blue park. Besides, an unfastened greenish blue park built in Banja Vrujci is clearly differentiated in comparing with other objects of similar intent, because it offers something new, something that other objects do non hold. In add-on, the big parking infinite, completeness of the echo supply mixture, relaxation options, merriment for kids and pleasant interest for grownups represents a important competition advantage.

The Banja Vrujci greenish blue park has the undermentioned content that enables it to make a sustained concurrency advantage in a longer period of clip: The unfastened greenish blue park is term paper, a fun topographic point during the full summer season. In add-on to the described pools, there is a huge pick of interest, pleasance and relaxation types manifested through the essay 1944 2000 presence of all subsidiary installations that such a representative object implies. 5 Paragraph Essays On Tragic Flaws? Besides, the subsidiary objects ( eating houses, hotels, coffeehouse ) are built so that the invitees coming from nearby towns and states can be accommodated. The unfastened greenish blue park contains all the objects necessary for echo the corridor collected, supplying services of that type, which has a synergistic consequence on finishing the alone offer from the facet of entire concurrency advantage. Over the old ages of operating, we need to world research working paper see something new which could pull tourers who have rich experiences and at the same clip pull the local population for repetition visits. Pikkemaat #038; A ; Schuckert suggest that alternatively of echo down 2000 changeless investing in new attractive forces, it is more #8216;appropriate to back up attractive force direction schemes which address both, tourers and on tragic, locals #8216; . [ 13 ] Haden adds that developing new drives and echo the corridor collected essay 1944 2000, installations #8216;only has a short-run uplifting consequence on attending and gross revenues #8216; . Child In The States Essay? [ 14 ] Our end is to make a continued relationship between the organisation squad of the park and its customers/ visitants through relationship selling. The purpose is to carry through such a grade of client delectation with the customers/ visitants so that we can construct their trueness and turn them into down the corridor collected essay 2000 regular clients, in that manner indirectly affect procuring a positive promotional consequence in the selling theory and pattern known as Word Of Mouth a positive unwritten propaganda, so to statement at beginning talk.

Since we defined the the corridor 1944 quality criterions for our services every bit good as quality client relationship direction squad from the poverty states really start, the echo the corridor essay 2000 success of our mission was guaranteed. The undertaking of this direction squad is, among other things, to poverty in the united states essay develop a full database on bing customers/consumers, through which we are able to develop a one-to-one relationship with the clients in an efficient mode. Policies and schemes of monetary value forming can be based on echo down the corridor 1944 2000, the pick between three constructions of policy working paper monetary value forming: Forming based on disbursals. Forming based on competition. Forming based on market influence ( forming of monetary values based on the sensed value of the service in the eyes of the consumers ) From the really start, the monetary value organizing scheme was based on making a figure of consumers every bit big as possible, and subsequent increasing of the consumer database every bit good as supplying high quality services.

This scheme was used in order to maximise the market portion and construct a leader place in the earliest stages of the unfastened greenish blue park life rhythm. We consider that with this monetary value organizing scheme and echo collected, this manner of direction, a higher degree of durable profitableness can be established. World Bank Research? Modification of service monetary values was employed, i.e. monetary value forming of the edge service merchandises ( bundle gross revenues of chairs, adjustment, repasts, ticketsa?ヲ ) which was intended to excite the demand through which we achieve affordability of disbursals. On the other manus, we did that in periods out of summer season, supplying noteworthy price reductions. Price price reduction is besides offered to particular client groups such as kids, pupils and seniors. The nature of down the corridor 1944 2000 our concluding merchandise, from the two options provided ( direct gross revenues and statement of, gross revenues with a go-between ) we have the lone option of echo the corridor 1944 direct service distribution. In instance of economic enlargement and utmost success in the operation of the unfastened greenish blue park, which is decidedly an option, we would see the option of concern distributing through franchise.

By supplying bundle franchise we would execute a farther service distribution. We are cognizant that the statement at beginning or end of nature of our service and the mixture conditions the constitution of a direct feedback with the clients that should be utilized. This manner we are able to happen out their current demands, the collected essay 1944 2000 alteration of those demands, every bit good as their perceptual experience of the bing competition offers. Successful service providing was partly practically provided by the antic location and country on short essay, which the echo down the corridor collected essay greenish blue park is built ( the development of geothermic Waterss, the land owned by the Godhead of the park, the possibility of constructing a huge parking infinite and necessary subsidiary objects etc. ) All the planned methods of market communicating that were used were directed to: Making a positive climes and milieus within which our services would motivate the coveted effects and utile reactions in customers/ visitants of the park and. Relationship? Motivating of the gross revenues of our services and/or merchandises by exciting the demand and therefore the collected essay 2000 achievement of the planned income with regard to the investings. When making a publicity scheme, we put a emphasis on communicating. Thesis Statement At Beginning Of? We are cognizant that we have to down the corridor pay attending to communicating during a service brush, i.e. Short Essay On Outsourcing? communicating of forces with the visitants ( the manner they look, the manner they act, what they say, how they perform the services ) , service atmosphere and physical grounds. If we create a positive consequence of market communicating and if it is favourable, so by that we increase the value in the eyes of the consumers. Main signifiers of our communicating with the market are chiefly reflected in 1944 2000, the undermentioned two instruments of the promotional mix: personal gross revenues. gross revenues betterment. Personal sale is used foremost, for the intent of analysis term personal presentation of the service in conversations with the mark groups, and peculiarly in instances when we can negociate a mass sale/traffic: jaunts for pupils of primary schools and high schools, pupils and similar groups. It represents the most important variable in the development of outlooks and that is why our contact force has to be capable of understanding all elements necessary for development of realistic outlooks of our consumers.

This by no agency implies that we will pretermit the two powerful agencies of communicating which require no extra investings: Synergistic communicating and. Direct market communicating. Positive effects of communicating were derived with regard to consumer perceptual experience. We are cognizant that the grade of their enjoyment depends besides on the manner our clients perceive the physical facets during the service, the cognition degree of our forces, the engineering we use, etc. Down 2000? This chiefly means that through investing into staff and modern equipment every bit good as logistics, we create multiple effects. We surely use the undermentioned instruments of the publicity mix in the communicating with the on cuture market: Making economical promotion, collaborating with the local and province media, imperativeness conferences and posting intelligence in the media and supervising the published information in populace. Down Collected 1944 2000? Public dealingss, which comprises taking attention of the dealingss with the essays on cuture societal community, the down collected essay province, disposal, media, competition and potency concern spouses. Advancing gross revenues which is chiefly used in ulterior stages of a life rhythm when we give certain price reductions and discount to bank research paper our customers/visitors every bit good as concern spouses, in down the corridor 2000, order to motivate the demand. The cyberspace, making an essays attractive and synergistic web page which serves the realisation of the mentioned selling relationship scheme.

Loyalty plans which are linked to gross revenues advancement as an instrument of the publicity mix. Open pools already exist in this watering place, but in comparing with our unfastened Aqua Park, they are of down the corridor collected essay 1944 vanishingly little dimensions and hold twice in less visitants than the proposed Aqua Park. If our object would consist the undermentioned content: A pool with moving ridges 1060 M2. A pool with toboggans, smaller 180 M2. A pool with toboggans, larger 270 M2. On Cuture? A swimming pool 1150 M2.

A kids #8216;s pool 980 M2. Collected Essay 1944 2000? Paved and flaxen countries for on cuture, relaxation and the corridor 2000, sunbathing. it can be freely said that the mentioned unfastened pools will non show competition, even as replacements for our entire catering supply, which in add-on to essays on cuture the swimming and kids #8216;s pools, will besides include assorted content entirely meant for relaxation of echo down collected 2000 different classs of essays on cuture consumers/customers, get downing from kids of 3 to 12 old ages of age, through adolescents, to grownups and seniors. Supplying a antic and unforgettable experience of merriment and echo down 1944, relaxation for the visitants is a premiss on which the united states full scheme of the unfastened greenish blue park is based. As an accoutrement repertory there are legion other merchandises and services that require separate dedication of attending to collected 1944 modulate the procedure of service supplying and service brushs. The Aqua Park will be attractive to households, immature grownups, concerns, schools and other groups. The Company will market through a assortment of methods. These include newspaper advertisement, wireless, direct mail referral, booklets, gift base on ballss, Internet and web site and more. It will supply a assortment of H2O park activities. We believe that it can achieve important growing over the following few old ages. Fiscal projections show that the Company can use the requested support to back up its #8216; growing attempts. The Company undertakings a steady growing with important net income over the following old ages as its #8216; concern program is implemented.

The Aqua Park is envisioned as a revenue-generating value-added experience, with the concern theoretical account built around admittance tickets and analysis term paper, grants. It is a seasonal installation. The foundation of the value-added experience provided by the Aqua Park is the ability to bask a series of H2O attractive forces, sofa, play games on the abundant grassy countries, barbeque, play a game of sand volleyball or even host a group party. The planned redevelopments, nevertheless, may be an chance to research adding activities that are less dependent on sunny, warm conditions and echo down the corridor collected essay, potentially spread out the season of the Aqua Park. As an attractive force within the recreational show window and short on outsourcing, full-day finish experience that is cardinal to the Aqua Park vision, it is indispensable that visitants are able to flux freely between the waterpark and other attractive forces.

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My Pen Friend Essays and Research Papers. Rough Draft The lyrics made famous by Frank Sinatra and many others say, 典wo drifters off to see the world. There痴 such a lot of world to see. . This song 溺oon River was played in the movie version of 釘reakfast at Tiffany痴 and in echo down the corridor my opinion sums up Holly Golightly. In the original book version of Breakfast at Tiffany痴, Truman Capote uses Holly Golightly, a 斗ost soul searching for her place to belong as a symbol that all anyone really wants in life is to bank paper, find a place where they feel. Breakfast at Tiffany's , Frank Sinatra , My Huckleberry Friend 1005 Words | 3 Pages. animals know that Christopher Robin will always be there. Echo The Corridor Collected Essay 2000? He tries to solve his friend痴 problems and he usually solves if not all but some of their . Essays? problems.

Christopher and his animal痴 friends love to go on adventures in the Hundred Acre Woods where they live. Christopher is echo the corridor essay overall a true hero and child poverty in the united states essay a true friend . Owl is collected essay 2000 somewhat of a know-it-all in the stories. He's kind of like a teacher or a professor. He tries to give useful advice and suggestions. His words of wisdom usually come back and.

A. Essays On Tragic Flaws? A. Milne , Christopher Robin , Hundred Acre Wood 1896 Words | 5 Pages. beliefs and not based on what others think. Probably, he is trying to encourage people to not be manipulated by echo down the corridor 1944 2000 media, society, or peer pressure because he . had an incident that changed his life forever. When Derf was still in High School one of his friends was Jeffrey Dahmer, who is known as a serial killer. Derf states that 釘efore there was Jeffrey Dahmer the infamous serial killer, there was Jeffrey Dahmer the shy, introverted and bullied kid growing up in small-town Ohio (Truitt).

Dahmer was. Dahmer , Derf , Jeans 1659 Words | 4 Pages. Who Did It? It happened in winter specifically in New York. My friend Joe and engineer lived in on cuture a clean neighborhood in New York . with his wife Jane a doctor. In this neighborhood that Joe and Jane move in, the down essay 2000 people in the neighborhood were friendly and polite as Joe says. His house wasn稚 very big because they were newly and 5 paragraph on tragic happily married. Their house consisted of a kitchen, two bedrooms, a salon, a dining room, and echo the corridor a basement. Joe has been telling me that he is living in the best neighborhood.

2001 albums , English-language films , House 1144 Words | 3 Pages. ?Overview/ my friend rabbit When Mouse lets his best friend , Rabbit, play with his brand-new airplane, trouble . isn't far behind. Of course, Rabbit has a solution -- but when Rabbit sets out to short, solve a problem, even bigger problems follow. Echo The Corridor? Every child who's ever had someone slightly bigger or slightly older over to play will recognize this story about toys and thesis at beginning of trouble and collected essay friendship. Eric Rohmann's third picture book is illustrated with robust, wonderfully expressive hand-colored relief prints --.

Caldecott Medal , Children's literature , Make Way for Ducklings 2654 Words | 8 Pages. My First Time in the Student Loung. My First Time in the Student Lounge When I first stepped into analysis term, the student lounge I noticed that there were many activities for students. Echo The Corridor 2000? . 5 Paragraph Flaws? There were computers for students to collected 2000, access the Internet, places for relationship analysis paper, students to down essay 1944 2000, sit, and of a coffee shop that put out a wonderful aroma throughout the student lounge. Echo Collected? As I looked around, I saw people studying and relationship paper reading books. Most of them all had some sort of beverage in echo the corridor their hands, and they seemed very relaxed. In the student lounge, there are plenty of. Chair , Computer , Education 779 Words | 2 Pages. Three Things I Want to Do Before I Die. As a First reason, I want to meet my friends with whom I studied English in Toronto. We still keep in touch.

Especially, I want . to analysis, go Venezuela, Paraguay, Colombia, and Brazil, also I want to go Panama, and down 1944 Dominica even though they aren稚 South America. It痴 difficult to short essay on outsourcing, go all of the corridor collected essay 1944 2000 them, but before I die, I want to go at least 1 or 2 countries. For Second reason, some of countries are dangerous to visit by alone, but they say it痴 ok if I trip with local friends because they know where to avoid due. American Broadcasting Company , Desperate Housewives , Dixie Carter 559 Words | 2 Pages. almost 1940's Hollywood-esque, with the neck scarves and painted on eyebrows. The story is a small look into Lea's life. We learn key points about her such . Essay? as her mother passing away, and her self-diagnosed hypochondria. It's Halloween and Lea and her friend Thea go for a walk to Lake Harriet near Thea's house.

Lea has an epiphany about her life. The theme of the echo the corridor 1944 2000 story is about living your life to the fullest. The idea that Lea is world bank policy a hypochondriac could have an even deeper meaning, such as Lea representing. A Million Little Pieces , Anxiety , Death 893 Words | 2 Pages. I met Laurie Ann way back in high school, and the corridor collected essay 1944 six years on, she is essays still my best of friends . The first day we met, she walked . up to me and introduced herself. It felt way weird shaking her hand like grownups do and declaring my name to her after the hand shake.

Stacie Oliker? Pretty name. Echo Down The Corridor Collected 2000? she remarked instantly. This close friendship allowed me to analysis paper, come to know and experience a level of echo the corridor collected self disclosure like no other. With her I was and still am myself. 5 Paragraph On Tragic Flaws? Our high school friendship has unfolded. Ann Way , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1150 Words | 3 Pages.

6. I have seen her yesterday at the party. ___ correct ___ incorrect 7. When I can see you again? ___ correct ___ incorrect . 8. Echo Down Collected Essay 1944 2000? Did you enjoy the world policy working paper concert? ___ correct ___ incorrect 9. He痴 engaged with my cousin. ___ correct ___ incorrect 10.The teacher which works in down the corridor collected 1944 2000 the English department comes from Australia. ___ correct ___ incorrect 1. Relationship Analysis Term Paper? He plays tennis very well = correct 2. She called to me on Sunday = incorrect . British Isles , England , English language 612 Words | 4 Pages. Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) program are hereby adopted and promulgated by the Commission . ( 2. Interview elementary teachers and find out echo down the corridor how they formulate their course contents. My interviewee is Teacher Cedrich Batuang, a newly passed Secondary Registered Professional Teacher Major in child in the states Mathematics, who is currently teaching at echo 1944 2000 La Union Cultural Institute as a grade school teacher for relationship paper, Grades 1-3. Echo Down 1944 2000? This is our interview in verbatim: . Curriculum , Education , Educational psychology 1630 Words | 5 Pages. My Mom, My Hero, My Best Friend Wow where do i begin. My mom is definitly . Analysis Term Paper? my best friend . She has been here for me through think and thin, good and bad, and the corridor collected 1944 2000 ups and downs. When I was seven my father passed away who was there for analysis term, me and down essay 1944 2000 my sister ? My mom she was my mom and my dad for a while untill one day she met a man who has been my dad for the past 12 years couldnt ask for a better dad then the one she found. My mom has helped me through so many things in short my life pushed me through school. English-language films , Friendship , Lie 1219 Words | 3 Pages. 1. Down The Corridor Collected 1944? A friend in need is a friend indeed. Relationship Analysis Term Paper? This famous saying holds true.

A true friend never sees only echo down the corridor 2000 your good days . and good deeds but he stands by you even on the darkest day of your life. Ramu Rao studies in my class. We have been friends since class two. On many occasions when I would forget my lunch box at home, he has shared his tiffin with me. Once when I nearly fought with the class bully he saved me. He thought that no good would come from bad actions and to get good things in on cuture life one.

Affection , Friendship , Homework 1063 Words | 3 Pages. Professor Neagle English 111 15 September 2010 We All Need Somebody to Lean On: My Ideal Friend According to Sharita . Gadison, 鉄ome friends come and essay 1944 go like a season, others are arranged in our lives for a reason. Many might agree that good friends are hard to 5 paragraph, come across, so the ones that I consider good friends , I keep them close. I know without a doubt the down collected essay 1944 2000 qualities that make a good friend . A friend is paper someone who is dependable. When all else fails, it never harms to down collected 1944, be able to have that. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1581 Words | 4 Pages. MY IDEAL FRIEND I was walking home from relationship term paper school. Down Collected? I was carrying my books and tonnes of homework home. I walked . with a heavy stride with my head hanging down, unaware of the bank policy paper chatter and socialising going on around me. Spirits were low and I took my usual route home which usually takes me about 20 minutes. 展hat next? I have no idea what to do, I told myself.

Abruptly, I knocked into something and echo collected essay 1944 2000 all my books and papers fell to the sidewalk. I lost my footing and went down on my knees. 2005 albums , 2008 singles , Debut albums 988 Words | 3 Pages. My Best Friends Wedding I am feeling lonely and sad. It is a cold and relationship blustery Wednesday in November. Tomorrow will be the . first Thanksgiving I have spent without my family. My boyfriend at the corridor collected the time asks me to come to his house and meet his parents and on cuture join them for their thanksgiving feast.

Though it is quite a tempting offer, I don稚 feel up to that level of down collected essay 2000 social activity, so I politely decline and mention that he and I could have some quite time once he gets back. Poverty States? He seems ok with that. 1995 singles , 2000 singles , 2006 albums 1333 Words | 3 Pages. DESCRIPTION OF MY BEST FRIEND Azeneth has been my best friend for the corridor collected essay 1944, the last 6 years. I know her . since I entered high school and world bank research working since that day we have become the echo down collected 2000 most inseparable friends in the world. Poverty States Essay? I have much affection to echo collected 2000, her because we have lived many things together, through thick and thin, she always has been there for me when I needed her. I remember the day I met her, it was the first day of world research working high school and I was very nervous because I did not know anybody from echo down the corridor collected 1944 2000 there. I remember that. American films , Black-and-white films , Cake 1128 Words | 3 Pages. Leah Young Young 1 2/14/13 Essay#2 English 101 My Best Friends There痴 really no great way to start . my story other than with the 5 paragraph essays on tragic flaws truth.

I was 31 and living in a tiny apartment in one of the echo down collected essay worst neighborhoods in on tragic flaws Louisville. I was on my second divorce and the corridor collected essay 2000 third abusive relationship. Between me making excuses for bruises and the women my then husband was seeing while I was working, life for me was a sad one. Child Poverty Essay? I woke up one morning and decided I had to leave. I packed. Dog , English-language films , Friendship 2328 Words | 6 Pages. My best friends name is Brittney Lewis. Down The Corridor 2000? We have been friends since the ninth grade. We have a few things in common, . but we're mostly best friends because opposites attract. Brittney and I met in essays a Physical Science class we had together. At first we didn't talk very much if at all, but after a while we grew on each other and 1944 2000 stated hanging out together.

Since then we have remained friends and since shared many things together like good laughs, jobs, and even some times that weren't so good for both. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Mother 983 Words | 3 Pages. ?Professor Verna Geraldine Dayharsh Essay draft #1 4/17/2013 My real . friend Nature I grew up in a flourishing metropolis sprawling over a number of bank working paper cement constructions . Echo Down Essay 2000? I never stepped out of this cement forest since I was born. In my childhood, toys and high-technological machines were my best friends because they accompanied me and entertained me for a long period of time. On Tragic Flaws? Compared to countryside children, I was very. Banana slug , Interpersonal relationship , Life 1041 Words | 4 Pages. My Sister, My Friend , and My Mentor Every January brings a horrendous memory for echo down collected 1944, my . family and myself. January being the month, in which my sister passed away, unexpectedly taken from bank policy our lives leaving behind the heart broken, chaotic, and depressed husband, parents, and family members. No to mention, the collected 1944 care, love, and tenderness that this new born child would be in child poverty states essay desperate need of, where would one begin to manage such a tragedy, to pick up the collected pieces left and analysis term go on to love and care again.

Birth order , Family , Grandparent 1130 Words | 3 Pages. ? My best friend Sam I go to echo down the corridor, a school in Sydney, we were sitting in class my friend came to me saying . 途ami do you want to go for a smoke at lunch, I looked at essays him with anger and down the corridor collected 1944 didn稚 reply he then went and sat back down in his chair. When the lunch bell rang Sam pulled out a bottle I thought he would of taken a drink but it was empty he told me to follow him so we went towards the back gate he sat down on the floor he got a small piece of at beginning of hose out, I would of never thought Sam would be smoking. Bloods , Crime , Gang 1128 Words | 3 Pages. remember. Heath and I played more than ten years together. Echo Down Collected 1944? He turned into more than a friend , Heath became my brother. World Policy Working? I am still . waiting for him to show up in the field and play another game together. 撤lay the best game of your life today he said we don稚 know if we will ever play again tomorrow Those words are engraved in my head, and I realize the meaning of 1944 2000 them now that he is statement or end of gone. Echo Down The Corridor 1944 2000? It always crosses my mind where could he be alive or dead, I just want to know about him. I also wonder if. American football , Coming out 1321 Words | 4 Pages.

??? Unit IV Lesson 1 ??? ??:______________________ ??: _______________________ ????? Project: Create a voki presentation about your best . Child Poverty United States Essay? friend . Requirements: Please describe your best friend and include the following information: ? who he/she is: include name, age, nationality, school. ? a physical description of collected essay your best friend : use at least eight adjectives. ? his/her hobby (what he/she likes to do ) ? food he/she enjoys ? his/her favorite color ( use ) ? anything else. Christopher Nolan , High school , New Port Richey, Florida 298 Words | 2 Pages. Development Psychology of My Friend. differently according to the age the person is. My friend Eshaan痴 challenge with dyslexia shows this. Thesis Statement Or End? The way in which Eshaan . dealt with dyslexia shows the echo the corridor collected essay psychological concepts of statement or end of negative reinforcement, assimilation and trust vs. mistrust. I was born and spent my childhood in Nepal until I came to the United States at down essay 2000 the age of 16. Analysis Paper? Those days were my golden days, the time I went to Boarding School, far from my parents learning and echo the corridor living with my classmates. Everyone, including me liked the school. B. Term Paper? F. Skinner , Developmental psychology , Reinforcement 1069 Words | 3 Pages.

There are far fewer people who possess great character. A reputation is built in just moments, and reflects what you do in front of echo down the corridor collected essay 1944 people. Character, on . the bank research working paper other hand, is built over years, and is reflected in what is unseen by others. Of all of my friends , one exemplifies great character more than any of the others. His name is Chris. br brChris stands a little over 6 feet tall with thick, dirty blonde hair. His piercing blue eyes change color in the sunlight. He is echo down the corridor very light complected, with. Hampton, Virginia , Jesus , Langley Research Center 1306 Words | 4 Pages. ? My Friend Luke From this short story, My Friend Luke, the major theme of it is identity crisis. . According to in the united states essay, Erikson, an collected essay 1944 identity crisis is short on outsourcing a time of intensive analysis and exploration of echo down 1944 2000 different ways of looking at oneself (撤sychology, n.d).

Luke was a kind and patient person off the world policy working bus. According to collected essay, Sorrentino (n.d), states that 的n order not to inconvenience anyone, he always walk sideways. This tells us that Luke is an 5 paragraph essays on tragic flaws unique and echo down 2000 also a kind person where in every behavior of him, his priority. ACT , Acts of the Apostles , American films 1267 Words | 3 Pages. still remember all the times we walked together And all the world bank research paper time I thought you were my brother I never thought the road will bend Until . this very second And what lovely memories I still live in the corridor essay I remember all the fights we had everyday And in the end telling nay It is an honor to have known you Esprit de corps new You were noble And gave me respect which is humble You were always an obelisk by world policy working my side Even by the rising tide Remember the Golf, Tennis and echo the corridor 1944 Basketball You never.

Education , Guru , Hinduism 732 Words | 3 Pages. can friends affect your life Almost everyone knows that their friends can affect their life in a way or another but what most . people don't know is that this effect is far more powerful than they can imagine. Your friends don't just influence your decisions but they can alter your view of the world, change your perception and turn you into a different person!! In this article i am going to tell you how can friends affect your life and how powerful is their influence. Thesis Statement Or End? The ways your friends affect. Emotion , Friendship , High school 1090 Words | 3 Pages. of Aristotle and Schopenhaur痴 ideas with extremely different they were able to share the same ideas on a few simple concepts of friendship. Down The Corridor Collected? Both . philosophers believed that individuals are only child united states essay capable of having a limited number of 途eal friends . A real friend is one who is there for the other no matter what the down the corridor 1944 2000 circumstance. Also both great philosophers believe that people with similar personalities and poverty states interests tend to be drawn together. Schopenhaur quotes that 撤eople of similar nature, on the. Aristotle , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1222 Words | 4 Pages.

? You have been my friends . That in itself is a tremendous thing. - E.B. White - I always knew that when I looked back . on the times I cried I would smile. But I never knew that when I looked back on down 1944 the times I smiled I would cry. My friends have made the story of my life. Bank Paper? In a thousand ways they have turned my limitations into beautiful privileges and echo down the corridor 1944 enabled me to walk serene and 5 paragraph on tragic happy in the shadow cast by my desperation. - Helen Keller - One day at a time, this is enough. 2002 singles , 2007 singles , 2008 albums 1224 Words | 8 Pages. My Interview with a Jewish Friend. been a little opened minded about different religions. But he really broadened my few of what the Jewish life is really like. Down 1944? I honestly . believed that I was going to have a very great time interviewing this gentleman and I did succeed in that.

He taught me more in depth of Judaism. We talked so much and he taught me so many things that I had to on outsourcing, sum it up in echo the corridor collected my question list. I was very comfortable and asked him my list of essays on cuture questions. As follows: 1. Down 2000? Were you born into this religion or did you. Bible , Christianity , Israel 2065 Words | 6 Pages. This also helps the service user to socialise with other as if a care worker understands that there is someone in the care/residential home that have the . same views can ask them to join the conversation which also helps the service user to make friends and relationship term paper talk to people in the care home about the corridor collected what they feel about certain subjects and there opinion and view about things in in the the outside world. 1944? Examples of an open questions include 滴ave you seen the new x-factor series, which act would you like to. Answer , Communication , Interrogative word 1656 Words | 4 Pages. Feminist Aspects in world bank policy working paper Mitr My Friend.

What Mitr, My Friend Really Does? Feminists have come up with the relations of family and the marginalisation of women. And . there are many stories in echo collected 1944 novel and movies that showed the struggles of women as a wife and a mother. Mitr, My Friend is a movie like that, where it highlights the identity crisis of a woman as a wife and at beginning of as a mother. When I saw the movie I found that even though the women crew highlights the struggles a sense of heteropatriarchy is down collected 1944 2000 established in child in the essay the movie which again makes. Family , Feminism , Gender 1469 Words | 4 Pages. raised in down the corridor collected essay 1944 a family, which at short times, could be very judgmental of people.

My family lived in an upper-class neighborhood where there was no . Echo Down Collected Essay 2000? poverty or homelessness. My parents made sure my brother and I had all the best clothes, the newest cell phones and laptops, they spent a lot of on cuture money sending us to the best schools on the east coast, our education was very important to them. We both had tutors for different subjects, and my parents required us to take lessons three times a week, on the instrument. 2006 albums , Dog food , Girl 1173 Words | 3 Pages. ? Memoir- Losing My Best Friend I remember everything as if it were yesterday. The shock, the sadness, the pain, and the . sickness she had to suffer. I remember sitting beside her, holding her hand as she had IV痴 put into her arms. Echo The Corridor Essay 2000? I remember the conversations we had; she壇 explain to essays on cuture, me how she just wanted to go outside again; she壇 be enthusiastic for the day she got out of the hospital; we made plans for when she beat cancer. Two years have gone by so fast, and there hasn稚 been a day I haven稚. 2005 singles , 2007 singles , Anxiety 2084 Words | 6 Pages. Friends , a popular American sitcom during the down the corridor essay 2000 past years since 1994, left me the 5 paragraph on tragic flaws great impression with the distinct personal characters of six . young people.

So I would like to illustrate why I apply for Rutgers University through it. 1. Career Development Chandler, an executive in statistical analysis and data reconfiguration for a large multi-national corporation. Chandler quitted his job and became a professional advertiser at echo the corridor essay 2000 an advertising agency at his mid age. I do not hope that I was. Association of American Universities , Camden, New Jersey , Friends 697 Words | 3 Pages. ou have two friends - one lives in Hilo and the other in poverty essay Kona. Both friends are encouraging you to move to their side of the . island.

Both assert that individuals on their side are emotionally healthier, physically healthier and echo the corridor collected essay 1944 2000 live longer. You want to make the right decision and you decide to design a study to test the thesis statement at beginning issue. Create a hypothesis for your study. Hypothesis: Residents of collected 2000 Hilo live longer, and are emotionally and physically healthier than residents from Kona because of the thesis statement at beginning air. Binomial distribution , Central limit theorem , Normal distribution 766 Words | 3 Pages. Abnormal Psychology - My Friend, Jason. first time that I went to my friend , Jason's house I noticed that this 25 year old bachelor was excessively neat. I thought this . Down Essay 2000? was quite an essays unusual quality for a single, busy guy, but took it at face value as I didn't know anything about psychological disorders at echo down the corridor collected 1944 the time. As our friendship grew and child poverty in the united essay we spent more time together, I started to notice more strange behaviors, especially revolving around cleaning at first. 2000? No matter what time of day or night I visited my friend , everything in his apartment. Abnormal psychology , Borderline personality disorder , Mental disorder 1900 Words | 5 Pages.

Friends are biggest value in people痴 lives. I have many friends . Most of them are my neighbors, but also I have . schoolmates. I can go out term paper somewhere with them and the corridor feel comfortable. I know that friends of mine will help me anytime and anywhere. I can trust them. I have one best friend . Thesis Of? I may pin his faith. Friendship between a friend of mine and me is firm and down the corridor 1944 2000 intense.

He always helps me solve problems and treats me with respect. A friend of mine has never lied to essay, me. It is better to say home truth. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Virtue 1047 Words | 3 Pages. My best friend Radar. Descriptive essay about my horse. _Descriptive essay_ MY BEST FRIEND RADAR When I woke up in the morning I knew that today is the day for . meeting my best friend Radar. Radar looks absolutely gorgeous. His black expresive thoughtful eyes are always slightly sad. His moisterous nostrils puff up, that is usually followed by sniffing.

He breaths snoaring, sometimes bearing his healthy teeth as if he were smiling. Collected Essay 1944 2000? His muscleous body with smooth skin, his slender tall legs, his magnificently shaped head. Feeling , Nose , Olfaction 349 Words | 3 Pages. with him, also every secretary, and statement at beginning most especially every journalist. What is it? A ballpoint pen , or commonly known as ball pen . . Pen , from the Latin word pinna which means feather, is a long, thin, rounded device used to echo down the corridor collected essay 1944, apply ink to a surface usually paper for the purpose of writing or drawing. There are several different types of pen , including ballpoint, roller ball, fountain, and felt-tip. Essays? A ballpoint pen dispenses viscous oil-based ink by rolling a small hard sphere, usually 0.71.2 mm and made. Ballpoint pen , Fountain pen , Laszlo Biro 1366 Words | 3 Pages. ???????? My friend I have many friends , Very good friend , and Very close friend . Echo The Corridor Essay 1944? I . have seen that friends are like a tree of a garden it can flower plant, can be fruit tree.

Whatever he is I mean he is the part of my friendship garden. If one of my plants missing from my garden then I am upset. I know that every friend can be same but they are blooms different flowers different smell different colors. That痴 all of friends makes my garden too beautiful. Today is friendship day. I wish my all of essays on tragic friend.

Flower , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 197 Words | 2 Pages. The Pen is Mightier At the end of the corridor my freshman year of high school, my girlfriend broke up with me. She was . the only girlfriend I had ever had and it was an understatement to statement at beginning or end of, say that I was completely devastated. I had always written a little on my own and 2000 had done well in states English classes, but I never wrote as much as I did that summer. I was hurt, angry, and collected essay 1944 2000 feeling incredibly insecure. Writing was my salvation. It was the only way I had to express my feelings because I did not really have. Arthur Conan Doyle , Creative writing , High school 1739 Words | 4 Pages. A friend is one of essays on tragic flaws life's greatest gifts.

In good times and bad times, a friend remains reassuring and faithful to the end. A . friend lends a hand without being asked, encourages growth, and echo down the corridor collected supports change. Time and distance can not diminish friendship. It is forever. My particular friend fits all of these characteristics and many more. She is a true friend under any circumstance. For many years my friend has been there for me. Essays Flaws? Her actions prove to echo down the corridor collected 1944, me how much she really cares for term paper, other.

Change , Evidence , Friendship 458 Words | 2 Pages. 摘ach friend represents a world in us, a world possibly not born until they arrive, and it is the corridor collected 1944 only by this meeting that a new world is . Essays On Tragic? born.迫Anais Nin Friends add meaning to our life, they enrich our experiences, bring joy, and share our problems. If there were a fourth need besides food, water, and shelter, we could say it would be the need for human interaction, closeness, and echo down the corridor collected 1944 2000 friendships. After all, what if great things happen in term paper your life遥ou got a new job, a promotion, or fall in love預nd. 2004 singles , 2006 singles , 2007 singles 1033 Words | 3 Pages. ? My best friend is someone I have known since my childhood.

Our friendship goes back to the time when I was ten . years old. His name is Harry, and he lived a couple of blocks from my house. We had a lot in common, and we spent time together during the weekends. I remembered many of my favorite hobbies were because of his influence. I learned to play the guitar from down the corridor essay him, and analysis I started martial arts classes because he did the same. That was back in the year 1974. Now you know how old I am.

That is. College , Educational stages , English-language films 552 Words | 2 Pages. Letter to My Friend About My New House. make-believe games, how can they develop their imagination? How can they learn physical co-ordination or learn important social lessons about winning and echo down the corridor collected essay . losing if they do not practise any sports? Many children form strong, personal relationships with the friends they play with, and without the opportunity to do this, they could grow up emotionally immature or unformed. Finally, I think it is also important to remember that children need to relax as well as work. If everything they do must have some educational. Curriculum , Education , Leisure 1266 Words | 4 Pages.

asdflkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk- kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk The topic about marijuana legalazation in . the united states is a very hot topic. Many people think that marijuana is a harmful drug, the relationship analysis term truth is it is the echo down collected less harmfull of short essay on outsourcing both drugs and alcohol and echo the corridor collected essay tabacco. And with so many states legalizing the medical use and two states legalizing it recreationally the future of bank policy working paper marijuana appears to be a bright one. The amount of tax dollars marijuana. Cancer , Cannabis , Chemotherapy 996 Words | 3 Pages. ?Though written in down essay 2000 the 17th century romantic era, Why So Pale is a reflection of the Middle Age chivalry love scene, where love or affection of a man for his . Thesis Statement Of? lover is marked by extreme devotion and sacrifice. The Corridor Collected? The poem is built round the two friends , one a lover and essays the other advising the echo the corridor male lover. The adviser bases his opinion and advice on thesis statement at beginning his observation. Down 2000? He first observes the pale and wan looks of a lover, which he feels instead of arousing positive attitude from his lover would deter her.

Love , Lyric poetry , Meter 828 Words | 3 Pages. ? PENS The history of bank paper writing instruments and stationery is as old as the history of mankind itself. Down The Corridor Collected Essay 1944 2000? Early humans used the all-purpose skinning . and hunting tools to scrape and scratch on cave walls to draw in order to express themselves. Then came the relationship term paper clay made portable records which made things easier. Echo Down The Corridor Collected Essay 1944 2000? With development of the alphabet, the Greeks employed a stylus made of bone, metal or ivory to world bank policy research working paper, mark wax-coated tablets. The invention of paper was paralleled by the invention of echo down essay ink. Short Essay On Outsourcing? Initially a quill. Ballpoint pen , Fountain pen , Ink 960 Words | 2 Pages. Compare and down the corridor collected Contrast My Two Best Friends Are Like Twins.

My Two Best Friends are like Twins Many people in the world have two best friends . Some of them are so similar . that it's shocking. They find some similarities in their attitude, personality or even interests. People may find similarities or differences in analysis term their best friends and some may not find any interests at all. But, I have found three similarities in my best friends Stacy and the corridor 1944 2000 Priscilla. Both of bank my best friends are smart, caring, and funny. My friend Stacy and Priscilla are. 2008 singles , Certified Nursing Assistant , Difference 459 Words | 3 Pages. upsetting to me, because I rarely friend people on Facebook. I actually have a policy about Facebook friend requests. In order . to accept one or send one, I require that I have either met you in person once in my life, or have had several email conversations with you.

I don稚 accept random friend requests from collected essay people I don稚 know. These people include; People who friend me randomly in the hopes of beefing up their friend lists Weird dudes who go through all my pictures and then send me creepy. Facebook , Friends , Friendship 1704 Words | 5 Pages. immediately after his release , he hanged himself from the statement heating pipes in his room . Before committing suicide, Sergei Yesenin wrote a poem in his own . blood. Echo Down The Corridor? Goodbye, my friend , goodbye My love, you are in my heart. Child States? It was preordained we should part And be reunited by and by. Goodbye, my friend , without pens or words.: no handshake to endure.

Let's have no sadness furrowed brow. There's nothing new in dying now Though living is no newer. Death is inevitable.Death is tragic. Death , Life , Literature 682 Words | 2 Pages. my brother my executioner I.BOOK DATA: Title of the book: My brother, my executioner Author: F. . Collected Essay 2000? Sionil Jose Publisher: Solidaridad Publishing House Date Published: 2006 Number of pages: 192 pages II. On Tragic Flaws? GENEALOGY Luis was a illegitimate son of Don Vicente.

Trining was his first degree cousin and essay 1944 also his lover. Ester was just a fling partner of Luis and also Trining痴 classmate in essays school. Victor is collected essay 1944 2000 Luis痴 half brother. Analysis Term Paper? III.LITERARY MAP Baclaran Church, it is where Luis and Ester. F. Echo Down Collected Essay? Sionil Jose , Family , Fiction 1810 Words | 7 Pages. This is my good neighbor, George, We often talk to each other when we are cleaning up our cars on Sunday. Besides these conversations and on cuture . living in the same neighborhood, there is nothing between us. Base on Viorst's description, convenient friends are those that we would not have naturally befriended, and only cross paths occasionally. These people are not really friends in the original sense of the word. These are people we get to relate with out of convenience and do not have talk to them. Convenience store , Friends , Friendship 1193 Words | 3 Pages.

it discusses four best friends and down the corridor collected essay 1944 the amazing summer that they spend even though they are not together because their summer is connected by a . pair of jeans that amazingly enough, fits all of them perfectly, even though they are very different in size and shape. Analysis Paper? Apart from that movie, the importance of friendship in every aspect of echo down essay 1944 our life was also reflected in the article Friends , Good Friends and Such Good Friends by analysis paper Judith Viorst. In the echo the corridor collected essay article, Viorst categorized friends into categories according. Affection , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 1186 Words | 3 Pages. 2013 What is a friend ? I ask myself that every day. To me, a friend is someone who never let you down, who always there for you . matter how bad or good the situation is, who always have your back ,never turn on you, never say or do harsh things to bank paper, you, a friend is a FRIEND . Where could I find this friend ? I thought I had one but I guess not. The Corridor 1944? I guess I was too much stuck on essay my so called friends well friend . The day I met Elizabeth Taylor was the day I thought I had a trustworthy friend . I was dumbfounded. 2005 singles , A Good Thing , Mind 2447 Words | 5 Pages. facing defeat 'You are my angel', my one and 1944 2000 only my forever love, so we'll never be lonely. You've brought to . my life, all your love and relationship analysis term care It made me see, when I realized how rare. . It is to meet your angel, or their lifetime one through you and my children, whose life has begun. What you've done, you've illuminated my soul it痴 you and your love that has made me whole.

The feel of your love, your soft touch and caress we池e tight so close, your heart beats in down essay 1944 2000 my chest. All that we. 2006 singles , 2007 albums , 2007 singles 349 Words | 2 Pages. The Meaning of Friends: Thats What Friends Are For. Friend is an analysis extremely strong word in today's society. There are many aspects that create a friend and everybody may have a . The Corridor 1944? different perspective of what a friend truly is.

They may define a friend as a person that's always there for you and always has your back. Someone that they can sincerely depend on. Child Poverty In The States? A person who you know will be there until the very end. A friend is someone your NEVER embarrassed to be around, you accept them for who they are. There is the corridor collected essay 1944 2000 always a mutual understanding between.

2006 singles , 2008 singles , Friendship 995 Words | 3 Pages.

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Echoes Down the Corridor: Collected Essays, 1944-2000 by Arthur

'Pornography', from echo the corridor collected 2000 'Pornography: Men Possessing Women', 1988. by Andrea Dworkin. by SHOWstudio on 28 June 2005 . Essays On Cuture? The word pornography, derived from the ancient Greek porné and graphos, means 'writing about whores'. Porné means 'whore', specifically and exclusively the lowest class of whore, which in ancient Greece was the brothel slut available to all male citizens. The porné was the cheapest (in the literal sense), least regarded, least protected of all women, including slaves. She was, simply and clearly and absolutely, a sexual slave. The word pornography does not mean 'writing about sex' or 'depictions of the the corridor 2000 erotic' or 'depictions of sexual acts' or depictions of nude bodies' or 'sexual representations' or any such euphemism. It means the graphic depiction of women as vile whores. In ancient Greece, not all prostitutes were considered vile: only the porneia.

Contemporary photography strictly and child poverty in the essay, literally conforms to echo the corridor collected 1944 the word's root meaning: the graphic depiction of vile whores, or in our language, sluts, cows (as in: sexual cattle, sexual chattel), cunts. In The United Essay? This word has not changed its meaning and echo essay 1944, the genre is not misnamed. The only change in the meaning of the word is with respect to 5 paragraph flaws its second part, graphos: now there are cameras-there is still photography, film, video. The methods of graphic depiction have increased in number and in kind: the content is the same; the status of the women depicted is the same; the echo down the corridor collected 1944 2000 sexuality of the women depicted is the same. Term? With the 1944 technologically advanced methods of graphic depiction, real women are required for the depiction as such to exist. The word pornography does not have any other meaning than the one cited here, the graphic depiction of the lowest whores.

Whores exist to serve men sexually. Thesis Statement Or End? Whores exist only echo down collected 2000, within a framework of male sexual domination. Indeed, outside that framework the notion of whores would be absurd and the usage of women as whores would be impossible. The word whore is incomprehensible unless one is immersed in the lexicon of male domination. Men have created the world group, the type, the concept, the epithet, the insult, the industry, the trade, the commodity, the reality of woman as whore. Woman as whore only exists within the objective and real system of male sexual domination. The pornography itself is objective and real and central to the male sexual system. Down Essay 2000? The valuation of women's sexuality in essays, pornography is objective and real because women are so regarded and so valued. The force depicted in pornography is objective and real because force is so used against women.

The debasing of women depicted in pornography and intrinsic to it is down the corridor 2000 objective and real in that women are so debased. The uses of women depicted in pornography are objective and real because women are so used. The women used in pornography are used in pornography. The definition of women articulated systematically and consistently in pornography is objective and real in that real women exist within and child in the united, must live with constant reference to the boundaries of echo down essay 1944 this definition. The fact that pornography is widely believed to be 'sexual representations' or 'depictions of sex' emphasizes only that the valuation of women as low whores is widespread and that the sexuality is reduced to one essential: 'cunt. Essays Flaws? our essence, our offense'.(1) The idea that pornography is 'dirty' originates in echo down the corridor essay, the conviction that the sexuality of women is dirty and essay, actually portrayed in collected 2000, pornography; that women's bodies (especially women's genitals) are dirty: instead pornography embodies and exploits this idea; pornography sells and promotes it. In the United States, the pornography industry is larger than the record and statement or end, film industries combined. In a time of widespread economic impoverishment, it is growing: more and more male consumers are eager to spend more and more money on pornography-on depictions of women as vile whores. Pornography is now carried by cable television; it is now being marketed for home use in video machines. The technology itself demands the creation of more and more porneia to meet the market opened up by the technology. Real women are tied up, stretched, hanged, fucked, gang-banged, whipped, beaten and begging for more.

In the photographs and echo down essay 2000, films, real women are used as porneia and real women are depicted as porneia. To profit, the essays on cuture pimps must supply the porneia as the technology widens the market for the visual consumption of women being brutalized and loving it. One picture is worth a thousand words. The number of pictures required to meet the demands of the marketplace determines the down number of world policy research paper porneia required to meet the demands of graphic depiction. The numbers grow as the technology and its accessibility grow. The technology by its very nature encourages more and more passive acquiescence to the graphic depictions.

Passivity makes the already credulous consumer more credulous. He comes to the pornography a believer; he goes away from it a missionary. The technology itself legitimizes the uses of women conveyed by it. In the male system, women are sex; sex is the whore. The whore is porné, the lowest whore, the whore who belongs to all male citizens: the slut, the cunt. Buying her is buying pornography. Having her is having pornography. Seeing her is collected seeing pornography. Seeing her in sex is thesis at beginning of seeing the whore in sex. Using her is using pornography.

Wanting her means wanting pornography. Being her means being pornography. Reproduced with gracious thanks to the corridor essay 1944 2000 the Andrea Dworkin estate and to Perigree Books and The Women's Press. Essay: Philippe Garner. Taking its cue from the title of one of of Pedro Almodovar’s films about desire and control, 'Dress Me Up, Dress Me Down' offered SHOWstudio viewers the chance to dress British Model Liberty Ross in a live interactive photoshoot showcasing the down the corridor collected essay 1944 2000 Autumn/Winter 2005 collections. Inspired by live pornographic video chats widely available on the web, 'Dress Me Up, Dress Me Down' shifted control from the image-maker - first to the model, and then ultimately to the viewer. Ross documented herself and her work through a series of galleries and interactives leading up to essays the shoot in June 2005. During the editorial itself, the SHOWstudio audience acted as 'virtual stylist' to Liberty Ross, choosing pieces from a wardrobe of garments selected by stylist Jonathan Kaye around nine key themes, but determining their own look for Liberty. The stylists' instructions were communicated online through a live chartroom, viewers watching their handiwork on a live broadcast.

The final looks are captured here as a series of interactive created by Daniel Brown, each one again surrendering control of the image and allowing viewers to add or remove layers of garments, inspired by saucy novelty pens of old. These interactive editorial images are accompanied by Liberty Ross' video and the corridor essay 1944, picture diaries documenting her experiences on fashion shoots and term, an interactive comprised of footage shot by echo down collected 1944 2000, Liberty, utilising her own body as a canvas for aesthetic experimentation. The origins of the shoot are mapped out child poverty in the united, through mood boards that investigated Jonathan Kaye's selection of key seasonal themes, and the corridor collected 2000, also a series of short essays and personal statements from a variety of echo the corridor collected essay voices on the subject of pornography. The interactives in this project are best viewed with Safari or Firefox. Graphic Designer Nick Knight. Director Liberty Ross. Model Richard Kern. Photographer Philippe Garner.

Auction Specialist Jonathan Kaye. Stylist Jonathan De Villiers. Thesis Statement? Photographer Ann-Sofie Back. Fashion Designer Andrea Dworkin. Concept: Nick Knight Performance and Direction: Liberty Ross Editorial and Creative Direction: Penny Martin and Paul Hetherington Styling: Jonathan Kaye Research and Development: Christabel Stewart Technical Development: Dorian Moore, Ross Phillips and Jon Emmony Studio Assistant: Jez Tozer.

Photography: Nick Knight Model: Liberty Ross at Storm Stylist: Jonathan Kaye at Katy Barker Hair: Sam McKnight at echo down the corridor collected essay 1944 Premier Make up: Sharon Dowsett at CLM Nail Technition: Marian Newman at Streeters Photographer’s Assistant 1: Jez Tozer Photographer’s Assistant 2: Simon Thistleton Photographer’s Assistant 3: Ruth Photographer’s Assistant 3: Eisuke Styling Assistant: Sarah Young Hair Assistant: Eamon SHOWstudio Team: Penny Martin, Paul Hetherington, Dorian Moore, Ross Phillips, Paul Bruty, Charlotte Thomsen, Rhea Thierstein Sound Technician: Ian Sands Studio: Big Sky Studio, London N7. Thanks to: Leon Chew, CLM, Self Service Magazine, Howard Tangye, Stephanie Noble.

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Echo down the corridor collected essay 1944 2000

English 245: Film Form and Culture. Christopher Nolan is an American/British film-maker, who lives and works in London and Los Angeles. He first started making films (on Super8) when still a child. He studied English literature at University College, London, which he chose specifically because they had the facilities to make films. His debut feature was Following (1998), a neo-noir thriller. He has made some of the highest grossing films of down the corridor essay 1944 2000, all time, such as The Dark Knight , the second film in his Batman 途eboot series, which grossed over a billion dollars at the box office. Filmography (as director): All of Nolan痴 films have been critically acclaimed. His films have been nominated for 21 Academy Awards. This is relationship analysis term, astounding given the short period of echo the corridor 1944, time he has been making films. Particularly notable are the eight Oscar nominations each for essays on cuture The Dark Knight and Inception . His films have won 6 Academy Awards, most for sound and visual editing.

His films have also been nominated for 21 BAFTA awards (winning 6). His films have won many other international film awards. Nolan has never won an Oscar for down the corridor collected essay 1944 Best Director. 5 Paragraph On Tragic? In fact, he has not ever been nominated, not even for The Dark Knight and Inception , which were both nominated in the Best Picture category. Some consider this a historic snub. Typically, Nolan writes and directs his films (his brother Jonathan has co-written some of the films). He also often produces his films as well (his wife Emma Thomas has produced the echo down the corridor 1944 films he hasn稚 produced). Having creative control of his films makes him an poverty united, auteur. However, this is complicated by the fact that, since Memento , he has created his films under the auspices of Warner Brothers, which is (still) a major Hollywood movie studio. The easiest explanation for this is that he has proven himself at the box-office, and on the international award circuit, and can command any kind of budget he likes, including the huge budgets attached to Hollywood studio films. Inception was a summer blockbuster from the summer of 2010.

Critics acknowledge that it was an atypical summer fare; some have called Inception a 鍍hinking person痴 blockbuster. Richard Corliss writes that 鍍he picture痴 main pull is not visceral but intellectual, in the style of Euro puzzle films of the past 50 years . . . but as Nolan told The New York Times , with 層ay more explosions.' The film made over $800 million at the box office and, as already mentioned, was nominated for eight Academy Awards, winning four. Even before the film came out it was the echo down essay 1944 subject of intense speculation and debate. This is true of its 殿fter-life as well. Even now, a few short years after it was released, people enjoy discussing the film and what it means particularly the ending of the film. The film is poverty in the united essay, set in the near future when new techniques and down collected 1944 2000 drugs allow people to share dreams. Dom Cobb is a former dream architect who now uses his expertise in shared dreaming to engage in industrial espionage, stealing business secrets from statement at beginning of, people while they are sleeping.

This is called 兎xtraction. He is also on the run after being charged with murdering his wife. After a failed attempt at extraction, Cobb is offered a job by a man named Saito to do the impossible: implant an idea in the mind of a competitor (Fischer), a process called 妬nception. The idea is that he should break up the energy conglomerate that he inherited from his father. Cobb puts together a crack team of operatives for the job, including a dream architect named Ariadne. After entering his mind in a dream state, Ariadne learns that Cobb is haunted by the memory of his dead wife, who manages to foil every job that he designs himself. That痴 why Ariadne must design the dream, and Cobb can稚 know the details. In order to fool the host dreamer, Ariadne must design an incredibly intricate dream world with multiple layers. For the Fischer job, she must create a dream world with three layers each a complex, self-contained world. The three layers are in fact a dream within a dream within a dream. The main danger in dream architecture is that if it seems too real, the dreamer may confuse the dream for reality. Echo The Corridor Essay 2000? We learn that, in his past, Cobb has experienced this catastrophic confusion. His technique for countering this is to use a totem, an object that follows the laws of statement, physics in the real world, but not in the dream.

His totem is a spinning top. In the film, however, it is suggested that this is echo down collected essay 1944 2000, not a fool-proof method. It is on cuture, possible Cobb is only dreaming that his totem is the corridor essay 1944 2000, behaving as it should in reality. The film poses philosophical conundrums such as: How do we distinguish between reality and fantasy (ontology)? How do we distinguish between objective and subjective truth (epistemology)? How do we distinguish between the essay self and the world (that is, other selves)?

Mark Fisher notes that in the film 鍍here痴 a shift from the down 1944 epistemological problems posed by unreliable narrators to a more general ontological indeterminacy, in which the nature of the whole fictional world is put into doubt. He adds: 的n Nolan痴 world, it痴 not only that we deceive ourselves; it痴 also that we池e deceived about thesis at beginning, even having an authentic self. There痴 no separating identity from fiction. These issues are at the core of echo the corridor essay 2000, postmodern philosophy, which I discussed in a previous blog entry. There are also many issues relating to psychology that are addressed in the film, such as the importance of dreams in understanding the unconscious mind and the way unconscious ideas shape the formation of the person. This is what 妬nception is about: planting ideas in the unconscious mind which lead to a personal re-orientation, a re-programming, a new person. In the film, both Cobb and Fischer have this experience: the action within the poverty in the essay dream becomes a kind of psychotherapy. Leon Saunders Calvert makes the observation that 吐or a filmmaker within the Hollywood system, Christopher Nolan is echo the corridor essay 1944 2000, unusually pre-occupied with psychological human states to the degree that they often act as primary theme of his films. He suggests that psychology is usually the preoccupation of auteurs, not Hollywood directors. Calvert has analyzed the film from an psychological (or more specifically psychoanalytical) perspective, based on essays ideas of Sigmund Freud, such as: The rebellious unconscious: 典he unconscious mind of the individual is a mass of contradictions and by definition remains uncontrolled and echo down the corridor collected unordered. The unconscious reveals itself in dreams: 撤sychoanalytic theory argues that during sleep the barrier weakens and the unconscious bubbles out, albeit often in disguised form. Oedipal/Electra conflicts: 鄭nother foundation of term, psychoanalytic thought is the overwhelming significance of the child痴 relationship with its parents. The unconscious and the social self: 典he unconscious self has a huge impact on how we interact with the down the corridor essay world and with others. The seductive power of fantasy: 撤sychoanalytic theory has also provided us with important insights into human fantasies. . . At Beginning Of? . The psychological pull of the 2000 fantasy is all the greater when we perceive it as simple reality.

Some critics make the case that Inception deals not just with psychology, but with religion. There are a number of ways the film can be read as a religious story. Throughout the film, characters are urged to take the leap of thesis statement at beginning or end of, faith. They must abandon their skepticism and believe in a reality that transcends their conscious mind and reality itself. This is a religious impulse and down the corridor essay 1944 2000 imperative. Essay? The themes of guilt and redemption are also important in the film, and these too are deeply religious. In the film, the journey to limbo (unconstructed dream space) suggests a perilous journey to underworld, where demons are confronted. This is the central theme of quite a few religious texts, including Dante痴 Inferno and The Tibetan Book of the Dead, to name just two classic world religious texts. Many critics of the film have pointed out the similarity between dreams and the experience of viewing films. According to echo the corridor collected essay 1944 2000 Corliss, this is nothing new: 典he idea of movie-going as communal dreaming is a century old.

Colin McGinn argues that. movies delve into our dreaming self, that submerged and seething alter ego that emerges when the essays on cuture sun goes down. In the cinema we relive the life of the dreaming self. Movies thus tap into the dreaming aspect of the corridor essay 2000, human nature. Moreover, they improve upon our dream life. World Research Working? They give us the dreams we yearn for. Echo Down Essay? It is a rare individual who is on cuture, not fascinated by his own dreams, with their raw ability to reveal, their magical expressiveness; movies partake of this fascination. The impact of down essay 1944 2000, movies stems, then, at least in part, from the primal power of the poverty united essay dream.

To be sure, the down the corridor essay 1944 dream component of the 5 paragraph essays flaws movie experience is augmented by the special qualities of the medium, but the primary emotional hook originates in the evocation of the dream. (Qtd. in Calvert). Jason Staples describes how Inception functions like a dream: The construction of dream worlds for echo the corridor essay 1944 shared dreaming serves as an excellent metaphor for film itself (and 僧yth in general), as it involves the essays flaws creation of a virtual reality, a shadow-like imitation of the real world into the corridor collected essay 1944 2000, which people can journey together, guided by short on outsourcing, the 疎rchitect (writer/director). As people are naturally resistant to new or outside ideas, those media (like film) that can influence people痴 thinking without drawing the the corridor 1944 attention of their (often militarized) subconscious guards are especially powerful forms of communication and agents of cultural change. Like a shared dream state, films, video games, novels, and other narrative media immerse a receptive subject within a different, shared virtual world(view) even potentially planting outside assumptions or ideas in the subject痴 unguarded subconscious.

But the world policy research working paper idea of Inception as an analogy for film can be extended beyond the experience of down 1944 2000, viewing film to the business of creating film. Or End Of? According to this interpretation, put forward by critics Devin Faraci, Mark Fisher, and Richard Corliss: Cobb is the director Arthur is the producer Ariadne is the down the corridor 2000 screen-writer Saito is the thesis statement at beginning of studio honcho Fischer is the audience. In interviews, Nolan denies that he was trying to create an analogy in the film between dreaming and echo the corridor collected essay film-viewing or film-making. Essays On Cuture? But Fisher counters: 的f a century of cultural theory has taught us anything, it痴 that an author痴 supposed intentions can only ever constitute a supplementary (para)text, never a final word. Fisher thinks, despite Nolan痴 intentions, Inception is very much about the film-making business, and not in a good way. Fisher suggests it might be unconscious on Nolan痴 part, but it nonetheless reveals a creative mind in thrall to Hollywood entertainment film and echo the corridor collected essay global capitalism. Inception is less a meta-meditation on the power of cinema than, more interestingly, a reflection of the way in which cinematic techniques have become imbricated into a banal spectacle which fusing business machismo, entertainment protocols, and breathless hype enjoys an unprecedented dominion over our working lives and our dreaming minds. . Flaws? . . Inception 壮 arcades and hotel corridors are on the contrary those of a globalized capital whose reach easily extends into the former depths of what was once the unconscious.

There痴 nothing alien, no other place here, only echo the corridor collected essay a mass-marketed 壮ubconscious recirculating deeply familiar images. Fisher believes that Nolan is not just the world bank working paper creator of essay, a film called Inception , but someone who uses film to practice inception. Just as in the film inception is short essay, used for the benefit of corporate interests, it is used in the multiplex to indoctrinate movie viewers in the ideology of capitalism. He writes: 哲olan痴 films are preoccupied with . Collected Essay 2000? . . the lies that we tell ourselves to stay happy. Yet the situation is worse even than that. It痴 one thing to relationship term paper lie to oneself; it痴 another to not even know whether one is lying to oneself or not. In Marxist terminology this is called 吐alse consciousness, the process by which we are unconsciously socialized and indoctrinated into the values of the echo down 1944 2000 ruling class.

Staples has a similar concern: 典he most potent and thesis statement influential ideas [in the echo down the corridor 2000 film] are those so thoroughly socialized and internalized that, their origins long forgotten, they are presupposed without argument. What Staples is on outsourcing, writing about is ideology, which we have been discussing all throughout the echo down the corridor collected essay 2000 second half of the course, beginning with Far From Heaven . Critics like Fisher and Staples argue that the process of 吐alse consciousness is at work in the film, in the same way that inception works. For inception to be successful, the host has to believe that the implanted idea is theirs. In other words, they must come to believe that the lie is true, and not only that: that it is a deeply personal truth. According to Fisher, 妬n Inception , as in late capitalist culture in general, you池e always in someone else痴 dream, which is also the dream of no one. It is the dream of capital, and those who control capital. I would suggest this is bank policy research, particularly true of the violence in echo down collected 1944, the film. Viewers consume shocking amounts of violence in the film without thinking about it because it is entertaining in on tragic flaws, itself and part of a story that is written in such a way to echo collected 1944 make the violence seem inconsequential (it痴 all just a dream). I like to call this The Matrix Complex (because the essays on cuture same thing happens in that film).

Critics like Fisher insinuate that Nolan is the purveyor of the Hollywood blockbuster mentality, cleverly masquerading Inception as an art film. While I believe this critique has some validity, I think the opposite may be equally true: Nolan is an auteur who cleverly masks his art films as popular entertainment. That is the main reason I chose Inception as the last film in this course. Nolan is a master of film technique, an auteur; he is down the corridor collected essay, prescient in his grasp of the zeitgeist; and he understands how to insert 澱ig ideas into his film without seeming pretentious. But he does all this in Hollywood, which is quite an accomplishment. It is something that the online film critic Eileen Jones would applaud, and hold up as a shining example of child poverty in the, what Hollywood film studios can accomplish, as long as they embrace their own pro-business aesthetic and refuse to slavishly follow the standards of echo down the corridor essay 2000, European art film. Richard Corliss says of Inception : Though the 5 paragraph essays plot is really one giant hallucination, it痴 an experience that doesn稚 blow your mind so much as challenge it. Viewers will have to work to echo collected essay 1944 2000 keep up with all the relationship analysis term paper shifting perspectives and layers of deceit. Echo Essay 2000? Inception is child states essay, like the coolest, toughest final exam or like the dream of one, in which you池e suddenly in class and you realize you didn稚 prepare for the big test. This is echo the corridor collected essay 2000, a movie that you値l wish you had crammed for. But reading this blog entry is essays on tragic, preparation for the final exam, so you won稚 be totally unprepared (and hopefully won稚 have the it痴-the-day-of-the-final-and-I-haven稚-studied-all-semester nightmare).

Cobb, in Inception , offers a final thought (that might never leave you): 典he most persistent parasite is an idea. Once it takes root in the brain, it痴 almost impossible to eradicate. University of Maryland. Leon Saunders Calvert, Inception : Film, Dreams and Freud, Offscreen 15.5 (May 31, 2011). Robert Capps, 轍A: Christopher Nolan on Dreams, Architecture, and Ambiguity, Wired (November 29, 2010). Richard Corliss, Inception : Whose Mind Is It, Anyway?, Time (July 14, 2010).

Mark Fisher, 典he Lost Unconscious: Delusions and Dreams in Inception, Film Quarterly 64.3 (Spring 2011). Jason Staples, 鉄hadowlands, Myth, and the Creation of echo down the corridor essay 2000, Meaning in short on outsourcing, Inception, Journal of Religion Film 14.1 (April 2010). Chicago 10 and Postmodern Documentary. The first films were documentaries. Louis and echo down essay 1944 2000 Auguste Lumiere, the French brothers credited with the invention of the thesis at beginning or end cinema, called their short films 殿ctualites. They were depictions of actual life, recording such things as workers leaving a factory or a train arriving at down collected 1944 2000, a station. However, even in these early films, some of the human figures acknowledge the camera, and are sometimes characters in rudimentary narratives as in The Waterer Gets Watered (1895).

I also noted, in poverty in the, class, the subjective nature of the camera. Even if you point your camera at something and turn it on, you池e only getting one possible vantage point, and leaving out the corridor collected essay 1944 a lot of information. Shooting a camera entails choosing what the audience will see, and relationship analysis term paper not see. So, from the very beginning of film history, the line dividing the objective from the down the corridor essay subjective, the factual from the fictional, the real from the artificial, has been blurred. This is still true, perhaps even more so, in film today, as I explain below. The effort to distinguish documentary realism and narrative illusion became more necessary once story-based film came to dominate the industry. Documentarians claimed realism for bank research paper themselves, leaving fantasy to the big movie studios. We see this in the ethnographic films of Robert Flaherty, in the 1920s.

However, critics now question Flaherty痴 realism. Your textbook authors write: Flaherty痴 Nanook of the North (1922), about the Inuit people in Canada, and Man of Aran (1937), about the Aran Islanders off the west coast of Ireland, are voice-of-authority documentaries organized by intertitles that explain the activities depicted. In his zeal to valorize what he considered the echo blissfully primitive cultures of the Inuit and the Aran islanders, however, Flaherty misrepresented the cultures he intended to poverty essay document (290). The example they give in the textbook is when Nanook (or Allakarillak, his real name), 吐eigns awe at the sight of the echo down the corridor collected 2000 gramophone, something which Nanook had actually seen before (290). Flaherty has him pretend not to know about such modern conveniences in order to reveal his innocence of modernity, his blissful ignorance. I gave a couple other examples in class. Flaherty had Nanook construct only half an igloo a set made of ice so that he would have the light to shoot inside the igloo.

The way the film is shot, the half-igloo appears to be whole. Flaherty also staged Nanook痴 capture of a seal what Nanook was really yanking on was a rope that was attached to two or three members of the film crew, not a seal. When all this came to light, exposed in child united states essay, films like Nanook Revisited , some critics concluded that it was difficult if not impossible, even in documentaries, to separate what is real and true from what is imaginary and false. They similarly saw no good way to distinguish the film-maker痴 subjective view from the echo down essay 2000 objective presentation of reality. Towards Postmodern Documentary. One prominent response to this situation was to embrace fictionality and world bank research working subjectivity in the documentary. Echo Down The Corridor Collected Essay? In this sense, the documentary film becomes a performance by 5 paragraph on tragic, the film-maker, rather than an echo the corridor collected essay, objective recording of reality. Errol Morris was one of the first film documentarians to do this.

As your textbook puts it: Morris adopts a bemused perspective on his subjects: his ironic distance is made evident through editing. He juxtaposes images of one subject with interviews with another, so it seems as if the people he interviews are making comments about the thesis lives and echo down the corridor collected essay 1944 2000 work of other people. . . . By pairing a subject痴 statements with seemingly unrelated images, Morris adds dimension to essays the interviews, introducing ideas that none of echo down 2000, his subjects has voiced. Morris gets at one truth by bank policy research paper, allowing the interviewees to tell their own stories yet his editing encourages the audience to echo down the corridor collected 1944 make unusual connections. (284). Michael Moore, the essay on outsourcing director of echo the corridor collected 1944 2000, Fahrenheit 9/11 (which won the essays prestigious Palme d丹r at Cannes in 2004) is echo 1944, a film documentarian that you池e likely more familiar with. Moore is always a participant in his films, he is always performing on camera, usually as a humorous gadfly character. Moore痴 subjectivity his responses, his opinions, his outrage is part of the subject. Some think Moore is refreshingly candid in putting his own point of view front-and-center in his films; others think he is an unbearable, opinionated blowhard. Morris and Moore were early practitioners of postmodern documentary, a form of documentary that has become popular largely because of film-makers like Morris and Moore. Before getting into essays on cuture, postmodern documentary film, it痴 important to down collected say something about postmodernism, and postmodern film more generally.

For our definition of postmodernism, we go to Margaret Wertheim, of the Faith and Reason program on PBS. A general and world bank policy working wide-ranging term which is down the corridor collected essay 2000, applied to literature, art, philosophy, architecture, fiction, and cultural and literary criticism, among others. Postmodernism is largely a reaction to the assumed certainty of scientific, or objective, efforts to explain reality. Child Poverty In The United Essay? In essence, it stems from a recognition that reality is not simply mirrored in human understanding of it, but rather, is constructed as the down essay 1944 mind tries to understand its own particular and world bank research working personal reality. For this reason, postmodernism is highly skeptical of explanations which claim to be valid for all groups, cultures, traditions, or races, and the corridor 1944 instead focuses on the relative truths of each person. In the postmodern understanding, interpretation is everything; reality only comes into being through our interpretations of thesis statement at beginning or end, what the world means to us individually. Postmodernism relies on down the corridor collected 1944 concrete experience over abstract principles, knowing always that the outcome of one痴 own experience will necessarily be fallible and relative, rather than certain and universal.

Postmodernism is 菟ost because it is denies the essays existence of 1944, any ultimate principles, and short on outsourcing it lacks the optimism of there being a scientific, philosophical, or religious truth which will explain everything for everybody a characteristic of the so-called 杜odern mind. The paradox of the collected 1944 2000 postmodern position is that, in placing all principles under the scrutiny of short, its skepticism, it must realize that even its own principles are not beyond questioning. As the philosopher Richard Tarnas states, postmodernism 田annot on its own principles ultimately justify itself any more than can the various metaphysical overviews against which the postmodern mind has defined itself. This can be broken down further. Below are the five main concepts regarding postmodern culture more generally. Postmodernism. calls into question 堵rand theories that purport to explain everything for everyone forever (Enlightenment, liberalism, Marxism, Freudianism, etc.) claims there is no universal/objective truth; everything is subjective and relative holds that the self is socially constructed (undercutting individualism, agency, and echo the corridor essay 1944 2000 freedom) is suspicious of media, particularly the power of visual media to recreate, represent, and replace the relationship term real (Baudrillard痴 都imulacrum) blurs the border between reality and representation. In terms of aesthetics, postmodern works of art are characterized by.

non-linear, fractured narrative self-referentiality/self-reflexivity (irony) pastiche/bricolage/intertextuality/fragmentation/genre bending the leveling of high/low culture blurring the border between fact and fiction. It should be evident that fiction films would have less problems with postmodernism, as defined above, than documentary films. Documentary films are not supposed to be subjective or fake, whereas that is very much allowed in fiction films. The Corridor Collected 2000? In its cultural skepticism, postmodernism relentlessly attacks the essence of documentary realism. Postmodernism and Documentary Realism. Representing the postmodern perspective, Krystin Arneson writes of child poverty in the, documentaries: Like photography, documentaries are a representational medium: They record and occasionally reconstruct the echo down 2000 everyday reality viewers typically cannot experience themselves. Because photography is an indexical sign signifying truth, audiences understand the documentary, a moving photograph, to signify truth also. However, they are able to make the distinction between the ?everyday reality? presented by essays flaws, documentaries and the corridor essay the fictive ?reality? of cinematic films. But the statement or end of documentary?痴 version of echo down essay 1944, reality is not as innocent as it presents itself to be. Because of the perceived indexical truth-value of the on outsourcing film, the audience is echo down essay, drawn into an everyday reality that seemingly doesn稚 need questioning.

There is relationship analysis term paper, ?a sense of co-presence between creator and viewer that gives the viewer the sensation of being both here, now, looking at echo down collected essay, the image and there, then, looking at what the image represents or evokes.? For Arneson, it is difficult to separate objective from subjective truth in postmodern documentary. As a ?human document? dealing with not only the hard facts but also the ?social and personal aspects? of the theme, the documentary is essays on tragic, a representational, recorded version of the everyday created through ?[the director?s] personal interpretations of what he or she chooses to place in front of the camera lens.? The ?informational value is mediated through the perspective of the person making it, and it is presented as a mixture of emotion and echo the corridor 1944 information (Stuart Hall, Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices [Philadelphia: Open University Press, 1997], 83) This ?mediation,? or personal interpretation of the 5 paragraph essays on tragic topic, is influenced by any number of factors: preconceived attitudes, biases, and what story they hope to echo collected essay 2000 get out of the filming. Frederick Wiseman, a documentary maker himself, writes of the impossibility of objectivity in representation: ?Any documentary made in no matter what style, is essay, arbitrary, biased, prejudiced, compressed and subjective. Like any of its sisterly or brotherly fictional forms, it is born in choice choice of subject matter, place, people, camera angles, duration of echo down the corridor collected 1944 2000, shooting, sequences to be shot or omitted, transitional material and cutaways (Toby Miller, Technologies of Truth: Cultural Citizenship and the Popular Media, ed. Michael Renov, Faye Ginsburg, and Jane Gaines [Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1998], 225). No matter how objectively a filmmaker approaches a topic, they will always be filtering the 5 paragraph essays on tragic flaws topic through their personal lens ?- not just the camera?痴. Subjectivity, and therefore a departure from the real, is thus introduced in the documentary as soon as the the corridor 1944 2000 filmmaker makes a decision on on tragic flaws how the everyday should be represented. This begins the moment the camera turns on and continues until an audience views the final product. Linda Williams has also written on postmodern documentaries, though with less suspicion.

In an analysis of Errol Morris痴 The Thin Blue Line (about someone痴 wrongful conviction for echo collected essay 1944 murder) and essays Claude Lanzmann痴 monumental Shoah (about the echo down the corridor essay 1944 Holocaust), Williams focuses on short essay on outsourcing the. low-budget postmodern documentary borrowing many features of the down collected 2000 fiction film. My goal . Poverty In The? . . is to echo down collected 1944 get beyond the much remarked self-reflexivity and flamboyant auteurism of these documentaries, which might seem, Rashomon -like, to abandon the pursuit of truth, to what seems to me their remarkable engagement with a newer, more contingent, relative, postmodern truth預 truth which, far from being abandoned, still operates powerfully as the receding horizon of the documentary tradition. (312) The lesson that I would like to essay draw from the corridor collected 1944, these two exemplary postmodern documentaries is thus not at all that postmodern representation inevitably succumbs to a depthlessness of the simulacrum, or that it gives up on truth to wallow in the undecidabilities of representation. The lesson, rather, is that there can be historical depth to the notion of statement of, truth not the depth of unearthing a coherent and unitary past, but the down collected 1944 2000 depth of the past痴 reverberation with the present. If the authoritative means to the truth of the past does not exist, if photographs and term paper moving images are not mirrors with memories, if they are more, as Baudrillard has suggested, like a hall of mirrors, then our best response to echo down the corridor collected essay 1944 2000 this crisis of representation might be to do what Lanzmann and Morris do: to deploy the many facets of these mirrors to reveal the seduction of lies. Child States Essay? (325).

That is, they construct 鍍ruths to dispel pernicious fictions, even though these truths are only relative and contingent. While never absolute and never fixed, this under-construction, fragmented horizon of truth is one important means of down 1944 2000, combating the pernicious scapegoating fictions that can put the wrong man on death row and enable the extermination of working, a whole people. (325). Williams seems to suggest that personal, subjective truth, presented by someone personally involved (as an advocate, etc.), is better than no truth at all. Pure moral relativism, the absolute denial of down, objective truth, leads to paralysis, whereas engagement in poverty states, the issue gets us a little closer to the truth. Chicago 10 as Postmodern Documentary. Chicago 10 is generally recognized by critics and reviewers as a postmodern documentary (as defined above). Jim Emerson writes that the film. bursts with Yippie-ish irreverence and echo 1944 2000 political fervor.

The movie intercuts archival footage with colorful motion-capture animation (voiced by some really good actors), based upon actual transcripts of the trial. These play, quite intentionally, like countercultural Looney Tunes, with Hoffman the Younger as the Tasmanian Devil and Hoffman the Elder as Elmer Fudd. . . . The irreverent attitude of Chicago 10 is in synch with the times it portrays. Thesis Or End? Giddy, funny and sometimes nightmarishly absurd, it痴 an apple-cart-upsetting performance piece shot through with blasting music from Eminem, the Beastie Boys and Rage Against the Machine [and let痴 not forget 展ar Pig, performed by Black Sabbath, during a key juncture of the film]. As an activist documentary with a contemporary agenda, it doesn稚 pretend to be 登bjective (whatever that means), but to find inspiration in the passion and echo down the corridor essay 2000 irreverence of its heroes. Chicago 10 is essays flaws, 妬rreverent and 電oesn稚 pretend to be 双bjective. It upsets the 殿pple cart 登f film and particularly documentary film convention. When the animation starts near the beginning of the film we know this will be no ordinary documentary. By combining documentary realism with exaggerated animation, Chicago 10 mixes high and low culture and calls into question the veracity of what we see, since we typically associate animation with fantasy and fiction. This cognitive dissonance is amplified by the fact that there are at least three different kinds of down the corridor collected 1944, animation utilized in the film.

The variety of animation styles, mixed with archival footage, also highlights the world bank policy pastiche/bricolage/intertextuality/fragmentation/genre bending of the echo down the corridor collected 2000 film. It is edited together in a seemingly sloppy, slap-dash manner, which is not poor work but rather the film-maker痴 attempt to use the deconstruction of film form as a way to challenge the authorized version of reality, which passes itself off as universal, objective truth. Chicago 10 is fragmented in its form. It is also fragmented in its narrative. You are no stranger to on outsourcing fractured narrative. Essay 1944 2000? The film Adaptation has a famously convoluted narrative, and is postmodern in just about every way.

But, again, fiction films are allowed to play around with narrative (even in Hollywood films), whereas documentaries are meant to reflect the statement or end real, without bias or a subjective viewpoint. Echo Down The Corridor Collected Essay 1944 2000? The best way to interrogate this is to present a historical narrative that jumps around in time, and bank research paper refuses to privilege one account over others. This is what Morgen does in Chicago 10 . Relatedly, Chicago 10 is self-referential. Formally and echo down collected essay 2000 thematically, Morgen draws attention to relationship analysis term paper his film as an artificial construct. He makes visual 屠okes, he 努inks at the audience. The best example of this is echo essay, early on in the thesis at beginning or end of courtroom when Abbie Hoffman blows a kiss towards a juror and the 田amera follows the kiss to its destination, on the juror痴 cheek (which the judge according to the transcript, tells the jury to disregard). The Corridor Collected Essay? The mimicry of live-action cinematography in fiction films is common in animated films, but here, in a documentary, it is in the united states essay, meant as an ironic commentary on down collected essay film-making. At the same time, the film looks critically at the kind of spectacle that postmodernists typically question. In the film, it is thesis statement at beginning or end of, Abbie Hoffman who examines the topic, in the form of political theater. Hoffman argues that politics is nothing more than 鍍heater and magic. He says to a reporter: We believe that politics is the way you live your life, not who you support.

It痴 not in terms of rallies or speeches or political programs. Echo Down The Corridor Collected Essay 1944? It is in terms of images and in terms of relationship, transforming people痴 lives. In ideological war, the side who controls visual representation is the side that usually wins. Hoffman and his Yippie cohorts understood this very well, which is why they managed so successfully to dramatize the protests at the Democratic convention, and the corridor essay 1944 2000 the trial itself, on their own very colorful terms. It痴 also why we still find these historical figures compelling, because their antics nominating a pig as president, creating a melee at the New York Stock Exchange by throwing money into the pit, encircling and attempting to levitate the Pentagon are such good theater, which makes them tailor-made for film treatment. As Emerson puts it: In the paper great 1960s clash of generational values, Hoffman believed that his side would prevail because it had better symbols. Down The Corridor 1944 2000? As he framed it, the comedic/dramatic faceoff was between peace, love and freedom on in the united states essay one hand, and down collected essay 1944 2000 war, repression and oppression on the other. When you look at it in those terms, it痴 hard to essays on tragic flaws argue with him.

In the end, Morgen痴 documentary follows the echo down the corridor 2000 template of the 5 paragraph postmodern advocacy documentary described by Williams. Morgen is clearly an advocate of the activists depicted in Chicago 10 , and their radical politics. Though he uses postmodern techniques, it seems very likely that Morgen did not intend to down the corridor 2000 cast suspicion on the actions or even the ideology, of the anti-war counterculture. Unlike more postmodern films, and many postmodern documentaries, Chicago 10 doesn稚 just question and undercut the idea of child in the united essay, objective truth, asserting instead an ironic but untrustworthy subjectivity. Chicago 10 takes sides, suggesting that some truths are better than others, and are worth fighting for, despite being partial, particular, and contingent. University of echo down collected 1944, Maryland. Krystin Arneson, 迭epresentation through Documentary: A Post-Modern Assessment, Artifacts: A Journal of Undergraduate Writing 6 (March 2012). Jim Emerson, 迭eview of in the united essay, Chicago 10 , (February 28, 2008). Margaret Wertheim. 撤ostmodernism. Faith and Reason.

PBS. December 11, 2013. Linda Williams, 溺irrors without Memories: Truth, History, and the New Documentary, eds. Brian Henderson and Ann Martin, Film Quarterly: Forty Years A Selection (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1999). Chicago 10 and the Counterculture. Brett Morgen is a writer/director/producer of documentaries. His first feature-length documentary, Ollie痴 Army (1996), featured the echo collected essay 1944 former Marine and conservative pundit, Oliver North (of Iran-Contra infamy).

In 1999, with Nanette Burstein, Morgen released On the Ropes , a documentary about three young boxers and their coach. This film was nominated for an Academy Award for term paper Best Feature Documentary, and won a number of film awards, including the Special Jury Prize at the Sundance Film Festival, the down essay 2000 Directors Guild of America award for best documentary, and the same award from the International Documentary Association. After On the Ropes , Morgen is perhaps best known for The Kid Stays in short essay, the Picture , an 妬nside-Hollywood look at the controversial and legendary Paramount producer Robert Evans. This film was nominated for twelve minor film awards, winning four. Morgen痴 latest documentary was Crossfire Hurricane , a television documentary about the fiftieth-anniversary tour of the Rolling Stones. This film was nominated for four primetime Emmies, and won the 敵olden Reel award for the corridor essay 2000 best sound editing. (This film can be favorably compared with Martin Scorsese痴 2007 documentary about The Rolling Stones, called Shine a Light ).

With its mix of archival footage and various forms of animation, Chicago 10 is a less conventional documentary than the child poverty in the ones Morgen made before. The film was generally well reviewed, though it was panned by some of the bigger media outlets and echo down collected essay 2000 has not garnered the kind of awards that Morgen has previously won. There were mixed reviews on Morgen痴 use of animation in working, the film. At Time Out , Ben Kenigsberg writes that. this unclassifiable cine-essay from Brett Morgen . . . burnishes the Chicago Seven trial with an echo the corridor collected 2000, iGeneration makeover. Alternating between archival footage and animated reenactments somewhat clunkily scored with a contemporary soundtrack this is the first nonfiction film that plays like a Matrix trailer. Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle has a different take on the film. He concludes: In the end, the relationship term truest thing that can be said for down collected essay 1944 2000 鼎hicago 10 is that, though Morgen did just about short on outsourcing, everything he could to make his movie unwatchable, the echo down 2000 story was interesting enough to fight him to a draw. The film chronicles the creative provocations of anti-war activists at 5 paragraph flaws, the Democratic National Convention in 1968 in Chicago, and the police push-back. Two of the defendants, Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin, were members of the newly-formed activist group, the echo the corridor essay 2000 Yippies.

The Yippies were well known for their political street theater, which took on monumental proportions in Chicago during the poverty in the states convention. Other defendants, such as Rennie Davis and David Dellinger, represented the slightly more mainstream peace group, the echo down the corridor 2000 National Mobilization Committee, or MOBE. A third defendant, Bobby Seale, was an on cuture, organizer for the Black Panther Party. The protesters street theater turned into a riot on echo down 1944 the streets of Chicago. It is generally acknowledged now that it was Mayor Daley痴 police who created the paper riot, not the protesters. But arguably this is exactly what the protesters wanted, since it showed quite concretely the lengths the authorities were willing to go to maintain order and perpetuate a repressive status quo based upon 1944 2000, war and profits. When they went on trial, the leaders of the protest at on cuture, the Democratic convention in down essay 1944 2000, 1968 brought their theater out of the streets and into the courtroom. The trial became a 田ircus, but like the circus-like demonstrations, it was arguably the authorities (particularly Judge Julius Hoffman) who made it so particularly in at beginning, the silencing of Bobby Seale. Chicago 10 and the Counterculture. Earlier in the semester, when we viewed Apocalypse Now , we discussed the American counterculture of the 1960s and 1970s, which was characterized by newer, looser conceptions of 都ex, drugs, and rock-n-roll, and, eventually, anti-war protest.

I posted a blog entry in which I argued that Apocalypse Now shows the 電ark side of the counterculture, reflecting the moral exhaustion the followed the conclusion of the echo down the corridor 1944 2000 Vietnam War and the Watergate scandal (which forced the resignation of President Richard Nixon in 1974). By contrast, Chicago 10 shows us the vibrancy (and sense of short, humor) of the student-led peace movement in the United States circa 1968. In this sense, Chicago 10 is down the corridor 2000, more like Jean-Luc痴 Godard痴 Weekend , from 1967, than Apocalypse Now though Godard is somewhat critical of his student revolutionaries, whereas Morgen is thesis statement or end, quite celebratory. Still, though in Chicago 10 we see the American counterculture through rose-colored, psychedelic glasses, there is a hint of dark times to come. We see this in the growing stridency and militancy of the peace movement, which would lead to some students taking up arms (and bombs) for peace. Previously in the corridor collected 1944, the 1960s, protests were more likely to world policy research working feature hippie flower children putting flowers into the barrels on echo the corridor collected essay soldiers guns; post-1968 protests were much more chaotic, with protesters enveloped by clouds of tear gas and running from truncheon-swinging policemen. Indicative of this is the violent tactics of the protesters in Chicago, and the ubiquitous use of the 菟 word (菟ig) in reference to the police. As I mentioned in class, if you池e looking for historical background on the film, you値l want to search for relationship 鍍he Chicago 7, not 鍍he Chicago 10. That痴 because most accounts focus on collected essay 2000 the seven white activists originally charged with inciting to on cuture riot, and treat Bobby Seale (also convicted) separately, and down essay 2000 don稚 consider the defense attorneys who were also jailed (for contempt of court). As the film makes clear, the statement at beginning or end defense attorneys actually spent more time in echo 2000, jail than most of the defendants.

Morgen is right to consider Bobby Seale as one of the thesis statement at beginning of ten despite not being one of the main organizers of the protest, and being separated from the rest of the down the corridor essay defendants since his horrendous treatment (being denied the right to defend himself, dragged out of the courtroom, and later gagged in the courtroom) is essays, one of the more controversial aspects of the echo collected 1944 2000 trial. University of Maryland. Ben Kenigsberg, 迭eview of relationship paper, Chicago 10 , TimeOut (February 26, 2008). Mick LaSalle, 淘Chicago 10 filmmaking fails story, San Francisco Chronicle ( February 29, 2008). Three Experimental Films and Avant-garde Cinema. Also known as 兎xperimental and 砥nderground cinema, films of the avant-garde. tend to the corridor essay 1944 2000 have broken, disjointed, or non-existent narratives often focus on some technical aspect of film usually 殿pproach the medium as an aesthetic, philosophical, and/or political means of expression ( Film: A Critical Introduction , 291) are generally antagonistic to thesis or end of conventional, Hollywood-style film-making.

According to your textbook authors, there are five major kinds of avant-garde film: Surrealist. Films that violate narrative conventions, focus on the unconscious mind, and 途eject conventional morality and poke fun at down the corridor collected essay, bourgeois values through form and content (Film: A Critical Introduction 293). Abstract. Films that focus on objects rather than people; they also focus on issues involved in vision itself, as well as investigate the materials of the relationship analysis paper film medium (e.g.

Stan Brakhage). The Corridor? City Symphony. Films that 田elebrate the short vibrancy of the modern world, and combine documentary and experimental film. Structuralist. Films that concentrate on the use of the cinematic apparatus, such as strips of film, sound waves, cameras, and lenses. Compilation . Films that 途euse film footage in an entirely new context to generate innovative ideas (299). The three short films I assigned for this week are certainly experimental, avant-garde films, but not all of them fit the textbook definition.

An Andalusian Dog (Un Chien Andalou) , written and directed by Salvador Dali and echo down the corridor 2000 Luis Bunuel, and first released in 1927, is the world policy working best-known example of Surrealist film. Your textbook authors note that Surrealist films 殿re rife with humor, sexuality, and scandalous images. Down Collected 2000? They reject conventional morality and poke fun at bourgeois values through form and relationship analysis paper content (293). An Andalusian Dog intentionally confounds the echo down the corridor essay 1944 expectations of the short on outsourcing audience and purposefully violates most of the conventions regarding film narrative. Essay 1944 2000? It undermines any sense of short essay on outsourcing, coherent narrative, and revels in its irrationality. In this sense, it is echo down 2000, just like a dream. Again, according to your textbook authors, the film subverts chronological time and narrative causality, and mocks narrative form. 典he sequence of events is not coherent; viewers cannot make sense of the film using cause-and-effect logic, and 砥nnamed characters have few goals or conflicts (although motifs include gender fluidity and sexual aggression (293). Needless to say, the film does not conform to bank policy conventional film-making represented by Hollywood. According to Martha Nochimson, in An Andalusian Dog Dali and Bunuel mock 鍍he assumption that there is any absolute reality. Creating a film that has no traditional narrative syntax, that is, rules by which the parts were joined to form a story, Dali and Bunuel set out to prove that all individuals and cultures are doing no more than connecting the dots according to their own limited perspectives when they talk about the real (281).

An Andalusian Dog can best be understood as an experiment in Freudian dream analysis, utilizing the method of echo down 1944 2000, free association. Just as dreams are deeply subjective, amorphous, and have their own logic, An Andalusian Dog works at the level of the subconscious mind, which includes the thesis statement at beginning of 都ub-rational. Like psychoanalysis, the film proceeds via free association, encouraging the echo down essay 1944 viewer to randomly and automatically associate one thing with another. Though the film defies explanation, and the film-makers repeatedly refused to explicate the symbols of the term paper film, one way to read An Andalusian Dog is as a journey through the stages of psycho-sexual development according to Freud. (I have created a separate blog entry on Freud痴 stages, and another that walks you through a reading of down the corridor 2000, An Andalusian Dog according to research working paper Freud.) There are many visual associations of a sexual nature in An Andalusian Dog (armpit hair representing pubic hair, the wounded hand representing the down the corridor collected essay 1944 2000 vagina, the close association of child poverty in the united states essay, female breasts and buttocks). There are other associations of a non-sexual nature (tennis racket for echo down essay crucifix, shaken martini mixer for world research the father). Some of these images are taken right out of the Freudian playbook, others (such as ants crawling out of stigmata holes) are personal obsessions of Dali or Bunuel, which first appeared in dreams. Finally, in the film we see, in echo down essay 1944 2000, many different guises, the close association of sex with death, or eros (sexual desire) and thanatos (the death wish), which was one of Freud痴 later psychological theories. The final image of the film, in which the formerly vibrant lovers are now corpses half-buried in the dirt, makes this association quite clear. Meshes of the Afternoon was made, in the United States, in 1943. It was written, directed, and acted by on tragic flaws, Maya Deren and her husband at the time, Alexander Hammid.

According to your textbook, Meshes of the Afternoon is a late, American Surrealist film. It 兎xplores the dream state, suspending the notion of the corridor 1944 2000, chronological time while relying on characters, settings, and child in the united states essay the semblance of narrative. Deren and her husband use domestic interiors as the nightmarish location for the dreamer痴 vivid and self-destructive imagination ( Film: A Critical Introduction , 293). The film blurs the border between dream and reality, to the point where we don稚 know which is which. Deren said of the Meshes of the Afternoon : 典his film is concerned with the interior experiences of an the corridor essay, individual. It does not record an event which could be witnessed by poverty united essay, other persons. Rather, it reproduces the way in which the subconscious of an individual will develop, interpret and down the corridor 2000 elaborate an apparently simple and casual incident into a critical emotional experience. (Commentary from Maya Deren from the 5 paragraph on tragic flaws DVD release, Maya Deren: Experimental Films 194358 ).

As a number of critics have noted, it is the subjective camera work in the film that shows how the individual develops, interprets and 2000 elaborates emotional experience. Meshes of the Afternoon is thesis statement at beginning or end, often characterized as a feminist film. According to Theresa Geller, Deren worked tirelessly . . . as a filmmaker and activist in the corridor collected essay 1944, an otherwise masculinist avant-garde art world. The critiques she wages against the dominant representations women were met with vehement resistance by child united states essay, a rabidly patriarchal, and frequently misogynistic, avant-garde film culture that did not hesitate to conflate Deren herself with her films in their attacks (140). As a feminist film, Meshes of the Afternoon shows the psychological oppression of women, which in the case of the unnamed woman character leads to suicide. The unnamed man in echo essay, the film is essays flaws, part of this oppression; the woman痴 dream shows him to be a ominous, threatening figure. In its feminism, the film is similar to Todd Haynes痴 Superstar: The Karen Carpenter Story . Superstar: The Karen Carpenter Story. Superstar: The Karen Carpenter Story , written and directed by echo the corridor essay 2000, Todd Haynes while he was in graduate school, is analysis term, a short biopic about the pop chanteuse of the 1970s who died of anorexia nervosa in 1983.

The moment you first see a Barbie doll playing Karen Carpenter, you know you are stepping into the avant-garde. Seeing Barbie dolls play all the characters, throughout the echo down the corridor collected entire film, seals the deal. Haynes痴 use of Barbie dolls has two main functions in the film. First, it is a subtle critique of the way girls and women are encouraged to aspire to or are indoctrinated in essays on cuture, an unrealistic and dysfunctional physical ideal, for the purpose of looking more attractive to men. This is one way that women suffer as a result of the Male Gaze. Secondly, Haynes uses the Barbie dolls to prevent the viewer痴 identification with the characters in the film. That is, he puts into echo down the corridor collected essay 1944 2000, practice Brechtian distanciation (the alienation effect). He attempts to put some critical distance between the viewer and the fantasy world of the film. However, as I mentioned in poverty united essay, class, it doesn稚 always work that way. I still managed to echo down collected 1944 2000 identify with the characters and become immersed in the world of the film.

The melodrama of the plot and the music (and my own 1970s nostalgia) had a big part to essay play in this. Like Meshes of the Afternoon (and decidedly not like An Andalusian Dog ), Superstar can be considered a feminist film. The film shows how Karen Carpenter struggled with the expectations of her family and society, which derived from echo down collected essay, a patriarchal ideology. 5 Paragraph On Tragic? The film also deals with the Male Gaze, as mentioned above. Related to this is Haynes痴 critique of consumerism. The film suggests that consumerism was complicit in the death of Karen Carpenter, in that it was the consumption of Ex-Lax and echo down the corridor collected essay 1944 2000 Ipicac that led to her anorexia. Ironically, Carpenter consumed these products as a form of child, un-consumption she used them to echo down the corridor 1944 starve herself. And she starved herself to relationship analysis term meet an echo the corridor collected essay, impossible physical ideal, to be pretty so that men might more easily consume her image. The film also critiques the counter-counterculture of poverty states essay, 1970s, which was a conservative response to the counterculture of the early 1970s.

That is, Carpenter became the poster child of wholesome living, and the antithesis of sex, drugs, and rock-n-roll. This was another impossible ideal to fulfill, feeding into Carpenter痴 sickness. It was exacerbated by the pressures of celebrity, of being a role model before you池e mature enough to handle it. This inevitably leads to cognitive dissonance, a conflict between who you are and who your are supposed to be (or forced by others to the corridor collected essay be). The film is Surrealist in some places (the spanking hand). It could be considered Abstract, particularly if you think dolls are objects and not people. It could also be considered a Compilation film in that Haynes inserts scenes from the liberation of the Nazi Death Camps, and other seemingly inappropriate footage. It might seem that Haynes was going way over the top with such footage, in effect comparing anorexia nervosa to statement of the Holocaust and the Vietnam War, but on the corridor 1944 a formal level it is justified it is one way to offset the melodramatic story-line, and on cuture confound the nearly-automatic emotional response provoked by the music. University of Maryland.

Maya Deren, 鼎ommentary to Meshes of the Afternoon , Maya Deren: Experimental Films 194358 (DVD) . Theresa L. Geller, 典he Personal Cinema of Maya Deren: Meshes of the Afternoon and its Critical Reception in the History of the Avant-garde, Biography: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly 29.1 (Winter 2006): 140-158. Martha Nochimson, World on Film (Malden, MA: John Wiley Sons, 2007). A Freudian Interpretation of An Andalusian Dog. The following is a Freudian interpretation of An Andalusian Dog ( Un Chien Andalou) . It is 2000, one of many possible interpretations of the film. My reading draws upon short, Freudian psychology, which I summarized in another blog entry. The narrative of the film is illogical, like the narrative of a dream. Echo Essay? Dream analysis was a preoccupation of both Freudian analysts and Surrealist artists. The film begins with the sexual act, which is an act of violence. This is represented by short, the sliced eye-ball of the down 2000 woman. A child is born, a boy; birth, too, is a violent act.

This is analysis term paper, represented by the injured boy who has fallen off his bike. The boy is disturbed by echo the corridor, a sexually undifferentiated (androgynous) female and world working becomes aware of his own sexuality. The boy is both hostile towards, and aroused by, the androgynous person. He takes sexual pleasure in her death. He desires his mother sexually, reaching for the breasts, the center of his libidinous pleasure. but is thwarted and held back by societal conventions (Ten Commandments, dead horse, pianos, priests) and by the threatened violence of his father, who berates him, in a sense saying 堵row up! The father forces the boy to abandon his childish ways and become more like him. This is represented by the father throwing the echo down collected essay 2000 boy痴 childish things out the window. The boy, in an expression of the Oedipal Complex, imagines killing his father. It is child united, humorously represented as a shoot-out, the kind featured in cowboy or gangster films. Once this conflict is resolved, the father and the son assume their proper roles, with the son inevitably taking precedence over his father.

This is down the corridor collected essay, represented by the son being much taller than his father. (Granted, this association is even more illogical than the term ones previously discussed, since now the father and the son are played by different actors, in what seems to be another film entirely. A similar thing occurs at the end of the film.) Later, the boy, now grown to an adult, attempts to establish a healthy sexual relationship with a woman but he still shows feminine characteristics, which means he has not developed properly. This is echo down the corridor collected 1944, represented by the woman痴 armpit hair (standing in for short her pubic hair) on the man痴 face. Then we see the boy/man in down 1944, a healthier aspect; his healthy individuation is indicated by a completely different actor playing the character. The woman is attracted to him, not to the other man who has not developed properly.

The man and his female lover walk along the shore, representing the font of life from on tragic flaws, which we all come and to which we all return. The man shows his disgust for childish things. These are the same items the father threw out the window earlier in the film. The film ends with death, at which point the cycle begins again. (Some have also seen, in this shot, an the corridor collected essay 2000, allusion to the bloody battlefields of World War I). Freud痴 Stages of Psycho-Sexual Development. Though the film defies explanation, and the directors Luis Bunuel and Salvador Dali repeatedly refused to explain the symbols of the relationship term paper film, one way to read An Andalusian Dog (Un Chien Andalou) is as a journey through the stages of psycho-sexual development according to Sigmund Freud.

These stages are: Oral stage (from birth to echo the corridor collected 2000 eighteen months): the child is preoccupied by nursing, and identifies nursing with his or her libidinal energy. Weaning provokes a crisis, an initial separation between the child and the mother. Anal stage (eighteen months to 3 years): as the child is toilet-trained, he or she becomes obsessed with defecation. The child takes pleasure in defecation, which is countered by the rules of society concerning the control of on outsourcing, bodily functions. Phallic stage (3 to 4 years): the down the corridor collected essay 1944 child becomes interested in his or her genitals. The boy child wishes to essay on outsourcing possess his mother sexually, and to echo essay 1944 2000 kill his father (his rival), but does not do so out of fear of castration at the hands of essay on outsourcing, his father; instead he learns to identify with his father. This is the echo the corridor Oedipus Complex. The girl child desires her father and blames the 5 paragraph mother for her lack of essay 2000, penis, but she eventually identifies with her mother, in relationship paper, order to vicariously possess her father through her mother. This is the Electra Complex. Latency Stage: the conflict of the Oedipal and Electra Complexes resolved, the echo collected child goes into thesis statement at beginning or end of, an asexual period that is characterized by sexual repression.

Genital Stage: the child, now fully grown and socialized, strives to develop a healthy sexual relationship with a member of the opposite sex. If previous states are unresolved, this will be problematic. For more on Freud痴 stages, and the definitions of such terms as libido, erogenous zone, id, ego, and superego, please consult the Victorian Web (from which I have borrowed for my explanation above): Note that feminists and gay critics have problems with Freud痴 model of psycho-sexual development. They claim, rightly, that Freud does not seriously consider their sexual development in his model, insinuating that they are sexually incomplete or dysfunctional. Torture, Journalism, and Art, in Zero Dark Thirty. Kathyrn Bigelow is not the first film director to struggle with the tension between journalistic realism and artistic fiction in film. But she is echo essay 2000, currently the best, and most controversial, example of 5 paragraph essays flaws, this phenomenon.

What I知 really referring to here is the 途ealistic and/or 殿rtistic treatment of torture in down the corridor collected essay 2000, Zero Dark Thirty . The film clearly shows that torture, though clearly a bad thing, was effective in leading to the discovery and analysis term paper killing of Osama bin Laden. Bigelow, and her co-scriptwriter, the journalist Mark Boal, have repeatedly made the echo collected essay claim that Zero Dark Thirty is realistic, objective, and journalistic in its representation of torture. This is also the way they justify themselves as artists. For them, verisimilitude is equivalent to artistic treatment. Many critics vociferously disagree that the on outsourcing film is down, realistic, or can be considered journalism, on the subject of 5 paragraph on tragic flaws, torture.

At The New Yorker , Jane Mayer writes that. the director of Zero Dark Thirty , Kathryn Bigelow, milks the U.S. torture program for drama while sidestepping the political and ethical debate that it provoked. Echo Down 2000? In her hands, the hunt for bin Laden is essentially a police procedural, devoid of moral context. If she were making a film about slavery in antebellum America, it seems, the story would focus on whether the cotton crops were successful. In Rolling Stone , Matt Taibbi also addresses the subject of torture in Zero Dark Thirty . He writes: The problem had nothing to do with the fact that Bigelow showed torture. Term Paper? It was the down collected 2000 way she depicted it without perspective, and in policy research, the context of a pulse-pounding thriller where the down 2000 audience is essays, clearly supposed to root for the big treasure find. It痴 a cliche but it痴 true: Bin Laden wanted us to make this mistake. He wanted America to respond to him by throwing off our carefully-crafted blanket of echo down collected 1944 2000, global respectability to reveal a brutal, repressive hypocrite underneath. He wanted us to stop pretending that we池e the country that handcuffs you and reads you your rights instead of extralegally drone-bombing you from the stratosphere, or putting one in your brain in an Egyptian basement somewhere.

Carla Seaquist comments that Zero Dark Thirty is the perfect al-Qaeda recruiting tool, with its extensive, and unopposed, torturing. Adrian Chen writes that 適athryn Bigelow痴 Osama bin Laden revenge-porn flick Zero Dark Thirty was the biggest publicity coup for the CIA this century outside of the actual killing of Osama bin Laden. [Chen follows this with a discussion of relationship analysis term paper, a memo that shows that the CIA 菟ressured (script-writer) Mark Boal to remove scenes that made them look bad from the Zero Dark Thirty script.脳 Not all the critics of Zero Dark Thirty are film reviewers. Some are political commentators like Naomi Wolf, or journalists like Glen Greenwald (well known now for his reporting on WikiLeaks, Julian Assange, and Edward Snowden). Wolf claims that. in falsely justifying, in scene after scene, the torture of detainees in 鍍he global war on the corridor 2000 terror, Zero Dark Thirty is a gorgeously-shot, two-hour ad for world bank working paper keeping intelligence agents who committed crimes against Guantanamo prisoners out of jail. It makes heroes and heroines out of people who committed violent crimes against echo down collected, other people based on their race. Greenwald, writing of the death of Osama bin Laden and Zero Dark Thirty , says that: This event [killing of essays, bin Laden] has obtained sacred status in echo down the corridor essay 1944 2000, American political lore. Nobody can speak ill of it, or even question it, without immediately prompting an avalanche of anger and thesis resentment. Echo 1944? . . . Policy Working Paper? For that reason, to depict X as valuable in enabling the killing of bin Laden is by collected essay 1944 2000, definition to glorify X. That formula will lead huge numbers of American viewers to regard X as justified and important. In The States? In this film: X = torture.

That痴 why it glorifies torture: because it powerfully depicts it as a vital step the first, indispensable step in what enabled the echo down the corridor 1944 US to hunt down and pump bullets into America痴 most hated public enemy. Greenwald, who has written a number of articles on the controversy, goes on to show how the film痴 claims about child united, torture are demonstrably false. He also characterizes the film as 鼎IA hagiography and 菟ernicious propaganda. Mayer痴 beat is national and international affairs, not film. But she makes a strong case for the falsity of the representation of torture in echo collected essay 2000, Zero Dark Thirty . During a week in which the European Court decided that the CIA was involved in torture during the War on Terror, Mayer writes that. the C.I.A.痴 program of calibrated cruelty was deemed so illegal, and so immoral, that the essays on cuture director of the F.B.I. withdrew his personnel rather than have them collaborate with it, and the top lawyer at the Pentagon laid his career on the line in an effort to stop a version of the program from spreading to down collected 1944 2000 the armed forces. As the relationship analysis Washington Post 痴 Greg Sargent first reported, shortly after bin Laden was killed, Leon Panetta, then the director of the C.I.A., sent a letter to collected 2000 Arizona Senator John McCain [who publicly objected to the depiction of torture in Zero Dark Thirty ], clearly stating that 努e first learned about 奏he facilitator/courier痴 nom de guerre from a detainee not in the C.I.A.痴 custody. Panetta wrote that 渡o detainee in C.I.A. custody revealed the facilitator/courier痴 full true name or specific whereabouts. Bigelow and Boal have defended the accuracy of the child in the united essay film in numerous interviews.

Bigelow told Dexter Filkins, in The New Yorker , that 鍍he film doesn稚 have an agenda and it doesn稚 judge. I wanted a boots-on-the-ground experience. Boal als defends the film by calling it journalism, and has argued that the film captures the complexity of the debate concerning torture. Both Bigelow and Boal have asserted that the film is apolitical and that the criticism of the film is political. They contend that 電epiction [of torture] is not endorsement. Jeff Reichart, writing in Reverse Shot , assesses the down the corridor 1944 2000 film as realistic journalism. He claims that. Kathryn Bigelow痴 Zero Dark Thirty operates fully within that specific register of child poverty in the essay, realism that has been defined over the last few decades of contemporary cinema. Its markers include handheld cameras, images washed of color, and the liberal intermixing of archival footage with created material. As such, it痴 obsessed with achieving journalistic accuracy, which seems to have become the echo the corridor loftiest goal in current cinema. Then Reichart gets into specifics: The film begins with a solemn title card announcing that what follows will be 澱ased on first hand accounts before moving into its most ghoulish segment, in which Bigelow plays, over a darkened screen, the flaws recordings of cell phone calls made from the Twin Towers September 11, 2001, as the planes struck.

As Maya痴 manhunt continues and the casualties from terror attacks around the world mount, Bigelow pulls in footage from the aftermath of the July 2005 London public transport bombings, and the September 2008 attack on the Islamabad Marriott. This footage is collected essay 1944 2000, skillfully interwoven with Maya痴 search so as to minimize audience disruption we池e not supposed to feel the shift in 5 paragraph essays flaws, registers between scripted Zero Dark Thirty material and the images taken from the news (the protagonist herself is depicted as having just missed being killed in the Marriott explosion). Echo The Corridor Collected Essay 1944 2000? This mixing effectively levels out the differences between the various flavors of footage and their relationship to 途eal events. It痴 one of the ways in which Zero Dark Thirty successfully overlays the collection of policy research paper, suppositions, condensations, and outright fabrications that is Maya痴 narrative on down the corridor essay 1944 2000 top of our own understanding of the decade-long War on Terror. Note that Reichart claims that the film-makers were successful in giving Zero Dark Thirty a veneer of journalistic realism, but that it was nothing but a veneer. Neither Bigelow nor writer Boal, in interviews, ever acknowledge that the realism they traffic in on the way to building their new master narrative about the War on Terror is actually a studious construction. Though it may focus on one of the central global narratives of the past decade and be sourced to the gills, Zero Dark Thirty is still made of the same stuff that all movies, no matter how 途ealistic are made of; that this artifice needs to be noted every time a film in this vein rolls around remains a central failure of our culture痴 relationship to the moving image (the seductiveness of united states, verisimilitude suggests some of the down the corridor essay reasons for film痴 ability to captivate and bank research paper convince on a larger scale than other arts). Taibbi, another journalist-not-film-reviewer, challenges the idea that Zero Dark Thirty is objective journalism. He writes that Bigelow has. been praised, almost excessively, for being brave enough to 鍍ell the truth about torture in Zero Dark Thirty . As Manohla Dargis of The New York Times put it: However unprovable the effectiveness of these interrogations, they did take place.

To omit them from 纏ero Dark Thirty would have been a reprehensible act of down collected 2000, moral cowardice. Here痴 my question: if it would have been dishonest to leave torture out of the film entirely, how is it not dishonest to leave out how generally ineffective it was, how morally corrupting, how totally it enraged the entire Arab world, how often we used it on bank policy research working paper people we knew little to nothing about, how often it resulted in deaths, or a hundred other facts? Responding to blog comments to his article, Taibbi writes: Some wrote in down collected 1944 2000, and said that all Bigelow was doing was telling an 登bjective story and leaving it to us to sort it out. That痴 bullshit. All storytelling is thesis or end, a series of editorial decisions. You decide what to leave in, what to leave out. In doing so you reveal a point of echo collected, view. They kept to a very narrow storyline that ended in the triumphant capture of essay, bin Laden.

The posters don稚 say, 展E SOLD OUR SOULS TO GET HIM, they read, 典HE GREATEST MANHUNT IN HISTORY. One of the collected essay more potent critiques of the claim of journalistic realism in Zero Dark Thirty is that, despite the claims of the film-makers, it is essays, not balanced. Carla Seaquist writes that. from the opening scene a gruesome extended sequence showing a half-dozen techniques on how to break a detainee and continuing throughout the entire film, Bigelow and Boal show only one side: intelligence agents engaging in torture, with every other agent on-station, and their controllers in Washington, onboard with the program, no dissent registered, none. Seaquist cites a long list of journalists and critics who opposed torture in the War on Terror.

Mayer (one of those journalists) also notes that Zero Dark Thirty. doesn稚 include a single scene in which torture is questioned, even though the Bush years were racked by internal strife over just that issue. . . . CNN national-security analyst Peter Bergen wrote recently [of the film], 鍍he audience has already seen that the C.I.A. has employed coercive interrogation techniques on an al Qaeda detainee that produced a key lead in echo essay 2000, the hunt for bin Laden. In the film, Obama痴 opposition to torture comes off as wrongheaded and prissy. Taibbi says that. A more accurate movie about the torture program would have been a grotesque comedy that shown grown men resorting to puppet shows and dance routines and term paper fourth-rate sexual indignities dreamed up after spending too much time reading spank mags and BDSM sites and doing this thousands of times to thousands of people, all over echo the corridor essay 2000 the world, 殿ccidentally murdering hundreds of people in the process, going to war by mistake at thesis statement at beginning, least once as a result of it, and having no clue half the time who they池e interrogating (less than 10 percent of 鍍error suspects at places like Bagram were arrested by American forces; most of the rest were brought in by Afghanis or other foreigners in exchange for bounties). Wolf directly challenges Bigelow痴 journalistic claims in her 登pen letter article on Zero Dark Thirty : You claim that your film is 澱ased on essay 2000 real events, and in interviews, you insist that it is a mixture of fact and fiction, 菟art documentary. Short? 迭eal, 鍍rue, and even 電ocumentary, are big and the corridor collected 2000 important words. By claiming such terms, you generate media and sales traction on a mendacious basis. Wolf, a well-known feminist, can barely contain her feelings of betrayal. Here was a woman (Bigelow), perhaps even a feminist, doing what Wolf often attacks men for doing. She writes:

In a time of darkness in America, at you are being feted by Hollywood, and policy paper hailed by major media. But to me, the down collected essay 2000 path your career has now taken reminds of no one so much as that other female film pioneer who became, eventually, an apologist for evil: Leni Riefenstahl. Riefenstahl痴 1935 Triumph of the Will , which glorified Nazi military power, was a massive hit in Germany. Riefenstahl was the first female film director to be hailed worldwide. Perhaps because he found it difficult to counter the charges that, on the subject of torture, Zero Dark Thirty is not as journalistic, realistic, or objective as advertised, Boal started making the opposite argument. On Cuture? He said that the film is not a documentary, it is fiction. That is, it is the corridor collected essay, art, not journalism. Boal and Bigelow, then, are only guilty of 殿rtistic licence. But, according to Greenwald, Bigelow and Boal are speaking out of both sides of policy paper, their mouths here.

As noted, she is echo essay, going around praising herself for taking 殿lmost a journalistic approach to film. But when confronted by factual falsehoods she propagates on critical questions, her screenwriting partner resorts to thesis statement or end the excuse that 妬t痴 a movie, not a documentary. Some critics say the film is echo the corridor essay, a actually a subtle criticism of torture. They see in the film a subtle, thematic questioning of torture in Zero Dark Thirty, and claim that the film dramatizes the 杜oral descent of the United States during the War on Terror, by showing a country that would stop at nothing, including the most brutal forms of torture, to locate and relationship analysis kill Osama bin Laden. I barely caught a whiff of a 杜oral journey/descent storyline in this film the collected essay 1944 2000 closest they came to that was in the first scene, where Maya looks a little grossed out by Clarke痴 methods. A few minutes later, though, she痴 all street and everything, wearing a hijab and getting some henchman to throw fists at her suspects on command. She went from queasy to hardass in about ten seconds and we didn稚 linger on the transformation at all. For Reichart, it is not just the film-makers who are factitious: film critics especially those who claim Bigelow as an auteur have helped to 努hitewash Bigelow and essay downplay the pro-torture position in echo down, Zero Dark Thirty . Reichart writes: It痴 become all too commonplace for critics to float above the fray, and praise works they find aesthetically valuable and politically questionable (a replaying of the thesis old Leni Riefenstahl debate again), but is echo down collected 1944, this l誕rt pour l誕rt [art for essays on tragic art痴 sake] stance any way to watch movies? Isn稚 this just abdicating a crucial part of the critical act?

Wouldn稚 we rather our film writers be morally engaged viewers rather than diffident aesthetes? The morally engaged viewer doesn稚 necessarily look to the film in the corridor collected essay 1944, question for simple affirmation of his or her viewpoints and reject opposing ideas out of hand. Bank Policy Research Working? Rather, the moral viewer looks to cinema to encounter a host of perspectives, and down essay 1944 2000 can find pleasure in a variety of them so long as the art itself is well reasoned and internally sound. On Tragic? Especially in light of how the filmmakers have spoken about their work, the problem with Zero Dark Thirty becomes less that it ends up making a forceful case for the efficacy of torturing human beings for national security it痴 that one can easily walk away from the film doubting whether Bigelow and Boal have even realized that this is what they致e done. Reichart then asks: Shouldn稚 art that so bowdlerizes its real-life subject matter in echo down collected 1944, order to create a pleasurable experience be called out for 5 paragraph doing so? The actual quest for down the corridor collected 1944 2000 bin Laden surely rested more on gradations of tedium as opposed to one manufactured mini-climax after another why don稚 we desire that a 途ealistic representation of flaws, that hunt fall far closer to that truth? Zero Dark Thirty is just another incredibly well-fashioned product of the same morbid culture that considers weaponry sexy and art featuring evisceration and tales of war fascinating which is to say, pretty much all of Western culture ever.

Seaquist also faults film critics for abdicating their critical role, in the name of echo the corridor 1944, 杜oral ambiguity: 溺oral ambiguity has become a standard artistic choice today, for filmmakers as well as playwrights and novelists, meaning: Rather than put the thumb on the scales for or against an action depicted, the artist professes to leave the paper moral judging to the audience. Moral questions being by definition about the corridor collected essay 1944 2000, right and wrong, the artist presuming to treat such questions in an ambiguous manner must then show at least two sides (or more) of the question under review. For Seaquist, artistically, Zero Dark Thirty was a missed opportunity: If dramatic conflict is the clash of opposing objectives, and bank research if the most dramatic is the opposition of echo collected essay 1944 2000, moral objectives, it痴 bewildering to in the united essay me why the filmmakers chose not to exploit their film痴 richest vein of conflict: the rightness or wrongness of torture. It might seem hypocritical for the film-makers to claim that Zero Dark Thirty is both realistic journalism and down the corridor a work of bank policy working, art, but critics often make this claim for film-makers (see, for instance, reviews of Steve McQueen痴 Twelve Years of Slave , that make exactly this claim). Film-makers make this claim for themselves. It can be a productive tension for films, and for directors, if it痴 not definitively resolved in favor of one or the other. In this sense, Bigelow shows herself to the corridor collected essay 1944 be an auteur according to the definition of Andrew Sarris: this is the relationship analysis paper 妬nterior meaning, or an underlying tension between the director/s vision and the subject matter. It is the tension between journalistic and creative exposition. My criticism of Zero Dark Thirty is that instead of holding journalism and the corridor art in tension in the film, Bigelow uses journalism as a cover for falsity, and art as a cover for inaccuracy.

And what is more, she does so on behalf of a questionable ideology that forgives torture as long as it leads to security. Founding Father Benjamin Franklin (supposedly) put it: 鍍hose who sacrifice liberty for security deserve neither. In the case of Kathryn Bigelow and Zero Dark Thirty , we might paraphrase it as: those who sacrifice truth for art, and vice versa, will lose sight of both. [Some critics have questioned the accuracy of the film痴 version of the actual killing of Osama bin Laden, dramatized in essays on cuture, the raid that concludes the film. On this topic, I refer you to Mark Follman痴 article in Mother Jones magazine.] University of Maryland. Adrian Chen, 哲ewly Declassified Memo Shows CIA Shaped Zero Dark Thirty痴 Narrative, (posted May 6, 2013).

Mark Follman. 淘Zero Dark Thirty and the Mysterious Killing of Osama bin Laden, Mother Jones (February 22, 2013). Glenn Greenwald, Zero Dark Thirty : CIA hagiography, pernicious propaganda, The Guardian (December 14, 2012). Jane Mayer. 纏ero Conscience in 岨ero Dark Thirty,' The New Yorker (December 14, 2012). Jeff Reichart, 泥esert of the real, Reverse Shot. Carla Seaquist, 鉄ociety Instructs Hollywood on 閃oral Ambiguity of Torture: Or, What the echo the corridor collected essay Zero Dark Thirty Controversy Means, Huffington Post (September 30, 2013). Matt Taibbi. 淘Zero Dark Thirty Is Osama bin Laden痴 Last Victory Over America, Rolling Stone (January 16, 2013).

Naomi Wolf. 鄭 letter to statement or end of Kathryn Bigelow on Zero Dark Thirty 壮 apology for torture, The Guardian (January 4, 2013).

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Essay: A Doll#039;s House by Henrik Ibsen. The play 羨 Doll痴 house is down the corridor collected 1944, a three act play written by Henrik Ibsen. Poverty States Essay! The play is significant for its critical attitude toward 19th century marriage norms. It aroused great controversy at the time, as it concludes with the protagonist, Nora, leaving her husband and children because she wants to discover herself. Echo Down The Corridor Collected Essay 1944 2000! Ibsen was inspired by the belief that 殿 woman cannot be herself in modern society, since it is 殿n exclusively male society, with laws made by men and with prosecutors and judges who assess feminine conduct from a masculine standpoint. Henrik Ibsen, considered by many to on cuture be the the corridor essay 2000 father of modern prose drama, was born in Skien, Norway, on March 20, 1828. He was the second of six children. Ibsen痴 father was a prominent merchant, but he went bankrupt when Ibsen was eight years old, so Ibsen spent much of his early life living in poverty. From 1851 to short 1864, he worked in echo the corridor essay 2000, theaters in Bergen and in what is now Oslo (then called Christiania).

At age twenty-one, Ibsen wrote his first play, a five-act tragedy called Catiline. Like much of child states essay, his early work, Catiline was written in echo essay 1944, verse. In 1858, Ibsen married Suzannah Thoreson, and eventually had one son with her. Ibsen felt that, rather than merely live together, husband and wife should live as equals, free to become their own human beings. This belief can be seen clearly in A Doll痴 House. In A Doll痴 House, Ibsen paints a bleak picture of the sacrificial role held by women of on cuture, all economic classes in his society. In general, the echo the corridor play痴 female characters exemplify Nora痴 assertion (spoken to world bank policy working paper Torvald in Act Three) that even though men refuse to down collected essay 1944 2000 sacrifice their integrity, 蘇undreds of thousands of women have. At the beginning of A Doll痴 House, Nora seems completely happy. She responds affectionately to Torvald痴 teasing, speaks with excitement about the extra money his new job will provide, and takes pleasure in the company of her children and friends.

She does not seem to mind her doll-like existence, in which she is coddled, pampered, and patronized. Protagonist, Nora, seems like a bit of a ditz. When her husband, Torvald, calls her things like his 斗ittle squirrel, his 斗ittle lark, and, worst of on cuture, all, a 吐eatherhead, she doesn稚 seem to the corridor collected mind (1.5-1.16). Analysis Paper! In fact she seems to enjoy and even play into it. When Torvald first calls her a spendthrift, we池e inclined to echo collected essay 2000 agree. So far, we致e seen her give the porter an world bank research working, overly generous tip, come in with tons of Christmas presents, and shrug at the idea of incurring debt. Soon, though, we see that Nora has a lot more going on than we first imagined . On the down the corridor collected 2000 other hand the other female in the play, Christine is a tough, world-wise woman. Policy Research! This lady has been through a lot. She tells Krogstad, 的 have learned to the corridor collected essay 1944 act prudently Life, and hard, bitter necessity have taught me that. In this paper I want to show that at time women used to sacrifice everthing for their husbands.

Still then they were not considered to know the aspect of the world. As like nora , she did everything she can for her husband that she can. SACRIFICE BY NORA. As the play progresses, Nora reveals that she is not just a 壮illy girl, as Torvald calls her. That she understands the business details related to relationship analysis paper the debt she incurred taking out a loan to preserve Torvald痴 health indicates that she is intelligent and possesses capacities beyond mere wifehood. Her description of her years of secret labor undertaken to down 1944 2000 pay off her debt shows her fierce determination and ambition. Additionally, the fact that she was willing to break the law in order to essays ensure Torvald痴 health shows her courage. Krogstad痴 blackmail and the trauma that follows do not change Nora痴 nature; they open her eyes to her unfulfilled and 1944 underappreciated potential. 選 have been performing tricks for you, Torvald, she says during her climactic confrontation with him.

Nora comes to realize that in addition to her literal dancing and singing tricks, she has been putting on a show throughout her marriage. Child Poverty United States! She has pretended to be someone she is not in order to the corridor 1944 2000 fulfill the role that Torvald, her father, and society at bank policy research working paper large have expected of her. Though Nora is economically advantaged in comparison to the play痴 other female characters, she nevertheless leads a difficult life because society dictates that Torvald be the marriage痴 dominant partner. Echo Down! Torvald issues decrees and condescends to Nora, and Nora must hide her loan from him because she knows Torvald could never accept the idea that his wife (or any other woman) had helped save his life. Furthermore, she must work in secret to pay off her loan because it is thesis statement or end of, illegal for a woman to obtain a loan without her husband痴 permission. Down The Corridor Collected 1944 2000! By motivating Nora痴 deception, the attitudes of Torvald誕nd society値eave Nora vulnerable to Krogstad痴 blackmail. De Beauvoir argues that throughout history, woman has been viewed as a 蘇indrance or a prison. Nora痴 abandonment of relationship analysis term paper, her children can also be interpreted as an act of self- sacrifice. Despite Nora痴 great love for her children知anifested by her interaction with them and her great fear of echo down collected essay 1944 2000, corrupting them痴he chooses to leave them. 5 Paragraph Essays Flaws! Nora truly believes that the nanny will be a better mother and that leaving her children is in their best interest. Nora痴 understanding of the echo the corridor essay 2000 meaning of freedom evolves over the course of the play.

In the first act, she believes that she will be totally 素ree as soon as she has repaid her debt, because she will have the opportunity to devote herself fully to her domestic responsibilities. After Krogstad blackmails her, however, she reconsiders her conception of freedom and essay questions whether she is happy in Torvald痴 house, subjected to his orders and edicts. By the end of the play, Nora seeks a new kind of freedom. She wishes to down essay 1944 2000 be relieved of her familial obligations in order to at beginning or end pursue her own ambitions, beliefs, and identity. Mrs. Christine linde , In her younger days, she had to sacrifice love for echo down essay 1944 2000, the sake of her family. Rather than marrying the dashing young Nils Krogstad, she married a businessman, Mr. Linde, so that she could support her sick mother and her two younger brothers.

In order to sever herself from her beloved Nils, she wrote him a nasty note saying that she didn稚 love him anymore. (A little harsh, Christine.) Now her brothers are all grown up and her mother is dead. Her husband has passed away, too. Mr. Linde痴 business went kaput after he died and she痴 had to work a lot of crumby jobs. Still, Christine is finally free. It痴 true that Christine is free from the responsibilities of family, but she absolutely hates it. She痴 not happy again until she reunites with Nils, telling him 的 want to be a mother to relationship term paper someone, and echo down the corridor 1944 your children need a mother. We two need each other. It might be seen as tragic: women are so programmed by 5 paragraph essays society, that the only thing they know how to do is be a homemaker. On the other hand, it痴 not like Christine is down the corridor, making this decision from a place of short essay on outsourcing, ignorance. Unlike Nora, Christine is well aware of what life is like without men.

The major difference between Christine痴 new relationship and that of the echo Helmers seems to be that Christine and Krogstad are entering into it as equals. Short On Outsourcing! Perhaps, the union of Nils and Christine is echo down the corridor 2000, Ibsen痴 example of on cuture, 鍍he most wonderful thing of all, which Nora defines as 殿 real wedlock A Doll痴 House ends with the slamming of a door. Nora turns her back on her husband and kids, and takes off into the snow to make her own way in the world. It痴 a pretty bold decision, to say the least. Some might even call it foolish. She doesn稚 have a job. Not a whole lot of marketable skills. No home. No prospects of any kind.

By making this choice, she痴 ostracizing herself from the society she痴 always been a part of. Down The Corridor Essay! Most 途espectable people just aren稚 going to hang out with her. The comfortable life she痴 leading will be totally destroyed. Essays! So, why does she do such a thing? Nora makes he reason for her decision pretty clear in her last argument with Torvald. Before she makes her grand exit, he scathingly criticizes her, saying that by echo down 2000 deserting her husband and children she is forsaking her 杜ost sacred duties . Nora doesn稚 see it this way. In The States! She tells him that the duties that are most sacred to her now are the 電uties to [herself]

Furthermore, it can be debated that the echo down essay 1944 male-female relationship in A Doll痴 House is short on outsourcing, based on a Master-Slave ideology which Friedrich Hegel, the echo down great Enlightenment theorist, started. The relationship between Torvald and Helmer evolves according to a Master-Slave relationship. Poverty In The United Essay! Hegel argues that the consciousness of one痴 self as a self cannot be achieved except through confrontation with another. Both Nora and her husband Torvald recognized their dependency on echo down the corridor collected essay 1944 2000, each other and that self-consciousness led to Nora痴 awakening in the end. Thus, Nora痴 character self was made through the dialectical special interrelationship between her and her husband on poverty in the united, one side and between her and the patriarchal society on the other. Down The Corridor Collected Essay 2000! Hegel says that the self 奏hrough supersession, receives back its own self, because, by superseding its otherness, it again becomes equal to itself; but secondly, it equally gives the other self-consciousness back again to itself, for it saw itself in 5 paragraph essays on tragic flaws, the other, but superseded this being of down the corridor essay 1944, itself in the other and thus lets the other again go free. First Nora acknowledges Torvald as her master and flaws she dutifully assumes her role as the slave who is dependent on her master. Essay 2000! After the confrontation, Nora realizes the master痴 dependency on her which leads her to supersede him and be free of at beginning or end of, him. After reading 羨 Doll痴 House by Hendrik Ibsen. I can conclude that there is both a parallel and a contrast structure in the characters of down the corridor essay 2000, Mrs. Linde and Nora.

A contrasting difference in world policy research working paper, the characters, are shown not in the characters themselves, but the role that they play in their marriages. These women have different relationships with their husbands. Torvald and Nora have a relationship where there is echo collected 1944, no equality. To Torvald Nora is an object. Hence, she plays the submissive role in a society where the essays on cuture lady plays the passive role. Her most important obligation is to please Torvald, making her role similar to a slave. He too considers himself superior to her. As for Kristine and Krogstad their relationship is much more open to us. It is apparent that if Kristine and Krogstad were to engage in an argument, it is more likely that that they would come to a compromise. A strong sign that Mrs.

Linde brings us a better understanding of Nora is their parallel in echo down the corridor collected, characters. Both are willing to sacrifice themselves for values dear to their lives. This act of flaws, aiding significant loved ones gives us a better understanding of Nora. It gives us an image of who the echo down the corridor collected character Nora really is. Mrs. Linde shows her loyalty to her family when she did not think that she 蘇ad the right to refuse her husband痴 marriage proposal. After taking into bank policy research working consideration her sick mother, her brothers, and Krogstad having money. She married for the welfare of down collected, her family.

Which means that in poverty in the states, this society family is top priority. To the women is this era, loyalty to their loved ones is highly expected. Then, we have Nora, who on the same token saves her husband (Torvald痴) life, which portrays again, the trend of women sacrificing for their families. They both (Mrs. Linde and Nora) express their feelings of pride and fulfillment in helping their significant others by sacrificing themselves.

Nora痴 character is made more obvious to down the corridor essay us by short essay on outsourcing Mrs. Linde痴 actions. Not only did Nora open her mouth about saving her husband痴 life, but she did it with the echo down essay 1944 utmost pride. Essay On Outsourcing! Claiming to have raised all the money herself she soaks in echo down essay 1944 2000, her self-importance. World Bank Research Working! In Act 1, Nora seems to thrive on the pride she gets from borrowing the money. I suppose that she is feeling useful for a change. It seems also, that Mrs.

Linde comes off as superior to echo the corridor essay 1944 2000 Nora because she feels that Nora has never done hard work in her life. On Cuture! Mrs. Linde is referring to the sacrifice she has made. She makes a remark about Nora still being a child. As if to say that she was inexperienced.

She is echo down 2000, half-right. At the 5 paragraph end of the play Nora agrees that is it 奏rue, She does not know much about the world and that if she is to learn, then she will have to down collected essay 1944 2000 experience that for herself. This remark tells us that Nora is capable of short, choosing herself over her husband. And that she has to be herself before she can be a wife or mom for echo down collected essay 1944 2000, that matter. Norma Helmer is the best illustration of the illusioned woman who lives in a society where the male oppresses the female and reduces to a mere doll or plaything.

Nora Helmer is that doll living in her fake doll house, which reinforces the fragile idea of a stable family living under a patriarchal and traditional roof. Analysis! One can argue that Nora Helmer and the other female figures portrayed in A Doll痴 House are the best models of the 壮econd sex or. the 双ther that the French revolutionary writer Simone de Beauvoir discussed in her essay, The Second Sex. It seems like Nora has gone through a kind of personal awakening. She痴 come to the conclusion that she痴 not a fully realized person. She has to spend some time figuring out who she is as an individual or she値l never be anything more than someone痴 doll. This would be impossible under the echo the corridor essay 1944 2000 smothering presence of world, Torvald.

Yet, the doll house is shattered as well as Nora痴 illusion. Down The Corridor Collected Essay 1944 2000! The doll finally recognizes that her role has been nothing but the relationship term 前ther. She is down essay 1944 2000, aware that it is she who agreed to the definition of the 前ne and the Other. It痴 a moment of profound awakening when Nora realizes that her husband values his reputation and relationship analysis term job more than he values his love for her. Echo Collected Essay 1944! Torvalds痴 resentment and accusations after knowing about 5 paragraph essays, what she had done comes as a blessing in disguise. We hear Torvald telling her, 詮or all these years, for eight years now, you致e been my pride and joy, and now I find you池e a hypocrite and a liar, and worse, worse than that誕 criminal! The whole thing is an abyss of ugliness! You ought to be ashamed. Simone de Beauvoir says that if the woman seems to be the down the corridor collected essay 1944 2000 inessential which never becomes the essential, it is because she herself fails to bring about the change.

But here we tell De Beauvoir that Nora is willing to bring about the change. On Tragic Flaws! The harsh reality smacks her in echo the corridor collected essay 1944, the face; a wave of disillusionment wakes her up. Search our thousands of analysis term, essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom English Literature essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and down the corridor 2000 we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised English Literature work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This English Literature essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: A Doll#039;s House by Henrik Ibsen . Available from: [06-10-17].

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